Publications by authors named "Davoud Jamali"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Interpretation of Hematological, Biochemical, and Immunological Findings of COVID-19 Disease: Biomarkers Associated with Severity and Mortality.

Iran J Allergy Asthma Immunol 2021 Feb 11;20(1):46-66. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Biostatistics and Social Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran.

The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spread rapidly all over the world in late 2019 and caused critical illness and death in some infected patients. This study aimed at examining several laboratory factors, especially inflammatory and immunological mediators, to identify severity and mortality associated biomarkers. Ninety-three hospitalized patients with confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) were classified based on disease severity. The levels of biochemical, hematological, immunological, and inflammatory mediators were assessed, and their association with severity and mortality were evaluated. Hospitalized patients were mostly men (77.4%) with an average (standard deviation) age of 59.14 (14.81) years. The mortality rate was significantly higher in critical patients (85.7%). Increased serum levels of blood sugar, urea, creatinine, uric acid, phosphorus, total bilirubin, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, lactic dehydrogenase, C-reactive protein, ferritin, and procalcitonin were significantly prevalent (p=0.002, p<0.001, p<0.001, p=0.014, p=0.047, p=0.003, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, P<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively) in COVID-19 patients. Decreased red blood cell, hemoglobin, and hematocrit were significantly prevalent among COVID-19 patients than healthy control subjects (p<0.001 for all). Troponin-I, interleukin-6, neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR), procalcitonin, and D-dimer showed a significant association with the mortality of patients with specificity and sensitivity more than 60%. Age, sex, underlying diseases, blood oxygen pressure, complete blood count along with C-reactive protein, lactic dehydrogenase, procalcitonin, D-dimer, and interleukin-6 evaluation help to predict the severity and required management for COVID-19 patients. Further investigations are highly recommended in a larger cohort study for validation of the present findings.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18502/ijaai.v20i1.5412DOI Listing
February 2021

Alteration in serum levels of immunoglobulins in seriously eye-injured long-term following sulfur-mustard exposure.

Int Immunopharmacol 2020 Mar 29;80:105895. Epub 2019 Nov 29.

Department of Biostatistics and Social Medicine, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan 4515613191, Iran.

Introduction: Sulfur mustard (SM) is a potent toxic agent that cause local and systemic changes in the human body such as dysregulation of the immunological system. This gas affects different organs such as lungs, skin, eyes and the gastrointestinal tract.

Methods: 128 veterans with SM-induced eye injuries were examined and compared to 31 gender- and age-matched healthy controls. Serum levels of IgM, IgE, IgA, IgG, and IgG subclasses were measured using ELISA method.

Results: There was no significant difference in IgM level between two groups with abnormal and normal ocular conditions except for those having bulbar conjunctiva-limbal ischemia and bulbar conjunctiva-hyperemia abnormalities. There were not significant difference in IgA, IgE, and IgG levels between two groups with and without ocular problem also between study groups. IgG1 level in some ocular abnormalities were significantly lower than the healthy control groups. IgG2 level in SM-exposed participants with stromal abnormality was higher in the SM-exposed groups without this problem. IgG2 levels in the exposed group with some ocular problems were significantly increased compared with control. IgG3 level in all patients did not reveal any significant changes compared with the controls except the fundus abnormality. IgG4 level was not significantly different between two groups with normal and abnormal ocular conditions. Nonetheless, IgG4 level in the exposed participants with some ocular abnormalities significantly increased compared with the controls.

Conclusion: The results showed SM exposure could alter immunoglobulins level compared with healthy controls and the changes of IgG2 and IgG1 levels were associated with some ocular problems.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2019.105895DOI Listing
March 2020

Serum and sputum levels of IL-17, IL-21, TNFα and mRNA expression of IL-17 in sulfur mustard lung tissue with long term pulmonary complications (28 years after sulfur mustard exposure).

Int Immunopharmacol 2019 Nov 17;76:105828. Epub 2019 Oct 17.

Immunoregulation Research Center, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Background: Iranian veterans who had exposed to Sulfur Mustard (SM) suffer from long term complications such as Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and bronchiolitis obliterate (BO). Th17 cells product IL-17A, IL-17F, IL-21, and IL-22. They have important roles in chronic inflammatory diseases. Also, TNFα has a major part in pathobiological processes of COPD. In this study, we evaluate the serum and sputum levels of IL-17, IL-21, TNF-α, and mRNA expression of IL-17 in the lung tissue of the patients 28 years after SM exposure.

Material And Method: The cytokine levels of IL-17, IL-21 and TNFα were measured by ELISA method in serum and sputum of 455 SM-exposed and 123 unexposed people participated in Sardasht-Iran Cohort Study (SICS) of chemical victims. The mRNA expression of IL-17 was evaluated with qRT-PCR in lung biopsies (SM-exposed =52, control =33). Analyses of all data were accomplished with the SPSS software with P value ≤05.

Result: The results show the sputum level of IL-17 in the exposed group decreased significantly compared to control group (P = 0.007) and Veterans and Martyrs Affair Foundation (VMAF) assessment was significantly lower in abnormal/exposed than normal/exposed group (P = 0.042). There were no significant differences between control and exposed groups in serum level of IL-17; also serum and sputum levels of IL-21, TNF-α, and IL-17 mRNA expression.

Conclusion: Conclusively, The IL-17 level decreased in the exposed group. This decline could cause by mutation on transcription factors like Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 gene (STAT3) or CCL20 as a chemokine.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2019.105828DOI Listing
November 2019