Publications by authors named "Deepak B Phalke"

10 Publications

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Assessment of community-based education in community health officers' training at a Rural Medical College in Northern Ahmednagar District of Maharashtra, India: A longitudinal study.

Indian J Public Health 2021 Oct-Dec;65(4):391-395

Dean, Department of Community Medicine, Dr. Balasaheb Vikhe Patil Rural Medical College, PIMS (Deemed University), Loni, Maharashtra, India.

We evaluated the Community Health Officer (CHO) training program in northern Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra, India. A longitudinal study was conducted among 110 CHO trainees from August 2019 to January 2020. The trainees undertook field visits and survey with lectures and clinical postings. Evaluation was based on pre- and post-Multiple Choice Question tests, the WHO Education of Health Personnel Checklist, Journals, and Logbooks. MannWhitney U-test, Wilcoxon-rank test were used to compare nonnormal variables while t-test was used for comparison of age. Initially, nursing graduates performed better than Ayurveda graduates, especially in punctuality, grasp on problems, and problem-solving ability. Nursing graduates kept better journals and logbooks. Female trainees performed better than male trainees. Ayurveda and nursing graduates were comparable at the end of the training. Need-based training and upskilling of mid-level healthcare providers can be done at scale by roping in medical colleges.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_814_20DOI Listing
January 2022

Effectiveness of Interventional Reproductive and Sexual Health Education among School Going Adolescent Girls in Rural Area.

Indian J Community Med 2019 Oct-Dec;44(4):378-382

Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Rural Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Rahata, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Most adolescents lack access to age- and sex-appropriate health information which is vital for young people to make informed decisions about their reproductive sexual health.

Objectives: The study objective was to study the effectiveness of the interventional reproductive and sexual health education on knowledge, attitude, and menstrual practices of school-going adolescent girls.

Materials And Methods: It was an interventional study consisting of a pretest, intervention session, and posttest conducted among 400 school-going adolescent girls in a rural area of Maharashtra.

Results: There was a statistically significant increase in knowledge, attitude, and practice median scores following intervention ( < 0.05).

Conclusions: Age- and sex-appropriate health education programs can facilitate the development of healthy reproductive and sexual behavior patterns among adolescents through the enhancement of knowledge and development of right attitude.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/ijcm.IJCM_155_19DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6881892PMC
December 2019

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards Medical Research amongst the Postgraduate Students of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences University of Central India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2014 Jan;3(1):22-4

Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Loni, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Health research training is an essential component of medical education and a vital exercise to help develop physician research skills.

Objectives: This study was carried out to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices towards health research amongst the postgraduate students of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences University of central India.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out from August to October 2012. A total of 116 postgraduate students were interviewed. Knowledge, attitude, and practices related to health research were assessed using a predesigned, pretested and validated questionnaire. Results were analyzed in the form of percentage and proportions whenever appropriate.

Results: In present study, the concept of research hypothesis was known to only 18.9% of the postgraduate students, whereas 17.2 and 21.5% students knew the full form of MEDLARS and MEDLINE respectively. Majority (91.4%) students believed that patient outcome improves with continued medical research and 70.7% are willing to participate in workshop for research methodology. Lack of time due to vast curriculum of postgraduate subjects (59.5%), lack of research curriculum (25%), and inadequate facilities (25.8%) were stated as major obstacles for pursuing research.

Conclusion: Postgraduate students have inadequate knowledge, but have positive attitudes towards health research. Postgraduate training and research facilities at the institution need to undergo major transformation in order to encourage meaningful research by postgraduate trainees.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.130263DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4005194PMC
January 2014

Study of socio-demographic determinants of esophageal cancer at a tertiary care teaching hospital of Western Maharashtra, India.

South Asian J Cancer 2014 Jan;3(1):54-6

Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, Dist. Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Esophageal cancer has a peculiar geographical distribution and shows marked differences in incidence within a particular geographical region. Presently, as there seems little prospect of early detection of this cancer, an understanding of the etiological factors may suggest opportunities for its primary prevention.

Objectives: The present study was carried out to find out the socio-demographic determinants of esophageal cancer in a tertiary care teaching hospital of western Maharashtra, India.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective hospital record-based study was carried out for the period of five years (2007-2011) in the department of Radiotherapy of Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, western Maharashtra, India. A total of 5879 patients were diagnosed with cancer, of them, 207 (3.52%) patients had esophageal cancer. Data was collected on the basis of the patients' record in the hospital and analyzed in the form of percentage and proportions whenever appropriate.

Results: Out of total 5879 patients who were diagnosed with cancer during the five studied years, 207 (3.52%) patients had esophageal cancer, of which 121 (58.46%) were males and 86 (41.54%) were females, which show predominance of males over females. Most of the patients (28.50%) belonged to lower class, while only 9.66% were from upper class. Majority of the patients (54.14%) had a history of tobacco chewing, followed by smoking (cigarette, bidi, or both) in 36.94% and alcohol in 21.65%.

Conclusion: The present study shows that esophageal cancer constitutes 3.52% of cancer cases. There is a need to screen the high-risk group of people, improve socio-economic status, and efforts must be made to introduce a set of preventive measures that have the potential to significantly reduce the burden of disease and to help bridge the gap between research and public awareness.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2278-330X.126526DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3961870PMC
January 2014

Prevalence of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Among HIV Positive Patients Attending Antiretroviral Therapy Clinic.

N Am J Med Sci 2013 Jun;5(6):367-70

Department of Community Medicine, Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is the most common serious opportunistic infection in HIV positive patients and is the manifestation of AIDS in more than 50% of cases in developing countries. TB can occur at any time during the course of HIV infection.

Aim: To describe the socio-demographic profile and prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis (HIV/TB co-infection) among HIV positive patients been attended at the antiretroviral therapy clinic (ART) clinic at tertiary care teaching hospital of western Maharashtra, India.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at the ART clinic of Pravara Rural Hospital, Loni, from June 2011 to May 2012. A total of 1012 HIV positive patients, who attended ART clinic, receiving ART treatment during the study period, were included in the analysis. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software (Version 17.0).

Results: This study showed 1012/172 (17%) prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis among HIV positive patients, of which 87 (50.58%) were males and 85 (48.42%) were females. Low CD4 count (< 50/μl) had statistically significant association with HIV/TB co-infection as compared to HIV infection only (P < 0.0001).

Conclusion: The study showed that 17% of HIV infected persons had tuberculosis co-infection. More strategic preventive measures that enhance body immunity among HIV patients are highly needed as early as possible before they develop active tuberculosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.114169DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3731868PMC
June 2013

Assessment of Attitude Component in KAP Studies.

N Am J Med Sci 2013 Apr;5(4):308

Department of Community Medicine, Rural Medical College of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Maharashtra, India.

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3662100PMC
April 2013

Knowledge and attitude of medical undergraduate, interns and postgraduate students in India towards emergency contraception.

N Am J Med Sci 2013 Jan;5(1):37-40

Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Deemed University, Loni, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Although India was the first country in the world to have national family planning policy, the acceptance of contraceptive methods has been unsatisfactory. Many women in their peak reproductive years, who wish to control their fertility, are not aware about the different methods of contraceptives available. Unregulated fertility results in unplanned pregnancies. Emergency contraceptive pills can avoid many such unplanned pregnancies.

Aim: The study was to assess the knowledge and attitude about emergency contraception (EC) among the undergraduate, interns and postgraduate medical science university students.

Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 180 medical students which include undergraduate (final year MBBS), interns, and postgraduate students (60 from each group) studying at Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences University of central India by a convenient sample method over a period of February 2009 to May 2009. Data were collected by pre-designed, pre-tested, self-administered questionnaire. Data was analyzed in the form of percentage and proportions and Chi-square test was applied.

Results: In this study, a total of 180 respondents, of which 110 (61.2%) were male and 70 (38.8%) were female. The knowledge about EC was highest (47.6%) among postgraduates in comparison to interns (43.3%) and undergraduate students (41.6%). Overall positive attitude toward EC was observed among 73.8% of the respondents.

Conclusions: Considering the role of a medical graduate as counselor and health-care provider, the technical knowledge about different aspects of EC among the study population was inadequate.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1947-2714.106193DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3560137PMC
January 2013

Seroprevalence of transfusion transmissible infections among voluntary blood donors at a tertiary care teaching hospital in rural area of India.

J Family Med Prim Care 2012 Jan;1(1):48-51

Department of Pathology, Rural Medical College and Pravara Rural Hospital of Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences (Deemed University), Loni, Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Blood transfusion is a life-saving measure in various medical and surgical emergencies. Transfusion medicine, apart from being important for the medical treatment of each patient, also has great public health importance.

Objectives: The present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of transfusion transmitted infections in voluntary blood donors at a rural tertiary care teaching hospital in western Maharashtra, India.

Materials And Methods: All voluntary donors reporting to the blood bank were screened for HBsAg, Hepatitis C Virus (HCV), HIV and Syphilis by using the appropriate enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. HIV infection was confirmed using a standard immunoblotting technique. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) was tested for surface antigen (HBsAg) and HCV by the immunechromatographic method. The Venereal Disease Reference Laboratory (VDRL) test was used for estimation of syphilis infection. The study was designed for a duration of two years between January 2009 to December 2010. Medical reports of the donors were accessed from the hospital records and analyzed.

Results: A total of 5661 voluntary blood donors were screened, of which 5394 (95.28%) were males and 267 (4.72%) were females. The overall seroprevalence of HBV and HCV were 1.09% and 0.74% respectively; for HIV and syphilis the seroprevalence was estimated to be 0.07% for each.

Conclusion: Blood is still one of the main sources of transmission of infections. HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C viruses and syphilis are prevalent among voluntary donors in rural India.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.94452DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3893947PMC
January 2012

Prescription writing practices in a rural tertiary care hospital in Western Maharashtra, India.

Australas Med J 2011 31;4(1):4-8. Epub 2011 Jan 31.

Professor, Department of Community Medicine (PSM), Rural Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Maharashtra, India.

Background: Prescription is a written order from physician to pharmacist which contains name of drug, its dose and its method of dispensing and advice over consuming it. The frequency of drug prescription errors is high. Prescribing error contributes significantly towards adverse drug events. The present study was undertaken to understand the current prescription writing practices and to detect the common errors in them at a tertiary health care centre situated in a rural area of Western Maharashtra, India.

Method: A cross sectional study was conducted at a tertiary level hospital located at a rural area of Maharashtra state, India during October 2009-March 2010. 499 prescriptions coming to medical store during period of one month were considered for data analysis. Important information regarding the patient, doctor, drug and the general description of the prescription were obtained.

Results: All the prescriptions were on the hospital pad. A significant number of the prescriptions (n=88, 17.6%) were written in illegible handwriting and not easily readable. The name, age and sex of the patient were mentioned is majority of the prescriptions. All the prescriptions (100%) failed to demonstrate the presence of address, height and weight of the patient. Only the brand name of the drugs was mentioned in all the prescriptions with none of them having the generic name. The strength, quantity and route of administration of the drug were found on 73.1%, 65.3% and 75.2% prescriptions.

Conclusion: There are widespread errors in prescription writing by the doctors. Educational intervention programs and use of computer can substantially contribute in the lowering of such errors. A short course on prescription writing before the medical student enters the clinical field and strict monitoring by the administrative authorities may also help alleviate the problem.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4066/AMJ.2011.515DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3562966PMC
February 2013

A cross-sectional study of socio-demographic determinants of recurrent diarrhoea among children under five of rural area of Western Maharashtra, India.

Australas Med J 2011 28;4(2):72-5. Epub 2011 Feb 28.

Assistant Professor, Medical Intern Department of Community Medicine, Rural Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Loni, Maharashtra, India.

Background: About 2 million episodes of diarrhoea occur each year in India. Of the 6.6 million deaths among children aged 28 days to 5 year; deaths from diarrhoea are estimated to account for 1.87 million. An average Indian child less than 5 years of age can have 2-3 episodes of diarrhoea. Mother's literacy, family income, feeding practices, environmental conditions are important determinants of the common childhood infection like diarrhoea. The present study was undertaken to study these important determinants of recurrent diarrhoea among children under five in a rural area of western Maharashtra, India.

Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six randomly selected villages of Ahmednagar district in western Maharashtra, India. Three villages from two primary health centres and 652 children under five from these villages were chosen by a simple random sampling technique (every fifth child enrolled in Anganwadi). House-to-house survey was done and data was collected by interviewing the mothers of these children. Nutritional status was assessed by measuring the weight and mid-arm circumference of the child. Statistical analysis was done with Microsoft Excel and StatistiXL 1.8 using percentage, proportions and chi-square test wherever applicable.

Results: The prevalence of recurrent diarrhoea was 9.81%. Recurrent diarrhoea was more common in the age group of 13 - 24 months (29.6%) and 25 - 36 months (23.4%) and children belonging to lower socioeconomic class (64%). Malnutrition was significantly associated with recurrent diarrhoea and 21% of malnourished children had the same. Recurrent diarrhoea was significantly more common (39.1%) among children with introduction of top-up feeds before four to six months.

Conclusion: Low socioeconomic status, bad sanitary practices, nutritional status and weaning practices significantly influence the prevalence of recurrent diarrhoea.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4066/AMJ.2011.524DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3562926PMC
February 2013
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