Publications by authors named "Daniele Pezzetta"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Discovery of 2-[1-(4,4-Difluorocyclohexyl)piperidin-4-yl]-6-fluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-4-carboxamide (NMS-P118): A Potent, Orally Available, and Highly Selective PARP-1 Inhibitor for Cancer Therapy.

J Med Chem 2015 Sep 26;58(17):6875-98. Epub 2015 Aug 26.

Oncology, Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl , Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

The nuclear protein poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) has a well-established role in the signaling and repair of DNA and is a prominent target in oncology, as testified by the number of candidates in clinical testing that unselectively target both PARP-1 and its closest isoform PARP-2. The goal of our program was to find a PARP-1 selective inhibitor that would potentially mitigate toxicities arising from cross-inhibition of PARP-2. Thus, an HTS campaign on the proprietary Nerviano Medical Sciences (NMS) chemical collection, followed by SAR optimization, allowed us to discover 2-[1-(4,4-difluorocyclohexyl)piperidin-4-yl]-6-fluoro-3-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-isoindole-4-carboxamide (NMS-P118, 20by). NMS-P118 proved to be a potent, orally available, and highly selective PARP-1 inhibitor endowed with excellent ADME and pharmacokinetic profiles and high efficacy in vivo both as a single agent and in combination with Temozolomide in MDA-MB-436 and Capan-1 xenograft models, respectively. Cocrystal structures of 20by with both PARP-1 and PARP-2 catalytic domain proteins allowed rationalization of the observed selectivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00680DOI Listing
September 2015

In vitro and in vivo metabolism of CHF 6001, a selective phosphodiesterase (PDE4) inhibitor.

Xenobiotica 2015 3;45(8):693-710. Epub 2015 Mar 3.

Department of DMPK, Chiesi Farmaceutici Spa , Parma , Italy and.

1. The metabolism of CHF 6001, a novel PDE4 inhibitor, was determined in vitro in mouse, rat, dog, monkey and human microsomes and hepatocytes and in vivo in plasma, urine, feces and bile of rats after intravenous and intratracheal administration. 2. The behavior of CHF 6001 in microsomes and hepatocytes changed across species. CYP3A4/5 isoenzymes were identified to be the primary enzymes responsible for the metabolism of CHF 6001 in human liver microsomes. 3. In the rat, CHF 6001 was found extensively metabolized in urine, feces and bile, but not in plasma, where CHF 6001 was the main compound present. The metabolite profiles were different in the four biological matrices from both qualitative and quantitative point of view. 4. CHF 6001 was metabolized through hydrolysis with the formation of the alcohol CHF 5956, loss of a chlorine atom, loss of the N-oxide, hydroxylation, loss of the cyclopropylmethyl group in the alcohol moiety, conjugation with glucuronic acid, glutathione and cysteine-glycine. 5. The major metabolite present in the bile was isolated and characterized by nuclear magnetic resonance analysis. It derived from CHF 6001 through contraction of the pyridine-N-oxide ring to N-hydroxy pyrrole and conjugation with glucuronic acid.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/00498254.2015.1014945DOI Listing
April 2016

NMS-P937, a 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivative as potent and selective Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitor.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011 May 21;21(10):2969-74. Epub 2011 Mar 21.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, MI, Italy.

As part of our drug discovery effort, we identified and developed 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives as PLK1 inhibitors. We now report the optimization of this class that led to the identification of NMS-P937, a potent, selective and orally available PLK1 inhibitor. Also, in order to understand the source of PLK1 selectivity, we determined the crystal structure of PLK1 with NMS-P937. The compound was active in vivo in HCT116 xenograft model after oral administration and is presently in Phase I clinical trials evaluation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.03.054DOI Listing
May 2011

4,5-Dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazolines as potent and selective Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010 Nov 17;20(22):6489-94. Epub 2010 Sep 17.

Nerviano Medical Sciences srl, Business Unit Oncology, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milan, Italy.

A series of 4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazolo[4,3-h]quinazoline derivatives was optimized as Polo-like kinase 1 inhibitors. Extensive SAR afforded a highly potent and selective PLK1 compound. The compound showed good antiproliferative activity when tested in a panel of tumor cell lines with PLK1 related mechanism of action and with good in vivo antitumor efficacy in two xenograft models after i.v. administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.09.060DOI Listing
November 2010

First Cdc7 kinase inhibitors: pyrrolopyridinones as potent and orally active antitumor agents. 2. Lead discovery.

J Med Chem 2009 Jan;52(2):293-307

Nerviano Medical Sciences Srl, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Milano, Italy.

Cdc7 kinase is a key regulator of the S-phase of the cell cycle, known to promote the activation of DNA replication origins in eukaryotic organisms. Cdc7 inhibition can cause tumor-cell death in a p53-independent manner, supporting the rationale for developing Cdc7 inhibitors for the treatment of cancer. In this paper, we conclude the structure-activity relationships study of the 2-heteroaryl-pyrrolopyridinone class of compounds that display potent inhibitory activity against Cdc7 kinase. Furthermore, we also describe the discovery of 89S, [(S)-2-(2-aminopyrimidin-4-yl)-7-(2-fluoro-ethyl)-1,5,6,7-tetrahydropyrrolo[3,2-c]pyridin-4-one], as a potent ATP mimetic inhibitor of Cdc7. Compound 89S has a Ki value of 0.5 nM, inhibits cell proliferation of different tumor cell lines with an IC50 in the submicromolar range, and exhibits in vivo tumor growth inhibition of 68% in the A2780 xenograft model.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm800977qDOI Listing
January 2009

Development and validation of in silico models for estimating drug preformulation risk in PEG400/water and Tween80/water systems.

Eur J Pharm Sci 2007 Nov 21;32(3):169-81. Epub 2007 Aug 21.

Pharmacokinetic & Modeling/Modeling, Accelera, Nerviano Medical Sciences, viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Italy.

Solubility is one of the most important properties of drug candidates for achieving the targeted plasma concentrations following oral dosing. Furthermore, the formulations adopted in the in vivo preclinical studies, for both oral and intravenous administrations, are usually solutions. To formulate compounds sparingly soluble in water, pharmaceutically acceptable cosolvents or surfactants are typically employed to increase solubility. Compounds poorly soluble also in these systems will likely show severe formulation issues. In such cases, relatively high amount of compounds, rarely available in the early preclinical phases, are needed to identify the most appropriate dosing vehicles. Hence, the purpose of this study was to build two computational models which, on the basis of the molecular structure, are able to predict the compound solubility in two vehicle systems (40% PEG400/water and 10% Tween80/water) used in our company as screening tools for anticipating potential formulation issues. The two models were developed using the solubility data obtained from the analysis of approximately 2000 chemically diverse compounds. The structural diversity and the drug-like space covered by these molecules were investigated using the ChemGPS methodology. The compounds were classified (high/low preformulation risk) based on the experimental solubility value range. A combination of descriptors (i.e. logD at two different pH, E-state indices and other 2D structural descriptors) was correlated to these classes using partial least squares discriminant (PLSD) analysis. The overall accuracy of each PLSD model applied to independent sets of compounds was approximately 78%. The accuracy reached when the models were used in combination to identify molecules with low preformulation risk in both systems was 83%. The models appeared a valuable tool for predicting the preformulation risk of drug candidates and consequently for identifying the most appropriate dosing vehicles to be further investigated before the first in vivo preclinical studies. Since only a small number of 2D descriptors is need to evaluate the preformulation risk classes, the models resulted easy to use and characterized by high throughput.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejps.2007.06.008DOI Listing
November 2007

Computational models for identifying potential P-glycoprotein substrates and inhibitors.

Mol Pharm 2006 Jan-Feb;3(1):33-44

Prediction and Modeling, Preclinical Profiling, Preclinical Development, Nerviano Medical Sciences, viale Pasteur 10, 20014 Nerviano, Italy.

Multidrug resistance mediated by ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) represents a serious problem for the development of effective anticancer drugs. In addition, P-gp has been shown to reduce oral absorption, modulate hepatic, renal, or intestinal elimination, and restrict blood-brain barrier penetration of several drugs. Consequently, there is a great interest in anticipating whether drug candidates are P-gp substrates or inhibitors. In this respect, two different computational models have been developed. A method for discriminating P-gp substrates and nonsubstrates has been set up based on calculated molecular descriptors and multivariate analysis using a training set of 53 diverse drugs. These compounds were previously classified as P-gp substrates or nonsubstrates on the basis of the efflux ratio from Caco-2 permeability measurements. The program Volsurf was used to compute the compounds' molecular descriptors. The descriptors were correlated to the experimental classes using partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLSD). The model was able to predict correctly the behavior of 72% of an external set of 272 proprietary compounds. Thirty of the 53 previously mentioned drugs were also evaluated for P-gp inhibition using a calcein-AM (CAM) assay. On the basis of these additional P-gp functional data, a PLSD analysis using GRIND-pharmacophore-based descriptors was performed to model P-gp substrates having poor or no inhibitory activity versus inhibitors having no evidence of significant transport. The model was able to discriminate between 69 substrates and 56 inhibitors taken from the literature with an average accuracy of 82%. The model allowed also the identification of some key molecular features that differentiate a substrate from an inhibitor, which should be taken into consideration in the design of new candidate drugs. These two models can be implemented in a virtual screening funnel.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/mp050071aDOI Listing
June 2006

Phase I and phase II metabolic activities are retained in liver slices from mouse, rat, dog, monkey and human after cryopreservation.

Toxicol In Vitro 2004 Feb;18(1):121-8

Global Drug Metabolism, Pharmacia Corporation, Viale Pasteur 10, 20014, Nerviano (MI), Italy.

Precision-cut liver slices are described as a valuable tool for in vitro metabolism studies of potential drug candidates. Recently, some papers reported successful cryopreservation conditions for liver slices, facilitating a broader and more efficient use of the tissue (particularly of human origin). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of cryopreservation on both phase I and phase II metabolism in liver slices prepared from mouse, rat, dog, monkey and human, using rapid freezing in the presence of 18% DMSO. Glucuronidation and sulfation activities (phase II) in both freshly prepared and cryopreserved liver slices were determined by rapid LC-MS/MS analyses using 7-hydroxycoumarin as a marker substrate. Testosterone was used as a marker substrate for cytochrome P450 mediated drug metabolism (phase I). Although the metabolic patterns and rates varied among the different species, the phase I and phase II metabolic capacities of the liver slices were well maintained after cryopreservation. Despite the good biotransformation capacity of cryopreserved slices a decrease in viability, expressed as ATP content and LDH leakage, was observed. MTT reduction was well maintained after cryopreservation. The possibility to cryopreserve liver slices will allow a more efficient utilisation of tissue, in particular from human, but also from dog and monkey. Finally, cryopreserved liver slices from mouse, rat, dog, monkey and human with good phase I and II metabolism activities are a useful in vitro tool to compare metabolite profiles of new chemical entities between species.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2003.08.005DOI Listing
February 2004