Publications by authors named "Dafna Marom"

4 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Clinical Features and Comparison of Kingella and Non-Kingella Endocarditis in Children, Israel.

Emerg Infect Dis 2021 03;27(3):703-709

Kingella spp. have emerged as an important cause of invasive pediatric diseases. Data on Kingella infective endocarditis (KIE) in children are scarce. We compared the clinical features of pediatric KIE cases with those of Streptococcus species IE (StIE) and Staphylococcus aureus IE (SaIE). A total of 60 patients were included in the study. Throughout the study period, a rise in incidence of KIE was noted. KIE patients were significantly younger than those with StIE and SaIE, were predominately boys, and had higher temperature at admission, history of oral aphthae before IE diagnosis, and higher lymphocyte count (p<0.05). Pediatric KIE exhibits unique features compared with StIE and SaIE. Therefore, in young healthy children <36 months of age, especially boys, with or without a congenital heart defect, with a recent history of oral aphthae, and experiencing signs and symptoms compatible with endocarditis, Kingella should be suspected as the causative pathogen.
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March 2021


Harefuah 2017 Aug;156(8):478-481

Pediatric Neurology Clinic, Schneider Children's Medical Center, Clalit Health Services.

Introduction: Anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) encephalitis is a disorder characterized by acute neuro-psychiatric symptoms, appearing mostly after a recent febrile disease, with a gradual progressive course, associated with laboratory or radiologic evidence of active inflammation. Many of the patients will present with a continuous neuro-cognitive disorder which could lead to major morbidity and even mortality. It was recently reported that this disorder can present at childhood as a primary disease or as a secondary complication of herpes simplex infection. Early diagnosis and treatment have significantly improved the patients' prognosis and prevented chronic complications. We will present six pediatric patients at ages 1-14 years, followed from 2011-2014 in Schneider Children's Medical Center and Assaf Harofeh Medical Center due to acute encephalitis, with a clinical course under suspicion for anti-NMDA encephalitis. The article will review the clinical and diagnostic dilemmas and suggested guidelines. Pediatricians should be aware of this new emerging syndrome.
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August 2017

Early onset epileptic encephalopathy caused by de novo SCN8A mutations.

Epilepsia 2014 Jul 2;55(7):994-1000. Epub 2014 Jun 2.

Department of Human Genetics, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan; Department of Clinical Neurology and Stroke Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

Objective: De novo SCN8A mutations have been reported in patients with epileptic encephalopathy. Herein we report seven patients with de novo heterozygous SCN8A mutations, which were found in our comprehensive genetic analysis (target capture or whole-exome sequencing) for early onset epileptic encephalopathies (EOEEs).

Methods: A total of 163 patients with EOEEs without mutations in known genes, including 6 with malignant migrating partial seizures in infancy (MMPSI), and 60 with unclassified EOEEs, were analyzed by target capture (28 samples) or whole-exome sequencing (135 samples).

Results: We identified de novo SCN8A mutations in 7 patients: 6 of 60 unclassified EOEEs (10.0%), and one of 6 MMPSI cases (16.7%). The mutations were scattered through the entire gene: four mutations were located in linker regions, two in the fourth transmembrane segments, and one in the C-terminal domain. The type of the initial seizures was variable including generalized tonic-clonic, atypical absence, partial, apneic attack, febrile convulsion, and loss of tone and consciousness. Onset of seizures was during the neonatal period in two patients, and between 3 and 7 months of age in five patients. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed cerebellar and cerebral atrophy in one and six patients, respectively. All patients with SCN8A missense mutations showed initially uncontrollable seizures by any drugs, but eventually one was seizure-free and three were controlled at the last examination. All patients showed developmental delay or regression in infancy, resulting in severe intellectual disability.

Significance: Our data reveal that SCN8A mutations can cause variable phenotypes, most of which can be diagnosed as unclassified EOEEs, and rarely as MMPSI. Together with previous reports, our study further indicates that genetic testing of SCN8A should be considered in children with unclassified severe epilepsy.
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July 2014

Late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis: a new mutation in Arabs.

Pediatr Neurol 2009 Oct;41(4):297-300

Epilepsy Center, Schneider Children's Medical Center of Israel, Petah Tiqwa 49202, Israel.

The neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses are a group of dominant neurodegenerative, progressive, and fatal disorders characterized clinically by myoclonic epilepsy, in variable association with dementia, ataxia, and visual loss. Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses were classified into several phenotypes according to their age of onset: infantile, late infantile, juvenile, and adult. A specific phenotype was named "northern epilepsy," and its onset of signs occurs between ages 5-10 years. Deficiencies in the lysosomal activity of two specific enzymes were found in several types of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis: palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1, encoded by the CLN1 gene, and tripeptidyl-peptidase 1, encoded by the CLN2 gene. Several mutations in CLN2 were described previously. We describe a novel mutation in two siblings of Israeli-Arab origin, with a clinical picture compatible with late infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis. Both siblings were found to be homozygous for a deletion of a C nucleotide at position 775 in exon 7 of the CLN2 gene. These findings have implications for the worldwide epidemiology of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis.
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October 2009