Publications by authors named "Daniel Muteb Muyey"

3 Publications

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The clinical characteristics and prognosis of Chinese acute myeloid leukemia patients with CSF3R mutations.

Int J Lab Hematol 2021 Nov 24. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Introduction: The colony-stimulating factor 3 receptor (CSF3R) controls the proliferation of myeloid progenitors and differentiation into neutrophils. However, the clinical features and prognostic significance of CSF3R mutations in primary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients are still unclear.

Methods: 158 newly diagnosed AML patients were retrospectively evaluated in our study. Amplicon-based next-generation sequencing (NGS) and multiplex-nested reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were used to investigate the 34 genes and 43 fusion genes associated with leukemia. In addition, clinical features, mutation incidence, and survival outcomes were compared between patients with CSF3R mutation and patients with wild-type CSF3R.

Results: In our study, CSF3R mutations were found in 7.6% (12/158) cases. The membrane-proximal amino acid substitution T618I (58.3%) was the most frequent mutation. CSF3R mutations were associated with higher WBC counts (P = .035). CEBPA mutation, TET2 mutation, and RUNX1-RUNX1T1 translocation were the most common co-mutations of CSF3R. The CSF3R gene was mutually exclusive with signal transduction genes (P = .029), while positively associated with TET2 mutations (P = .014). CSF3R mutations had no effect on CR1 (P = .935), R (P = .625) and OS (P = .1172). Patients with CSF3R mutations had a worse DFS (P = .0352) than those with wild-type CSF3R. Multivariate survival analysis showed that CSF3R mutation was an independent risk factor for DFS of primary AML patients (HR=2.048, 95%CI: 1.006-4.170, P = .048).

Conclusion: AML patients with CSF3R mutations had unique clinical features and gene co-mutation spectrum. CSF3R mutation was an independent risk factor for DFS and could be a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for Chinese primary AML patients.
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November 2021

GATA2 rs2335052 and GATA2 rs78245253 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in Chinese patients with acute myelocytic leukemia.

Int J Lab Hematol 2021 Dec 9;43(6):1491-1500. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

Institute of Hematology, the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Introduction: GATA binding protein 2 (GATA2) gene, involved in progression of hematologic malignancies and various solid tumors, is a susceptibility gene for inherited acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the influence of its single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on AML remains unknown.

Methods: We used allele-specific PCR to genotype GATA2 rs2335052 and rs78245253 in 159 newly diagnosed AML (non-M3) patients and 300 healthy volunteers, and all of participants came from China. And 34 common hematological tumor gene mutations in 159 AML patients were detected by next-generation sequencing. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazard regression were used to analyze the association between the two SNPs and the prognosis of AML.

Results: We found GATA2 rs2335052 C/T genotype, rs2335052 T/T genotype and rs78245253 G/C genotype in 51.6%, 13.8% and 11.3% AML patients. Our results demonstrated that GATA2 rs2335052 and rs78245253 were associated with certain laboratory features in AML patients, which had no effect on the pathogeny, chemotherapy response and recurrence of patients. Nevertheless, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that, compared with rs78245253 G/G genotype, rs78245253 G/C genotype was significantly related to a decrease in overall survival (OS) (P = .020). Additionally, multivariate cox regression analysis showed that GATA2 rs78245253 was an independent risk factor for OS of AML patients in China.

Conclusion: GATA2 rs78245253 was an independent predictor for prognosis of AML patients in China and may be used as a potential indicator to predict the survival of AML patients in China. Further studies are needed to validate these findings and clarify the underlying mechanism.
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December 2021

The clinical characteristics and prognosis of cytogenetically normal AML with single mutations of CEBPA.

Int J Lab Hematol 2021 Dec 3;43(6):1424-1431. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Institute of Hematology, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China.

Introduction: CEBPA mutation is a common mutation in normal karyotype AML. CEBPAdm AML has been recognized as a separate entity, but there is still controversy to the prognosis of CEBPAsm patients.

Methods: A total of 151 newly diagnosed cytogenetically normal AML patients treated at the Second Hospital Center of Shanxi Medical University from February 2017 to December 2019 were the subjects of the study. According to the number of mutations in the CEBPA gene, the patients were divided into three groups, CEBPAsm, CEBPAdm, and CEBPAwt patients. The clinical characteristics, gene mutations, response, and prognosis were retrospectively compared among the three groups.

Results: CEBPAsm patients had lower hemoglobin values compared to CEBPAdm (P = .049). There was no statistical difference between the CEBPAsm cases and the CEBPAdm cases in the mutation types and the distribution of mutation regions (P > .050). Compared with CEBPAdm, cases with CEBPAsm were more likely associated with multiple other gene mutations (P = .023). Patients with CEBPAdm had a higher CR, ORR, and OS than those CEBPAwt (P < .050). CEBPAsm patients had a similar OS with CEBPAdm and CEBPAwt patients (P = .281). These CEBPAsm patients with VAF<30% had lower OS than the patients with VAF≥30%. FLT3-ITD mutations could reduce CEBPAsm patients' OS (P = .019).

Conclusion: Our data first highlighted the impact of CEBPAsm VAF on OS, and the results showed the lower the VAF was, the shorter the OS tended to. The VAF of CEBPAsm could provide specific significance in some extent for the prognosis of patients.
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December 2021