Publications by authors named "Danielle M Krause"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Comparison of equine synovial sepsis rate following intrasynovial injection in ambulatory versus hospital settings.

Equine Vet J 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA.

Background: Frequency of synovial sepsis in horses following intrasynovial injection has been reported, but not compared with respect to the environment in which the injection was performed.

Objectives: To describe occurrence of synovial sepsis following intrasynovial injections performed in ambulatory vs hospital settings.

Study Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Methods: Records from the Colorado State University were evaluated (2014-2018) and horses receiving intrasynovial injections were identified. Patients presenting for septic synovial structures were excluded. Patient signalment, primary supervising service, medications injected, location (field/hospital), whether synovial sepsis resulted, and at what time sepsis was recognised were recorded. Logistic regression was used to estimate the contributions of covariates to the occurrence of synovial sepsis following injection.

Results: During the study period, 3866 intrasynovial injections were performed in 1112 horses during 1623 sessions, with 643/1623 sessions performed in the field. The most frequently used medications were hyaluronate (846/1623, 52.1%), triamcinolone acetonide (780 /1623, 48.1%) and amikacin sulfate (684/1623, 42.1%). Four horses developed synovial sepsis (0.2% sessions, 0.1% synovial structures); 3/4 were injected in the field, 2/4 received antibiotics with the injection. The frequency of septic synovitis was 10.4 cases per 10 000 injections, or 1 in 967 injections. All horses recovered following synovial lavage and antibiotic therapy. Performing injections in the field (P = .2) or without antibiotics (P = .7) did not alter the risk of synovial sepsis.

Main Limitations: Limitations include the retrospective nature of data collection and low rate of infection overall, which prohibited evaluation of individual medication regimes as factors associated with resultant infection.

Conclusions: The frequency of synovial sepsis in this population of horses was not higher when injections were performed in the field or without concurrent antibiotic administration. These data may help to inform practitioners and clients regarding the relative potential risk of complications following intrasynovial medication in different environmental settings.
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June 2021

Retrospective evaluation of association between perioperative antimicrobial protocol and complications following elective equine synovial endoscopy.

Vet Med Sci 2021 05 17;7(3):609-620. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, CO, USA.

Background: Prophylactic perioperative antimicrobial protocols in equine synovial endoscopy have been described but not compared with respect to post-operative outcomes and complications. Increasing antimicrobial resistance in equine practice and interest in promoting judicious use of antimicrobials has prompted reevaluation of drug selection and dosing strategies.

Objectives: To determine the frequency of and compare post-operative complications following elective synovial endoscopy between horses receiving different perioperative antimicrobial protocols.

Methods: Records from the Colorado State University Veterinary Teaching Hospital were evaluated (2014-2018) and equine patients undergoing elective synovial endoscopy were identified. Patients undergoing endoscopy for sepsis or internal fixation were excluded. Patient signalment, clinician, joint and limb involved, perioperative antimicrobial regimen, number endoscopic portals and closure technique, and post-operative complications including incidence of joint infection were recorded. Generalized linear models were used to estimate the odds of post-operative complications.

Results: Elective synovial endoscopies of 516 horses in 537 procedures evaluating 761 synovial structures were performed. No horses developed post-operative septic synovitis. Administration of post-operative antimicrobials, type used and patient sex were all significantly associated with increased risk of complications, which were predominantly gastrointestinal-related. Complication rates in horses receiving a single preoperative dose of cefazolin were lower than in horses receiving potassium penicillin, gentamicin or multiple doses. Complication rates were lower in females compared to castrated or intact males. Other factors evaluated (breed, age, surgeon, anaesthesia duration or hospitalization, joint/limb operated, number endoscopic portals) were not associated with increased risk of complications post-operatively in this case population.

Conclusions: Prophylactic perioperative antimicrobial protocols in equine practice deserve periodic reconsideration due to increased antimicrobial resistance. Prolonged antimicrobial usage beyond the time of surgery was unnecessary to prevent septic synovitis following synovial endoscopy in this case population and was furthermore associated with an increased risk of gastrointestinal complications.
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May 2021

A subcutaneous adipose tissue-liver signalling axis controls hepatic gluconeogenesis.

Nat Commun 2015 Jan 12;6:6047. Epub 2015 Jan 12.

Life Sciences Institute, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, USA.

The search for effective treatments for obesity and its comorbidities is of prime importance. We previously identified IKK-ε and TBK1 as promising therapeutic targets for the treatment of obesity and associated insulin resistance. Here we show that acute inhibition of IKK-ε and TBK1 with amlexanox treatment increases cAMP levels in subcutaneous adipose depots of obese mice, promoting the synthesis and secretion of the cytokine IL-6 from adipocytes and preadipocytes, but not from macrophages. IL-6, in turn, stimulates the phosphorylation of hepatic Stat3 to suppress expression of genes involved in gluconeogenesis, in the process improving glucose handling in obese mice. Preliminary data in a small cohort of obese patients show a similar association. These data support an important role for a subcutaneous adipose tissue-liver axis in mediating the acute metabolic benefits of amlexanox on glucose metabolism, and point to a new therapeutic pathway for type 2 diabetes.
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January 2015