Publications by authors named "Daud A Israf"

11 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Blockade of Eosinophil-Induced Bronchial Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition with a Geranyl Acetophenone in a Coculture Model.

Front Pharmacol 2017 16;8:837. Epub 2017 Nov 16.

Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Seri Kembangan, Malaysia.

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is currently recognized as the main cellular event that contributes to airway remodeling. Eosinophils can induce EMT in airway epithelial cells via increased transforming growth factor (TGF)-β production. We assessed the effect of synthetic 2,4,6-trihydroxy-3-geranyl acetophenone (tHGA) upon eosinophil-induced EMT in a cellular model. The human eosinophil cell line EoL-1 was used to induce EMT in BEAS-2B human bronchial epithelial cells. The induction of EMT was dose-dependently suppressed following tHGA treatment in which the epithelial morphology and E-cadherin expression were not altered. Protein and mRNA expression of vimentin, collagen I and fibronectin in eosinophil-induced epithelial cells were also significantly suppressed by tHGA treatment. Following pathway analysis, we showed that tHGA suppressed eosinophil-induced activator protein-1-mediated TGF-β production by targeting c-Jun N-terminal kinase and phosphoinositide 3-kinase signaling pathways. These findings corroborated previous findings on the ability of tHGA to inhibit experimental murine airway remodeling.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fphar.2017.00837DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5696322PMC
November 2017

Kaempferol and Chrysin Synergies to Improve Septic Mice Survival.

Molecules 2017 Jan 6;22(1). Epub 2017 Jan 6.

Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400 Selangor, Malaysia.

Previously, we reported the role of synergy between two flavonoids-namely, chrysin and kaempferol-in inhibiting the secretion of a few major proinflammatory mediators such as -alpha (TNF-α), , and nitric oxide (NO) from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of this combination on a murine model of polymicrobial sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). Severe sepsis was induced in male ICR mice ( = 7) via the CLP procedure. The effects of chrysin and kaempferol combination treatment on septic mice were investigated using a 7-day survival study. The levels of key proinflammatory mediators and markers-such as (AST), TNF-α, and NO-in the sera samples of the septic mice were determined via ELISA and fluorescence determination at different time point intervals post-CLP challenge. Liver tissue samples from septic mice were harvested to measure myeloperoxidase (MPO) levels using a spectrophotometer. Moreover, intraperitoneal fluid (IPF) bacterial clearance and total leukocyte count were also assessed to detect any antibacterial effects exerted by chrysin and kaempferol, individually and in combination. Kaempferol treatment improved the survival rate of CLP-challenged mice by up to 16%. During this treatment, kaempferol expressed antibacterial, antiapoptotic and antioxidant activities through the attenuation of bacterial forming units, AST and NO levels, and increased polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) count in the IPF. On the other hand, the chrysin treatment significantly reduced serum TNF-α levels. However, it failed to significantly improve the survival rate of the CLP-challenged mice. Subsequently, the kaempferol/chrysin combination treatment significantly improved the overall 7-day survival rate by 2-fold-up to 29%. Kaempferol and chrysin revealed some synergistic effects by acting individually upon multiple pathophysiological factors involved during sepsis. Although the kaempferol/chrysin combination did not exhibit significant antibacterial effects, it did exhibit anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities, which translate to significant improvement in the survival rate of septic animals. These findings suggest the potential application of this combination treatment as a beneficial adjuvant supplement strategy in sepsis control.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/molecules22010092DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6155733PMC
January 2017

Neuroprotective effects of biochanin A against glutamate-induced cytotoxicity in PC12 cells via apoptosis inhibition.

Neurochem Res 2013 Mar 6;38(3):512-8. Epub 2012 Dec 6.

Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

L-Glutamate plays a crucial role in neuronal cell death, which is known to be associated with various neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and Huntington's diseases. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of biochanin A, a phytoestrogen compound found mainly in Trifolium pratense, against L-glutamate-induced cytotoxicity in a PC12 cell line. Exposure of the cells to 10 mM L-glutamate was found to significantly increase cell viability loss and apoptosis, whereas pretreatment with various concentrations of biochanin A attenuated the cytotoxic effects of L-glutamate. Specifically, the pretreatment led to not only decreases in the release of lactate dehydrogenase, the number of apoptotic cells, and the activity of caspase-3 but also an increase in the total glutathione level in the L-glutamate-treated PC12 cells. These results indicate that biochanin A may be able to exert neuroprotective effects against L-glutamate-induced cytotoxicity. Furthermore, our findings also imply that biochanin A may act as an antiapoptotic agent in order to perform its protective function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11064-012-0943-6DOI Listing
March 2013

The effects of a synthetic curcuminoid analogue, 2,6-bis-(4-hydroxyl-3-methoxybenzylidine)cyclohexanone on proinflammatory signaling pathways and CLP-induced lethal sepsis in mice.

Eur J Pharmacol 2011 Feb 30;652(1-3):136-44. Epub 2010 Nov 30.

Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

We previously showed that 2,6-bis-(4-hydroxyl-3-methoxybenzylidine)cyclohexanone (BHMC), suppressed the synthesis of various proinflammatory mediators. In this study we explain the mechanism of action of BHMC in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced U937 monocytes and further show that BHMC prevents lethality of CLP-induced sepsis. BHMC showed dose-dependent inhibitory effects on p38, JNK and ERK 1/2 activity as determined by inhibition of phosphorylation of downstream transcription factors ATF-2, c-Jun and Elk-1 respectively. Inhibition of these transcription factors subsequently caused total abolishment of AP-1-DNA binding. BHMC inhibited p65 NF-κB nuclear translocation and DNA binding of p65 NF-κB only at the highest concentration used (12.5μM) but failed to alter phosphorylation of JNK, ERK1/2 and STAT-1. Since the inhibition of p38 activity was more pronounced we evaluated the possibility that BHMC may bind to p38. Molecular docking experiments confirmed that BHMC fits well in the highly conserved hydrophobic pocket of p38 MAP kinase. We also show that BHMC was able to improve survival from lethal sepsis in a murine caecal-ligation and puncture (CLP) model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2010.10.092DOI Listing
February 2011

Effects of 3-(2-Hydroxyphenyl)-1-(5-methyl-furan-2-y-l) propenone (HMP) upon signalling pathways of lipopolysaccharide-induced iNOS synthesis in RAW 264.7 cells.

Int Immunopharmacol 2011 Jan 28;11(1):85-95. Epub 2010 Oct 28.

Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

We previously showed that 3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1-(5-methyl-furan-2-y-l)propenone (HMP), suppressed the synthesis of various proinflammatory mediators. In this study, HMP showed a dose-dependent inhibition of NO synthesis in the RAW 264.7 murine macrophage line. The inhibition of NO synthesis was related to inhibition of p38 phosphorylation and kinase activity that led to significant inhibition of phosphorylation of ATF-2. This effect in turn caused inhibition of AP-1-DNA binding which partially explains the inhibitory effect upon the synthesis of iNOS. HMP had no effect upon phosphorylation of JNK, ERK1/2 and STAT-1. Kinase activity of JNK and ERK1/2 was also not affected by HMP as determined by levels of phosphorylated c-jun and phosphorylated elk-1. Furthermore HMP failed to block phosphorylation of IκBα, and subsequent nuclear translocation and DNA-binding activity of p65 NF-κB in IFN-γ/LPS-induced RAW 264.7 cells. Molecular docking experiments confirmed that HMP fits well in the highly conserved hydrophobic pocket of p38 MAP kinase. We conclude that the synthetic HMP is a chalcone analogue that selectively inhibits the p38/ATF-2 and AP-1 signaling pathways in the NO synthesis by the macrophage RAW 264.7.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.intimp.2010.10.011DOI Listing
January 2011

Flavonoid combinations cause synergistic inhibition of proinflammatory mediator secretion from lipopolysaccharide-induced RAW 264.7 cells.

Inflamm Res 2010 Sep 11;59(9):711-21. Epub 2010 Mar 11.

Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Objectives: We evaluated several flavonoid combinations for synergy in the inhibition of proinflammatory mediator synthesis in the RAW 264.7 cellular model of inflammation.

Methods: The inhibitory effect of chrysin, kaempferol, morin, silibinin, quercetin, diosmin and hesperidin upon nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) secretion from the LPS-induced RAW 264.7 monocytic macrophage was assessed and IC(50) values obtained. Flavonoids that showed reasonable inhibitory effects in at least two out of the three assays were combined in a series of fixed IC(50) ratios and reassessed for inhibition of NO, PGE(2) and TNF-alpha. Dose-response curves were generated and interactions were analysed using isobolographic analysis.

Results: The experiments showed that only chrysin, kaempferol, morin, and silibinin were potent enough to produce dose-response effects upon at least two out of the three mediators assayed. Combinations of these four flavonoids showed that several combinations afforded highly significant synergistic effects.

Conclusions: Some flavonoids are synergistic in their anti-inflammatory effects when combined. In particular chrysin and kaempferol significantly synergised in their inhibitory effect upon NO, PGE(2) and TNF-alpha secretion. These findings open further avenues of research into combinatorial therapeutics of inflammatory-related diseases and the pharmacology of flavonoid synergy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00011-010-0182-8DOI Listing
September 2010

A synthetic curcuminoid derivative inhibits nitric oxide and proinflammatory cytokine synthesis.

Eur J Pharmacol 2010 Feb 1;628(1-3):247-54. Epub 2009 Dec 1.

Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia.

Curcumin is a highly pleiotropic molecule with significant regulatory effects upon inflammation and inflammatory related diseases. However curcumin has one major important limitation in which it has poor bioavailability. Design of synthetic structural derivatives of curcumin is but one approach that has been used to overcome its poor bioavailability while retaining, or further enhancing, its drug-like effects. We have synthesized a series of curcumin analogues and describe the effects of 2,6-bis-4-(hydroxyl-3-methoxy-benzylidine)-cyclohexanone or BHMC upon nitric oxide and cytokine synthesis in cellular models of inflammation. BHMC showed a significant dose-response inhibitory action upon the synthesis of NO and we have shown that this effect was due to suppression of both iNOS gene and enzyme expression without any effects upon scavenging of nitrite. We also demonstrated that BHMC has a very minimal effect upon iNOS activity with no effect at all upon the secretion of PGE(2) but has a strong inhibitory effect upon MCP-1 and IL-10 secretion and gene expression. Secretion and gene expression of TNF-alpha and IL-6 were moderately inhibited whereas IL-8 and IL-1beta were not altered. We conclude that BHMC selectively inhibits the synthesis of several inflammatory mediators. BHMC should be considered a promising drug lead for preclinical and further pharmacological studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.11.053DOI Listing
February 2010

Cytotoxic caged-polyprenylated xanthonoids and a xanthone from Garcinia cantleyana.

Phytochemistry 2007 Oct 28;68(20):2537-44. Epub 2007 Jun 28.

Laboratory of Natural Products, Institute of Bioscience, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Phytochemical studies on the leaves and trunk bark of Garcinia cantleyana yielded five caged-xanthonoids including one tetra- and four tri-prenylated xanthones, cantleyanone A (1), 7-hydroxyforbesione (2) and cantleyanones B-D (4-6), as well as a simple xanthone, 4-(1,1-dimethylprop-2-enyl)-1,3,5,8-tetrahydroxyxanthone (3). Eight other known compounds, deoxygaudichaudione A, gaudichaudione H, friedelin, garbogiol, macranthol, glutin-5-en-3beta-ol, and a mixture of sitosterol and stigmasterol were also isolated. Their structures were elucidated by means of spectroscopic data and comparison of their NMR data with literature values. Significant cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-231, CaOV-3, MCF-7 and HeLa cancer cell-lines was demonstrated by cantleyanones B-D, 7-hydroxyforbesione, deoxygaudichaudione A and macranthol, with IC(50) values ranging from 0.22 to 17.17 microg/ml.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phytochem.2007.05.024DOI Listing
October 2007

Cardamonin, inhibits pro-inflammatory mediators in activated RAW 264.7 cells and whole blood.

Eur J Pharmacol 2006 May 5;538(1-3):188-94. Epub 2006 Apr 5.

Institute of Bioscience, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia.

Some chalcones, such as hydroxychalcones have been reported previously to inhibit major pro-inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and reactive oxygen species production by suppressing inducible enzyme expression via inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway and nuclear translocation of critical transcription factors. In this report, the effects of cardamonin (2',4'-dihydroxy-6'-methoxychalcone), a chalcone that we have previously isolated from Alpinia rafflesiana, was evaluated upon two cellular systems that are repeatedly used in the analysis of anti-inflammatory bioactive compounds namely RAW 264.7 cells and whole blood. Cardamonin inhibited NO and PGE(2) production from lipopolysaccharide- and interferon-gamma-induced RAW cells and whole blood with IC(50) values of 11.4 microM and 26.8 microM, respectively. Analysis of thromboxane B(2) (TxB(2)) secretion from whole blood either stimulated via the COX-1 or COX-2 pathway revealed that cardamonin inhibits the generation of TxB(2) via both pathways with IC(50) values of 2.9 and 1.1 microM, respectively. Analysis of IC(50) ratios determined that cardamonin was more COX-2 selective in its inhibition of TxB(2) with a ratio of 0.39. Cardamonin also inhibited the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and secretion of TNF-alpha from RAW 264.7 cells in a dose responsive manner with IC(50) values of 12.8 microM and 4.6 microM, respectively. However, cardamonin was a moderate inhibitor of lipoxygenase activity when tested in an enzymatic assay system, in which not a single concentration tested was able to cause an inhibition of more than 50%. Our results suggest that cardamonin acts upon major pro-inflammatory mediators in a similar fashion as described by previous work on other closely related synthetic hydroxychalcones and strengthens the conclusion of the importance of the methoxyl moiety substitution on the 4' or 6' locations of the A benzene ring.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejphar.2006.03.070DOI Listing
May 2006

Atrovirinone inhibits pro-inflammatory mediator release from murine macrophages and human whole blood.

Immunol Cell Biol 2006 Jun;84(3):250-8

Institute of Bioscience, University of Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.

Many plant-derived natural compounds have been reported previously to inhibit the production of important pro-inflammatory mediators such as nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, TNF-alpha and reactive oxygen species by suppressing inducible enzyme expression via inhibition of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and nuclear translocation of critical transcription factors. This study evaluates the effects of atrovirinone [2-(1-methoxycarbonyl-4,6-dihydroxyphenoxy)-3-methoxy-5,6-di-(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-1,4-benzoquinone)], a benzoquinone that we have previously isolated from Garcinia atroviridis, on two cellular systems that are repeatedly used in the analysis of anti-inflammatory bioactive compounds, namely, RAW 264.7 macrophage cells and whole blood. Atrovirinone inhibited the production of both nitric oxide and prostaglandin E2 from LPS-induced and IFN-gamma-induced RAW 264.7 cells and whole blood, with inhibitory concentration (IC)50 values of 4.62 +/- 0.65 and 9.33 +/- 1.47 micromol/L, respectively. Analysis of thromboxane B2 (TXB2) secretion from whole blood stimulated by either the cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 or the COX-2 pathway showed that atrovirinone inhibits the generation of TXB2 by both pathways, with IC50 values of 7.41 +/- 0.92 and 2.10 +/- 0.48 micromol/L, respectively. Analysis of IC50 ratios showed that atrovirinone was more COX-2 selective in its inhibition of TXB2, with a ratio of 0.32. Atrovirinone also inhibited the generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species and the secretion of TNF-alpha from RAW 264.7 cells in a dose-responsive manner, with IC50 values of 5.99 +/- 0.62 and 11.56 +/- 0.04 micromol/L, respectively. Lipoxygenase activity was also moderately inhibited by atrovirinone. Our results suggest that atrovirinone acts on important pro-inflammatory mediators possibly by the inhibition of the nuclear factor-kappaB pathway and also by the inhibition of the COX/lipoxygenase enzyme activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1711.2006.01426.xDOI Listing
June 2006

Antioxidant, radical-scavenging, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic and antibacterial activities of methanolic extracts of some Hedyotis species.

Life Sci 2005 Mar 27;76(17):1953-64. Epub 2005 Jan 27.

Faculty of Applied Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.

The antioxidant, radical-scavenging, anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic and antibacterial activities of methanolic extracts of seven Hedyotisspecies were investigated. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the ferric thiocyanate (FTC) and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) methods while the radical scavenging activity was measured by the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The anti-inflammatory activity related to NO inhibition of the plant extracts was measured by the Griess assay while cytotoxicity were measured by the MTT assay against CEM-SS cell line. The antibacterial bioassay (against 4 bacteria, i.e. Bacillus subtilis B28 (mutant), Bacillus subtilis B29 (wild-type), Pseudomonas aeruginosa UI 60690 and methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, (MRSA) was also carried out using the disc-diffusion method. All tested extracts exhibited very strong antioxidant properties when compared to Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol) with percent inhibition of 89-98% in the FTC and 60-95% in the TBA assays. In the DPPH method, H. herbacea exhibited the strongest radical scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 32 microg/ml. The results from the Griess assay showed that the tested extracts are weak inhibitors of NO synthase. However, all tested extracts exhibited moderate cytotoxic properties against CEM-SS cell line giving CD50 values in the range of 21-41 microg/ml. In the antibacterial bioassay, the stems and the roots of H. capitellata showed moderate activity against the 4 tested bacteria while the leaves showed moderate activity towards B. subtilis B28, MRSA and P. aeruginosa only. The roots of H. dichotoma showed strong antibacterial activity against all 4 bacteria. All other extracts did not exhibit any antibacterial activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lfs.2004.08.039DOI Listing
March 2005
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