Publications by authors named "Deniz Sirinoğlu"

4 Publications

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Mini-open lateral approach for anterior lumbar corpectomy combined with posterior screw-rod system augmentation for correction of kyphosis.

Trauma Case Rep 2021 Apr 18;32:100428. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Department of Neurosurgery, Prof. Dr. Cemil Tascioglu City Hospital, Sisli/Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: Traumatic burst fractures most commonly occur in thoracolumbar junction. Maintenance of spinal stability and decompression of spinal canal are the main goals of management in these cases. Either anterior, posterior or combined approaches may be selected. For anterior corpectomy, mini-open lateral incision may be used.

Case: 29 years old male patient, in whom posterior segmental instrumentation had been performed previously, readmitted 4 months later with a complaint of low back pain and urinary and gait incontinence. Radiological scans revealed iatrogenic kyphosis and loosening of uppermost transpedicular screws. Patient was managed via revision of posterior instrumentation and L1 corpectomy with cage and rod insertion.

Result: In patients with thoracolumbar burst fracture, loosening of screws and consequent iatrogenic kyphosis may be seen as a late complication. Combined anterior and posterior approach may regenerate spinal stability in these patients. Moreover; mini-open lateral incision with muscle sparing thoracotomy for anterior approach may cause less postoperative complications.
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April 2021

Rapid disappearance of pneumorrhachis after chest tube placement.

Turk J Emerg Med 2019 Oct 19;19(4):146-148. Epub 2019 Jul 19.

University of Health Sciences Okmeydanı Training and Research Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: We present a rare case of traumatic pneumorrhachis with the combination of hemothorax which resolved rapidly after insertion of a chest tube.

Case Presentation: A 55 year old male was admitted to our emergency department after falling from a ladder. His general condition was well, GCS was 15 with no motor deficits. On his spinal CT a fracture on multiple ribs leading to right sided hemothorax was observed with air in the T6-T8 spinal canal. A chest tube was placed and as he did not have any neurological deficits surgical intervention to the pneumorrhachis was not considered. On the next day's a follow-up CT the air in the spinal canal was reduced and on the 5th day resolved completely.

Conclusion: Traumatic pneumorrhachis is a rare phenomenon and is not fully understood how the air from the posterior mediastinal wall can spread to the epidural or subarachnoid space. One hypothesis for subarachnoid air is that the high pressure air from a pneumothorax or pneumomediastinum pushes in a one-valve mechanism through the fascial layers of the posterior mediastinum through the neural foramina into the spinal canal. In our case, after the insertion of the chest tube the air in the subarachnoid space resolved and the patient's tingling sensation on his legs disappeared. We believe that the negative pressure of the chest tube did a somehow reverse effect of the air flow back from the spinal canal into the chest tube which has not been reported in the literature before.
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October 2019

Clinical outcomes of myelomeningocele defect closure over 10 years.

J Clin Neurosci 2012 Jul 16;19(7):984-90. Epub 2012 May 16.

Clinic of Neurosurgery, Şişli Etfal Education and Research Hospital (Şişli Etfal Eğitim ve Araştırma Hast.), Beyin ve Sinir Cerr, Kliniği, Şişli, Istanbul 34381, Turkey.

We report our surgical procedures for the closure of myelomeningocele defects. A retrospective analysis of 162 patients (74 male [45.7%], 88 female [54.3%]) with myelomeningocele was performed and the relationship between hydrocephalus, neurological status and the level and size of the myelomeningocele was described according to type of defect closure. Patients were divided into four groups according to the size of the defect, which was classified into ranges of 0-24 cm(2), 25-39 cm(2), 40-60 cm(2) and >60 cm(2). Myelomeningocele occurred in the lumbar region in 114 patients (70%). The minimum defect size was 3×2 cm, and the maximum defect size was 15×15 cm (mean defect size=34.64 cm(2)). We found that primary closure can be performed on clean, small defects with an intact sac that contains cerebrospinal fluid and the neural placode. For defects larger than 25 cm(2) that contained perforated sacculas, more soft tissue for well-vascularized coverage was required. Bilateral V-Y fasciocutaneous flaps are a good choice for immediate coverage of myelomeningocele defects.
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July 2012

Surgical results of large and giant pituitary adenomas with special consideration of ophthalmologic outcomes.

World Neurosurg 2011 Jul-Aug;76(1-2):141-8; discussion 63-6

Department of Neurosurgery, Sisli Research and Education Hospital, Baskent University Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: To analyze functioning and nonfunctioning pituitary adenomas (PAs)>3 cm, with special emphasis on preoperative and postoperative visual functions.

Methods: The cases consisted of 49 women and 54 men with mean age of 43.2 years (range 19-66 years). All cases had a macroadenoma >3 cm in diameter. The transsphenoidal approach was performed in 117 procedures, and the transcranial approach was performed in 8 procedures. Radical tumor excision was achieved in 50 of 103 patients. Postoperative evaluation was done in 88 patients. Preoperative and postoperative visual acuity, visual field, and ocular fundi and their relationship with the pattern and duration of the symptoms and the size of the tumor were evaluated.

Results: Normalization of visual acuity was obtained in 71.5% of patients, improvement occurred in 13.6%, symptoms persisted in 13.6%, and symptoms worsened in 1%. Postoperative improvement of visual field defects (VFDs) was observed in 74.1% of patients, and visual impairment score improved postoperatively in 92% of patients. Patients operated on <6 months before the onset of vision loss had better and more sustained visual improvement. One patient died, and 15.5% of patients experienced surgery-related complications.

Conclusions: This study shows that patients with severe visual impairment may have remarkable improvement if surgical decompression is done early. The transsphenoidal approach should be performed to correct the patient's visual impairment and to relieve the pressure on the optic apparatus caused by macroadenoma of any size.
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October 2011