Publications by authors named "Daihong Zhan"

2 Publications

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Immunogenicity and Safety of an Inactivated Enterovirus 71 Vaccine Administered Simultaneously with Hepatitis B Virus Vaccine, Group A Meningococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine, Measles-Rubella Combined Vaccine and Japanese Encephalitis Vaccine: A Multi-Center, Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial in China.

Vaccines (Basel) 2022 Jun 2;10(6). Epub 2022 Jun 2.

Shandong Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Jinan 250014, China.

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the immunogenicity and safety of the enterovirus 71 vaccine (EV71 vaccine) administered alone or simultaneously.

Methods: A multi-center, open-label, randomized controlled trial was performed involving 1080 healthy infants aged 6 months or 8 months from Shandong, Shanxi, Shaanxi, and Hunan provinces. These infants were divided into four simultaneous administration groups and EV71 vaccine separate administration group. Blood samples were collected from the infants before the first vaccination and after the completion of the vaccination. This trial was registered in the Clinical Trials Registry (NCT03519568).

Results: A total of 895 were included in the per-protocol analysis. The seroconversion rates of antibodies against EV71 in four simultaneous administration groups (98.44% (189/192), 94.57% (122/129), 99.47% (187/188) and 98.45% (190/193)) were non-inferior to EV71 vaccine separate administration group (97.93% [189/193]) respectively. Fever was the most common adverse event, the pairwise comparison tests showed no difference in the incidence rate of solicited, systemic or local adverse events. Three serious adverse events related to the vaccination were reported.

Conclusions: The evidence of immunogenicity and safety supports that the EV71 vaccine administered simultaneously with vaccines need to be administered during the same period of time recommended in China.
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June 2022

An outbreak of echovirus 33 in schools in China in 2013.

Arch Virol 2014 Sep 3;159(9):2233-41. Epub 2014 Apr 3.

Key Laboratory of Medical Virology of Ministry of Health, Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China.

Echovirus 33 (E33) has been infrequently detected and is less frequently associated with clinical diseases when compared with other types of enteroviruses (EVs) in China. An outbreak of E33 was identified in four schools in Hunan Province, China, in June 2013. For laboratory diagnosis, throat swabs and/or serum specimens were collected from 27 patients. E33 was isolated in cell culture and typed by molecular methods. Complete VP1 gene sequences were determined and analyzed. Specific E33 antibody was measured by virus neutralization testing. From June 3-20, 108 suspected cases were reported, and 19 were confirmed to be associated with E33 by laboratory testing, with seven virologically confirmed and 12 serologically confirmed cases. The suspected cases were in children aged 3-16 years (mean, 11 years), most of whom (94%, 102/108) were ≥6 years old. The majority of cases (98%, 106/108) presented as influenza-like illness (ILI), and two were clinically diagnosed as viral meningitis. Older children aged ≥12 years had a higher hospitalization rate (21%) than younger children (4%). A BLAST query of GenBank with the Hunan E33 strain VP1 gene sequence gave a close match to an E33 isolate from Pakistan, based on a partial VP1 gene sequence. Phylogenetic analyses of the complete E33 VP1 gene sequences from our study revealed an independent cluster with nucleotide sequences that diverge from E33 from other countries by >12%. Due to limited E33 VP1 gene sequence data in GenBank and passive EV surveillance in China and most other parts of the world (excepting hand, foot, and mouth disease surveillance in Asia), the approximate origin of Hunan E33 could not be determined.
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September 2014