Publications by authors named "David O Sword"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of a Lifestyle Change Worksite Weight Management Program Across Multiple Employers and Sites.

J Occup Environ Med 2018 12;60(12):1112-1115

Weight Management Center, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (Dr Hales, Ms Turner, Dr Sword, Ms Nance, Dr O'Neil); College of Health Professions, Physical Therapy Division, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina (Dr Sword); Weight Management Center, Department of Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Health, Winston-Salem, North Carolina (Dr Brown).

Objective: The aim of the study was to assess weight loss outcomes among participants (N = 1090) of a weight management program across multiple worksites (N = 10) in a retrospective analysis.

Methods: Weekly classes focused on diet, exercise, and behavior change. One employer provided incentives for weight loss and two incentivized weight loss and class attendance.

Results: Mean weight loss (N = 1090; 79.3% female) was -2.9% (SD = 3.0%). Average number of classes attended was 6.87/10 (SD = 2.9) and was significantly correlated with percent weight change (r = -0.46; P < 0.001). Participants incentivized for attendance attended significantly more classes (M = 7.5, SD = 2.8) than did those not so incentivized (M = 6.4, SD = 2.9, P < 0.001), but did not lose more weight (P = 0.24). Participants incentivized for weight loss did not lose significantly more weight than those not so incentivized (P = 0.26).

Conclusions: These data support the effectiveness of this worksite program. Utilizing incentives to promote class attendance may be beneficial for increasing engagement in similar programs.
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December 2018

Description, utilisation and results from a telehealth primary care weight management intervention for adults with obesity in South Carolina.

J Telemed Telecare 2020 Jan-Feb;26(1-2):28-35. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA.

Introduction: In the US, obesity rates are higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Rural access to treatment of obesity is limited by a lack of qualified clinicians and by transportation and financial barriers. We describe a telemedicine weight management programme, Wellness Connect, developed through a partnership of academic clinicians and rural primary care providers in South Carolina, and present utilisation and weight outcomes from seven patient cohorts.

Methods: Eight bi-weekly sessions were provided via telemedicine videoconferencing for groups of patients at these rural primary care clinics. Protocol-based sessions were led by registered dietitians, exercise physiologists and clinical psychologists at a central urban location.

Results: Of 138 patients who started the programme, 62% ( = 86) of patients met the criteria for completion. Completers lost an average of 3.5% (standard deviation (SD) = 3.9%) body weight, which was statistically significant ( < .001) and corresponded with an average loss of 3.8 kg (SD = 4.5 kg). There were no differences in weight change among clinics ( = .972). Overall, patients and providers reported satisfaction with the programme and identified several challenges to sustainability.

Discussion: The use of innovative telemedicine interventions continues to be necessary to alleviate barriers to accessing evidence-based services to reduce chronic diseases and decrease obesity rates among rural populations.
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June 2020

A Novel and Cost-Effective Method for Evaluating Cardiopulmonary Auscultation Skills in Student Physical Therapists.

J Allied Health 2017 ;46(1):e9-e13

College of Health Professions, Medical University of South Carolina, 151B Rutledge Avenue, MSC 962, Charleston, SC 29425-9620, USA. Tel 843-792-0315, fax 843-792-0710.

Sophisticated high-fidelity human simulation (HFHS) manikins allow for practice of both evaluation and treatment techniques in a controlled environment in which real patients are not put at risk. However, due to high demand, access to HFHS by students has been very competitive and limited. In the present study, a basic CPR manikin with a speaker implanted in the chest cavity and internet access to a variety of heart and breath sounds was used. Students were evaluated on their ability to locate and identify auscultation sites and heart/breath sounds. A five-point Likert scale survey was administered to gain insight into student perceptions on the use of this simulation method. Our results demonstrated that 95% of students successfully identified the heart and breath sounds. Furthermore, survey results indicated that 75% of students agreed or strongly agreed that this manner of evaluation was an effective way to assess their auscultation skills. Based on performance and perception, we conclude that a simulation method as described in this paper is a viable and cost-effective means of evaluating auscultation competency in not only student physical therapists but across other health professions as well.
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March 2017