Publications by authors named "Dalia Farouk"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluating efficacy of intravenous carbetocin in reducing blood loss during abdominal myomectomy: a randomized controlled trial.

Fertil Steril 2021 Mar 16;115(3):793-801. Epub 2021 Jan 16.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of carbetocin versus placebo in decreasing intraoperative blood loss and the need for blood transfusion during abdominal myomectomy.

Design: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Setting: Tertiary university hospital from September 2019 to February 2020.

Patient(s): A total of 138 women with symptomatic leiomyoma who were candidates for abdominal myomectomy (n = 69 in each group).

Intervention(s): We randomized the study participants in a 1:1 ratio to carbetocin and placebo groups. Intravenous 100 μg carbetocin or placebo was administered slowly after induction of anesthesia.

Main Outcome Measure(s): Intraoperative blood loss, need for blood transfusion, postoperative hemoglobin, operative time, length of hospitalization, and drug side-effects.

Result(s): The baseline characteristics were similar among all groups. Carbetocin had significantly lower intraoperative blood loss compared with placebo (mean difference 184 mL). Hemoglobin level 24 hours after surgery was significantly lower in the placebo group than in the carbetocin group (9.1 ± 0.8 vs. 10.3 ± 0.6 g/dL). Eight women in the carbetocin group needed blood transfusion compared with 17 in placebo group. Operative time, length of hospitalization, and side-effects were similar in both groups.

Conclusion(s): A single preoperative intravenous dose of 100 μg carbetocin is a simple, practical, and effective method of decreasing intraoperative blood loss and the need for blood transfusion during abdominal myomectomy, with tolerable, few, nonsignificant side-effects.

Clinical Trial Registration Number: NCT04083625.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fertnstert.2020.09.132DOI Listing
March 2021

Alalfy modified cervical inversion technique as a tamponade in controlling PPH in placenta previa, a multicentric double blind randomized controlled trial.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2019 Oct 21:1-7. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Helwan Faculty of Medicine, Helwan University, Helwan, Egypt.

Postpartum hemorrhage that occurs frequently with placenta previa is one of the causes of maternal mortality in 14% in developing countries. To assess efficacy of cervical inversion as a tamponade in controlling bed of placenta in cases of placenta previa. A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted among a total of 240 pregnant women with placenta previa (120 subjected to Alalfy modified cervical inversion technique plus hemostatic sutures and 120 was not subjected cervical inversion and only was subjected to hemostatic sutures in Obstetrics and Gynecology Department at Suez Canal University hospital, Helwan University and Algezeerah hospital for a planned cesarean section). The mean intraoperative blood loss, the intraoperative time, and the postoperative hemoglobin show a statistically significant difference between cases with placenta previa who were exposed to cervical inversion in comparison to cases that had no cervical inversion with a -value <.001. Modified cervical inversion (Alalfy technique) as a tamponade when added to hemostatic sutures to the placental bed is an easy, rapid, and efficient procedure that can decrease the amount of blood loss, time needed to stop bleeding per bed, total operative time, also it can decrease the need for blood transfusion.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1678140DOI Listing
October 2019

Effect of Low-Level Laser Therapy versus Electroacupuncture on Postnatal Scanty Milk Secretion: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Am J Perinatol 2020 10 21;37(12):1243-1249. Epub 2019 Jul 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Objective: Postnatal scanty milk secretion is a common complaint. Some physical and medical interventions were advocated to help milk production. These interventions should be effective and safe for the mother and the infant. This study aimed to compare the effects of low-level laser therapy and electroacupuncture on postnatal scanty milk secretion.

Study Design: A randomized controlled study conducted on 60 healthy primiparous mothers with insufficient lactation. They were randomly divided into three equal groups: group A (control), group B (those who received low-power He-Ne laser beam on both breasts), and group C (those who received faradic current stimulation at Spleen 6, Liver 3, and Small Intestine 1 acupuncture points on both sides). All participants received 10 mg Domperidone three times a day and were given advice about lactation, nutrition, and fluid intake. Evaluation was done before and after the treatment program.

Results: The mean serum prolactin, infant weight, and visual analog scale (VAS) score were significantly increased in the three groups posttreatment when compared with their corresponding levels pretreatment. Posttreatment serum prolactin was significantly elevated in group C more than the other two groups ( = 0.001 and 0.012, respectively). Also, it was significantly elevated in group B more than in group A ( = 0.001). The mean value of infant weight was significantly elevated in group C when compared with its corresponding values in both groups A ( = 0.001) and B ( = 0.029). The VAS score was significantly increased in both groups B and C when compared with group A ( = 0.001).

Conclusion: Electroacupuncture is more effective than low-level laser therapy in increasing postnatal scanty milk secretion.

Clinical Trial Registration: NCT03806062.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0039-1693428DOI Listing
October 2020

Physical endometrial manipulation and its impact on success rate and live birth rate in ICSI in patients with unexplained infertility after recurrent ICSI failure, a double blinded randomized controlled trial.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2020 Sep 22;33(17):2983-2989. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, AlAzhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Unexplained infertility is a rising problem and endometrial manipulation could be one of the solutions for enhancing the pregnancy rate and live birth rate in such circumstances. To evaluate the influence of local endometrial physical manipulation with specializd method for endometrial and tubal hydration (Elgazzar and Alalfy technique) on ICSI outcome and in increasing chemical, clinical, and live birth rate in ICSI after previous recurrent ICSI failure in patients with unexplained infertility. When comparing group 1 (hydrotubation group) and group 2 (the control group with no intervention) with regards to the biochemical, clinical, and live birth rate, the hydrotubation group revealed higher rates and a better ICSI outcome. Hydrotubation is useful in increasing biochemical, clinical, and live birth rates after recurrent failed ICSI trials with a specialized method for hydration of endometrium and tubes (Elgazzar and Alalfy technique).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14767058.2019.1566897DOI Listing
September 2020