Publications by authors named "Dalia M Abd El-Hassib"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

A study of leptin and its gene 2548 G/A Rs7799039 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in Egyptian children: A single-center experience.

Clin Res Hepatol Gastroenterol 2021 09 2;45(5):101724. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Cairo, Egypt. Electronic address:

Background/objectives: The pathophysiology of obesity is multifactorial, including genetic and environmental factors. Previous studies had highlighted the association of the leptin gene/receptor with obesity. We aimed to study the leptin gene rs7799039 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in children, and its association with the children's characteristics.

Methods: A cross-sectional analytic study that included 143 children with obesity (cases) and a comparable group of 86 lean children as controls. The anthropometric measures, blood pressure, and biochemical testing were done for all participants. The real-time polymerase chain reaction was used to detect rs7799039 SNP variant alleles and ELISA for leptin level assessment.

Results: The distribution of rs7799039 SNPs genotypes GG/GA/AA was comparable between both groups. Testing children regardless of their body mass index showed that the abnormalities in blood pressure, lipids values, insulin resistance, and hepatic insulin sensitivity were significantly associated with increased leptin levels. Among cases, the abnormal metabolic status was associated with higher leptin levels.

Conclusions: The genotype' distribution of leptin gene rs7799039 SNP was similar in both children with obesity and those with normal-weight. The high blood pressure, abnormal lipid profile, and metabolic disturbances, were significantly associated with higher leptin levels and not with leptin gene rs7799039 SNP.
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September 2021

Covid-19: Urgent Call to Action.

Antiinflamm Antiallergy Agents Med Chem 2021 ;20(2):118-122

Tropical Medicine and Infectious Diseases Department, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt.

Novel Corona Virus 2019 (COVID-19) is a new virus spread rapidly all over the world. It has specific respiratory or gastrointestinal tract symptoms. Its reported complications include respiratory distress, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and septic shock. Due to heavy cytokines released by the virus; corticosteroids (40-120 mg / day) were given to severe cases to reduce pneumonia. It's a difficult task to control the spread of SARS-CoV-2, and to invent proper vaccines and treatments. In this review, the existing understanding of fatal, pandemic human coronavirus SARS-Cov2 (COVID-19), with special reference to its diagnosis, origin, transmission, and different approaches to develop its therapeutics, will be discussed.
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June 2021

Heme oxygenase and iron status in exosomes of psoriasis patients.

Arch Dermatol Res 2018 Oct 13;310(8):651-656. Epub 2018 Aug 13.

Clinical Pathology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Benha University, Benha, Egypt.

Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease characterized by hyperproliferation of keratinocytes due to interplay between keratinocytes and immune cells. Iron status plays an important role in modifying the function of the immune system. Heme oxygenase (HO), heme-degrading enzyme, plays important role in protective response to oxidative cellular stress. We aimed in this study to map the iron status and HO levels and declare the role HO enzyme in iron homeostasis and immune-modulation in psoriasis. Fifty-one patients with psoriasis and 50 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in this study. 5 mL blood sample was withdrawn from each subject. Hepcidin, iron soluble transferring receptor (sTfR), and total iron binding capacity (TIBC) were estimated using ELISA technique and, HO-1 gene level was detected using RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction). Iron levels, TIBC, and hepcidin were significantly lower in cases compared to controls. On the contrary, sTfR and HO-1 were significantly over-expressed in cases compared to controls (p < 0.05 in all). HO-1 expression negatively correlated with PASI score and disease extent (%) (r = - 0.614-, p = 0.001; r = - 0.807-, p = 0.001 respectively). There were no significant associations between HO-1 expression and iron, TIBC, hepcidin, sTfR levels (p > 0.05 in all). Iron supplements for the patients with psoriasis are important to maintain haematopoiesis. The induction of HO-1 might have be a promising approach for the treatment of psoriasis through antioxidant ability, immunomodulatory role as well as its role in heme synthesis.
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October 2018