Publications by authors named "Cristina Lopez-Penalver"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Noninvasive Surface Imaging of Breast Cancer in Humans using a Hand-held Optical Imager.

Biomed Phys Eng Express 2015 Dec 23;1(4). Epub 2015 Oct 23.

Dept. of Biomedical Engineering, Florida International University, 10555 West Flagler St. EC2610, Miami, FL, USA 33174.

X-ray mammography, the current gold standard for breast cancer detection, has a 20% false-negative rate (cancer is undetected) and increases in younger women with denser breast tissue. Diffuse optical imaging (DOI) is a safe (nonionizing), and relatively inexpensive method for noninvasive imaging of breast cancer in human subjects (including dense breast tissues) by providing physiological information (e.g. oxy- and deoxy- hemoglobin concentration). At the Optical Imaging Laboratory, a hand-held optical imager has been developed which employs a breast contourable probe head to perform simultaneous illumination and detection of large surfaces towards near real-time imaging of human breast cancer. Gen-1 and gen-2 versions of the handheld optical imager have been developed and previously demonstrated imaging in tissue phantoms and healthy human subjects. Herein, the hand-held optical imagers are applied towards imaging of breast cancer subjects in an attempt to determine the ability of the imager to detect breast tumors. Five female human subjects (ages 51-74) diagnosed with breast cancer were imaged with the gen-1 optical imager prior to surgical intervention. One of the subjects was also imaged with the gen-2 optical imager. Both imagers use 785 nm laser diode sources and ICCD camera detectors to generate 2D surfaces maps of total hemoglobin absorption. The subjects lay in supine position and images were collected at various locations on both the ipsilateral (tumor-containing) and contralateral (non-tumor containing) breasts. The optical images (2D surface maps of optical absorption due to total hemoglobin concentration) show regions of higher intensity at the tumor location, which is indicative of increased vasculature and higher blood content due to the presence of the tumor. Additionally, a preliminary result indicates the potential to image lymphatic spread. This study demonstrates the potential of the hand-held optical devices to noninvasively image breast cancer in human subjects.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
December 2015

Use of surgisis mesh in laparoscopic repair of hiatal hernias.

Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech 2007 Oct;17(5):365-8

Mercy Hospital, Advanced Surgical Institute, Miami, FL 33133, USA.

Background: Breakdown of the crural closure is a frequent reason for failure of antireflux surgical procedures. This retrospective study aimed to determine the effectiveness of using absorbable mesh in preventing recurrence of hiatal hernia after posterior cruroplasty.

Design: Comparative retrospective analysis.

Method: The charts of 220 adults who underwent antireflux surgery with posterior cruroplasty between 1997 and 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into 2 groups: posterior cruroplasty+absorbable mesh reinforcement (n=127) and posterior cruroplasty alone (n=93). Symptomatic outcome was assessed by telephone interview in 92 patients (72%) in the mesh group at a median of 3.2 years postoperatively and 59 patients (63%) in the no mesh group of men studied at a median of 3.8 years postoperatively.

Main Outcome Measures: Incidence of recurrence and persistent symptoms.

Results: In the mesh group, 74/92 (80%) patients remained asymptomatic at a median of 3.2 years postoperatively. Of these patients, 31 underwent either an upper endoscopy or an upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series; none had recurrence of hiatal hernia. Of the 18 symptomatic patients, 13 underwent an upper endoscopy or an UGI series to determine the etiology of symptoms; 3 recurrences were confirmed for a 3.3% overall proven recurrence rate. In the no mesh group, 26/59 (44%) patients were symptomatic. Of these, 18 underwent either an upper endoscopy or an UGI series. Recurrence of hernia was confirmed in 12 patients for a 20% overall proven recurrence rate. There were no instances of mesh infection or erosion.

Conclusions: Symptomatic recurrence rates of hiatal hernia after antireflux surgery vary. Recurrence of a hiatal hernia may or may not lead to symptoms. This retrospective analysis demonstrates that absorbable mesh is safe and may lead to a significant reduction in the incidence of symptomatic recurrent hiatal hernia.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source Listing
October 2007