Publications by authors named "Devinder S Gill"

12 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Single-agent ibrutinib versus chemoimmunotherapy regimens for treatment-naïve patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia: A cross-trial comparison of phase 3 studies.

Am J Hematol 2018 11 9;93(11):1402-1410. Epub 2018 Oct 9.

Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele and IRCCS Istituto Scientifico San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.

Chemoimmunotherapy (CIT) and targeted therapy with single-agent ibrutinib are both recommended first-line treatments for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), although their outcomes have not been directly compared. Using ibrutinib data from the RESONATE-2 (PCYC-1115/1116) study conducted in patients ≥65 years without del(17p), we performed a cross-trial comparison with CIT data from published phase 3 studies in first-line treatment of CLL. Progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and safety data for ibrutinib (median follow-up 35.7 months) were evaluated alongside available CIT data. CIT regimens included: fludarabine + cyclophosphamide + rituximab (CLL8, CLL10), bendamustine + rituximab (CLL10), obinutuzumab + chlorambucil and rituximab + chlorambucil (CLL11), and ofatumumab + chlorambucil (COMPLEMENT-1). Median age across studies was 61-74 years, with older populations receiving ibrutinib, obinutuzumab + chlorambucil, or rituximab + chlorambucil. Median follow-up varied across studies/regimens (range 14.5-37.4 months). Among all patients, PFS appeared longer with ibrutinib relative to CIT and OS appeared comparable. Relative to CIT studies that similarly excluded patients with del(17p) (CLL10) or enrolled older/less-fit patients (CLL11), PFS appeared favorable for ibrutinib in high-risk subgroups, including advanced disease, bulky lymph nodes, unmutated IGHV status, and presence of del(11q). Grade ≥ 3 infections ranged from 9% (ofatumumab + chlorambucil) to 40% (fludarabine + cyclophosphamide + rituximab), and was 25% with ibrutinib. Grade ≥ 3 neutropenia was 12% for ibrutinib and 26%-84% for CIT. Although definitive conclusions cannot be made due to inherent limitations of cross-trial comparisons, this report suggests that ibrutinib has a favorable benefit/risk profile and may potentially eliminate the need for chemotherapy in some patients. Randomized, comparative studies are needed to support these findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.25259DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6221114PMC
November 2018

Cessation of immunosuppression during chemotherapy for post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders in renal transplant patients.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2015 Oct 18;30(10):1774-9. Epub 2015 Jul 18.

Department of Haematology, Pathology Queensland and Cancer Services, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Australia School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Background: The optimal reduction of immunosuppressive therapy (IST) in renal transplant patients with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders (PTLDs) is uncertain. As chemotherapy is immunosuppressive, IST may be stopped during this time without compromising graft function. Subsequent long-term reduction of IST reduces relapse risk, but may increase risk of graft rejection.

Methods: We performed a retrospective, matched cohort study of adult renal transplant patients in whom IST was ceased during chemotherapy and resumed at lower dose (calcineurin inhibitor at 50%, prednisolone ≤10 mg daily, no third agent) approximately 6 weeks after chemotherapy. Outcomes were compared with those of renal transplant patients without PTLD, matched for creatinine at equivalent time post-transplant that PTLD was diagnosed in cases, as well as for age, gender and year of transplant.

Results: Twenty-four cases of PTLD occurring at a median of 9.2 years post-transplant were compared with 83 matched controls. PTLD cases were followed for a median of 11.9 years. Using competing risks analysis, time to 25% increase in serum creatinine was not significantly different between the two groups [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.89-3.6]. Similar results were obtained using multivariable Cox regression analysis (HR 1.19, 95% CI 0.44-3.23). Only one PTLD case experienced a ≥25% increase in creatinine <6 months after IST cessation in the setting of progressive PTLD and death. Three cases recommenced dialysis, compared with three controls (HR 2.5, 95% CI 0.47-13.00). Five-year patient survival rates for cases and controls were 70 and 94%, respectively (P = 0.01).

Conclusions: IST can be safely ceased during chemotherapy for PTLD in renal transplant patients. Furthermore, long-term reduction in IST is not associated with a significant difference in renal function deterioration. Prospective trials are needed to address the optimal reduction of IST in PTLDs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfv260DOI Listing
October 2015

High dose methotrexate and extended hours high-flux hemodialysis for the treatment of primary central nervous system lymphoma in a patient with end stage renal disease.

Am J Blood Res 2012 1;2(1):66-70. Epub 2012 Jan 1.

This report discusses the case of a 52 year old female with post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, confined to the central nervous system, which was managed with high dose methotrexate (HDMTX) in the context of end stage renal disease. The patient received two doses of HDMTX followed by extended hours high-flux hemodialysis, plasma methotrexate concentration monitoring and leucovorin rescue. The hemodialysis technique used was effective in clearing plasma methotrexate and allowed delivery of HDMTX to achieve complete remission with limited and reversible direct methotrexate-related toxicity. Dialysis-dependent renal failure does not preclude the use of HDMTX when required for curative therapy of malignancy.
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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3301441PMC
August 2012

CHOP-like chemotherapy with or without rituximab in young patients with good-prognosis diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma: 6-year results of an open-label randomised study of the MabThera International Trial (MInT) Group.

Lancet Oncol 2011 Oct 21;12(11):1013-22. Epub 2011 Sep 21.

Universitätsklinikum des Saarlandes, Homburg, Germany.

Background: The MInT study was the first to show improved 3-year outcomes with the addition of rituximab to a CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone)-like regimen in young patients with good-prognosis diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma. Extended follow-up was needed to establish long-term effects.

Methods: In the randomised open-label MInT study, patients from 18 countries (aged 18-60 years with none or one risk factor according to the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index [IPI], stage II-IV disease or stage I disease with bulk) were randomly assigned to receive six cycles of a CHOP-like chemotherapy with or without rituximab. Bulky and extranodal sites received additional radiotherapy. Randomisation was done centrally with a computer-based tool and was stratified by centre, bulky disease, age-adjusted IPI, and chemotherapy regimen by use of a modified minimisation algorithm that incorporated a stochastic component. Patients and investigators were not masked to treatment allocation. The primary endpoint was event-free survival. Analyses were by intention to treat. This observational study is a follow-up of the MInT trial, which was stopped in 2003, and is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00400907.

Findings: The intention-to-treat population included 410 patients assigned to chemotherapy alone and 413 assigned to chemotherapy plus rituximab. After a median follow-up of 72 months (range 0·03-119), 6-year event-free survival was 55·8% (95% CI 50·4-60·9; 166 events) for patients assigned to chemotherapy alone and 74·3% (69·3-78·6; 98 events) for those assigned to chemotherapy plus rituximab (difference between groups 18·5%, 11·5-25·4, log-rank p<0·0001). Multivariable analyses showed that event-free survival was affected by treatment group, presence of bulky disease, and age-adjusted IPI and that overall survival was affected by treatment group and presence of bulky disease only. After chemotherapy and rituximab, a favourable subgroup (IPI=0, no bulk) could be defined from a less favourable subgroup (IPI=1 or bulk, or both; event-free survival 84·3% [95% CI 74·2-90·7] vs 71·0% [65·1-76·1], log-rank p=0·005). 18 (4·4%, 95% CI 2·6-6·9) second malignancies occurred in the chemotherapy-alone group and 16 (3·9%, 2·2-6·2) in the chemotherapy and rituximab group (Fisher's exact p=0·730).

Interpretation: Rituximab added to six cycles of CHOP-like chemotherapy improved long-term outcomes for young patients with good-prognosis diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma. The definition of two prognostic subgroups allows a more refined therapeutic approach to these patients than does assessment by IPI alone.

Funding: Hoffmann-La Roche.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(11)70235-2DOI Listing
October 2011

Consolidation therapy with low-dose thalidomide and prednisolone prolongs the survival of multiple myeloma patients undergoing a single autologous stem-cell transplantation procedure.

J Clin Oncol 2009 Apr 9;27(11):1788-93. Epub 2009 Mar 9.

Malignant Haematology and Stem Cell Transplantation Service, Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Purpose: Thalidomide is effective in the treatment of newly diagnosed and relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM). However, the role of thalidomide in the post-autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) context remains unclear. This study assessed whether the addition of thalidomide consolidation following ASCT would improve the durability of responses achieved and overall survival.

Patients And Methods: Between January 2002 and March 2005, 269 patients with newly diagnosed MM who achieved disease stabilization or better with conventional induction chemotherapy received a single high-dose melphalan conditioned ASCT. Post-ASCT, 129 patients were randomly assigned to receive indefinite prednisolone maintenance therapy (control group) and 114 to receive the same in addition to 12 months of thalidomide consolidation (thalidomide group). The primary study end points were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). The secondary end point was tolerability.

Results: After a median follow-up of 3 years, the postrandomization 3-year PFS rates were 42% and 23% (P < .001; hazard ratio [HR], 0.5; 95% CI, 0.35 to 0.71) and the OS rates were 86% and 75% (P = .004; HR, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.22 to 0.76) in the thalidomide and control groups, respectively. There was no difference in survival between groups 12 months after disease progression (79% v 77%; P = .237). Neurological toxicities were more common in the thalidomide arm but there were no differences between arms for thromboembolic events.

Conclusion: Consolidation therapy with 12 months of thalidomide combined with prednisolone prolongs survival when used after a single high-dose therapy supported ASCT in patients with newly diagnosed MM. Furthermore, thalidomide consolidation therapy did not adversely impact on survival in the subsequent salvage setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2008.18.8573DOI Listing
April 2009

Post-transplant hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma successfully treated with HyperCVAD regimen.

Am J Hematol 2008 Apr;83(4):330-3

Department of Clinical Hematology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTL) is an aggressive lymphoma. In post-transplant immunosuppressed patients, HSTL is usually rapidly fatal. We report successful treatment of post-transplant HSTL in a 50-year-old renal allograft recipient by reducing immunosuppression and using intensive chemotherapy consisting of alternating cycles of HyperCVAD (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and dexamethasone) and MTX/HiDAC (methotrexate, Ara-C). Remission is ongoing at 8+ years. Literature review identified another 20 cases of HSTL in solid organ transplant recipients: median survival was 4 months; no other patients survived beyond 12 months. Bone marrow involvement was universal, but changes were often subtle: 6 of 12 cases had nondiagnostic examinations earlier on. High index of suspicion may lead to more timely diagnosis of this uncommon form of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder, and treatment with intensive chemotherapy such as HyperCVAD may be curative.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.21062DOI Listing
April 2008

Pharmaceutical impurities: regulatory perspective for Abbreviated New Drug Applications.

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2007 Jan 15;59(1):64-72. Epub 2006 Nov 15.

Office of Generic Drugs, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 7500 Standish Place, Rockville, MD 20855, USA.

Impurities in drug substances and drug products have been important regulatory issues in the Office of Generic Drugs by having significant impact on the approvability of Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDAs). This review begins with a discussion of ANDAs and its similarity/differences with NDAs, highlighting the importance of control of pharmaceutical impurities in generic drug product development and regulatory assessment. An overview of the FDA draft guidance documents "ANDAs: Impurities in Drug Substances" and "ANDAs: Impurities in Drug Products" are provided. This introduces the identification and qualification procedures for ANDAs and approaches to the establishment of acceptance criteria for both drug substance and drug product. Case studies included in this review illustrate the proposed pathway for determination of impurities and their acceptance criteria, based upon the general principles of these guidances.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2006.10.010DOI Listing
January 2007

Twenty-year remission of rheumatoid arthritis in 2 patients after allogeneic bone marrow transplant.

J Rheumatol 2006 Apr;33(4):812-3

Department of Medicine, Royal Hobart Hospital, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

We describe 21 and 19 year followup of 2 patients with severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who in 1984 and 1986 underwent allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) after full myeloablative conditioning, for therapy-induced aplastic anemia. Regarding the arthritis, both patients are well, taking no medications, and free of signs or symptoms of active RA. One patient is in excellent health overall, while the other has coronary artery disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease attributable to smoking. We suggest that allogeneic BMT may be a curative treatment for severe RA.
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April 2006

A rapid RT-PCR screening assay incorporating multiplexed validated control genes for CBF rearrangements at diagnosis in AML.

Pathology 2004 Aug;36(4):335-42

Queensland Health Pathology and Scientific Services, Department of Haematology, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland 4101, Australia.

Aims: Our objective was to establish a multiplexed assay using the Biomed 1 primers to detect AML1-ETO transcripts and 10 different CBFB-MYH11 transcripts, using BCR and ABL transcripts as controls.

Methods: Control genes were systematically tested for characteristics of optimal controls. The final assay was validated on 50 AML patient samples.

Results: Testing confirmed that the designated control gene criteria were fulfilled. Of 50 patient samples tested, four RT-PCR results were discordant with the cytogenetic result. In three cytogenetically negative cases, RT-PCR detected cryptic CBF rearrangements (one AML1-ETO and two CBFB-MYH11). The fourth case was inv(16) positive but negative by RT-PCR; however, the control gene result revealed suboptimal RNA quality.

Conclusions: We have described a robust multiplex RT-PCR assay that incorporates experimentally validated control genes that are important for accurate interpretation. The assay is more sensitive than cytogenetics in the detection of CBF AML. Application to large patient cohorts will determine the prognostic significance of cryptic CBF rearrangements compared with their cytogenetic counterparts.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0031302042000224593DOI Listing
August 2004

Regulatory considerations of pharmaceutical solid polymorphism in Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs).

Adv Drug Deliv Rev 2004 Feb;56(3):397-414

Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Metro Park North II, Room E204, Office of Generic Drugs, 7500 Standish Place, Rockville, MD 20855, USA.

A sponsor of an Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) must have information to show that the proposed generic product and the innovator product are both pharmaceutically equivalent and bioequivalent, and therefore, therapeutically equivalent. Many pharmaceutical solids exist in several crystalline forms and thus exhibit polymorphism. Polymorphism may result in differences in the physico-chemical properties of the active ingredient and variations in these properties may render a generic drug product to be bioinequivalent to the innovator brand. For this reason, in ANDAs, careful attention is paid to the effect of polymorphism in the context of generic drug product equivalency. This review discusses the impact of polymorphism on drug product manufacturability, quality, and performance. Conclusions from this analysis demonstrate that pharmaceutical solid polymorphism has no relevance to the determination of drug substance "sameness" in ANDAs. Three decision trees for solid oral dosage forms or liquid suspensions are provided for evaluating when and how polymorphs of drug substances should be monitored and controlled in ANDA submissions. Case studies from ANDAs are provided which demonstrate the irrelevance of polymorphism to the determination of drug substance "sameness". These case studies also illustrate the conceptual framework from these decision trees and illustrate how their general principles are sufficient to assure both the quality and the therapeutic equivalence of marketed generic drug products.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.addr.2003.10.011DOI Listing
February 2004