Publications by authors named "Cyrus F Buhari"

4 Publications

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Femoral micropuncture or routine introducer study (FEMORIS).

Cardiology 2014 9;129(1):39-43. Epub 2014 Jul 9.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, UCSF Fresno Medical Education Program, Fresno, Calif., USA.

Objectives: The Micropuncture® 21-gauge needle may reduce complications related to vessel trauma from inadvertent venous or posterior arterial wall puncture.

Methods: This was a single-center, multiple-user trial. Four hundred and two patients undergoing possible or definite percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were randomized 1:1 to an 18-gauge versus a 21-gauge needle. Patients and personnel pulling the sheaths and performing the follow-up were blinded. The primary end point was a composite of access bleeding. Events were tabulated following sheath removal, ≤ 24 h after the procedure and at the follow-up (at 1-2 weeks). End points were blindly adjudicated.

Results: The event rate overall was 12.4% and did not differ significantly between groups, although the 21-gauge needle was found to reduce events by more than one third. An exploratory subgroup analysis of prespecified variables indicated that: patients who did not undergo PCI or elective procedures, female patients and those with a final sheath size of ≤ 6 Fr all had a significant or near-significant reduction of complications with Micropuncture.

Conclusions: Although no significant differences between the use of the 18- and 21-gauge needles were observed, there was a 50-75% reduction with Micropuncture in several subgroups. The study was terminated prematurely. Access site complications may be reduced by the use of the 21-gauge needle, particularly when the risk of bleeding is not high. Further multicenter data will be required to confirm these hypothesis-generating observations.
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May 2015

Initial stability of cemented femoral stems as a function of surface finish, collar, and stem size.

J Bone Joint Surg Am 2004 Jan;86(1):106-15

Biomechanics Laboratory, Los Angeles Orthopaedic Hospital/University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90007-2697, USA.

Background: The optimum surface roughness of cemented femoral stems used for total hip replacement is a subject of controversy. While rougher surfaces provide stronger cement adhesion, it has been hypothesized that polished, tapered, noncollared stems settle into the cement mantle, providing improved stability. However, the effects of surface finish on the stability of straight, cemented stems tapered only in the coronal plane are not known.

Methods: Using composite model femora, we assessed the initial stability of a straight, cemented femoral stem as a function of surface roughness, the presence or absence of a collar, stem size, and the resultant cement thickness under simulated walking and stair-climbing loads. Otherwise identical stems were manufactured with polished or rough surfaces, with or without a collar, in two different sizes. We isolated these three variables and compared their relative contributions to the motion at the stem-cement interface throughout cyclic loading. We defined three indicators of stability: per-cycle motion, rate of migration, and final migration.

Results: Surface roughness had a greater influence on per-cycle motions than did the presence or absence of a collar or cement thickness. Specifically, in the medial-lateral direction, per-cycle motion of polished stems was 43 micro m greater than that of rough stems (p < 0.01). None of the per-cycle motions decreased over the 77,000 load cycles. In contrast, with all stems, the rate of migration decreased over the course of cyclic loading, but the rate of migration of the polished stems was greater than that of the rough stems. Final migrations of the stems over the course of loading were generally distal, medial, and into retroversion. Compared with rough stems, polished stems had 8 to 18 micro m more axial migration (p < 0.001), 48 micro m more anterior-posterior migration (p < 0.001), and 0.4 degrees more rotational migration (p = 0.01).

Conclusions: and

Clinical Relevance: The results indicated that, for cemented, straight femoral stems tapered only in the coronal plane, a rough surface offers the advantage of less per-cycle motion. These results may apply to widely used cemented stem designs based on the profile of the original Charnley femoral component, which has approximately parallel anterior and posterior aspects.
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January 2004