Publications by authors named "David R Thorning"

2 Publications

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Enhanced expression of Duffy antigen in the lungs during suppurative pneumonia.

J Histochem Cytochem 2003 Feb;51(2):159-66

Department of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary & Critical Care Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA.

Duffy antigen is a chemokine binding protein expressed on the surface of erythrocytes and postcapillary venular endothelial cells. It binds selective CXC and CC chemokines with high affinity. Although Duffy antigen is present in the normal pulmonary vascular bed, it is not known whether its expression is altered by innate inflammatory responses in the lungs. We studied Duffy antigen expression by immunohistochemistry in autopsy lung specimens from 16 cases of suppurative pneumonia, 11 cases of acute lung injury, and seven normal lungs. In lungs with suppurative pneumonia, Duffy antigen was expressed in higher numbers of pre- and postcapillary parenchymal vessels compared to normal specimens or specimens with acute lung injury (p<0.03 and p<0.02, respectively). Lungs with suppurative pneumonia also showed Duffy antigen expression on the alveolar septa, whereas this was a rare finding in normal specimens or in acute lung injury (p<0.02). Furthermore, Duffy antigen labeling of the alveolar septa localized to regions with airspace accumulation of neutrophil-rich exudates. In summary, Duffy antigen expression is increased in the vascular beds and alveolar septa of the lung parenchyma during suppurative pneumonia, suggesting that Duffy antigen may have a functional role in the lung parenchyma during inflammation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002215540305100204DOI Listing
February 2003

Myofibroblasts are responsible for the desmoplastic reaction surrounding human pancreatic carcinomas.

Surgery 2002 Feb;131(2):129-34

Department of Surgery, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, USA.

Background: The cell type responsible for the desmoplastic reaction surrounding human pancreatic carcinoma is unknown. Hepatic stellate cells, which activate to a myofibroblast-like form, are responsible for collagen deposition in cirrhosis and around hepatocellular carcinomas. Recently, pancreatic stellate cells have been described and implicated in the fibrosis of chronic pancreatitis. We sought to determine whether these cells are responsible for the scirrhous reaction surrounding pancreatic adenocarcinomas.

Methods: Archival formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded pancreatic tissues from 10 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for ductal adenocarcinoma and from 2 patients with pancreatic islet cell tumors were examined immunohistochemically for alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SMMHC), procollagen I, collagen IV, and endothelial cell markers, von Willebrand factor and cluster of differentiation 31.

Results: In non-neoplastic areas, staining for alpha-SMA and SMMHC was confined to interlobular septal regions. In contrast, the desmoplastic reaction surrounding all 10 pancreatic adenocarcinoma specimens displayed intense interstitial staining for alpha-SMA, SMMHC, and collagen IV but no staining for von Willebrand factor and cluster of differentiation 31. Procollagen I staining localized intracellularly to fibroblast-shaped cells within this alpha-SMA/SMMHC-positive scirrhous region. Islet cell tumors demonstrated an increase in alpha-SMA staining, although this was not as marked as in ductal adenocarcinomas.

Conclusions: A massive increase in myofibroblast activity, compatible with the activation of stellate cells, is associated with the deposition of collagen types I and IV in the desmoplastic reaction around pancreatic adenocarcinomas.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1067/msy.2002.119192DOI Listing
February 2002
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