Publications by authors named "Daojing Huang"

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Rupture and hemorrhage of a seminoma mixed with yolk sac tumors in 46XY partial gonadal dysgenesis: a case report and literature review.

BMC Surg 2021 Jul 3;21(1):307. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

General Surgery Department, Tongji Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, 200065, China.

Background: 46XY partial gonadal dysgenesis (PGD) is a rare subtype of disorder of sex development (DSD). 46YY PGD is a congenital disease with atypical chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex development. The patient in this case report had male and female genitalia simultaneously. We created a flowchart of the differential diagnosis for clinicians.

Case Presentation: A 41-year-old male was admitted to the hospital complaining of lower quadrant abdominal pain for 1 day. Physical examination revealed that his penis size was normal, but a urethral orifice was located in the perineum area between the scrotum and anus. One small testicle was in the left scrotum, but no testicle was present on the right. The patient's abdomen was bulging, and he had lower abdominal pain. According to the emergency CT scan, a lesion (74*65 mm) was found in the right pelvis between the bladder and rectum. The lesion showed an unclear boundary and hematocele appearance. The lesion was removed by emergency surgery, and the pathology report indicated a mixed germ cell tumor with a seminoma and yolk sac tumors.

Conclusion: This article is a case report of germ cell tumors in 46XY PGD patients. The literature review summarizes the clinical diagnosis, and a flowchart is provided for physicians in future practice. The importance of this report is that it will help acquaint physicians with this rare disease and make the right initial clinical decision quickly through the use of this flowchart. However, the variants of special subtypes of 46XY DSD are myriad, and all the diagnoses could not be covered in one flowchart.
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July 2021