Publications by authors named "Daniel Matassa"

5 Publications

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A Novel Team-Based Learning Approach for an Internal Medicine Residency: Medication-Assisted Treatments for Substance Use Disorders.

MedEdPORTAL 2021 02 1;17:11085. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Associate Professor, Department of Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School.

Introduction: It is estimated that approximately one-tenth of the US population suffers from substance use disorders (SUD), a problem that is compounded when one considers the impact that drug addiction could have on treatment outcomes for many other chronic diseases. Thus, addiction medicine has become an important component of many successful urban primary care practices and residencies across the country. Our program sought to improve the confidence of our residents in managing SUD by instituting a team-based learning (TBL) activity that focused on the diagnosis and medication-assisted treatment of these illnesses.

Methods: The class of 80 internal medicine residents were divided into groups of approximately 16 residents, and during the TBL sessions further divided into teams of three to four. Each TBL session consisted of an individual readiness assurance test, a group discussion of the correct answers, and a PowerPoint-based team application activity. Surveys were conducted for each group to assess the residents' attitudes after completing the activity.

Results: Of residents, 69 of 80 completed the survey. The response to the TBL exercise was overwhelmingly positive, with most residents in agreement that the activity increased their knowledge and confidence in diagnosing and treating patients with SUD.

Discussion: Overall, this TBL activity was well received by the residents and subjectively increased their competence in managing patients with SUD. In addition, our modification to the traditional TBL format suggested that the theories and spirit behind TBL can be successfully adapted to meet the challenges and intricacies of internal medicine residency education.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.15766/mep_2374-8265.11085DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7852341PMC
February 2021

Comparison of State Medical Licensing Board Disclosures Regarding Resident Performance for United States Allopathic, Osteopathic, and Foreign Medical Graduates.

J Am Osteopath Assoc 2020 Dec;120(12):871-876

Context: While recent streamlining of the graduate medical education process signals an important change from the traditional dichotomy between doctors of osteopathic medicine (DOs) and US-trained doctors of medicine (USMDs), this new uniformity does not continue into the process for licensure, including state medical licensing verification of training (VOT) forms for DOs, MDs, and foreign medical graduates (FMGs). Wide variability remains.

Objective: To document the differences in the performance metrics program that directors are required to disclose to state medical licensing boards for DOs and FMGs compared with USMDs.

Methods: VOT forms were collected from all osteopathic and allopathic licensing boards for all US states, Washington DC, and US territories. The authors then reviewed VOT forms for questions pertaining to trainee performance only in states where VOT forms differed for DOs, USMDs, and FMGs. Licensing board questions were categorized as relating to disciplinary action, documents placed on file, resident actions, and nondisciplinary actions by the program.

Results: Fifty-six states and territories were included in the study (50 US states; Washington, DC; and 5 US territories). Most states and territories (46; 82.1%) used the same VOT form for DOs and USMDs. All states and territories except New York used the same form for FMGs and USMDs (55; 98.2%). Of the 14 states with an osteopathic board, Nevada used Federation Credentials Verification Service (FCVS) for DOs only, and 8 states used a unique osteopathic VOT form. Of these 8 osteopathic boards, 3 VOT forms did not ask any questions regarding resident performance during training. Of the remaining 5 forms, all asked about disciplinary actions. Ten states and 1 territory (US Virgin Islands) required the FCVS for both USMDs and FMGs, but not for DOs, while New York required FCVS only for FMGs. Nevada required FCVS only for DOs.

Conclusion: Although VOT requirements for FMGs and USMDs were mostly the same within states, performance metric question sets varied greatly from state to state and within states for osteopathic vs allopathic licensing boards. Implementation of a standardized VOT form for all applicants that includes academic performance metrics may help ensure that medical licensure is granted to all physicians who demonstrate academic competency during training, regardless of their degree.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.7556/jaoa.2020.152DOI Listing
December 2020

Factors Associated with Disparities in Appropriate Statin Therapy in an Outpatient Inner City Population.

Healthcare (Basel) 2020 Sep 24;8(4). Epub 2020 Sep 24.

Department of Medicine, Rutgers New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, USA.

Lipid-lowering therapies are essential for the primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The aim of this study is to identify discrepancies between cholesterol management guidelines and current practice with a focus on statin treatment in an underserved population based in a large single urban medical center. Among 1042 reviewed records, we identified 464 statin-eligible patients. Age was 61.0 ± 10.4 years and 53.9% were female. Most patients were black (47.2%), followed by Hispanic (45.7%) and white (5.0%). In total, 82.1% of patients were prescribed a statin. An appropriate statin was not prescribed in 32.4% of statin-eligible patients who qualified based only on a 10-year ASCVD risk of ≥7.5%. After adjustment for gender and health insurance status, appropriate statin treatment was independently associated with age >55 years (OR = 4.59 (95% CI 1.09-16.66), = 0.026), hypertension (OR = 2.38 (95% CI 1.29-4.38), = 0.005) and chronic kidney disease (OR = 3.95 (95% CI 1.42-14.30), = 0.017). Factors independently associated with statin undertreatment were black race (OR = 0.42 (95% CI 0.23-0.77), = 0.005) and statin-eligibility based solely on an elevated 10-year ASCVD risk (OR = 0.14 (95% CI 0.07-0.25), < 0.001). Hispanic patients were more likely to be on appropriate statin therapy when compared to black patients (86.8% vs. 77.2%). Statin underprescription is seen in approximately one out of five eligible patients and is independently associated with black race, younger age, fewer comorbidities and eligibility via 10-year ASCVD risk only. Hispanic patients are more likely to be on appropriate statin therapy compared to black patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/healthcare8040361DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7712578PMC
September 2020

Mandated State Medical Licensing Board Disclosures Regarding Resident Performance.

J Grad Med Educ 2019 Jun;11(3):307-312

Background: State medical licensing boards ask program directors (PDs) to complete verification of training (VOT) forms for licensure. While residency programs use Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education core competencies, there is no uniform process or set of metrics that licensing boards use to ascertain if academic competency was achieved.

Objective: We determined the performance metrics PDs are required to disclose on state licensing VOT forms.

Methods: VOT forms for allopathic medical licensing boards for all 50 states, Washington, DC, and 5 US territories were obtained via online search and reviewed. Questions were categorized by disciplinary action (investigated, disciplined, placed on probation, expelled, terminated); documents placed on file; resident actions (leave of absence, request for transfer, unexcused absences); and non-disciplinary actions (remediation, partial or no credit, non-renewal, non-promotion, extra training required). Three individuals reviewed all forms independently, compared results, and jointly resolved discrepancies. A fourth independent reviewer confirmed all results.

Results: Most states and territories (45 of 56) accept the Federation Credentials Verification Service (FCVS), but 33 states have their own VOT forms. Ten states require FCVS use. Most states ask questions regarding probation (43), disciplinary action (41), and investigation (37). Thirty-four states and territories ask about documents placed on file, 36 ask about resident actions, and 7 ask about non-disciplinary actions. Eight states' VOT forms ask no questions regarding resident performance.

Conclusions: Among the states and territories, there is great variability in VOT forms required for allopathic physicians. These forms focus on disciplinary actions and do not ask questions PDs use to assess resident performance.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-18-00970.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6570450PMC
June 2019