Publications by authors named "David R Ormond"

3 Publications

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Retrospective analysis of hemispheric structural network change as a function of location and size of glioma.

Brain Commun 2021 17;3(1):fcaa216. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO, USA.

Gliomas are neoplasms that arise from glial cell origin and represent the largest fraction of primary malignant brain tumours (77%). These highly infiltrative malignant cell clusters modify brain structure and function through expansion, invasion and intratumoral modification. Depending on the growth rate of the tumour, location and degree of expansion, functional reorganization may not lead to overt changes in behaviour despite significant cerebral adaptation. Studies in simulated lesion models and in patients with stroke reveal both local and distal functional disturbances, using measures of anatomical brain networks. Investigations over the last two decades have sought to use diffusion tensor imaging tractography data in the context of intracranial tumours to improve surgical planning, intraoperative functional localization, and post-operative interpretation of functional change. In this study, we used diffusion tensor imaging tractography to assess the impact of tumour location on the white matter structural network. To better understand how various lobe localized gliomas impact the topology underlying efficiency of information transfer between brain regions, we identified the major alterations in brain network connectivity patterns between the ipsilesional versus contralesional hemispheres in patients with gliomas localized to the frontal, parietal or temporal lobe. Results were indicative of altered network efficiency and the role of specific brain regions unique to different lobe localized gliomas. This work draws attention to connections and brain regions which have shared structural susceptibility in frontal, parietal and temporal lobe glioma cases. This study also provides a preliminary anatomical basis for understanding which affected white matter pathways may contribute to preoperative patient symptomology.
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December 2020

Global and Targeted Pathway Impact of Gliomas on White Matter Integrity Based on Lobar Localization.

Cureus 2017 Sep 7;9(9):e1660. Epub 2017 Sep 7.

Neurosurgery, University of Colorado Hospital.

Primary brain tumors comprise 28% of all tumors and 80% of malignant tumors. Pathophysiology of high-grade gliomas includes significant distortion of white matter architecture, necrosis, the breakdown of the blood brain barrier, and increased intracranial pressure. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), a diffusion weighted imaging technique, can be used to assess white matter architecture. Use of DTI as a non-invasive pathophysiological tool to analyze glioma impact on white matter microstructure has yet to be fully explored. Preliminary assessment of DTI tractography was done as a measure of intracranial tumor impact on white matter architecture. Specifically, we addressed three questions: 1) whether glioma differentially affects local white matter structure compared to metastasis, 2) whether glioma affects tract integrity of major white matter bundles, 3) whether glioma lobe localization affects tract integrity of different white matter bundles. In this study, we retrospectively investigated preoperative DTI scans from 24 patients undergoing tumor resection. Fiber tractography was estimated using a deterministic fiber tracking algorithm in DSI (diffusion spectrum imaging) Studio. The automatic anatomical labeling (AAL) atlas was used to define the left and right (L/R)hemisphere regions of interest (ROI). In addition, the John Hopkins University (JHU) White Matter Atlas was used to auto-segment major white matter bundle ROIs. For all tracts derived from ROI seed targets, we computed the following parameters: tract number, tract length, fractional anisotropy (FA), axial diffusivity (AD), mean diffusivity (MD), and radial diffusivity (RD). The DTI tractography analysis revealed that white matter integrity in the hemisphere ipsilateral to intracranial tumor was significantly compromised compared to the control contralateral hemisphere. No differences were observed between high vs low-grade gliomas, however, gliomas induced significantly greater white matter degradation than metastases. In addition, targeted analysis of major white matter bundles important for sensory/motor function (i.e., corticospinal tract and superior longitudinal fasciculus) revealed tract-parameter specific susceptibility due to the presence of the tumor. Finally, major tract bundles were differentially affected based on lobar localization of the glioma. These DTI-based tractographic analyses complement findings from gross histopathological examination of glioma impact on neural tissue. Global and focal white matter architecture, ipsilateral to glioma, shows higher rates of degradation or edema - based on DTI tractographic metrics - in comparison to normal brain or metastases. Gliomas, which arise in the parietal lobe, also have a higher negative impact (potentially due to increased edema) on white matter integrity of the superior longitudinal fasciculus(SLF) than those which arise in the frontal lobe. Future studies will focus on using preoperative and postoperative tractography to predict functional deficits following resective surgery.
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September 2017

Third Ventricular Cerebrospinal Fluid Cysts of Thalamic Origin: Review of Embryologic Origin, Presentation, and Management Strategies with a Case Series.

World Neurosurg 2017 Jul 6;103:210-219. Epub 2017 Apr 6.

Department of Neurosurgery, University of Colorado, Denver, Colorado, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: Third ventricular cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cysts of thalamic origin are rare. The objective of this study is to review their possible pathogenesis, clinical presentation, and management strategies with a case series describing management via an endoscopic approach with fenestration using a single burr-hole technique.

Methods: A systematic literature review of reported cases of thalamic cysts was conducted with further meta-analysis of CSF cysts that involve the third ventricle. The mode of presentation, pathologic analysis, surgical management, and outcomes were analyzed.

Results: Twenty-two studies reported between 1990 and 2013 described 42 cases of thalamic cyst. Of those cases, 13 were consistent with CSF cyst that originated in the thalamus and involved the third ventricle. Eight cases (61.5%) were treated via endoscopic fenestration, 2 cases (15.4%) were surgically drained, 2 cases (15.4%) were stereotactically aspirated, and 1 case (7.69%) was observed. The most common presenting symptoms were gait disturbance (26.3%) and headaches (26.3%) followed by tremors (15.8%) and weakness (15.8%). In our series, a single burr-hole technique was a successful definitive treatment, with an average period of 23 months.

Conclusions: Third ventricular CSF cysts of thalamic origin most commonly present with hydrocephalus. They can be safely definitively treated via endoscopic fenestration to the CSF circulation using a single burr-hole technique. Long-term follow-up shows lasting improvement in symptoms without reaccumulation of the cyst.
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July 2017