Publications by authors named "Dale A Rudolph"

10 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Discovery and SAR studies of 2-alkyl-3-phenyl-2,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydropyrazolo[3,4-d]azepines as 5-HT inhibitors leading to the identification of a clinical candidate.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 01 7;31:127669. Epub 2020 Nov 7.

Janssen Research & Development, LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

We report here the synthesis and characterization of a dual 5-HT / 5-HT receptor antagonist 3-(4-Fluoro-phenyl)-2-isopropyl-2,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-1,2,6-triaza-azulene (4j). 4j is a high affinity 5-HT and 5-HT receptor ligand having a pK = 8.1 at both receptors. It behaves as an antagonist in an in vitro functional assay for 5-HT and as an inverse agonist in an in vitro functional assay for 5-HT. In a validated in vivo model for central 5-HT activity in rats, blockade of 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT) induced hypothermia, 4j shows efficacy at low doses (ED = 0.05 mg/kg, p.o., 1 h) and maximal efficacy was observed at 0.3 mg/kg p.o. with a corresponding plasma concentration of ~27 ng/ml. In a validated in vivo model for central 5-HT activity, blockade of 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine (DOI) induced head-twitches in mice, 4j shows efficacy at low doses with an ED = 0.3 mg/kg p.o. Ex vivo receptor binding studies demonstrate that 4j occupied 5-HT receptor binding sites in the frontal cortex of the rat brain with an ED in good agreement with the ED value for central functional effect mediated by 5-HT receptor (ED = 0.8 mg/kg, p.o., 1 h).
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2020.127669DOI Listing
January 2021

Substituted 5,6-(Dihydropyrido[3,4-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-yl)-methanones as P2X7 Antagonists.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2016 Apr 19;7(4):498-504. Epub 2016 Jan 19.

Janssen Research & Development L.L.C. , 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, United States.

We describe the synthesis of a novel class of brain penetrating P2X7 antagonists with high potency at both the rat and human P2X7 receptors. Disclosed herein are druglike molecules with demonstrated target engagement of the rat P2X7 receptors after an oral dose. Specifically, compound 20 occupied the P2X7 receptors >80% over the 6 h time course as measured by an ex vivo radioligand binding experiment. In a dose-response assay, this molecule has a plasma EC50 of 8 ng/mL. Overall, 20 has suitable druglike properties and pharmacokinetics in rat and dog. This molecule and others disclosed herein will serve as additional tools to elucidate the role of the P2X7 receptor in neuropsychiatric disorders.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acschemneuro.5b00304DOI Listing
April 2016

Novel methyl substituted 1-(5,6-dihydro-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl)methanones are P2X7 antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2015 Aug 9;25(16):3157-63. Epub 2015 Jun 9.

Janssen Pharmaceutical Research & Development L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States. Electronic address:

The optimization efforts that led to a novel series of methyl substituted 1-(5,6-dihydro-[1,2,4]triazolo[4,3-a]pyrazin-7(8H)-yl)methanones that are potent rat and human P2X7 antagonists are described. These efforts resulted in the discovery of compounds with good drug-like properties that are capable of high P2X7 receptor occupancy in rat following oral administration, including compounds 7n (P2X7 IC50 = 7.7 nM) and 7u (P2X7 IC50 =7 .7 nM). These compounds are expected to be useful tools for characterizing the effects of P2X7 antagonism in models of depression and epilepsy, and several of the compounds prepared are candidates for effective P2X7 PET tracers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2015.06.004DOI Listing
August 2015

The discovery and synthesis of JNJ 31020028, a small molecule antagonist of the Neuropeptide Y Y₂ receptor.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011 Sep 18;21(18):5552-6. Epub 2011 Jul 18.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

A series of small molecules based on a chemotype identified from our compound collection were synthesized and tested for binding affinity (IC(50)) at the human Neuropeptide Y Y(2) receptor (NPY Y(2)). Six of the 23 analogs tested possessed an NPY Y(2) IC(50) ≤ 15 nM. One member of this series, JNJ 31020028, is a selective, high affinity, receptor antagonist existing as a racemic mixture. As such a synthetic route to the desired enantiomer was designed starting from commercially available (S)-(+)-mandelic acid.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.06.136DOI Listing
September 2011

Novel tetrahydropyrido[3,2-c]pyrroles as 5-HT(7) antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2011 Jan 24;21(1):42-4. Epub 2010 Nov 24.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, United States.

The synthesis and SAR for a novel series of tetrahydropyrido[3,2-c]pyrroles is described. Optimization of the pendant aryl ring lead to high binding affinity at the 5-HT(7) receptor when small lipophilic groups were placed in the para position. Modification of the N-benzyl group and secondary amine were not well tolerated. A representative set of compounds was shown to be functional antagonists of the 5-HT(7) receptor.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2010.11.078DOI Listing
January 2011

2-Alkyl-4-aryl-pyrimidine fused heterocycles as selective 5-HT2A antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2008 Mar 30;18(6):2103-8. Epub 2008 Jan 30.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

The synthesis and SAR for a novel series of 2-alkyl-4-aryl-tetrahydro-pyrido-pyrimidines and 2-alkyl-4-aryl-tetrahydro-pyrimido-azepines is described. Representative compounds were shown to be subtype selective 5-HT(2A) antagonists. Optimal placement of a basic nitrogen relative to the pyrimidine and the presence of a 4-fluorophenyl group in the pyrimidine 4-position was found to have a profound effect on affinity and selectivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2008.01.090DOI Listing
March 2008

Palladium-catalyzed coupling of pyrazole triflates with arylboronic acids.

J Org Chem 2005 May;70(10):4188-90

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, California 92121, USA.

[reaction: see text] A general protocol for the palladium-mediated Suzuki coupling reaction of pyrazole triflates and aryl boronic acids has been developed. The use of additional dppf ligand was determined to increase product yields allowing for the use of a broad range of reaction substrates.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jo0477897DOI Listing
May 2005

Novel substituted 4-phenyl-[1,3]dioxanes: potent and selective orexin receptor 2 (OX(2)R) antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2004 Aug;14(16):4225-9

Johnson and Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, LLC, 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Orexins, also termed hypocretins, consist of two neuropeptide agonists (orexin A and B) interacting with two known G-protein coupled receptors (OX(1)R and OX(2)R). In addition to other biological functions, the orexin-2 receptor is thought to be an important modulator of sleep and wakefulness. Herein we describe a series of novel, selective OX(2)R antagonists consisting of substituted 4-phenyl-[1,3]dioxanes. One such antagonist is compound 9, 1-(2,4-dibromo-phenyl)-3-((4S,5S)-2,2-dimethyl-4-phenyl-[1,3]dioxan-5-yl)-urea, which is bound by the OX(2)R with a pK(i) of 8.3, has a pK(b) of 7.9, and is 600-fold selective for the OX(2)R over the OX(1)R.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2004.06.032DOI Listing
August 2004

Novel non-peptidic neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor antagonists.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2004 Mar;14(5):1239-42

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, L.L.C., 3210 Merryfield Row, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

Through SAR studies of a piperidinylindoline cinnamide HTS lead, the first potent, non-peptide, low molecular weight selective Neuropeptide Y Y2 (NPY Y2) antagonists have been synthesized. The SAR studies around the piperidinyl, the indolinyl, and the cinnamyl moieties are discussed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bmcl.2003.12.057DOI Listing
March 2004

Characterization of N-(1-Acetyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-6-yl)-3-(3-cyano-phenyl)-N-[1-(2-cyclopentyl-ethyl)-piperidin-4yl]acrylamide (JNJ-5207787), a small molecule antagonist of the neuropeptide Y Y2 receptor.

J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2004 Mar 14;308(3):1130-7. Epub 2003 Nov 14.

Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development, San Diego, CA 92121, USA.

The in vitro pharmacological properties of N-(1-Acetyl-2,3-dihydro-1H-indol-6-yl)-3-(3-cyano-phenyl)-N-[1-(2-cyclopentyl-ethyl)-piperidin-4yl]-acrylamide (JNJ-5207787), a novel neuropeptide Y Y(2) receptor (Y(2)) antagonist, were evaluated. JNJ-5207787 inhibited the binding of peptide YY (PYY) to human Y(2) receptor in KAN-Ts cells (pIC(50) = 7.00 +/- 0.10) and to rat Y(2) receptors in rat hippocampus (pIC(50) = 7.10 +/- 0.20). The compound was >100-fold selective versus human Y(1),Y(4), and Y(5) receptors as evaluated by radioligand binding. In vitro receptor autoradiography data in rat brain tissue sections confirmed the selectivity of JNJ-5207787. [(125)I]PYY binding sites sensitive to JNJ-5207787 were found in rat brain regions known to express Y(2) receptor (septum, hypothalamus, hippocampus, substantia nigra, and cerebellum), whereas insensitive binding sites were observed in regions known to express Y(1) receptor (cortex and thalamus). JNJ-5207787 was demonstrated to be an antagonist via inhibition of PYY-stimulated guanosine 5'-O-(3-[(35)S]thio)triphosphate binding ([(35)S]GTPgammaS) in KAN-Ts cells (pIC(50) corrected = 7.20 +/- 0.12). This was confirmed auto-radiographically in rat brain sections where PYY-stimulated guanosine 5'-O-(3-[(35)S]thio)triphosphate binding was inhibited by JNJ-5207787 (10 microM) in hypothalamus, hippocampus, and substantia nigra. After intraperitoneal administration in rats (30 mg/kg), JNJ-5207787 penetrated into the brain (C(max) = 1351 +/- 153 ng/ml at 30 min) and occupied Y(2) receptor binding sites as revealed by ex vivo receptor autoradiography. Hence, JNJ-5207787 is a potent and selective pharmacological tool available to establish the potential role of central and peripheral Y(2) receptors in vivo.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/jpet.103.060459DOI Listing
March 2004