Publications by authors named "Delight Abla Klutsey"

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Disclosure and health-related outcomes among children living with HIV and their caregivers.

AIDS Res Ther 2021 Apr 20;18(1):13. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Psychology, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.

Background: The prevalence of disclosure of status to children living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is low in most sub-Saharan African countries, leading to poor compliance and adverse psychological outcomes in these children. This study examined the influence of disclosure on health outcomes in children living with HIV and their caregivers.

Methods: Using a cross-sectional design, 155 HIV-positive children between age 6-15 years and their caregivers were administered standardized questionnaires measuring adherence to medication, children's psychological well-being, caregiver burden, and caregivers' psychological health.

Results: Results indicated that only 33.5% of the children sampled knew their status. Disclosure of HIV status was significantly related to medication adherence, psychological wellbeing, the burden of caregiving, and the length of the disclosure. A child's age and level of education were the only demographic variables that significantly predicted disclosure of HIV status. In a hierarchical analysis, after controlling for all demographic variables medication adherence, psychological well-being and burden of caregiving were found to be significant predictors of disclosure of status in children living with HIV.

Conclusions: Findings suggest the need for disclosure of status among children living with HIV for a positive impact on their medication adherence and psychological health. These findings underscore the need for the development of context-specific interventions that will guide and encourage disclosure of status by caregivers to children living with HIV.
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April 2021