Publications by authors named "D Pakeliani"

14 Publications

Simultaneous Hybrid Treatment of Multilevel Peripheral Arterial Disease in Patients with Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia.

J Clin Med 2021 Jun 28;10(13). Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, 90127 Palermo, Italy.

Background: Hybrid treatments (HT) aim to reduce conventional open surgery invasiveness and address multilevel peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Herein, the simultaneous HT treatment in patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI) is reported.

Methods: Retrospective analysis, for the period from May 2012 to April 2018, of patients presenting multilevel PAD with CLTI addressed with simultaneous HT. The outcomes of these interventions were measured the following metrics: early technical successes (within 30 days following treatment) and late technical successes (30 days or more following treatment) and included mortality, morbidity symptoms recurrence, and amputation. Survival and patencies were estimated. The median follow-up was 43.77 months.

Results: In the 45 included patients, the HT consisted of femoral bifurcation patch angioplasty followed by an endovascular treatment in 38 patients (84.4%) and endovascular treatment followed by a surgical bypass in 7 patients (15.6%). Technical success was 100% without perioperative mortality. Eight (17.8%) patients presented early complications without major amputations. During the follow-up, seven (15.6%) deaths occurred and six patients (13.3%) experienced symptoms recurrence, with five of those patients requiring major amputation. An estimated survival time of 5 years, primary patency, and secondary patency was 84.4%, 79.2%, and 83.3% respectively.

Conclusions: Hybrid treatments are effective in addressing patients presenting with multilevel PAD and CLTI. The common femoral artery involvement influences strategy selection. Larger studies with longer-term outcomes are required to validate the hybrid approach, indications, and results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/jcm10132865DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8268200PMC
June 2021

Mechanical rotational thrombectomy in long femoropopliteal artery and stent occlusion in COVID-19 patient: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 24;84:106133. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Vascular Surgery Unit, AOUP Policlinico 'P. Giaccone', Palermo, Italy; Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) has been increasingly associated with thromboembolic complications. COVID-19 infection has a thrombogenic potential for stents. Herein, we report a case of stent thrombosis in diabetic obese patient COVID-19 positive where was previously released a Multilayer Flow Modulator stent (MFM) for large popliteal aneurysm.

Case Report: A 78-year-old male was referred to our hospital for fever and acute pain in the left leg. At history, the same patient had endovascular procedure for a large symptomatic popliteal aneurysm, treated through release of three MFM. The pulmonary CT scan showed COVID-19 infection with confirm of rhino-laryngeal swab. Duplex ultrasound and CT-angiography showed complete thrombosis of stents. The treatment consisted of mechanical thrombectomy using an 8Fr catheter Rotarex plus release of Vibahn stent-graft.

Discussion: COVID-19 patients can present arterial occlusion. In literature are not reported cases about thrombosis peripheral stent. Minimally invasive approaches in redo-procedure reduce risk of infection. Rotarex device was used in revascularization of acute and subacute iliac and femoropopliteal arteries. The goal is to have a debulking, to avoid an incomplete deployment of stent-graft. In our precedent experience, MFM and stent-graft to treatment of popliteal aneurism were safe. It is important to monitor these patients for early identification of failure and rapprochement. In this case, the COVID-19 infection was determinant in promoting thrombosis.

Conclusions: COVID-19 increases risk of thrombosis stent. In our experience debulking through Rotarex and stenting, were decisive factors for revascularization and limb salvage.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.106133DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8223112PMC
July 2021

TEVAR and periscope graft technique to treatment of huge aneurysm of aortic isthmus: Case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 19;84:106129. Epub 2021 Jun 19.

Vascular Surgery Unit - AOmUP Policlinico 'P. Giaccone', Palermo, Italy; Department of Surgical, Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, Italy.

Introduction: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has revolutionized the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Innovative techniques as chimney and periscope grafts can improve the outcomes of procedure. Herein, we report a case in emergency of huge Thoracic aortic aneurism.

Presentation Of Case: An 86-year-old male with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, was referred to our hospital for chest pain. CT-angiography showed a huge aneurysm of aortic isthmus with signs of rupture. The patient was considered unfit for open surgery and an endovascular approach was chosen. This patient underwent endovascular repair with TEVAR, using the periscope graft technique to preserve patency in left subclavian artery (LSA).

Discussion: Symptomatic ischemia from LSA coverage has been reported to occur in only a modest 6-10% of patients and is often sacrificed with impunity given coverage rates between 10 and 50%. In this case reported the lack of revascularization of LSA increased the risk of neurological manifestations or stroke. Periscope technique is feasible and safe to maintain perfusion to the subclavian artery, with a 93% primary patency at 2 years.

Conclusions: Our experience using TEVAR with periscope graft technique as solution to address thoracic aneurysm of aortic isthmus was feasible and safe.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2021.106129DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8237280PMC
July 2021

The use of the Amplatzer Vascular Plug in the prevention of endoleaks during abdominal endovascular aneurysm repair: A systematic literature review on current applications.

Vascular 2021 Jun 14:17085381211025152. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, 9325University of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy.

Objectives: The Amplatzer Vascular Plug (AVP) is a vascular occlusion device designed to provide optimal embolization in several fields of the endovascular surgery. A full literature review was conducted to analyze AVPs in comparison with coils for the prevention of endoleaks during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Methods: A systematic review was designed under PRISMA statement guidelines for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The results were updated with a subsequent electronic search using Medline and Scopus databases up to December 2019.

Results: Eighteen articles making this comparison were found. In 79.7% of the cases, the target vessel was the internal iliac artery; in 1.6%, the common iliac artery; and in 16.7%, the inferior mesenteric artery. Risk of complications (buttock claudication, groin hematoma, endoleaks, and erectile dysfunction) after AVP was low. A cost comparison revealed that the mean cost for coils was around US$2262, while the average cost for the AVP was US$310.

Conclusions: The AVP is an effective and safe device for occluding peripheral vessels, proved to have lower complications rates. Compared with coil embolization, the AVP technique is potentially associated with lower procedural costs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/17085381211025152DOI Listing
June 2021

Efficacy and one-year outcomes of Luminor® paclitaxel-coated drug-eluting balloon in the treatment of popliteal artery atherosclerosis lesions.

Ann Vasc Surg 2021 May 2. Epub 2021 May 2.

Department of Surgical Oncological and Oral Sciences, University of Palermo, Palermo, Italy; Vascular Surgery Unit, AOUP "P. Giaccone", Palermo, Italy.

Purpose: Reporting outcomes with a new generation paclitaxel eluting balloon (Luminor®; iVascular, Vascular, S.L.U., Barcelona, Spain) in the popliteal district. Endovascular treatment of popliteal artery atherosclerotic disease is still debated without definitive evidences.

Methods: From January to June 2019, patients' data presenting popliteal artery atherosclerotic diseases and treated with the Luminor® (iVascular) drug eluting balloon (DEB) were prospectively collected. Critical limb ischemia (CLI) or severe claudication associated with popliteal artery stenosis >50% were the inclusion criteria. Measured outcomes were technical success, early and late results; including mortality, morbidity, symptoms recurrence, amputation, ankle-brachial index (ABI), survival, primary patency, secondary patency, freedom from restenosis. Median follow-up was 22.43 ± 4 (mean:21.58; IQR:20-24) months.

Results: Of the 33 included patients, 28 (85%) were diagnosed with CLI, with a mean preoperative run-off score of 5.39 (r:0-10; SD:3) and a chronic popliteal occlusion in 21 (64%). Technical success was achieved in all cases. Perioperative mortality was observed in 1 (3%) patient and perioperative complications in 2 (6%). During the follow-up were reported 2 symptoms recurrence; a significant ABI increase (0.57; IQR:0.41-0.47 vs. 0.69; IQR:0.50-0.67; P < 0.01); 1 (3%) major and 2 (6%) minor amputations. Estimated 24 months survival, primary patency, secondary patency, and freedom from restenosis were 97%, 96.9%, 100%, and 93.8% respectively.

Conclusions: In this prospective study, the use of the Luminor® (iVascular) was safe and effective in addressing atherosclerotic popliteal artery lesions. Larger studies with longer term-outcomes are required to assess the durability of this device in the popliteal artery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avsg.2021.04.015DOI Listing
May 2021
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