Publications by authors named "David Bruno de Sousa Teixeira"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Spectro-temporal analysis of the Paraopeba River water after the tailings dam burst of the Córrego do Feijão mine, in Brumadinho, Brazil.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Jun 21;193(7):435. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Forest Engineering, Federal University of Viçosa (UFV), Vicosa, MG, Brazil.

Remote sensing is an important tool for environmental assessment, especially in the event of disasters such as the tailings dam burst at the Córrego do Feijão mine, located in the Paraopeba River basin, Brazil. Thus, this study aimed to carry out a spectro-temporal analysis of the Paraopeba River water given the dam burst, using multispectral images from the MSI sensor onboard Sentinel-2 satellites. For this analysis, sections along the river were defined by the creation of buffers, with 10-km intervals each, starting from the origin of the burst. For each section, the average visible to near-infrared (NIR) reflectance values per band and the Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) were obtained. We found that the red edge and NIR bands (B5, B6, B7, B8, and B8A) showed higher reflectance values when compared to the visible bands in the months immediately after the disaster, especially in the first 20 km. In these months, negative NDWI values were also found for almost all sections downstream, demonstrating the large volume of mining tailings in the Paraopeba River. The seasonal variation of the observed values indicates the resuspension of the material deposited at the river bottom with the beginning of the rainy season. Finally, we highlight the usefulness of the MSI/Sentinel-2 red edge and NIR bands for further studies on the monitoring from space of water bodies subjected to contamination by large amounts of mud with iron ore tailings and contaminants, as occurred in the state of Minas Gerais, southeastern Brazil.
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June 2021

Multivariate statistics for spatial and seasonal quality assessment of water in the Doce River basin, Southeastern Brazil.

Environ Monit Assess 2021 Feb 15;193(3):125. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Agricultural Engineering, Universidade Federal de Viçosa - UFV, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.

This study employed multivariate statistical techniques in one of the main river basins in Brazil, the Doce River basin, to select and evaluate the most representative parameters of the current water quality aspects, and to group the stations according to the similarity of the selected parameters, for both dry and rainy seasons. Data from 63 qualitative monitoring stations, belonging to the Minas Gerais Water Management Institute network were used, considering 38 parameters for the hydrological year 2017/2018. Principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were used to reduce the total number of variables and to group stations with similar characteristics, respectively. Using PCA, four principal components were selected as indicators of water quality, explaining the cumulative variance of 68% in the rainy season and 65% in the dry season. The HCA grouped the stations into four groups in the rainy season and three groups in the dry season, showing the influence of seasonality on the grouping of stations. Moreover, the HCA made it possible to differentiate water quality stations located in the headwaters of the basin, in the main river channel, and near urban centers. The results obtained through multivariate statistics proved to be important in understanding the current water quality situation in the basin and can be used to improve the management of water resources because the collection and analysis of all parameters in all monitoring stations require greater availability of financial resources.
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February 2021