Publications by authors named "David Zogala"

9 Publications

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Systematic video-analysis of motor events during REM sleep in idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder, follow-up and DAT-SPECT.

Sleep Med 2021 07 28;83:132-144. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Neurology and Center of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Katerinska 30, 128 21, Prague, Czech Republic.

Abnormal motor manifestations in REM sleep are the most visible feature of idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD), which precedes the overt alpha-synucleinopathy. The aim of this study was to perform a systematic visual analysis of the motor events (ME) captured during video-polysomnography, and clarify their relation to the disease severity. Thirty-four iRBD patients (5 women, 29 men; age 67.7 ± 7.2) with a mean follow-up duration 2.9 ± 1.1 years. and 33 controls (10 women, 23 men; age 61.5 ± 8.2) were examined. The ME captured during REM sleep were classified into four categories, previously defined by Frauscher et al. according to clinical severity: minor/simple jerks, major, complex and violent. An average frequency of 110.8 ± 75.2 ME per hour were identified in iRBD, 7.5 ± 11.6 in the controls (p < 0.001). Of these ME, 68.4% were classified as minor/simple jerks, 9.3% as major, 21.7% as complex and 0.7% as violent. The ME frequency was negatively associated with tracer binding on dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT); the association was stronger for caudate nucleus compared to putamen. During follow-up seven patients (24.1%) phenoconverted, yielding a yearly phenoconversion rate 8.3%. Violent ME were associated with increased hazard ratio for phenoconversion in frequency (p = 0.012) and total duration (p = 0.007). Patients with higher amounts of violent ME had a greater risk of phenoconversion; therefore, their role as a predictor should be considered. Additionally, ME were associated with nigrostriatal degeneration, according to DAT-SPECT. These findings indicate that the degree of the clinical severity of motor manifestations in iRBD reflects the severity of the disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sleep.2021.04.033DOI Listing
July 2021

Dopaminergic imaging and clinical predictors for phenoconversion of REM sleep behaviour disorder.

Brain 2021 02;144(1):278-287

Radiation Physics and Protection Department, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK.

This is an international multicentre study aimed at evaluating the combined value of dopaminergic neuroimaging and clinical features in predicting future phenoconversion of idiopathic REM sleep behaviour (iRBD) subjects to overt synucleinopathy. Nine centres sent 123I-FP-CIT-SPECT data of 344 iRBD patients and 256 controls for centralized analysis. 123I-FP-CIT-SPECT images were semiquantified using DaTQUANTTM, obtaining putamen and caudate specific to non-displaceable binding ratios (SBRs). The following clinical variables were also analysed: (i) Movement Disorder Society-sponsored revision of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale, motor section score; (ii) Mini-Mental State Examination score; (iii) constipation; and (iv) hyposmia. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to estimate conversion risk. Hazard ratios for each variable were calculated with Cox regression. A generalized logistic regression model was applied to identify the best combination of risk factors. Bayesian classifier was used to identify the baseline features predicting phenoconversion to parkinsonism or dementia. After quality check of the data, 263 iRBD patients (67.6 ± 7.3 years, 229 males) and 243 control subjects (67.2 ± 10.1 years, 110 males) were analysed. Fifty-two (20%) patients developed a synucleinopathy after average follow-up of 2 years. The best combination of risk factors was putamen dopaminergic dysfunction of the most affected hemisphere on imaging, defined as the lower value between either putamina (P < 0.000001), constipation, (P < 0.000001) and age over 70 years (P = 0.0002). Combined features obtained from the generalized logistic regression achieved a hazard ratio of 5.71 (95% confidence interval 2.85-11.43). Bayesian classifier suggested that patients with higher Mini-Mental State Examination score and lower caudate SBR asymmetry were more likely to develop parkinsonism, while patients with the opposite pattern were more likely to develop dementia. This study shows that iRBD patients older than 70 with constipation and reduced nigro-putaminal dopaminergic function are at high risk of short-term phenoconversion to an overt synucleinopathy, providing an effective stratification approach for future neuroprotective trials. Moreover, we provide cut-off values for the significant predictors of phenoconversion to be used in single subjects.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/brain/awaa365DOI Listing
February 2021

Efficiency of I-ioflupane SPECT as the marker of basal ganglia damage in acute methanol poisoning: 6-year prospective study.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2021 Mar 7;59(3):235-245. Epub 2020 Aug 7.

Department of Occupational Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Context: Investigate whether I-ioflupane SPECT (DaT SPECT) has the potential as a marker of basal ganglia damage in acute methanol poisoning.

Methods: Prospective, single-centre, cohort study of patients with confirmed methanol poisoning was conducted. DaT SPECT was performed twice with semi-quantification using DaTQUANT and MRI-based volumetry was calculated. Specific binding ratios (SBR) of striatum, caudate nucleus, and putamen were correlated with laboratory parameters of outcome, volumetric data, and retinal nerve fibres layer (RNFL) thickness measurements.

Results: Forty-two patients (mean age 46.3 ± 4.2 years; 8 females), including 15 with MRI-detected putamen lesions (group I) and 27 patients with intact putamen (group II), underwent DaT SPECT. Volumetry was calculated in 35 of the patients assessed. SBR values for the left putamen correlated with putamen volume ( = 0.665;  < 0.001). Decreased bilateral SBR values were determined for the striatum and the putamen, but not for the nucleus caudate, in group I ( < 0.05). Significant correlation was observed between the SBR of the posterior putamen and arterial blood pH ( = 0.574;  < 0.001) and other toxicological parameters of severity of poisoning/outcome including serum lactate, glucose, and creatinine concentrations ( < 0.05). The SBR of the posterior putamen positively correlated with the global RNFL thickness ( < 0.05). ROC analysis demonstrated a significant discriminatory ability of SBR of the posterior putamen with AUC = 0.753 (95%CI 0.604-0.902;  = 0.007). The multivariate regression model demonstrated that arterial blood pH, age, and gender were the most significant factors associated with SBR of the posterior putamen.

Conclusion: DaT SPECT demonstrates significant potential for the diagnosis of methanol-induced basal ganglia damage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2020.1802033DOI Listing
March 2021

Relations of non-motor symptoms and dopamine transporter binding in REM sleep behavior disorder.

Sci Rep 2019 10 29;9(1):15463. Epub 2019 Oct 29.

Department of Neurology and Center of Clinical Neuroscience, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Prague, Czech Republic.

The aim of this study was to evaluate associations of motor and non-motor symptoms with dopamine transporter binding in prodromal stage of synucleinopathies. We examined 74 patients with idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), which is a prodromal synucleinopathy, and 39 controls using Movement Disorders Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS), Montreal Cognitive Assessment, University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT), Farnsworth-Munsell 100 hue test, orthostatic test, Scales for Outcomes in PD-Autonomic, Beck depression inventory-II, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and video-polysomnography. Electromyographic muscle activity during REM sleep was quantified according to Sleep Innsbruck-Barcelona criteria. In 65 patients, dopamine transporter single-photon emission computed tomography (DAT-SPECT) imaging was performed, putaminal binding ratio was calculated and scans were classified as normal, borderline, or abnormal. Compared to controls, RBD patients had significantly more severe scores in all examined tests. Patients with abnormal DAT-SPECT had higher MDS-UPDRS motor score (p = 0.006) and higher prevalence of orthostatic hypotension (p = 0.008). Putaminal binding ratio was positively associated with UPSIT score (p = 0.03) and negatively associated with tonic (p = 0.003) and phasic (p = 0.01) muscle activity during REM sleep. These associations likely reflect simultaneous advancement of underlying pathology in substantia nigra and susceptible brainstem and olfactory nuclei in prodromal synucleinopathy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-51710-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6820530PMC
October 2019

The impact of co-morbidities on a 6-year survival after methanol mass poisoning outbreak: possible role of metabolic formaldehyde.

Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2020 04 12;58(4):241-253. Epub 2019 Jul 12.

Department of Occupational Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

The influence of co-morbid conditions on the outcome of acute methanol poisoning in mass poisoning outbreaks is not known. The objective of this is to study the impact of burden of co-morbidities, complications, and methanol-induced brain lesions on hospital, follow-up, and total mortality. All patients hospitalized with methanol poisoning during a mass poisoning outbreak were followed in a prospective cohort study until death or final follow-up after 6 years. The age-adjusted Charlson co-morbidity index (ACCI) score was calculated for each patient. A multivariate Cox regression model was used to calculate the adjusted hazards ratio (HR) for death. The survival was modeled using the Kaplan-Meier method. Of 108 patients (mean age with SD 50.9 ± 2.6 years), 24 (54.4 ± 5.9 years) died during hospitalization (mean survival with SD 8 ± 4 days) and 84 (49.9 ± 3.0 years;  = .159) were discharged, including 27 with methanol-induced brain lesions. Of the discharged patients, 15 (56.3 ± 6.8 years) died during the follow-up (mean survival 37 ± 11 months) and 69 (48.5 ± 3.3 years;  = .044) survived. The hospital mortality was 22%, the follow-up mortality was 18%; the total mortality was 36%. Cardiac/respiratory arrest, acute respiratory failure, multiorgan failure syndrome, and arterial hypotension increased the HR for hospital and total (but not follow-up) mortality after adjustment for age, sex, and arterial pH (all  < .05). All patients who died in the hospital had at least one complication. A higher ACCI score was associated with greater total mortality (HR 1.22; 1.00-1.48 95% CI;  = .046). Of those who died, 35 (90%) had a moderate-to-high ACCI. The Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated that patients with a high ACCI had greater follow-up mortality compared to ones with low ( = .027) or moderate ( = .020) scores. For the patients who died during follow-up, cancers of different localizations were responsible for 7/15 (47%) of the deaths. The character and number of complications affected hospital but not follow-up mortality, while the burden of co-morbidities affected follow-up mortality. Methanol-induced brain lesions did not affect follow-up mortality. Relatively high cancer mortality rate may be associated with acute exposure to metabolic formaldehyde produced by methanol oxidation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15563650.2019.1637525DOI Listing
April 2020

How to recognize stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair: the utility of 18F-FDG PET/CT in an infrequent but serious clinical setting.

Ann Nucl Med 2019 Aug 29;33(8):594-605. Epub 2019 May 29.

Department of Radiology, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, U Nemocnice 2, 128 08, Prague 2, Czech Republic.

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of F-FDG PET/CT in the detection of stent graft infection (SGI).

Methods: In a retrospective study, two nuclear medicine physicians have independently analyzed 17 F-FDG PET/CT examinations performed for clinical suspicion of SGI. The images were evaluated for the uptake pattern and intensity, and by the maximum standard uptake value (SUV), the target-to-background ratio with blood pool (TBR) and liver uptake (TBR) as a reference. The SGI was defined as the presence of focal hyperactivity with an intensity exceeding hepatic uptake. CT images were independently assessed for signs of SGI. Clinical review of all further patients' data served as the standard of reference.

Results: Nine cases were established as SGI by the clinical review. PET/CT correctly diagnosed SGI in eight and yielded a sensitivity of 89% and specificity of 100%. The mean SUV, TBR and TBR values were 9.8 ± 4.0, 6.9 ± 2.6, and 4.6 ± 1.7 in the group of patients with true SGI, and 4.0 ± 1.1, 2.5 ± 0.4 (p < 0.001) and 1.9 ± 0.2 (p < 0.001) in true negative cases, respectively. CT alone showed a sensitivity of 78% and specificity of 100% and was concordant with PET/CT in 14 cases. The best performing threshold values of SUV, TBR, and TBR were 5.6, 3.5, and 2.2, respectively.

Conclusion: F-FDG PET/CT with expert evaluation, semiquantitative and quantitative image analysis with the proposed threshold values for SUV, TBR, and TBR has good diagnostic accuracy in the detection of SGI. We propose that visual grading scale for SGI should use hepatic uptake as a visual reference.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12149-019-01370-9DOI Listing
August 2019

Assessment of renal function before contrast media injection: right decisions based on inaccurate estimates.

Eur Radiol 2019 Jun 9;29(6):3192-3199. Epub 2018 Nov 9.

Institute of Nuclear Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital in Prague, Salmovská 3, 120 00, Praha 2, Czech Republic.

Objectives: Information on renal function required before specified radiological examinations with contrast agents is usually obtained through prediction equations using serum creatinine and anthropometric data. The aim of our study was to demonstrate discrepancy between poor prediction and good diagnostic accuracy of glomerular filtration rate (GFR) estimated by prediction equations.

Methods: In 50 patients, reference GFR was measured as plasma clearance of 51-chromium labeled ethylene-diamine-tetraacetic-acid (Cr-EDTA) and compared with GFR assayed by creatinine clearance (CC) and estimated by Cockcroft-Gault prediction equation (CG). For comparisons, CC and CG were considered as continuous, categorical, and binary variables. Accuracy of the reference GFR prediction was expressed in terms of prediction errors and diagnostic accuracy indices.

Results: As continuous variable, CG estimated individual values of GFR with large prediction error exceeding that of CC. As categorical variable, it classified the patient stage of chronic kidney disease (CKD) with medium diagnostic accuracy of 74% (CKD 3) and 62% (CKD 4). As binary variable, CG classified individual patient's GFR below 30 and 60 ml/min/1.73 m with good diagnostic accuracy of 80 and 94%, respectively. Performance of other prediction equations did not significantly differ from CG.

Conclusions: Despite large variance and poor prediction accuracy of individual GFR estimates, most of them correctly classified individual patient's GFR below specified level. Results of prediction equations thus should be used and reported exclusively as binary variables, while numerical values of GFR, if required, should be measured by more accurate radionuclide or laboratory methods.

Key Points: • Radiological guidelines on contrast media require estimation of glomerular filtration rate to assess kidney function before specified contrast examinations. • Estimated glomerular filtration rate is obtained through prediction equations using serum creatinine and anthropometric data as predictors. • While numerical estimates of glomerular filtration rate are inaccurate (their prediction accuracy is poor), diagnostic accuracy of binary estimates (ability to classify patient's glomerular filtration rate below or above a specified level) is very good.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00330-018-5753-zDOI Listing
June 2019

A rare case of regressively changed lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum presenting with anemia and recurrent fever.

Cardiovasc Pathol 2016 Mar-Apr;25(2):161-4. Epub 2015 Sep 24.

2nd Department of Medicine-Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and General University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Lipomatous hypertrophy of the interatrial septum (LHIS) is characterized by excessive accumulation of adipose tissue within some segments of the interatrial septum. Only one published case so far describes fever as a presenting feature of LHIS. On the other hand, systemic symptoms including anemia and fever are well-known clinical presentations of cardiac myxomas. We report an unusual case of a 79-year-old woman who was thoroughly but unsuccessfully investigated for recurrent fever and anemia in several specialized departments over the course of 4 years. Computed tomography scan showed a pathological mass localized in the interatrial septum and spreading to ascending aorta. Histological analysis of the biopsy samples from surgery revealed the unexpected diagnosis of regressively changed LHIS. We discuss the clinical and pathologic features of this lesion suggesting that its regressive changes may be associated with inflammation and can cause systemic symptoms such as fever and anemia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carpath.2015.09.002DOI Listing
December 2016

Premalignant and malignant lesions of the heterotopic pancreas in the esophagus: a case report and review of the literature.

J Gastrointestin Liver Dis 2015 Jun;24(2):235-9

Institute of Nuclear Medicine; First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague and General University Hospital in Prague, Czech Republic.

Heterotopic pancreas is a congenital pathology of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly rare in the esophagus. Both symptomatology and findings during preoperative examinations are non-specific and therefore do not often lead to an accurate diagnosis, which is usually revealed only by histopathological assessment of a resected specimen. We report an unusual case of a patient suffering from severe dysphagia caused by heterotopic pancreas in the distal esophagus with chronic inflammation and foci of premalignant changes. This article also reviews 14 adult cases of heterotopic pancreas in the esophagus previously reported in the literature, with the aim of determining the clinical features of this disease and possible complications including rare premalignant lesions and malignant transformation. Especially with regard to those complications, we suggest that both symptomatic and incidentally found asymptomatic lesions should be resected.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15403/jgld.2014.1121.242.ulyDOI Listing
June 2015
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