Publications by authors named "Debbie Lee Bennett"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Screening for Breast Cancer: What You Need to Know.

Mo Med 2020 Mar-Apr;117(2):133-135

Kaitlin Farrell, MD, is Assistant Professor of Surgery, Debbie Lee Bennett, MD, is Associate Professor of Radiology, and Theresa L. Schwartz, MD, MS, FACS, is Associate Professor of Surgery, all at the Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Significant controversy surrounds current recommendations for breast cancer screening. This has resulted in wide variation among national organizations in breast cancer screening guidelines. With the expanding field of breast imaging techniques, risk assessment and genetic testing, it has become clear that the recommendations for breast cancer screening need to be individualized in order to maximize the benefit and minimize harms of screening.
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November 2020

Primary breast osteosarcoma mimicking calcified fibroadenoma on screening digital breast tomosynthesis mammogram.

Radiol Case Rep 2017 Dec 29;12(4):648-652. Epub 2017 Jul 29.

Department of Radiology, St. Louis University Hospital, 3655 Vista Ave., St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Primary breast osteosarcoma is a rare malignancy, with mostly case reports in the literature. The appearance of breast osteosarcoma on digital breast tomosynthesis imaging has not yet been described. A 69-year-old woman presents for routine screening mammography and is found to have a calcified mass in her right breast. Pattern of calcification appeared "sunburst" on digital breast tomosynthesis images. This mass was larger than on the previous year's mammogram, at which time it had been interpreted as a benign calcified fibroadenoma. The subsequent workup demonstrated the mass to reflect primary breast osteosarcoma. The patient's workup and treatment are detailed in this case. Primary breast osteosarcoma, although rare, should be included as a diagnostic consideration for breast masses with a sunburst pattern of calcifications, particularly when the mammographic appearance has changed.
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December 2017

Buckle fractures in children: Is urgent treatment necessary?

J Fam Pract 2009 Oct;58(10):E1-6

Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt Children's Hospital, Nashville, TN, USA.

Purpose: To determine whether the clinical outcome of buckle fractures in children differs between those treated acutely on the same day of trauma and those treated subacutely, and whether a change in practice patterns based on these data would result in cost savings.

Methods: In this retrospective cohort study-approved by the institutional review board-we reviewed the cases of 341 consecutive patients younger than 18 years of age seen by the pediatric orthopedic clinic for treatment of isolated extremity buckle fractures between July 1, 2004 and August 31, 2007. Time from injury to treatment was used to divide patients into 2 groups: acute (1 day or less; n=155) and subacute treatment (more than 1 day; n=186). Clinical outcome at final orthopedic follow-up was recorded for each patient. We defined adverse outcome as fractures requiring manipulation, clinically apparent deformity, or functional impairment. Charge analysis compared differences in management costs for patients with buckle fractures presenting initially to the emergency department (ED) and those seen solely in the orthopedic clinic.

Results: No adverse outcomes were identified in either acute or subacute treatment groups. Total clinical visits did not vary (acute, 3.2 vs subacute, 3.1; P=.051). Presence of mild angulation of fractures on radiographs did not differ significantly between acute and subacute management groups at initial presentation (6.5% vs 8.6%; P=.541) or at final follow-up (12.2% vs 12.4%; P=1.0). A cost savings of approximately $3000 could have been realized for each patient referred to the ED who might otherwise have been seen subacutely in the orthopedic clinic.

Conclusions: No adverse clinical outcomes resulted from subacute treatment of stable buckle fractures. Cost and time savings may be realized with subacute management of buckle fractures without affecting clinical outcome.
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October 2009

Suspected appendicitis in children: diagnostic importance of normal abdominopelvic CT findings with nonvisualized appendix.

Radiology 2009 Feb;250(2):531-7

Department of Radiology and Radiological Sciences, Vanderbilt Children's Hospital, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA.

Purpose: To determine whether lack of visualization of the appendix on otherwise normal abdominopelvic computed tomographic (CT) images can help exclude appendicitis in the pediatric population.

Materials And Methods: The study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant. One thousand one hundred thirty-nine children suspected of having appendicitis were referred for CT examination between July 2002 and December 2006. Exclusion criteria included CT diagnosis of appendicitis or other cause of symptoms and lack of clinical follow-up. Consensus review was performed by two pediatric radiologists to determine normal examinations, leaving a final study group (nonvisualized appendix) of 156 patients (mean age, 9.6 years; boys, 7.2 years; girls, 10.2 years) and a control group (visualized appendix) of 421 patients (mean age, 11.0 years; boys, 9.8 years; girls, 11.2 years). In the control group, there were 168 subjects with a partially visualized (PV) appendix and 253 with a fully visualized (FV) appendix. Pericecal fat was graded according to published criteria. Diagnosis was confirmed at surgery or clinical follow-up. Negative predictive values were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CIs).

Results: There were three false-negative findings (study group, two; control group, one [FV]). The negative predictive value of a normal CT examination in pediatric patients with a nonvisualized appendix was 98.7% (95% CI: 95.5%, 99.8%); that with a visualized appendix, 99.8% (95% CI: 98.7%, 99.99%); that with a PV appendix, 100% (95% CI: 97.8%, 100%); and that with a FV appendix, 99.6% (95% CI: 97.8%, 99.99%).

Conclusion: Pediatric abdominopelvic CT images with nonvisualized appendix have a high negative predictive value, without significant difference from cases with a PV or even FV appendix. The false-negative rate was similar to those reported in two adult series.
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February 2009