Publications by authors named "David Pérol"

100 Publications

Real-life prognosis of 5041 bone-only metastatic breast cancer patients in the multicenter national observational ESME program.

Ther Adv Med Oncol 2021 21;13:1758835920987657. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Medical Oncology, ICO René Gauducheau, Boulevard Jacques Monod, Saint Herblain, Pays de la Loire 44805, France.

Background: Bone-only (BO) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is considered a more favorable entity than other MBC presentations. However, only few retrospective series and data from selected randomized controlled trials have been reported so far.

Methods: Using the French national multicenter ESME (Epidemiological Strategy and Medico Economics) Data Platform, the primary objective of our study was to compare the overall survival (OS) of patients with BO non-BO MBC at diagnosis, with adjustment on main prognostic factors using a propensity score. Secondary objectives were to compare first-line progression-free survival (PFS1), describe treatment patterns, and estimate factors associated with OS.

Results: Out of 20,095 eligible women, 5041 (22.4%) patients had BO disease [hormone-receptor positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth-factor-receptor-2 negative (HER2-),  = 4 102/13,229 (31%); HER2+,  = 644/3909 (16.5%); HR-/HER2-,  = 295/2 957 (10%)]. BO MBC patients had a better adjusted OS compared with non-BO MBC [52.1 months (95% confidence interval (CI) 50.3-54.1) 34.7 months (95% CI 34.0-35.6) respectively]. The 5-year OS rate of BO MBC patients was 43.4% (95% CI 41.7-45.2). They also had a better PFS1 [13.1 months (95% CI 12.6-13.8) 8.5 months (95% CI 8.3-8.7), respectively]. This observation could be repeated in all subtypes. BO disease was an independent prognostic factor of OS [hazard ratio 0.68 (95% CI 0.65-0.72),  < 0.0001]. Results were concordant in all analyses.

Conclusion: BO MBC patients have better outcomes compared with non-BO MBC, consistently, through all MBC subtypes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1758835920987657DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7841864PMC
January 2021

Evolution in the real-world therapeutic strategies in more than 20,000 women with breast cancer having received human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-targeted treatments: Results from the french personalized reimbursement model database (2011-2018).

Eur J Cancer 2020 12 8;141:209-217. Epub 2020 Nov 8.

Medical Oncology Department, Paul Strauss Comprehensive Cancer Center, 3 rue de la Porte de l'Hôpital, 67000, Strasbourg, France. Electronic address:

Background: There is a growing need for real-world data on cancer treatments usage, especially to assess compliance with recommendations. We developed a French project using hospital data to analyse evolution in the therapeutic strategies implemented in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-overexpressed (HER2+) breast cancer (BC) and exposed to injectable HER2-targeted therapies, i.e. trastuzumab, pertuzumab or trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1).

Patients And Methods: Data from 26,350 women with BC were extracted in September 2018 from the Electronic Pharmacy Record systems of 120 French randomly recruited hospitals. Evolution in the treatments used, and combination regimens were described from 2011, in accordance with the BC stage and treatment line.

Results: Overall, 21,119 patients treated since 2011 were analysed: 16,398 patients with early BC (eBC) and 6030 patients with metastatic BC (mBC) including patients treated at both stages. In eBC, 89.2% of patients received trastuzumab combined with at least taxanes (trastuzumab-taxane-anthracycline: 62.6%). Patients with mBC were treated in the first line (80.3%) and/or the second line (40.1%) and/or ≥ the third line (28.3%). After its approval in 2014, pertuzumab was first used in first-line therapy combinations in 67.4% of the total cases, while trastuzumab-taxane decreased from 47.2% to 9.2%. Similarly, T-DM1 was used as the second-line treatment in 53.8% of cases.

Conclusions: Given recent changes in available treatments for patients with HER2+ BC, this large French project provides robust information on real-world evolution in therapeutic strategies. Our data suggest there is room for significant improvement in optimal drug utilisation. Such data will be useful to build drug-related indicators for future value-based pricing solutions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.10.012DOI Listing
December 2020

A response letter to comments on "Contemporary outcomes of metastatic breast cancer among 22,000 women from the multicentre ESME cohort 2008-2016".

Eur J Cancer 2020 11 3;140:165-166. Epub 2020 Oct 3.

Department of Cancer Medicine, Gustave Roussy, 114 Rue Edouard Vaillant, 94800, Villejuif, France. Electronic address:

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.09.005DOI Listing
November 2020

[The cost of the therapeutic education program "Eat better, move more through nutrition education" in patients with breast cancer].

Bull Cancer 2020 Dec 1;107(12):1252-1259. Epub 2020 Oct 1.

Centre Léon-Bérard, département prévention cancer et environnement, 28, rue Laënnec, 69008 Lyon, France; Unité Inserm UA8 « radiations : défense, santé, environnement », 28, rue Laënnec, 69008 Lyon, France.

Introduction: Since the life expectancy of women with breast cancer has increased, tertiary prevention, through the Therapeutic Patient Education (TPE), is now a part of patient support. The main objective of this pilot study is to evaluate the cost of a nutrition and physical activity TPE program intended to help women with breast cancer in the management of their weight.

Methods: This study is a description of costs, based on the micro-costing method, of the first two years of the program, conducted on an outpatient basis, at the Cancer Center Leon Berard, Lyon, France, with the involvement of a dietician and a physical activity trainer. Only the direct costs were taken into account, from the hospital's perspective, in Euro 2016. Sensitivity analyses were also conducted.

Results: Sixty-five patients were included in the study in 2014/2015. Their mean age was 52 years, the majority of them were in sick leave (65 %). In most cases, they had undergone surgery (95 %) and chemotherapy (71 %). The average cost per patient of the program was 541.04€ (SD 88.44€; 95 % IC [520.06-562.03]) excluding overhead costs, i.e. 687.13€ overhead costs included. The unit cost of the dietician was the most sensitive parameters.

Conclusion: This cost study, an accurate estimate of the production costs, allows to inform the decision-maker in term of pricing of such a program and to make the necessary adjustments in order to optimize the organization of this activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2020.07.003DOI Listing
December 2020

Therapeutic relevance of molecular screening program in patients with metastatic sarcoma: Analysis from the ProfiLER 01 trial.

Transl Oncol 2020 Dec 18;13(12):100870. Epub 2020 Sep 18.

Department of Medical Oncology, Léon Bérard Cancer Center, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Background: Advanced sarcoma is a group of heterogeneous disease with poor prognosis and poor efficacy of medical treatment. They represent a promising group of tumors to assess molecular-based therapy (MBT) strategy.

Patients And Methods: Genomic profiles of patients with advanced sarcoma included in the ProfiLER program were established by NGS using a 69 genes panel and CGH array. A weekly molecular board reviewed genomic reports to select relevant genomic alterations and propose recommendations for MBT.

Results: A genomic profile was available for 158 of 164 patients. At least 1 relevant genomic alteration was reported for 106 patients (67%), with frequent multiple alterations (68%). In total, 289 relevant genomic alterations were identified in 143 different genes; 139 homozygous deletions, 86 gene amplifications and 64 somatic mutations. The most frequently impacted genes were TP53, Rb1, CDKN2A, CDK4, MDM2, and PTEN. MBT was recommended for 47 patients and initiated for 13 patients. One objective response was observed for an angiosarcoma treated with pazopanib for FLT4 amplification; 4 patients had a stable disease, including a long-lasting 33 months stabilization.

Conclusion: Genomic profiling for advanced sarcoma is feasible, even for bone sarcoma. A small proportion of patients are eventually treated with MBT, similar to other tumor types. We could not demonstrate this strategy to be beneficial to patients. Our data suggest that molecular profiling should not be used in routine practice but warrants further exploration in clinical trials, focusing on sarcoma with complex genomic, and adding transcriptomic analysis to the copy number and mutational analyses.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tranon.2020.100870DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7509228PMC
December 2020

Real-world Evaluation of Oral Vinorelbine in the Treatment of Metastatic Breast Cancer: An ESME-MBC Study.

Anticancer Res 2020 Jul;40(7):3905-3913

Biostatistics Department, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.

Background/aim: Vinorelbine is indicated for use in the treatment of MBC as a single agent or in combination but there is little real world data on this molecule and even less on its oral form. We exploited the Unicancer Epidemiology Strategy Medical-Economics (ESME) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) database to investigate current patterns of use of oral vinorelbine (OV), as well as outcomes of patients receiving this drug.

Patients And Methods: Data were collected retrospectively from women and men treated for MBC between 2008 and 2014 at one of 18 French Comprehensive Cancer Centres. The efficacy of OV was evaluated in terms of progression-free (PFS) and overall survival (OS) and treatment duration. The population and patterns of OV usage were also described.

Results: A total of 1806 patients (11% of the ESME MBC database) were included in this analysis. OV was prescribed as monotherapy (46%) or in combination (29%), especially with capecitabine. mainly in later treatment lines. Median PFS was 3.3 months: 2.9 months for single agent, 3.6 months for combination therapy. Median OS was 40.9 months.

Conclusion: Real-world data offer complementary results to the data from traditional clinical trials, but they concern a much larger population. In this ESME MBC cohort, OV was only prescribed to a small subset of MBC patients. OV was mainly given as single agent to patients with heavily pre-treated MBC; less commonly, it was co-administered with capecitabine or anti-HER2, in earlier lines of therapy. PFS was modest but in line with previous reports.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21873/anticanres.14381DOI Listing
July 2020

Design and methods of a national, multicenter, randomized and controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a physical activity program to improve health-related quality of life and reduce fatigue in women with metastatic breast cancer: ABLE02 trial.

BMC Cancer 2020 Jul 3;20(1):622. Epub 2020 Jul 3.

Department of Cancer and Environment, Léon Bérard Cancer Center, 28 rue Laennec, 69008, Lyon, France.

Background: Patients with a metastatic breast cancer suffer from a deteriorated health-related quality of life and numerous symptoms such as pain, severe fatigue and a decrease of their physical fitness. As the feasibility of a physical activity program has been demonstrated in this population, ABLE02 aims to assess the efficacy of a 6 month-physical activity program using connected devices to improve health-related quality of life and to reduce fatigue in women with metastatic breast cancer.

Methods: ABLE02 is a prospective, national, multicenter, randomized, controlled and open-label study. A total of 244 patients with a metastatic breast cancer, with at least one positive hormone receptor and a first-line chemotherapy planned, will be randomly assigned (1:1 ratio) to: (i) the intervention arm to receive physical activity recommendations, an activity tracker to wear 24 h a day during the whole intervention (6 months) with at least three weekly walking sessions and quizzes each week on physical activity and nutrition (ii) the control arm to receive physical activity recommendations only. Health-related quality of life will be assessed every 6 weeks and main assessments will be conducted at baseline, M3, M6, M12 and M18 to evaluate the clinical, physical, biological and psychological parameters and survival of participants. All questionnaires will be completed on a dedicated application.

Discussion: An activity program based on a smartphone application linked to an activity tracker may help to improve quality of life and reduce fatigue of patients with a metastatic breast cancer. The growth of e-health offers the opportunity to get real-time data as well as improving patient empowerment in order to change long-term behaviors.

Trial Registration: NCT number: NCT04354233 .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-020-07093-9DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7333295PMC
July 2020

High mortality rate in cancer patients with symptoms of COVID-19 with or without detectable SARS-COV-2 on RT-PCR.

Eur J Cancer 2020 08 7;135:251-259. Epub 2020 Jun 7.

Centre Léon Bérard, 28 Rue Laënnec, 69373, Lyon Cedex 08, France; Université Claude Bernard Lyon I, France; Unicancer, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Background: Cancer patients presenting with COVID-19 have a high risk of death. In this work, predictive factors for survival in cancer patients with suspected SARS-COV-2 infection were investigated.

Methods: PRE-COVID-19 is a retrospective study of all 302 cancer patients presenting to this institute with a suspicion of COVID-19 from March 1st to April 25th 2020. Data were collected using a web-based tool within electronic patient record approved by the Institutional Review Board. Patient characteristics symptoms and survival were collected and compared in SARS-COV-2 real-time or reverse-transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR)-positive and RT-PCR-negative patients.

Results: Fifty-five of the 302 (18.2%) patients with suspected COVID-19 had detectable SARS-COV-2 with RT-PCR in nasopharyngeal samples. RT-PCR-positive patients were older, had more frequently haematological malignancies, respiratory symptoms and suspected COVID-19 pneumonia of computed tomography (CT) scan. However, respectively, 38% and 20% of SARS-COV-2 RT-PCR-negative patients presented similar respiratory symptoms and CT scan images. Thirty of the 302 (9.9%) patients died during the observation period, including 24 (80%) with advanced disease. At the median follow-up of 25 days after the first symptoms, the death rate in RT-PCR-positive and RT-PCR-negative patients were 21% and 10%, respectively. In both groups, independent risk factors for death were male gender, Karnofsky performance status <60, cancer in relapse and respiratory symptoms. Detection of SARS-COV-2 on RT-PCR was not associated with an increased death rate (p = 0.10). None of the treatment given in the previous month (including cytotoxics, PD1 Ab, anti-CD20, VEGFR2…) correlated with survival. The survival of RT-PCR-positive and -negative patients with respiratory symptoms and/or COVID-19 type pneumonia on CT scan was similar with a 18.4% and 19.7% death rate at day 25. Most (22/30, 73%) cancer patients dying during this period were RT-PCR negative.

Conclusion: The 30-day death rate of cancer patients with or without documented SARS-COV-2 infection is poor, but the majority of deaths occur in RT-PCR-negative patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.05.028DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7275994PMC
August 2020

Long term term follow-up of tyrosine kinase inhibitors treatments in inoperable or relapsing diffuse type tenosynovial giant cell tumors (dTGCT).

PLoS One 2020 20;15(5):e0233046. Epub 2020 May 20.

Department of Medical Oncology, Léon Bérard Cancer Center, Lyon, France.

Rationale: CSF1R tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and antibodies yield response rates and tumor control in patients with diffuse type tenosynovial giant cell tumors (dTGCT). The long term management of patients with dTGCT treated with TKI is however not known.

Patients And Methods: We conducted a retrospective single center study on the 39 patients with advanced and/or inoperable dTGCT referred to the Centre Leon Berard for a medical treatment. The clinical characteristics and treatments of patients who had received at least one line of CSF1R TKI or Ab was collected from the electronic patient records and analyzed, after this study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Centre Leon Berard. Statistics were conducted using SPSS 23.0.

Results: Thirty-nine patients received at least one line of TKI among the 101 patients with histologically confirmed dTGCT refered to this center. Imatinib, nilotinib, pexidartinib, emactuzumab were the most frequently used agents. First line treatment was given for a median duration of 7 months. With a median follow-up from the initiation of TKI of 30 months, the progression-free rate at 30 months is 56% for the 39 patients. 15 patients had recurrent disease after first line CSF1R inhibitor: 12 (80%) received a 2nd line treatment for a median duration of 6 months and a median time to progression (TTP) of 12 months. Six patients had afterwards a recurrent disease and 5 (83%) received a 3rd line treatment for a median duration of 5 months and a median TTP of 9 months. Progression-free rate at 30 months was observed in 3 of 12 (25%) after line 2 and 1 of 5 (20%) after line 3. None of the patients refered died with a median follow-up of 67 months.

Conclusions: CSF1R TKI or Ab provide prolonged tumor control and symptom relief for a majority of patients with inoperable or relapsing dTGCT, in first and subsequent lines. Multiple lines are required for close to 50% of patients with relapsing dTGCT.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0233046PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7239463PMC
July 2020

PARP Inhibitors in Ovarian Cancer. Reply.

N Engl J Med 2020 04;382(16):1574-1575

Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMc2000644DOI Listing
April 2020

Axitinib in first-line for patients with metastatic papillary renal cell carcinoma: Results of the multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase II AXIPAP trial.

Eur J Cancer 2020 04 5;129:107-116. Epub 2020 Mar 5.

Medical Oncology, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Introduction: Papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) represents 10%-15% of renal carcinomas. No standard treatments exist for metastatic PRCC (mPRCC) patients. Axitinib is indicated as second-line treatment in metastatic clear cell renal carcinoma, and we aim to assess the efficacy of this vascular endothelial growth factor receptor inhibitor in front line for mPRCC.

Methods: This French multicentre phase II study AXIPAP enrolled untreated mPRCC patients, with measurable disease, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status ≤ 1 and adequate organ functions. PRCC had to be confirmed by histology expert central review. Axitinib was administered orally 5 mg twice daily. Primary end-point was progression-free rate at 24 weeks (24w-PFR) by central review.

Results: Fifty-six patients were screened, and 44 included (13 type 1, 30 type 2 and 1 non-specified). The median follow-up was 32.0 (13.1-39.9) months. The 24w-PFR was 45.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 32.6% to +∞), the objective response rate was 28.6% (95% CI, 15.7%-44.6%) (type 1: 7.7%; type 2: 35.7%). The overall median progression free survival was 6.6 months (95% CI, 5.5-9.2), 6.7 months (95% CI, 5.5-9.2) and 6.2 months (95% CI, 5.4-9.2) for type 1 and 2, respectively. Median overall survival was 18.9 months (95% CI, 12.8-not reached). Adverse events were as expected; grade 3-4 treatment-related adverse events were rare except hypertension (27%).

Conclusions: Axitinib demonstrated encouraging efficacy in mPRCC patients, especially in type 2 PRCC. Toxicity was manageable. Axitinib appears as an interesting option for first-line treatment and to be worth further investigation in combination with immunotherapy in these patients. Expert pathology review should be recommended in this setting.

Clinical Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02489695.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.02.001DOI Listing
April 2020

Contemporary outcomes of metastatic breast cancer among 22,000 women from the multicentre ESME cohort 2008-2016.

Eur J Cancer 2020 04 2;129:60-70. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Cancer Medicine, Gustave Roussy, 114 Rue Edouard Vaillant, Villejuif, 94800, France. Electronic address:

Aim: Real-world data inform the outcome comparisons and help the development of new therapeutic strategies. To this end, we aimed to describe the full characteristics and outcomes in the Epidemiological Strategy and Medical Economics (ESME) cohort, a large national contemporary observational database of patients with metastatic breast cancer (MBC).

Methods: Women aged ≥18 years with newly diagnosed MBC and who initiated MBC treatment between January 2008 and December 2016 in one of the 18 French Comprehensive Cancer Centers (N = 22,109) were included. We assessed the full patients' characteristics, first-line treatments, overall survival (OS) and first-line progression-free survival, as well as updated prognostic factors in the whole cohort and among the 3 major subtypes: hormone receptor positive and HER2-negative (HR+/HER2-, n = 13,656), HER2-positive (HER2+, n = 4017) and triple-negative (n = 2963) tumours.

Results: The median OS of the whole cohort was 39.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 38.7-40.3). Five-year OS was 33.8%. OS differed significantly between the 3 subtypes (p < 0.0001) with a median OS of 43.3 (95% CI, 42.5-44.5) in HR+/HER2-; 50.1 (95% CI, 47.6-53.1) in HER2+; and 14.8 months (95% CI, 14.1-15.5) in triple-negative subgroups, respectively. Beyond performance status, the following variables had a constant significant negative prognostic impact on OS in the whole cohort and among subtypes: older age at diagnosis of metastases (except for the triple-negative subtype), metastasis-free interval between 6 and 24 months, presence of visceral metastases and number of metastatic sites ≥ 3.

Conclusions: The ESME program represents a unique large-scale real-life cohort on MBC. This study highlights important situations of high medical need within MBC patients. DATABASE REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier NCT032753.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2020.01.016DOI Listing
April 2020

Feasibility and Health Benefits of an Individualized Physical Activity Intervention in Women With Metastatic Breast Cancer: Intervention Study.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2020 01 28;8(1):e12306. Epub 2020 Jan 28.

Department of Cancer and Environment, Léon Bérard Cancer Center, Lyon, France.

Background: There is limited knowledge regarding the potential benefits of physical activity in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

Objective: The Advanced stage Breast cancer and Lifestyle Exercise (ABLE) Trial aimed to assess the feasibility of a physical activity intervention in women with metastatic breast cancer and to explore the effects of physical activity on functional, psychological, and clinical parameters.

Methods: The ABLE Trial was a single-arm, 6-month intervention study with a home-based, unsupervised, and personalized walking program using an activity tracker. At baseline and 6 months, we assessed anthropometrics, functional fitness, physical activity level, sedentary behavior, quality of life, fatigue, and tumor progression. Paired proportions were compared using the McNemar test and changes of parameters during the intervention were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test, the Mann-Whitney test, and Spearman rank correlations.

Results: Overall, 49 participants (mean age 55 years; recruitment rate 94%) were enrolled and 96% adhered to the exercise prescription (attrition rate 2%). Statistically significant improvements in the 6-minute walking distance test (+7%, P<.001) and isometric quadriceps strength (+22%, P<.001), as well as decreases in body mass index (-2.5%, P=.03) and hip circumference (-4.0%, P<.001) were observed at 6 months. Quality of life remained stable and a nonstatistically significant decrease (-16%, P=.07) in fatigue was observed.

Conclusions: The high recruitment and adherence rates suggest the willingness of patients with metastatic breast cancer to participate in a physical activity program. The beneficial outcomes regarding physical fitness and anthropometry of this unsupervised physical activity program may encourage these patients to maintain a physically active lifestyle. Future randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes are warranted.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03148886; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03148886.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/12306DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7013652PMC
January 2020

Olaparib plus Bevacizumab as First-Line Maintenance in Ovarian Cancer.

N Engl J Med 2019 12;381(25):2416-2428

From Centre Léon Bérard (I.R.-C., D.P.), University Claude Bernard Lyon 1 (I.R.-C.), and Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud (B.Y.), Lyon, Groupe d'Investigateurs Nationaux pour l'Etude des Cancers Ovariens (GINECO) (I.R.-C., P.P., F.S., C.L.-P., A.L., P.C., M.R., C.D., B.Y., E.P.-L.), Groupe Hospitalier Diaconesses Croix Saint-Simon (F.S.), Hôpital Européen Georges Pompidou (P.C.), Institut Curie, Hôpital Claudius Régaud (M.R.), and Association de Recherche Cancers Gynécologiques (ARCAGY) (E.P.-L.), Paris, Gustave Roussy, Villejuif (P.P.), Centre Eugène Marquis, Rennes (C.L.-P.), Centre Catherine de Sienne Hôpital Privé du Confluent, Nantes (A.L.), and Institut Curie, Hôpital René Huguenin, Saint Cloud (C.D.) - all in France; the Department of Urology and Gynecology, Istituto Nazionale Tumori IRCCS Fondazione G. Pascale, and Multicenter Italian Trials in Ovarian Cancer and Gynecologic Malignancies (MITO), Naples (S.P.), University of Milan-Bicocca and European Institute of Oncology IRCCS, and Mario Negri Gynecologic Oncology Group (MANGO) (N.C.), and Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale Tumori and MITO (D.L.), Milan, and Fondazione Policlinico Universitario A. Gemelli IRCCS, Università Cattolica, and MITO, Rome (G.S.) - all in Italy; M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Madrid (A.G.-M.), Grupo Español de Investigación en Cáncer de Ovario (GEICO) (A.G.-M., E.M.G.A.), and Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal (E.M.G.A.) - all in Madrid; Medical University of Innsbruck, University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics (R.B.), and Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie Study Group (AGO)-Austria (R.B., A.R.), Innsbruck, and Medical University of Vienna, Vienna (A.R.) - all in Austria; Saitama Medical University International Medical Center, Hidaka (K.F.), Gynecologic Oncology Trial and Investigation Consortium (GOTIC), Moroyama-cho (K.F., S.N.), and Hyogo Cancer Center, Akashi (S.N.) - all in Japan; University Hospital Leuven, Leuven Cancer Institute, and Belgium and Luxembourg Gynecologic Oncology Group (BGOG) - both in Leuven, Belgium (I.V.); Tampere University and University Hospital, Tampere, Finland (J.M.); the Nordic Society of Gynecologic Oncology (NSGO), Copenhagen (J.M.); and Charité-Medical University of Berlin (Campus Virchow Klinikum), Berlin (J.S.), German Society of Gynecologic Oncology (AGO) (J.S., U.C., F.M., N.G., P.B., A.B., P.H.), Universitätsklinikum Essen (P.B.), and Kliniken Essen Mitte (P.H.), Essen, Universitätsklinikum Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden (U.C.), Universitätsklinikum Heidelberg, Heidelberg (F.M.), Universitätsklinikum Ulm, Ulm (N.G.), and Klinikum der Universität München, Munich (A.B.) - all in Germany.

Background: Olaparib has shown significant clinical benefit as maintenance therapy in women with newly diagnosed advanced ovarian cancer with a mutation. The effect of combining maintenance olaparib and bevacizumab in patients regardless of mutation status is unknown.

Methods: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, international phase 3 trial. Eligible patients had newly diagnosed, advanced, high-grade ovarian cancer and were having a response after first-line platinum-taxane chemotherapy plus bevacizumab. Patients were eligible regardless of surgical outcome or mutation status. Patients were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive olaparib tablets (300 mg twice daily) or placebo for up to 24 months; all the patients received bevacizumab at a dose of 15 mg per kilogram of body weight every 3 weeks for up to 15 months in total. The primary end point was the time from randomization until investigator-assessed disease progression or death.

Results: Of the 806 patients who underwent randomization, 537 were assigned to receive olaparib and 269 to receive placebo. After a median follow-up of 22.9 months, the median progression-free survival was 22.1 months with olaparib plus bevacizumab and 16.6 months with placebo plus bevacizumab (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.59; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.49 to 0.72; P<0.001). The hazard ratio (olaparib group vs. placebo group) for disease progression or death was 0.33 (95% CI, 0.25 to 0.45) in patients with tumors positive for homologous-recombination deficiency (HRD), including tumors that had mutations (median progression-free survival, 37.2 vs. 17.7 months), and 0.43 (95% CI, 0.28 to 0.66) in patients with HRD-positive tumors that did not have mutations (median progression-free survival, 28.1 vs. 16.6 months). Adverse events were consistent with the established safety profiles of olaparib and bevacizumab.

Conclusions: In patients with advanced ovarian cancer receiving first-line standard therapy including bevacizumab, the addition of maintenance olaparib provided a significant progression-free survival benefit, which was substantial in patients with HRD-positive tumors, including those without a mutation. (Funded by ARCAGY Research and others; PAOLA-1 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02477644.).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1911361DOI Listing
December 2019

A multicentric randomized phase II clinical trial evaluating high-dose thiotepa as adjuvant treatment to standard chemotherapy in patients with resectable relapsed osteosarcoma.

Eur J Cancer 2020 01 12;125:58-68. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Clinical Research and Innovation, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.

Background: The role of high-dose chemotherapy in relapsing osteosarcomas has not been established. We evaluated the efficacy and tolerance of high-dose thiotepa (HDTp) after standard chemotherapy (SCT) in patients with relapsed osteosarcoma.

Patients And Methods: This randomised open-label phase II study enrolled patients 1-50 years, with local or metastatic relapse of a high-grade osteosarcoma, not progressive after two cycles of SCT, for whom a complete surgery can be achievable following treatment. The trial assigned enrolled patients in a 1:1 ratio to receive two additional courses of SCT + HDTp and autologous transplantation (Arm A), or SCT alone (Arm B). Surgery for complete resection was scheduled as soon as feasible. Primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary objectives included progression-free survival (PFS) and safety.

Results: From September 2009 to November 2016, 44 patients were randomised (A:22; B:22). In total, 54.5% were males, and the median age was 16 years (9-32years). The two-year OS rate was 66.7% (95% CI 42.5-82.5) (SCT + HDTp, Arm A) versus 50.0% (95% CI 28.2-68.4) for SCT alone (Arm B). Median OS was 27.4 and 24.8 months, respectively (hazard ratio [HR] 0.826, 95% CI 0.393-1.734; p = 0.6123). Median PFS was 15.6 (8.9-24.9) months in Arm A versus 7.2 (4.8-33.3) months in Arm B, p = 0.3845. Among the 22 patients treated with SCT + HDTp, 16 (72.7%) experienced at least one grade ≥3 adverse events versus 18/22 (81.8%) patients treated with SCT. No toxic death occurred.

Conclusion: Adjuvant HDTp failed to significantly improve OS and PFS in resectable relapsed osteosarcomas. Despite a trend of prolonged survival and an acceptable toxicity, thiotepa cannot be recommended.

Key Message: HDTp and autologous transplantation added to SCT did not improve OS and PFS in patients with resectable relapsed osteosarcomas. Despite a trend of prolonged survival, thiotepa cannot be recommended.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2019.11.007DOI Listing
January 2020

Cost-effectiveness of an exercise and nutritional intervention versus usual nutritional care during adjuvant treatment for localized breast cancer: the PASAPAS randomized controlled trial.

Support Care Cancer 2020 Jun 15;28(6):2829-2842. Epub 2019 Nov 15.

Léon Bérard Cancer Center, 28 rue Laënnec, 69008, Lyon, France.

We undertook a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) to compare an exercise and nutritional program with the usual nutritional care concomitant to adjuvant chemotherapy in localized breast cancer patients. The CEA was designed as part of the interventional, controlled, randomized, single-center, open-label PASAPAS study. Breast cancer patients receiving first-line adjuvant chemotherapy at a French Comprehensive Cancer Center were randomized 2:1 to a 6-month exercise program of supervised indoor and outdoor group sessions in addition to usual nutritional care (exercise arm) or a usual nutritional care group receiving dietary and physical activity counseling (control arm). Costs were assessed from the French national insurance perspective (in Euros, 2012). Incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs) were calculated for four criteria: body mass index, waist circumference, body fat percentage, and estimated aerobic capacity. Uncertainty around the ICERs was captured by a probabilistic analysis using a non-parametric bootstrap method. The analysis was based on 60 patients enrolled between 2011 and 2013. Average intervention costs per participant were €412 in the exercise arm (n = 41) and €117 (n = 19) in the control arm. Total mean costs were €17,344 (standard deviation 9,928) and €20,615 (standard deviation 14,904), respectively, did not differ significantly (p = 0.51). The 6-month exercise program was deemed to be cost-effective compared with usual care for the estimated aerobic capacity. Multicenter randomized studies with long-term costs and outcomes should be done to provide additional evidence. Clinical trial: The PASAPAS study is registered under ClinicalTrials.gov. Trial registration ID: NCT01331772.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-05078-4DOI Listing
June 2020

Actionable molecular alterations in advanced gynaecologic malignancies: updated results from the ProfiLER programme.

Eur J Cancer 2019 09 24;118:156-165. Epub 2019 Jul 24.

Medical Practices Evaluation Team - HESPER EA7425, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France; Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France; Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to identify actionable genomic alterations in the gynaecological subpopulation of the ProfiLER programme and to report clinical efficacy of recommended targeted treatment (RTT).

Methods: The ProfiLER programme (NCT01774409) is a multicentric prospective trial aiming to implement molecular profiling in patients with advanced refractory cancers. In this programme, tumour DNA is analysed by targeted next-generation sequencing (69 genes) and by whole genome array comparative genomic hybridisation. Clinical cases and genomic profiles are presented in a dedicated molecular tumour board to guide treatment strategies. We report here an analysis of patients with gynaecological cancers included in this trial.

Results: From February 2013 to February 2017, 309 patients with gynaecologic cancer were included; 279 (90%) had sufficient quality, and 131 patients (42.4%) had at least one actionable genomic alteration in cancer cells. Four alterations were shared by at least 3% of the patients: 27 (9.7%) PIK3CA mutations, 15 (5.4%) KRAS mutations, 11 (3.9%) ERBB2 amplifications and 9 (3.2%) CDKN2A deletions. Forty-one treatments were initiated among 39 patients (12.6% of the screened population): 8 (20%) had a partial response, and other 10 (24%) had a stable disease. The median progression-free survival was 2.7 months. The median overall survival was 15.6 months for patients who received a RTT.

Conclusion: Molecular profiling identified actionable alterations in 42.4% of patients with advanced refractory gynaecologic cancer, but only 12.6% were treated with a RTT. Among them, 46% derived clinical benefit (5.8% of the screened population).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2019.06.017DOI Listing
September 2019

[Osteopathy for chronic pain after breast cancer surgery: A monocentric randomised study].

Bull Cancer 2019 May 17;106(5):436-446. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Centre Léon-Bérard, direction de la recherche clinique et de l'innovation, 28, rue Laennec, 69373 Lyon, France.

Twenty-five to 65% of patients suffer from chronic pain after breast cancer. The treatment combines analgesic drugs and psychophysical techniques.

Hypothesis: Osteopathy improves the control of pain and the quality of life of patients.

Methods: This randomized prospective single center study allocated patients to the initiation of a standard analgesic treatment exclusively (arm A) or associated to osteopathy (arm B) between from 1 to 12months after surgery.

Main Objective: Intensity of pain (VAS at three months [j90]).

Secondary Objectives: Pain (VAS) at 6 and 12 months, analgesic consumption, anxiety/depression (HADS), and Quality of life (QLQ-C30). Eighty patients were planned to observe a 2-point difference in VAS (5% bilateral alpha, 90% power).

Results: Twenty-eight patients (A: 14; B: 14, median age 50 years) were included from April 2011 to February 2014; the study was stopped due to a too slow recruitment. No difference in the VAS pain score between arms was observed at j90 (P=0.258), nor at 6 and 12 months. At j90, the HADS depression score was reduced in arm B (P=0.049). Improvement in the overall score of quality of life (P=0.015), and reduced pain sub-score (P=0.021) were observed at j90 in arm B.

Discussion: Patients are strongly seeking complementary therapies. Few studies exist. Our study has encountered major recruitment difficulties therefore limiting the interpretation of the results. Despite the absence of difference in the main objective, some other scores (QOL, depression) are noteworthy in favor of osteopathy. Further multicentric studies are needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bulcan.2019.03.005DOI Listing
May 2019

The ongoing French metastatic breast cancer (MBC) cohort: the example-based methodology of the Epidemiological Strategy and Medical Economics (ESME).

BMJ Open 2019 02 21;9(2):e023568. Epub 2019 Feb 21.

R&D UNICANCER, Paris, France.

Purpose: The currently ongoing Epidemiological Strategy and Medical Economics (ESME) research programme aims at centralising real-life data on oncology care for epidemiological research purposes. We draw on results from the metastatic breast cancer (MBC) cohort to illustrate the methodology used for data collection in the ESME research programme.

Participants: All consecutive ≥18 years patients with MBC treatment initiated between 2008 and 2014 in one of the 18 French Comprehensive Cancer Centres were selected. Diagnostic, therapeutic and follow-up data (demographics, primary tumour, metastatic disease, treatment patterns and vital status) were collected through the course of the disease. Data collection is updated annually.

Finding To Date: With a recruitment target of 30 000 patients with MBC by 2019, we currently screened a total of 45 329 patients, and >16 700 patients with a metastatic disease treatment initiated after 2008 have been selected. 20.7% of patients had an hormone receptor (HR)-negative MBC, 73.7% had a HER2-negative MBC and 13.9% were classified as triple-negative BC (ie, HER2 and HR status both negative). Median follow-up duration from MBC diagnosis was 48.55 months for the whole cohort.

Future Plans: These real-world data will help standardise the management of MBC and improve patient care. A dozen of ancillary research projects have been conducted and some of them are already accepted for publication or ready to be issued. The ESME research programme is expanding to ovarian cancer and advanced/metastatic lung cancer. Our ultimate goal is to achieve a continuous link to the data of the cohort to the French national Health Data System for centralising data on healthcare reimbursement (drugs, medical procedures), inpatient/outpatient stays and visits in primary/secondary care settings.

Trial Registration Number: NCT03275311; Pre-results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023568DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6398702PMC
February 2019

Evaluation of the Feasibility, Safety, and Accuracy of an Intraoperative High-intensity Focused Ultrasound Device for Treating Liver Metastases.

J Vis Exp 2019 01 9(143). Epub 2019 Jan 9.

Department of Surgical Oncology, Centre Léon Bérard; Applications des ultrasons à la thérapie (LabTAU), Institut national de la santé et de la recherche médicale (INSERM), Centre Léon Bérard, Université Lyon 1, Université Lyon.

Today, the only potentially curative option in patients with colorectal liver metastases is surgery. However, liver resection is feasible in less than 20% of patients. Surgery has been widely used in association with radiofrequency, cryotherapy, or microwaves to expand the number of treatments performed with a curative intent. Nevertheless, several limitations have been documented when using these techniques (i.e., a traumatic puncture of the parenchyma, a limited size of lesions, and an inability to monitor the treatment in real-time).High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) technology can achieve precise ablations of biological tissues without incisions or radiation. Current HIFU devices are based on an extracorporeal approach with limited access to the liver. We have developed a HIFU device designed for intraoperative use. The use of a toroidal transducer enables an ablation rate (10 cm·min) higher than any other treatment and is independent of perfusion. The feasibility, safety, and accuracy of intraoperative HIFU ablation were evaluated during an ablate-and-resect prospective study. This clinical phase I and IIa study was performed in patients undergoing hepatectomy for liver metastases. The HIFU treatment was performed on healthy tissue scheduled for resection.Liver metastases measuring less than 20 mm will be targeted during phase IIb (currently ongoing). This set-up allows the real-time evaluation of HIFU ablation while protecting participating patients from any adverse effects related to this new technique. Fifteen patients were included in phase I-IIa and 30 HIFU ablations were safely created within 40 s and with a precision of 1-2 mm. The average dimensions of the HIFU ablations were 27.5 x 21.0 mm, corresponding to a volume of approximately 7.5 cm. The aim of the ongoing phase IIb is to ablate metastases of less than 20 mm in diameter with a 5 mm margin.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3791/57964DOI Listing
January 2019

Feasibility of an exercise and nutritional intervention for weight management during adjuvant treatment for localized breast cancer: the PASAPAS randomized controlled trial.

Support Care Cancer 2019 Sep 24;27(9):3449-3461. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Léon Bérard Cancer Center, Lyon, France.

Purpose: Lack of physical activity (PA), weight gain, and overweight have been associated with increased risk of recurrence and mortality after breast cancer diagnosis. We evaluated the feasibility of implementing an individualized exercise program and nutritional counseling during adjuvant treatment of localized invasive breast cancer.

Methods: Sixty-one patients eligible for adjuvant chemotherapy were randomized 2:1 to receive a 6-month program of weekly aerobic exercises associated with nutritional counseling (n = 41) or usual care with nutritional counseling (n = 20, one withdrawal). The primary endpoints were the proportion of patients compliant with two weekly supervised sessions and their overall adherence (i.e., proportion of supervised and unsupervised sessions completed versus planned sessions).

Results: Ten percent of patients in the intervention group were compliant with the two weekly supervised sessions for 6 months, but the overall median adherence rate was 85% of supervised and non-supervised sessions completed. Non-adherence was mainly due to intrinsic reasons (medical, organizational, psychological barriers). Adherence was positively associated with education and baseline PA level and inversely associated with baseline weight and tumor grade. No statistically significant benefits were observed in the intervention group, even if overall PA level and body composition improved and anthropometrics were maintained over time (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Overall, there was good adherence with the 6-month exercise program during adjuvant treatment for breast cancer, despite poor compliance to twice-weekly supervised sessions. This study highlights the need for flexible exercise modalities and innovative experimental design to reach patients who would most adhere and benefit from intervention.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01331772. Registered 8 April 2011, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01331772?term=pasapas&rank=1.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-019-4658-yDOI Listing
September 2019

A 96-hour continuous wound infiltration with ropivacaine reduces analgesic consumption after liver resection: A randomized, double-blind, controlled trial.

J Surg Oncol 2019 Jan 27;119(1):47-55. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

Oncology Surgery Department, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.

Background: Continuous wound infiltration (CWI) with local anesthetics to reduce morphine consumption in postoperative pain management after open liver resection in patients with cancer.

Methods: This single-center randomized double-blind study allocated patients requiring resection of liver metastases to receive a 3.75 mg/mL ropivacaine (ROP) infiltration, followed by a 2 mg/mL ROP CWI, or placebo (P) for 96 hours. Postoperative analgesia included acetaminophen and patient-controlled analgesia morphine pump. The primary endpoint was to investigate the reduction of total morphine consumption (mg/kg) over the first 96 postoperative hours.

Results: Eighty-five patients were recruited, and randomized (ROP: 42, P: 43) between 2009 and 2014. The median morphine consumption significantly decreased in the ROP arm in the first 96 postoperative hours (ROP: 1.0, P: 1.5 mg/kg; P = 0.026). Twenty-three (27%) patients had grade 3 adverse events (ROP: 14, P: 9) and four experienced grade 3 treatment-related adverse events (ROP: mental confusion [n = 1], hallucinations [n = 2], P: hematoma [n = 1]). Two (5%) patients showed a wound inflammation (ROP: 1, P: 1). Nine (11%) patients experienced at least one serious adverse event (ROP: 6, P: 3); none related to treatment.

Conclusion: Preperitoneal CWI of 2 mg/mL ROP significantly reduces intravenous morphine consumption during the 96 postoperative hours resulting in an absolute reduction of 0.5 mg/kg.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.25280DOI Listing
January 2019

Druggable Identifies Breast Tumours Associated with Poor Prognosis That Exhibit Different Biological Processes.

Cancers (Basel) 2018 Oct 22;10(10). Epub 2018 Oct 22.

Univ Lyon, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, INSERM 1052, CNRS 5286, Centre Léon Bérard, Centre de Recherche en Cancérologie de Lyon, CEDEX 08, 69373 Lyon, France.

Nucleolin (NCL) is a multifunctional protein with oncogenic properties. Anti-NCL drugs show strong cytotoxic effects, including in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) models, and are currently being evaluated in phase II clinical trials. However, few studies have investigated the clinical value of and whether stratified cancer patients. Here, we have investigated for the first time the association of with clinical characteristics in breast cancers independently of the different subtypes. Using two independent series ( = 216; = 661), we evaluated the prognostic value of in non-metastatic breast cancers using univariate and/or multivariate Cox-regression analyses. We reported that mRNA expression levels are markers of poor survivals independently of tumour size and lymph node invasion status ( = 216). In addition, an association of expression levels with poor survival was observed in TNBC ( = 40, overall survival (OS) = 0.0287, disease-free survival (DFS) = 0.0194). Transcriptomic analyses issued from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database ( = 661) revealed that breast tumours expressing either low or high mRNA expression levels exhibit different gene expression profiles. These data suggest that tumours expressing high mRNA levels are different from those expressing low mRNA levels. is an independent marker of prognosis in breast cancers. We anticipated that anti-NCL is a promising therapeutic strategy that could rapidly be evaluated in high -expressing tumours to improve breast cancer management.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cancers10100390DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6210205PMC
October 2018

Oral etoposide in heavily pre-treated metastatic breast cancer: results from the ESME cohort and comparison with other chemotherapy regimens.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2019 Jan 24;173(2):397-406. Epub 2018 Oct 24.

Institut Curie, 35 rue Dailly, 92210, Saint-Cloud, France.

Introduction: HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer (MBC) is a common setting in which chemotherapy could be effective even in later lines of treatment. Oral etoposide has demonstrated clinical activity in this setting in small-scale studies, but its efficacy has not been compared to that of other chemotherapy regimens.

Methods: We used the ESME database (Epidemiological Strategy and Medical Economics), a real-life national French multicentre cohort of MBC patients initiating therapy between 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2014. HER2-negative MBC patients who received oral etoposide as > 3rd chemotherapy line and for more than 14 days were included. Primary objective was progression-free survival (PFS); secondary objectives were overall survival (OS), and propensity-score matched Cox models including comparison with other therapies in the same setting.

Results: Three hundred forty-five out of 16,702 patients received oral etoposide and 222 were eligible. Median PFS was 3.2 months [95% CI 2.8-4] and median OS 7.3 months [95% CI 5.7-10.3]. Median PFS did not significantly differ according to the therapeutic line. The only prognostic factor for both PFS and OS was the MBC phenotype (hormone receptor-positive versus triple-negative, HR = 0.71 [95% CI 0.52-0.97], p = 0.028 for PFS and HR = 0.65 [0.46-0.92], p = 0.014 for OS). After matching for the propensity score, no differential effect on PFS or OS was observed between oral etoposide and other chemotherapy regimens administered in the same setting (HR = 0.94 [95% CI 0.77-1.15], p = 0.55 for PFS and HR = 1.10 [95% CI 0.88-1.37], p = 0.40 for OS).

Conclusion: Oral etoposide retains some efficacy in selected heavily pre-treated patients with HER2-negative MBC, with the advantages of oral administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-018-5017-2DOI Listing
January 2019

Does a homeopathic medicine reduce hot flushes induced by adjuvant endocrine therapy in localized breast cancer patients? A multicenter randomized placebo-controlled phase III trial.

Support Care Cancer 2019 May 7;27(5):1879-1889. Epub 2018 Sep 7.

Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Léon Bérard, 28 rue Laennec, 69373, Lyon Cedex 08, France.

Purpose: Endocrine therapy (ET) used to reduce the risk of recurrence in hormone receptor-expressing disease (75% of breast cancers) is associated with worsening of climacteric symptoms with a negative impact on quality of life (QoL). Homeopathy might allow a better management of hot flushes (HF).

Methods: In this multicenter randomized double-blind placebo-controlled phase III study ( ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01246427), we enrolled ≥ 18 years old women with histologically proven non metastatic localized breast cancer, with Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-Performance Status (ECOG-PS) ≤ 1, treated for at least 1 month with adjuvant ET, and complaining about moderate to severe HF. Patients should not be scheduled for chemotherapy or radiotherapy, and had no associated pathology known to induce HF. After a 2- to 4-week placebo administration, we randomly assigned (1:1) patients with HFS ≥ 10 using an interactive web-based centralized platform to BRN-01 homeopathic medicine complex (Actheane®) in arm A or Placebo (Arm P). Randomization was stratified by adjuvant ET (taxoxifen/aromatase inhibitor) and recruiting site. HF scores (HFS) were calculated as the mean of HF frequencies before randomization, at 4, and at 8 weeks post-randomization (pre-, 4w,- and 8w-) weighted by a 4-level intensity scale. Primary endpoint was assessed at 4-week post-randomization, as the variation between pre- and 4w-HFS. Secondary endpoints included HFS variation between pre- and 8w-HFS, compliance and tolerance assessed 8 weeks after randomization, and QoL and satisfaction assessed at 4- and 8-week post-randomization.

Results: Two hundred ninety-nine patients were included, and 138 (46.2%) randomized (A, 65; P, 73). Median 4w-HFS absolute variation (A, - 2.9; P, - 2.5 points, p = 0.756) and relative decrease (A, - 17%; P, - 15%, p = 0.629) were not statistically different. However, 4w-HFS decreased for 46 (75%) in A vs 48 (68%) patients in P arm. 4w-QoL was stable or improved for respectively 43 (72%) vs 51 (74%) patients (p = 0.470).

Conclusions: The efficacy endpoint was not reached, and BRN-01 administration was not demonstrated as an efficient treatment to alleviate HF symptoms due to adjuvant ET in breast cancer patients. However, the study drug administration led to decreased HFS with a positive impact on QoL. Without any recommended treatment to treat or alleviate the HF-related disabling symptoms, Actheane® could be a promising option, providing an interesting support for better adherence to ET, thereby reducing the risk of recurrence with a good tolerance profile.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00520-018-4449-xDOI Listing
May 2019

A Personalized Physical Activity Program With Activity Trackers and a Mobile Phone App for Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer: Protocol for a Single-Arm Feasibility Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2018 Aug 30;7(8):e10487. Epub 2018 Aug 30.

Inter-University Laboratory of Human Movement Biology, University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, University of Lyon, Lyon, France.

Background: About 5% of breast cancer cases are metastatic at diagnosis, and 20%-30% of localized breast cancer cases become secondarily metastatic. Patients frequently report many detrimental symptoms related to metastasis and treatments. The physical, biological, psychological, and clinical benefits of physical activity during treatment in patients with localized breast cancer have been demonstrated; however, limited literature exists regarding physical activity and physical activity behavior change in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

Objective: The primary objective of this study is to assess the feasibility of a 6-month physical activity intervention with activity trackers in patients with metastatic breast cancer (the Advanced stage Breast cancer and Lifestyle Exercise, ABLE Trial). Secondary objectives are to examine the effects of physical activity on physical, psychological, anthropometrics, clinical, and biological parameters.

Methods: We plan to conduct a single-center, single-arm trial with 60 patients who are newly diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. Patients will receive an unsupervised and personalized 6-month physical activity program that includes an activity tracker Nokia Go and is based on the physical activity recommendation. Patients will be encouraged to accumulate at least 150 minutes per week of moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity. Baseline and 6-month assessments will include anthropometric measures, functional tests (eg, 6-minute walk test and upper and lower limb strength), blood draws, patient-reported surveys (eg, quality of life and fatigue), and clinical markers of tumor progression (eg, Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors criteria).

Results: Data collection occurred between October 2016 and January 2018, and the results are expected in August 2018.

Conclusions: The ABLE Trial will be the first study to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of an unsupervised and personalized physical activity intervention performed under real-life conditions with activity trackers in patients with metastatic breast cancer.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03148886; https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03148886 (Accessed by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/71yabi0la).

Registered Report Identifier: RR1-10.2196/10487.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2196/10487DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6137283PMC
August 2018

A first-in-human study investigating biodistribution, safety and recommended dose of a new radiolabeled MAb targeting FZD10 in metastatic synovial sarcoma patients.

BMC Cancer 2018 Jun 8;18(1):646. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Medical Oncology Department, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France.

Background: Synovial Sarcomas (SS) are rare tumors occurring predominantly in adolescent and young adults with a dismal prognosis in advanced phases. We report a first-in-human phase I of monoclonal antibody (OTSA-101) targeting FZD10, overexpressed in most SS but not present in normal tissues, labelled with radioisotopes and used as a molecular vehicle to specifically deliver radiation to FZD10 expressing SS lesions.

Methods: Patients with progressive advanced SS were included. In the first step of this trial, OTSA-101 in vivo bio-distribution and lesions uptake were evaluated by repeated whole body planar and SPECT-CT scintigraphies from H1 till H144 after IV injection of 187 MBq of In-OTSA-101. A 2D dosimetry study also evaluated the liver absorbed dose when using Y-OTSA-101. In the second step, those patients with significant tumor uptake were randomized between 370 MBq (Arm A) and 1110 MBq (Arm B) of Y-OTSA-101 for radionuclide therapy.

Results: From January 2012 to June 2015, 20 pts. (median age 43 years [21-67]) with advanced SS were enrolled. Even though In-OTSA-101 liver uptake appeared to be intense, estimated absorbed liver dose was less than 20 Gy for each patient. Tracer intensity was greater than mediastinum in 10 patients consistent with sufficient tumor uptake to proceed to treatment with Y-OTSA-101: 8 were randomized (Arm A: 3 patients and Arm B: 5 patients) and 2 were not randomized due to worsening PS. The most common Grade ≥ 3 AEs were reversible hematological disorders, which were more frequent in Arm B. No objective response was observed. Best response was stable disease in 3/8 patients lasting up to 21 weeks for 1 patient.

Conclusions: Radioimmunotherapy targeting FZD10 is feasible in SS patients as all patients presented at least one lesion with In-OTSA-101 uptake. Tumor uptake was heterogeneous but sufficient to select 50% of pts. for Y-OTSA-101 treatment. The recommended activity for further clinical investigations is 1110 MBq of Y-OTSA-101. However, because of hematological toxicity, less energetic particle emitter radioisopotes such as Lutetium 177 may be a better option to wider the therapeutic index.

Trial Registration: The study was registered on the NCT01469975 website with a registration code NCT01469975 on November the third, 2011.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12885-018-4544-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5994021PMC
June 2018

Time trends of overall survival among metastatic breast cancer patients in the real-life ESME cohort.

Eur J Cancer 2018 06 13;96:17-24. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Department of Cancer Medicine, Gustave Roussy, 114 Rue Edouard Vaillant, 94800 Villejuif, France. Electronic address:

Aim: Real-life analysis of overall survival (OS) trends among metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients may help define medical needs and evaluate the impact of public health investments. The present study aimed to evaluate the independent impact of the year of MBC diagnosis on OS in the Epidemio-Strategy-Medical-Economical (ESME)-MBC cohort.

Methods: ESME-MBC (NCT03275311) is a French, national, multicentre, observational cohort including 16,702 consecutive newly diagnosed MBC patients (01 January 2008-31 December 2014). Of 16,680 eligible patients, 15,085 had full immunohistochemistry data, allowing classification as hormone receptor-positive and HER2-negative (HR+/HER2-, N = 9907), HER2-positive (HER2+, N = 2861) or triple-negative (HR-/HER2-, N = 2317) subcohorts. Multivariate analyses of OS were conducted among the full ESME cohort and subcohorts.

Results: Median OS of the whole cohort was 37.22 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 36.3-38.04). Year of diagnosis was an independent predictor of OS (hazard ratio 0.98 [95% CI, 0.97-1.00], P = .01) together with age, subtype, disease-free interval, visceral metastases and number of organs involved. Median OS of HR+/HER2-, HER2+ and HR-/HER2- subcohorts was, respectively, 42.12 (95% CI, 40.90-43.10), 44.91 (95% CI, 42.51-47.90) and 14.52 (95% CI, 13.70-15.24) months. Year of diagnosis was a strong independent predictor of OS in HER2+ subcohort (hazard ratio 0.91 [95% CI, 0.88-0.94], P < .001), but not in HR+/HER2- nor HR-/HER2- subcohorts (hazard ratio 1.00 [95% CI, 0.98-1.01], P = .80 and 1.00 [95% CI, 0.97-1.02], P = .90, respectively).

Conclusions: The OS of MBC patients has slightly improved over the past decade. However, this effect is confined to HER2+ cases, highlighting the need of new strategies in the other subtypes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2018.03.015DOI Listing
June 2018

Nilotinib in locally advanced pigmented villonodular synovitis: a multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2018 05 20;19(5):639-648. Epub 2018 Mar 20.

Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Léon Bérard, Lyon, France; University Claude Bernard Lyon 1, Lyon, France. Electronic address:

Background: Pigmented villonodular synovitis (alternatively known as diffuse-type giant cell tumour) is a rare, locally aggressive tumour driven by a specific translocation resulting in the overexpression of colony-stimulating factor 1 (CSF1). CSF1 receptor (CSF1R) inhibitors (ie, tyrosine kinase inhibitors and antibodies) induce a response in patients with pigmented villonodular synovitis. We investigated the safety and efficacy of a CSF1R tyrosine kinase inhibitor, nilotinib, in patients with locally advanced non-resectable pigmented villonodular synovitis.

Methods: In this phase 2, open-label, single-arm study, we enrolled patients from 11 cancer centres of hospitals in four countries (France, Netherlands, Italy, and Australia). Eligible patients were aged at least 18 years with a WHO performance status of 2 or less, and histologically confirmed progressive or relapsing pigmented villonodular synovitis that was inoperable, or resectable only with mutilating surgery. Patients received oral nilotinib (400 mg twice per day) until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or completion of 1 year of treatment. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who were progression free at 12 weeks, which was centrally assessed according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors version 1.1. Analyses were by modified intention to treat (ie, all patients with no major protocol violations who were treated with nilotinib for at least 3 weeks were included). All participants who received at least one dose of study drug were included in the safety analyses. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01261429, and the results presented here are the final analysis of the trial.

Findings: Between Dec 15, 2010, and Sept 28, 2012, we enrolled 56 patients with pigmented villonodular synovitis and treated them with nilotinib. Five (9%) patients discontinued study treatment before week 12; therefore, 51 patients were evaluable for the primary endpoint at 12 weeks. The estimated proportion of patients who were progression free at 12 weeks was 92·6% (95% credible interval 84·3-97·9). 54 (96%) of 56 patients had a treatment-related adverse event. Six (11%) of 56 patients had at least one grade 3 treatment-related adverse event (headache, dizziness, and hepatic disorders [n=1], pruritus and toxidermia [n=1], diarrhoea [n=1], increased γ-glutamyl transferase concentration [n=1], anorexia [n=1], and increased headache [n=1]). No grade 4 or 5 adverse events were reported. One patient had a treatment-related serious adverse event (toxidermia) and two patients had serious adverse events not considered to be related to the study drug (borderline ovarian tumour [n=1] and pilonidal cyst excision [n=1]).

Interpretation: More than 90% of patients with locally advanced unresectable progressive pigmented villonodular synovitis achieved disease control with 12 weeks of nilotinib treatment. These results indicate that CSF1R tyrosine kinase inhibitors have anti-tumour activity with manageable toxicity in patients with inoperable progressive pigmented villonodular synovitis. Randomised trials investigating the efficacy of nilotinib for patients with unresectable pigmented villonodular synovitis are warranted.

Funding: Novartis, Institut National du Cancer, EuroSARC, French National Cancer Institute, General Directorate of Care Supply, Lyon Research Innovation for Cancer, L'Agence nationale de la recherche, Laboratory of Excellence, Fondation ARC pour la recherche sur le cancer, Ligue contre le Cancer (comité de l'Ain), Info Sarcomes, and Association DAM'S.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30143-8DOI Listing
May 2018