Publications by authors named "Darren K Tay"

4 Publications

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Preoperative Mental Health Influences Patient-Reported Outcome Measures and Satisfaction After Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2021 Mar 12. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Background: A higher prevalence of mental health conditions has been reported in patients undergoing revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA). This study investigated the effect of preoperative mental health on patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and satisfaction after rTKA.

Methods: A total of 245 patients who underwent rTKA in 2004-2018 were identified from our institutional joint registry. The most common indications were aseptic loosening (n = 111), infection (n = 70), and instability (n = 35). 36-item Short-Form health survey (SF-36) mental component summary (MCS) was used to stratify the cohort into: Low-MCS (SF-36 MCS <50; n = 112) and control (SF-36 MCS ≥50; n = 133) groups. Knee Society score, Oxford knee score, SF-36 physical score, and a satisfaction questionnaire were used to compare the low-MCS and control at 6 months and 2 years.

Results: All PROMs were poorer in the low-MCS group at 6 months and 2 years. However, both groups demonstrated a comparable improvement in each PROM and a similar proportion attained the minimal clinically important difference. Fewer patients in the low-MCS group were satisfied at 2 years (72.2% vs 84.5%, P = .045). Lower preoperative SF-36 MCS was independently associated with increased odds of dissatisfaction (OR 1.037, 95% CI 1.004-1.070, P = .027). Although the change in SF-36 MCS was greater in the low-MCS group, the final value remained lower at 2 years.

Conclusion: While patients with poor mental health had inferior PROMs preoperatively and postoperatively, a similar percentage experienced a clinically meaningful improvement at 2 years. Perioperative optimization of psychological factors should still be emphasized as these patients were at a higher risk of dissatisfaction after rTKA.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.03.026DOI Listing
March 2021

Patients With Parkinson's Disease Have Poorer Function and More Flexion Contractures After Total Knee Arthroplasty.

J Arthroplasty 2020 Nov 14. Epub 2020 Nov 14.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) may negatively influence the rehabilitative course after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, functional outcomes in this select group remain poorly defined. We compared complication, mortality and revision rates, as well as patient-reported outcomes, and satisfaction between patients with PD and controls after TKA.

Methods: Patients with PD who underwent primary unilateral TKA were identified and matched 1:1 with a control group using propensity scores adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, Charlson Comorbidity Index, baseline range of motion, Knee Society Knee Score, Knee Society Function Score, Oxford Knee Score, and 36-item Short-Form Health Survey Mental and Physical Component Summary. Functional outcomes and patient satisfaction were assessed at 6 months and 2 years. Complications, survivorship, and all-cause mortality were analyzed.

Results: In total, 114 patients were included. Majority of PD patients had Hoehn and Yahr stage 1 or 2 disease. Overall complication rate was 26.3% in the PD group and 10.5% in the control group (P = .030). There was no difference in transfusions, length of stay, and discharge to rehabilitation or readmissions. Patients with PD had more flexion contractures, poorer Knee Society Function Score and Oxford Knee Score at 2 years, and poorer 36-item Short-Form Health Survey Physical Component Summary at 6 months. 80.4% of patients with PD were satisfied compared with 85.5% of controls (P = .476). At follow-up of 8.5 ± 2.7 years, one TKA was revised in each group. All-cause mortality was higher in the PD group (15.8% vs 5.3%, P = .067).

Conclusion: Although patients with PD had relatively poorer knee function and quality of life, these patients still experienced significant functional gains compared with their preoperative status, and high satisfaction was achieved.

Level Of Evidence: III.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2020.11.016DOI Listing
November 2020

Comparison of patient quality of life scores and satisfaction after common orthopedic surgical interventions.

Eur J Orthop Surg Traumatol 2015 Aug 19;25(6):1007-12. Epub 2015 Apr 19.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Outram Road, Singapore, 169608, Republic of Singapore,

Patient quality of life scores are commonly used to assess patient-reported satisfaction following orthopedic interventions. Our main aim was to review the satisfaction scores of four common orthopedic interventions in our tertiary institution, primary hallux valgus (HV) corrective surgery, primary single-level transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF), primary unilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data on patients who underwent four different types of orthopedic surgeries using the SF-36 score and two questions adopted from North American Spine Society Questionnaire. The database of a tertiary hospital between January 2007 and December 2009 was reviewed. There were 3488, 374, 184 and 73 patients who underwent TKA, THA, TLIF and HV surgery, respectively. Patients who underwent primary TLIF, TKA and THA had significant degree of improvement in all aspects of SF-36 scores at 6 months and 2 years of follow-up (p < 0.001). Postoperatively at 2 years, the most satisfied postoperative patients were those who underwent THA (91.9 %), followed by TKA (90.5 %), TLIF (86.1 %) and HV (77.4 %). This study shows a significant degree of postoperative improvement in terms of SF-36 scores for common orthopedic interventions in particular to primary TKA, THA and TLIF at 6 months and 2 years of follow-up. With a significant degree of improvement in SF-36 scores postoperatively, this also translated into patient satisfaction and meeting their expectations of surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00590-015-1635-0DOI Listing
August 2015

Revision total knee arthroplasty: causes and outcomes.

Ann Acad Med Singap 2013 Apr;42(4):178-83

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Introduction: Local data on revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are limited. This study aims to assess the causes and outcomes of revision TKA in a single institution, with a 2-year follow-up.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective review of case records of patients who underwent revision TKA in 2008 and 2009 in the authors' institution was performed. Outcome was assessed using SF-36, Oxford knee score and Knee Society Clinical Rating System preoperatively, at 6 months and at 2 years' follow-up.

Results: Forty-one patients (41 knees) were included in the study. Indications for revision were aseptic loosening in 13 (31.7%), mechanical wear/component failure in 10 (24.4%), infection in 9 (22.0%), malalignment in 4 (9.8%), instability in 3 (7.3%), periprosthetic fracture in 1 (2.4%) and persistent stiffness in 1 (2.4%). Significant improvements were seen postoperatively in all 3 instruments used to evaluate clinical outcome. These improvements were seen at 6 months after surgery, and were maintained through the 2-year follow-up period. There were no significant changes in all scores between 6 months and 2 years follow-up. There was 100% survivorship of the implants with no postoperative complications requiring surgical intervention.

Conclusion: Indications for revision TKA locally are similar to those in other large centres. Revision total knee arthroplasty results in significantly improved function and quality of life for patients, which is maintained over a 2-year follow-up period. In our series, we obtained 100% implant survivorship.
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April 2013