Publications by authors named "Daniel F Soteres"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A randomized trial of human C1 inhibitor prophylaxis in children with hereditary angioedema.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2019 08 29;30(5):553-561. Epub 2019 May 29.

HRZM Hemophilia Center Rhein Main, Mörfelden-Walldorf, Germany.

Background: Patients with hereditary angioedema with C1 inhibitor deficiency or dysfunction have burdensome recurrent angioedema attacks. The safety, efficacy, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) outcomes of C1 inhibitor (C1-INH) prophylaxis (intravenously administered) in patients aged 6-11 years were investigated.

Methods: Eligible patients were enrolled in a randomized, single-blind, crossover, phase 3 trial. After a 12-week baseline observation period (BOP), patients received 500 or 1000 U C1-INH, twice weekly, for 12 weeks before crossing over to the alternate dose for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy end-point was the monthly normalized number of angioedema attacks (NNA). HRQoL was assessed using the EuroQoL 5-dimensional descriptive system youth version and visual analog scale (EQ-VAS).

Results: Twelve randomized patients had a median (range) age of 10.0 (7-11) years. Mean (SD) percentage reduction in monthly NNA from BOP was 71.1% (27.1%) with 500 U and 84.5% (20.0%) with 1000 U C1-INH. Mean (SD) within-patient difference (-0.4 [0.58]) for monthly NNA with both doses was significant (P = 0.035 [90% CI, -0.706 to -0.102]). Cumulative attack severity, cumulative daily severity, and number of acute attacks treated were reduced. No serious adverse events or discontinuations occurred. Mean EQ-VAS change from BOP to week 9 of treatment (500 U C1-INH, 10.4; 1000 U C1-INH, 21.6) was greater than the minimal important difference, indicating a meaningful HRQoL change.

Conclusions: C1-INH prophylaxis was effective, safe, and well tolerated in children aged 6-11 years experiencing recurrent angioedema attacks. A post hoc analysis indicated a meaningful improvement in HRQoL with C1-INH.

Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02052141.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/pai.13060DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6851661PMC
August 2019

NAVIGATE I: Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Double-Blind Trial of the Exhalation Delivery System With Fluticasone for Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps.

Am J Rhinol Allergy 2019 Jan 27;33(1):69-82. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

5 OptiNose AS, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis is a common, high-morbidity chronic inflammatory disease, and patients often experience suboptimal outcomes with current medical treatment. The exhalation delivery system with fluticasone (EDS-FLU) may improve care by increasing superior/posterior intranasal corticosteroid deposition.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of EDS-FLU versus EDS-placebo in patients with nasal polyps (NP). Coprimary end points were change in nasal congestion and polyp grade. Key secondary end points were Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) and Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale-Revised (MOS Sleep-R). Other prespecified end points included all 4 cardinal symptoms of NP, 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC), Rhinosinusitis Disability Index (RSDI), and key indicators for surgical intervention.

Design: Randomized, double-blind, EDS-placebo-controlled, multicenter study.

Methods: Three hundred twenty-three subjects with NP and moderate-severe congestion/obstruction, most with history of corticosteroid use (94.4%) and/or prior surgery (60.4%), were randomized to EDS-FLU 93 µg, 186 µg, or 372 µg or EDS-placebo twice daily (BID) for 24 weeks (16 double-blind + 8 single-arm extension with EDS-FLU 372 µg BID).

Results: All EDS-FLU doses produced significant improvement in both coprimary end points ( P < .05) and in SNOT-22 total score ( P ≤ .005). EDS-FLU significantly improved all 4 cardinal symptoms of NP ( P < .05), including congestion/obstruction, facial pain/pressure, rhinorrhea/post-nasal drip, and hyposmia/anosmia. Approximately 80% of subjects reported improvement with EDS-FLU, with 65% reporting "much" or "very much" improvement by week 16. Adverse events were generally local in nature and similar to other intranasal steroids studied for similar durations in similar populations, with the most common being epistaxis.

Conclusions: In patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with NP (CRSwNP) who were symptomatic despite high rates of prior intranasal steroid use and/or surgery, EDS-FLU produced statistically significant and clinically meaningful improvements compared to EDS-placebo in multiple subjective and objective outcomes (symptoms, SNOT-22, RSDI, SF-36, PGIC, and NP grade), including all 4 cardinal symptoms of CRSwNP.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1945892418810281DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6604249PMC
January 2019

Analysis of hereditary angioedema attacks requiring a second dose of ecallantide.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2013 Mar 8;110(3):168-72. Epub 2013 Jan 8.

Institute for Asthma and Allergy, Wheaton, MD 20902, USA.

Background: Effective treatment of acute attacks is critical in managing hereditary angioedema (HAE). Ecallantide, a plasma kallikrein inhibitor, is approved for the treatment of HAE attacks. Occasionally, a second dose is needed when treating attacks of HAE.

Objective: To evaluate the characteristics of HAE attacks requiring a second dose (dose B) of ecallantide.

Methods: Data from all ecallantide clinical trials (EDEMA2, EDEMA4, and DX-88/19) that allowed an open-label dose B were included in this analysis. Patient and attack characteristics potentially predictive of dose B after ecallantide were analyzed by logistic regression. A multivariate model was built using a backward selection process, incorporating variables from the univariate model with P < .20 and removing factors with the highest P value until only significant (P < .05) factors remained.

Results: The analysis included 732 ecallantide-treated HAE attacks in 179 patients. Dose B was required in 88 attacks (12.0%), most (80.5%) for incomplete response. By attack location, 31 of 325 abdominal attacks (9.5%), 17 of 158 laryngeal attacks (10.8%), and 40 of 242 peripheral attacks (16.5%) required dose B. On the basis of the univariate analysis, baseline severity (odds ratio = 1.33, P = .15) and peripheral attack (odds ratio = 1.80, P = .01) were identified as potential predictive factors; abdominal attacks had an inverse correlation (odds ratio = 0.64, P = .055). However, the multivariate analysis identified only peripheral attacks as statistically significantly correlated (P < .05) with dose B requirement.

Conclusion: A single, 30-mg dose of ecallantide was effective for most HAE attacks (88.0%). Patients with peripheral attacks of HAE were more likely to require a second dose of ecallantide after 4 hours.

Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifiers: not applicable for EDEMA2 (trial was conducted before registration requirements were implemented), NCT00457015 for EDEMA4, and NCT00456508 for DX-88/19.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.anai.2012.12.004DOI Listing
March 2013

Efficacy and safety of ecallantide in treatment of recurrent attacks of hereditary angioedema: open-label continuation study.

Allergy Asthma Proc 2013 Mar-Apr;34(2):155-61

Allergy & Asthma Specialists, Dallas, Texas, USA.

Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of potentially life-threatening edema. The plasma kallikrein inhibitor ecallantide is approved for treatment of acute HAE attacks. This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of ecallantide for treatment of multiple HAE episodes in the DX-88/19 (continuation) study. Patients received 30 mg of subcutaneous ecallantide for acute HAE attack symptoms, with no limit on number of episodes treated. Primary end point was change in patient-reported mean symptom complex severity (MSCS) score at 4 hours. Additional end points included change in MSCS score at 24 hours, treatment outcome score (TOS) at 4 and 24 hours, and time to response. Safety parameters included adverse events. Statistical analyses were conducted on qualifying treatment episodes (those with ≥12 patients). One hundred forty-seven patients received treatment for 625 episodes; analyses were conducted through 13 treatment episodes. Across 13 episodes at 4 hours, mean change in MSCS score ranged from -1.04 to -1.36, and mean TOSs ranged from 56.2 to 79.8. Median time to onset of sustained improvement ranged from 59 to 113 minutes. There was no indication of reduced efficacy with repeated ecallantide use. No new safety signals were detected. Eight patients (5.4%) reported potential hypersensitivity reactions, six of whom met the definition of anaphylaxis based on National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases criteria. Ecallantide is effective for acute recurrent HAE attacks and maintains its efficacy and safety during multiple treatment episodes in patients with HAE. Potential hypersensitivity reactions were consistent with prior reports.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.2500/aap.2013.34.3653DOI Listing
August 2013