Publications by authors named "Dexton Antony Johns"

15 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of the Effect of PRP, PRF and Induced Bleeding in the Revascularization of Teeth with Necrotic Pulp and Open Apex: A Triple Blind Randomized Clinical Trial.

J Clin Diagn Res 2017 Jun 1;11(6):ZC34-ZC39. Epub 2017 Jun 1.

Senior Lecturer, Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Srm Dental College, Ramapuram, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India.

Introduction: Treatment of a tooth with necrotic pulp and open apex is a special challenge to the clinicians. Apexification with calcium hydroxide and MTA barrier technique fails to induce continued root maturation which makes the tooth susceptible to root fracture. Hence, an ideal outcome for such a tooth should be regeneration of pulp like tissue into the root canal capable of continuing normal root maturation.

Aim: This study aims to compare the effect of Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF), induced bleeding technique and Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) in the revascularization of tooth with necrotic pulp and open apex. The main objectives of the study were to: (a) Radiographically evaluate the continuation of root development, increase in the dentin wall thickness and narrowing of canal space, apical closure and resolution of the periapical lesion; and to (b) To clinically evaluate the response to pulp sensibility testing and response to percussion and palpation tests.

Materials And Methods: Sixty patients (6 to 28 years) with necrotic immature permanent tooth were randomly categorised into three groups after the root canal disinfection procedure. PRF as scaffolding material (Group A: n=20), revascularization with conventional induced bleeding technique (Group B: n=20), and PRP as the biomaterial (Group C: n=20). The primary outcome variable was measured using Periapical Index (PAI) (for periapical healing), Chen and Chen index (for apical responses), Schei's ruler (for root lengthening and root thickening) and other clinical parameters. The Chi-square test was used to interpret the data among the three groups at the end of 12 months for the variables root lengthening and lateral wall thickness. ANOVA test was performed to compare the mean of the PAI scores of the three groups at preoperative stage and 12 months. If statistically significant, Bonferroni test was done to compare the outcome among the three groups. The significant level was set at p<0.05. Kappa agreement was used to see whether the clinical criteria of success (asymptomatic) were in agreement with radiographic criteria.

Results: At the end of 12 months, patients presented with no pain and no signs of reinfection or no radiographic enlargement of the pre-existing apical pathosis in all the three groups. PRP was better than PRF and induced bleeding technique with respect to periapical wound healing when used in the regenerative endodontic procedures. The groups were comparable on grounds of root lengthening and lateral wall thickening. Type 3 apical response was the most common apical response in all the three groups.

Conclusion: On analysing the pros and cons of the techniques performed, it is wise to establish induced bleeding technique as the standard endodontic procedure for revascularization of a non vital immature permanent tooth.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2017/22352.10056DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5534513PMC
June 2017

Reactive hyperplasic lesions of the oral cavity: A survey of 295 cases at a Tertiary Health Institution in Kerala.

J Oral Maxillofac Pathol 2015 Sep-Dec;19(3):330-4

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Background: The aim of this study was to review the clinicopathologic features of reactive hyperplastic lesions (RHLs) of the oral cavity at a Tertiary Health Institution in Kerala and compare these data with those of previously reported studies.

Materials And Methods: The patient case files from the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology during the period between January 2007 and December 2011 were reviewed for cases of RHLs of the oral cavity. Both clinical and histopathological diagnoses of reactive lesions were selected for the study. Data including the type of the lesion, age, gender and the site involved were collected.

Results: From a total of 2753 cases reviewed, 295 histologically diagnosed cases of RHLs were obtained with a prevalence of 10.7%. The data consist of 85 (28.8%) males and 210 (71.2%) females. The most common lesion clinically was traumatic fibroma (69.3%) and histologically fibrous hyperplasia (51.9%). The reactive lesions clinically presented as either sessile (54.9%) or pedunculated (45.1%) lesions.

Conclusion: The clinical features of reactive hyperplasia among our patients were similar to those reported previously with divergence in some analyzed data. The novelty in our study was the correlation between histopathology and clinical features which were not reported in literature until date.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0973-029X.174614DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4774286PMC
March 2016

Establishment of a new relationship between posed smile width and lower facial height: A cross-sectional study.

Eur J Dent 2015 Jul-Sep;9(3):394-399

Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Objective: The present study is intended to add a new parameter that would be useful in orthodontic clinical evaluation, treatment planning, and determination of vertical dimension (at occlusion).

Materials And Methods: Standardized videographic recording of 79 subjects during posed smile was captured. Each video was then cut into 30 photos using the free studio software. The widest commissure-to-commissure posed smile frame (posed smile width [SW]) was selected as one of 10 or more frames showing an identical smile. Lower third of the face is measured from subnasale to soft tissue menton using a digital vernier caliper. Two values were then compared. Ratio between lower facial height and posed SW was calculated.

Results: The co-relation between smiling width and lower facial height was found to be statistically significant (P < 0.01). The ratio of lower facial height and smiling width was calculated as 1.0016 with a standard deviation (SD) = 0.04 in males and 1.0301 with an SD = 0.07 in females. The difference between the mean lower facial height in males and females was statistically significant with a t = 10.231 and P = 0.000. The difference between the mean smiling width in males and females was also statistically significant with a t = 5.653 and P = 0.000.

Conclusion: In class I subjects with pleasing appearance, normal facial proportions, normal overjet and overbite, and average Frankfort mandibular angle, the lower facial height (subnasale to soft tissue menton) is equal to posed SW.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1305-7456.163232DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4569992PMC
October 2015

A comparative evaluation of smear layer removal by using edta, etidronic acid, and maleic acid as root canal irrigants: An in vitro scanning electron microscopic study.

J Conserv Dent 2015 May-Jun;18(3):247-51

Department of Orthodontics, Government Dental College, Kottayam, Kerala, India.

Aim: The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the efficacy of 17% EDTA, 18% etidronic acid, and 7% maleic acid in smear layer removal using scanning electron microscopic image analysis.

Materials And Methods: Thirty, freshly extracted mandibular premolars were used. The teeth were decoronated to obtain working length of 17mm and instrumentation up to 40 size (K file) with 2.5% NaOCl irrigation between each file. The samples were divided into Groups I (17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)), II (18% etidronic acid), and III (7% maleic acid) containing 10 samples each. Longitudinal sectioning of the samples was done. Then the samples were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM) at apical, middle, and coronal levels. The images were scored according to the criteria: 1. No smear layer, 2. moderate smear layer, and 3 heavy smear layer.

Statistical Analysis: Data was analyzed statistically using Kruskal-Wallis analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Mann-Whitney U test for individual comparisons. The level for significance was set at 0.05.

Results: The present study showed that all the three experimental irrigants removed the smear layer from different tooth levels (coronal, middle, and apical). Final irrigation with 7% maleic acid is more efficient than 17% EDTA and 18% etidronic acid in the removal of smear layer from the apical third of root canal.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.157266DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4450534PMC
June 2015

Use of photoactivated disinfection and platelet-rich fibrin in regenerative Endodontics.

J Conserv Dent 2014 Sep;17(5):487-90

Department of Prosthodontics, Kurunji Venkatramana Gowda College, Sullia, Karnataka, India.

Aim: Photoactivated disinfection has been used as an adjunct to conventional endodontic treatment. Its use in regenerative endodontics is not reported in literature. The aim of this case report was to describe a new proposal for pulp revascularization with disinfection of pulp canal space using a unique combination of a photosensitizer solution and low-power laser light.

Materials And Methods: A 9-year-old boy came with the chief complaint of discolored upper central incisors (#8, #9). A diagnosis of pulp necrosis was made on the basis of clinical and radiographic findings. The canal was irrigated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution and dried with paper points. Photodynamic therapy was used to disinfect the root canal and platelet-rich fibrin was used to revitalize the pulp. Three millimeters of gray mineral trioxide aggregate was placed directly over the platelet-rich plasma clot. Three days later, the tooth was double-sealed with permanent filling materials.

Results: Clinical examination revealed no sensitivity to percussion or palpation tests. Radiograph revealed continued thickening of the dentinal walls, root lengthening, regression of the peri-apical lesion and apical closure. Both the roots showed complete apical closure at the 10-month follow-up. However, the teeth were not responsive to electric pulp test.

Conclusion: This report of pulp revascularization shows that disinfection with photodynamic therapy combined with platelet-rich fibrin leads to satisfactory root development in necrotic immature teeth.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.139850DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4174714PMC
September 2014

Role of cytology in herpetic stomatitis.

J Cytol 2014 Apr;31(2):122

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, KMCT Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0970-9371.138697DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4159897PMC
April 2014

Management of geminated maxillary lateral incisor using cone beam computed tomography as a diagnostic tool.

J Conserv Dent 2014 May;17(3):293-6

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, India.

Geminated teeth are consequences of developmental anomalies leading to joined elements, due to incomplete attempt of one tooth germ to divide into two. This case report describes successful endodontic treatment of an unaesthetic geminated permanent maxillary lateral incisor tooth and its esthetic rehabilitation using all ceramic crowns. Newer imaging technique like cone beam computed tomography was taken for the better understanding of the complicated root canal morphology.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.131810DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4056406PMC
May 2014

Endodontic management of a patient with Bernard-Soulier syndrome.

J Conserv Dent 2014 Mar;17(2):188-91

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, KMCT Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Bernard-Soulier syndrome is a rare inherited disorder with giant platelets, thrombocytopenia and a prolonged bleeding time. These abnormalities are caused by genetic defects of the glycoprotein Ib/IX/V complex that constitutes the von Willebrand factor receptor on the platelet surface. We are documenting a 30-year-old female patient reported with a chief complaint of swelling in relation to right maxillary canine for 5 days. The primary treatment remains platelet transfusion. Root canal treatment was performed following platelet rich plasma transfusion. As the tooth was necrotic and had a periapical pathology post-operative bleeding was absent. The root canal treatment was uneventful and the patient was asymptomatic. Optimum oral hygiene practices were emphasized to avoid dental diseases.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.128044DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4001280PMC
March 2014

An innovative approach in the management of palatogingival groove using Biodentineā„¢ and platelet-rich fibrin membrane.

J Conserv Dent 2014 Jan;17(1):75-9

Department of Prosthodontics, KVG College, Sullia, Karnataka, India.

Palatogingival groove is an anatomical malformation that often causes severe periodontal defects. Treatments of such an anomaly present a clinical challenge to the operator. Careful endodontic and periodontal procedures may restore the form and function. In the present case; root canal therapy, apicectomy, and sealing of the groove with Biodentineā„¢ were done. Bone graft was placed followed by platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) membrane. This treatment modality resulted in gain in attachment, reduction in pocket depth, and deposition of bone in the osseous defect. A 24 month follow-up is included.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.124156DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3915392PMC
January 2014

Invasive cervical root resorption: Engineering the lost tissue by regeneration.

Contemp Clin Dent 2013 Oct;4(4):536-9

Department of Periodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is a localized resorptive process that commences on the surface of the root below the epithelial attachment and the coronal aspect of the supporting alveolar process, namely the zone of the connective tissue attachment' early diagnosis, elimination of the resorption and restorative management are the keys to a successful outcome. Treatment done was a combined non-surgical root canal therapy, surgical treatment to expose the resorptive defect and the resorptive defect was filled up with reverse sandwich technique and finally the bony defect filled with platelet rich fibrin (PRF), hydroxylapatite and PRF membrane. Significant bone fill was obtained in our case after a 2 year follow-up period. This case report presents a treatment strategy that might improve the healing outcomes for patients with ICR.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0976-237X.123067DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3883340PMC
October 2013

Novel management of avulsed tooth by pulpal and periodontal regeneration.

J Endod 2013 Dec 21;39(12):1658-62. Epub 2013 Sep 21.

Department of Endodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India. Electronic address:

Introduction: The avulsion of anterior teeth of young children is a tragic occurrence and often presents an unparalleled challenge for the dentist. Reimplantation is the state-of-the-art treatment but may incur several complications, particularly with inappropriate posttraumatic management.

Methods: In this article we report the emergency and rehabilitation treatment of an avulsed maxillary anterior tooth by using platelet-rich fibrin. The osteoconductive and osteoinductive properties of platelet-rich fibrin were used to stimulate pulpal and periodontal regeneration.

Results: During follow-up, no clinical signs and symptoms were present. After the initial 6 months, no further bone loss and attachment loss were observed. The tooth remained functional and was aesthetically acceptable.

Conclusions: When a tooth is avulsed, attachment damage and pulp necrosis occur. Viable periodontal ligament cells are often left on most of the root surface. If the periodontal ligament that is left attached to the root surface does not dry out, the consequences of tooth avulsion are usually minimal.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joen.2013.08.012DOI Listing
December 2013

Combination of platelet rich fibrin, hydroxyapatite and PRF membrane in the management of large inflammatory periapical lesion.

J Conserv Dent 2013 May;16(3):261-4

Department of Endodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Periapical inflammatory lesion is the local response of bone around the apex of tooth that develops after the necrosis of the pulp tissue or extensive periodontal disease. The final outcome of the nature of wound healing after endodontic surgery can be repair or regeneration depending on the nature of the wound; the availability of progenitor cells; signaling molecules; and micro-environmental cues such as adhesion molecules, extracellular matrix, and associated non-collagenous protein molecules. The purpose of this case report is to add knowledge to the existing literature about the combined use of graft material [platelet rich fibrin (PRF) and hydroxyapatite (HA)] and barrier membrane in the treatment of large periapical lesion. A periapical endodontic surgery was performed on a 45 year old male patient with a swelling in the upper front teeth region and a large bony defect radiologically. The surgical defect was filled with a combination of PRF and HA bone graft crystals. The defect was covered by PRF membrane and sutured. Clinical examination revealed uneventful wound healing. Radiologically the HA crystals have been completely replaced by new bone at the end of 2 years. On the basis of the results obtained in our case report, we hypothesize that the use of PRF in conjunction with HA crystals might have accelerated the resorption of the graft crystals and would have induced the rapid rate of bone formation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.111329DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3698593PMC
May 2013

Platelet Rich Fibrin in the revitalization of tooth with necrotic pulp and open apex.

J Conserv Dent 2012 Oct;15(4):395-8

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Regeneration of pulp-dentin complex in an infected necrotic tooth with an open apex is possible if the canal is effectively disinfected. The purpose of this case report is to add a regenerative endodontic case to the existing literature about using Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF). A nine year old boy who accidently broke his immature maxillary central incisor tooth, developed pulpal necrosis with apical periodontitis. After the access cavity preparation, the canal was effectively irrigated with 20 ml of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite solution and 10ml of 0.2% chlorhexidine solution and dried with paper points. Triple antibiotic paste was placed inside the canal and left for 21 days. 12 ml of whole blood was drawn from the patient's right antecubital vein and centrifuged for 10 minutes to obtain the Choukroun's PRF. After the removal of the triple antibiotic paste, the PRF was placed into the canal till the level of cementoenamel junction and 3mm of grey MTA was placed directly over the PRF clot. The setting of MTA was confirmed 3 days later and the tooth was double sealed with GIC and Composite restoration. After 1 year the clinical examination revealed negative responses to percussion and palpation tests. The tooth responded positively to cold and electric pulp tests. Radiographic examination revealed continued thickening of the dentinal walls, root lengthening, regression of the periapical lesion and apical closure. On the basis of the results obtained in our case report we conclude that revitalization of necrotic infected immature tooth is possible under conditions of total canal disinfection and PRF is an ideal biomaterial for pulp-dentin complex regeneration.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.101926DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3482758PMC
October 2012

Aesthetic and functional management of a patient with Cornelia de Lange syndrome.

Contemp Clin Dent 2012 Apr;3(Suppl 1):S86-91

Department of Endodontics, Govt Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Cornelia de Lange syndrome is a syndrome of multiple congenital anomalies. The genetic and molecular bases of these lesions are not clear. It is divided into three types based on the severity of the anomaly. Dental findings revealed contracted maxilla, malaligned teeth, multiple impacted and missing teeth. This article describes the successful management of upper central incisor with lateral opening in the apical third on the mesial surface of the root along with aesthetic and functional rehabilitation.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0976-237X.95113DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3354795PMC
April 2012

Retreatodontics in maxillary lateral incisor with supernumerary root.

J Conserv Dent 2011 Jul;14(3):322-4

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, Government Dental College, Calicut, Kerala, India.

Familiarity with the intricacies and variations of root canal morphology is essential for successful endodontic treatment. Maxillary central and lateral incisors are known to be single rooted with one canal. This case report describes endodontic retreatment of maxillary lateral incisors with two root canals, one of which was missed during the initial treatment.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-0707.85827DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3198569PMC
July 2011
-->