Publications by authors named "Darren Lu"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Ultrasound Fusion: Role in Interventional Musculoskeletal Radiology.

Ultrasound Q 2015 Sep;31(3):219-20

Department of Radiology, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000150DOI Listing
September 2015

Malignant transformation of a 5-mm gallbladder polyp over 2 years: a case report and review of current literature.

Ultrasound Q 2015 Mar;31(1):66-8

Department of Radiology, University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA.

Gallbladder polyps (GBPs) are incidentally seen in 4% to 7% of adults on abdominal ultrasounds. Most GBPs are benign cholesterol polyps, adenomyomatosis, or inflammatory polyps. Currently, cholecystectomy is widely accepted as appropriate care for polyps 10 mm or larger as they present a higher risk for malignancy. However, the management of small polyps smaller than 10 mm has continued to be a dilemma to clinicians and radiologists. Many authors support a nonoperative approach with imaging follow-up for polyps smaller than 10 mm, as most have been shown to be benign. However, small polyps do have the potential to be neoplastic adenomas and become malignant. In this report, we will describe a case of a tiny GBP that subsequently developed into a 20-mm carcinoma over a period of 2 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000094DOI Listing
March 2015

Gallery of uncommon orthopedic implants: a guide for emergency radiologist.

Emerg Radiol 2010 May 27;17(3):227-47. Epub 2009 Oct 27.

Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

The purpose of this gallery of orthopedic implants was to provide a reference for emergency radiologists to quickly identify uncommon devices in the shoulders, hips, and extremities. The cases presented in this exhibit will include unusual arthroplasties and prostheses as well as bone graft implants (including allograft and autograft). Bone grafts are frequently used for the treatment of bone defects, which may be caused by trauma, infection, or avascularity. Autogenous cancellous, corticocancellous, or cortical bone grafts are often used, either free or vascularized. Alternative bone graft substitutes are also used. An obvious complication of bone grafts is the failure of incorporation. Joint arthroplasty is the most frequently performed orthopedic procedure after fracture fixation. Major indications include degenerative joint disease, inflammatory arthropathy, avascular necrosis, and complicated fractures. Custom orthopedic implants are frequently used for less common indications or for patients with bone tumors. The common hardware complications are infections, loosening, small particle disease/osteolysis, periprosthetic fracture, hardware fracture or dislocation, and recurrent disease, especially in patients with tumors. Many of the devices used by orthopedic surgeons are infrequently seen in everyday radiology practice. With such variations, correct recognition of the prosthetic devices and their complications is very important. The goal of this exhibit was to familiarize the radiologist with both the normal and abnormal appearance of many atypical orthopedic implants. It is important to understand the purpose and proper function of a device, but not necessarily important to describe every device by its proper brand name. Although this exhibit is not meant to be inclusive of every unusual orthopedic implant, we will present multiple examples of orthopedic hardware involving the shoulder, humerus, elbow, forearm, wrist, hand, pelvis, hip, femur, knee, tibia, ankle, and foot that are not likely seen in everyday practice.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10140-009-0834-6DOI Listing
May 2010