Publications by authors named "Daniel N Arteaga"

3 Publications

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Membrane curvature and connective fiber alignment in guinea pig round window membrane.

Acta Biomater 2021 Sep 24. Epub 2021 Sep 24.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, 220 Mudd Building 500 West 120th Street, New York, NY 10027, USA; Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY 10032, USA. Electronic address:

The round window membrane (RWM) covers an opening between the perilymph fluid-filled inner ear space and the air-filled middle ear space. As the only non-osseous barrier between these two spaces, the RWM is an ideal candidate for aspiration of perilymph for diagnostics purposes and delivery of medication for treatment of inner ear disorders. Routine access across the RWM requires the development of new surgical tools whose design can only be optimized with a thorough understanding of the RWM's structure and properties. The RWM possesses a layer of collagen and elastic fibers so characterization of the distribution and orientation of these fibers is essential. Confocal and two-photon microscopy were conducted on intact RWMs in a guinea pig model to characterize the distribution of collagen and elastic fibers. The fibers were imaged via second-harmonic-generation, autofluorescence, and Rhodamine B staining. Quantitative analyses of both fiber orientation and geometrical properties of the RWM uncovered a significant correlation between mean fiber orientations and directions of zero curvature in some portions of the RWM, with an even more significant correlation between the mean fiber orientations and linear distance along the RWM in a direction approximately parallel to the cochlear axis. The measured mean fiber directions and dispersions can be incorporated into a generalized structure tensor for use in the development of continuum anisotropic mechanical constitutive models that in turn will enable optimization of surgical tools to access the cochlea. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: The Round Window Membrane (RWM) is the only non-osseous barrier separating the middle and inner ear spaces, and thus is an ideal portal for medical access to the cochlea. An understanding of RWM structure and mechanical response is necessary to optimize the design of surgical tools for this purpose. The RWM geometry and the connective fiber orientation and dispersion are measured via confocal and 2-photon microscopy. A region of the RWM geometry is characterized as a hyperbolic paraboloid and another region as a tapered parabolic cylinder. Predominant fiber directions correlate well with directions of zero curvature in the hyperbolic paraboloid region. Overall fiber directions correlate well with position along a line approximately parallel to the central axis of the cochlea's spiral.
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September 2021

Anatomical and Functional Consequences of Microneedle Perforation of Round Window Membrane.

Otol Neurotol 2020 02;41(2):e280-e287

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons.

Hypothesis: Microneedles can create microperforations in the round window membrane (RWM) without causing anatomic or physiologic damage.

Background: Reliable delivery of agents into the inner ear for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes remains a challenge. Our novel approach employs microneedles to facilitate intracochlear access via the RWM. This study investigates the anatomical and functional consequences of microneedle perforations in guinea pig RWMs in vivo.

Methods: Single three-dimensional-printed, 100 μm diameter microneedles were used to perforate the guinea pig RWM via the postauricular sulcus. Hearing was assessed both before and after microneedle perforation using compound action potential and distortion product otoacoustic emissions. Confocal microscopy was used ex vivo to examine harvested RWMs, measuring the size, shape, and location of perforations and documenting healing at 0 hours (n = 7), 24 hours (n = 6), 48 hours (n = 6), and 1 week (n = 6).

Results: Microneedles create precise and accurate perforations measuring 93.1 ± 29.0 μm by 34.5 ± 16.8 μm and produce a high-frequency threshold shift that disappears after 24 hours. Examination of perforations over time demonstrates healing progression over 24 to 48 hours and complete perforation closure by 1 week.

Conclusion: Microneedles can create a temporary microperforation in the RWM without causing significant anatomic or physiologic dysfunction. Microneedles have the potential to mediate safe and effective intracochlear access for diagnosis and treatment of inner ear disease.
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February 2020

In-vitro perforation of the round window membrane via direct 3-D printed microneedles.

Biomed Microdevices 2018 06 8;20(2):47. Epub 2018 Jun 8.

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Columbia University, 220 Mudd Building 500 West 120th Street, New York, NY, 10027, USA.

The cochlea, or inner ear, is a space fully enclosed within the temporal bone of the skull, except for two membrane-covered portals connecting it to the middle ear space. One of these portals is the round window, which is covered by the Round Window Membrane (RWM). A longstanding clinical goal is to reliably and precisely deliver therapeutics into the cochlea to treat a plethora of auditory and vestibular disorders. Standard of care for several difficult-to-treat diseases calls for injection of a therapeutic substance through the tympanic membrane into the middle ear space, after which a portion of the substance diffuses across the RWM into the cochlea. The efficacy of this technique is limited by an inconsistent rate of molecular transport across the RWM. A solution to this problem involves the introduction of one or more microscopic perforations through the RWM to enhance the rate and reliability of diffusive transport. This paper reports the use of direct 3D printing via Two-Photon Polymerization (2PP) lithography to fabricate ultra-sharp polymer microneedles specifically designed to perforate the RWM. The microneedle has tip radius of 500 nm and shank radius of 50 μ m, and perforates the guinea pig RWM with a mean force of 1.19 mN. The resulting perforations performed in vitro are lens-shaped with major axis equal to the microneedle shank diameter and minor axis about 25% of the major axis, with mean area 1670 μ m. The major axis is aligned with the direction of the connective fibers within the RWM. The fibers were separated along their axes without ripping or tearing of the RWM suggesting the main failure mechanism to be fiber-to-fiber decohesion. The small perforation area along with fiber-to-fiber decohesion are promising indicators that the perforations would heal readily following in vivo experiments. These results establish a foundation for the use of Two-Photon Polymerization lithography as a means to fabricate microneedles to perforate the RWM and other similar membranes.
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June 2018