Publications by authors named "Corinne Veyret"

23 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Randomised phase II trial evaluating the safety of peripherally inserted catheters versus implanted port catheters during adjuvant chemotherapy in patients with early breast cancer.

Eur J Cancer 2020 02 10;126:116-124. Epub 2020 Jan 10.

Department of Medical Oncology, Centre Henri Becquerel, Rouen, France; Department of Digestive Oncology, Rouen University Hospital, Rouen, France.

Background: Both peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) and implanted port catheters (PORTs) are used for adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) administration in patients with early breast cancer (EBC). We aimed to compare the safety between PICCs and PORTs in this setting.

Patients And Methods: This monocentric phase II randomised trial (NCT02095743) included patients with EBC who were eligible for ACT. Patients with curative anticoagulation therapy were excluded. The primary objective was to identify which device has a lower probability of catheter-related significant adverse events (CR-SAEs) within the 35 weeks after device implantation. The secondary objective was to evaluate quality of life (QoL) and patient satisfaction.

Results: From February 2014 to May 2018, 256 patients were included, and 253 (99%) were analysed. Overall, 31 patients (12.2%) experienced CR-SAEs, which mainly included thromboembolic events. In an intention-to-treat analysis, the probability that a CR-SAE would occur was 7.8% (10 events) with PORTs versus 16.6% (21 events) with PICCs (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.2 [1.03-4.62], P = 0.036). In a per-protocol analysis, PICCs were also associated with a higher risk of CR-SAEs than PORTs (HR = 2.82 [1.26-6.25], P = 0.007). Regarding the secondary objectives, if there was no difference in QoL between the arms, then significantly more discomfort was reported among patients with PICCs than among patients with PORTs (P = 0.002 after implantation and P < 0.001 at mid-treatment or at the end of treatment).

Conclusions: CR-SAEs in patients with EBC are frequent but rarely impact the ACT process. Compared with PORTs, PICCs are associated with a significantly higher risk of CR-SAEs and more discomfort. PORTs should be preferred for ACT administration in patients with EBC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2019.11.022DOI Listing
February 2020

Adjuvant Letrozole and Tamoxifen Alone or Sequentially for Postmenopausal Women With Hormone Receptor-Positive Breast Cancer: Long-Term Follow-Up of the BIG 1-98 Trial.

J Clin Oncol 2019 01 26;37(2):105-114. Epub 2018 Nov 26.

2 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA.

Purpose: Luminal breast cancer has a long natural history, with recurrences continuing beyond 10 years after diagnosis. We analyzed long-term follow-up (LTFU) of efficacy outcomes and adverse events in the Breast International Group (BIG) 1-98 study reported after a median follow-up of 12.6 years.

Patients And Methods: BIG 1-98 is a four-arm, phase III, double-blind, randomized trial comparing adjuvant letrozole versus tamoxifen (either treatment received for 5 years) and their sequences (2 years of one treatment plus 3 years of the other) for postmenopausal women with endocrine-responsive early breast cancer. When pharmaceutical company sponsorship ended at 8.4 years of median follow-up, academic partners initiated an observational, LTFU extension collecting annual data on survival, disease status, and adverse events. Information from Denmark was from the Danish Breast Cancer Cooperative Group Registry. Intention-to-treat analyses are reported.

Results: Of 8,010 enrolled patients, 4,433 were alive and not withdrawn at an LTFU participating center, and 3,833 (86%) had at least one LTFU report. For the monotherapy comparison of letrozole versus tamoxifen, we found a 9% relative reduction in the hazard of a disease-free survival event with letrozole (hazard ratio [HR], 0.91; 95% CI, 0.81 to 1.01). HRs for other efficacy end points were similar to those for disease-free survival. Efficacy of letrozole versus tamoxifen for contralateral breast cancer varied significantly over time (0- to 5-, 5- to 10-, and > 10-year HRs, 0.62, 0.47, and 1.35, respectively; treatment-by-time interaction P = .005), perhaps reflecting a longer carryover effect of tamoxifen. Reporting of specific long-term adverse events seemed more effective with national registry than with case-record reporting of clinical follow-up.

Conclusion: Efficacy end points continued to show trends favoring letrozole. Letrozole reduced contralateral breast cancer frequency in the first 10 years, but this reversed beyond 10 years. This study illustrates the value of extended follow-up in trials of luminal breast cancer.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.18.00440DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6325353PMC
January 2019

Individualized Prediction of Menses Recovery After Chemotherapy for Early-stage Breast Cancer: A Nomogram Developed From UNICANCER PACS04 and PACS05 Trials.

Clin Breast Cancer 2019 02 23;19(1):63-70. Epub 2018 Aug 23.

Department of Medical Oncology, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

Background: The likelihood of menses recovery varies greatly in premenopausal patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer. Quantifying this probability for each patient could better inform the chemotherapy discussion and individualize fertility counseling. We performed a pooled analysis of the PACS04 and PACS05 adjuvant randomized trials to develop a nomogram to estimate the probability of menses recovery at 3, 6, and 18 months after the end of adjuvant chemotherapy.

Patients And Methods: Women who were premenopausal and aged ≤ 50 years at randomization in the PACS04 and PACS05 trials were included in the present analysis. The primary endpoint was the probability of menses recovery within 18 months of chemotherapy completion. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression was used to estimate the association of each variable with the likelihood of menses resumption. A nomogram was developed to predict menses recovery at different intervals.

Results: The factors associated with menses recovery were assessed for 1210 patients. At a median follow-up of 90 months (range, 3-189 months), 342 of 1210 patients (28.2%) had recovered menses. The probability of menses recovery at 18 months was 25.5% (range, 23.0%-27.9%). After backward elimination, age, final body mass index, type of chemotherapy, and hormone therapy were selected to build the nomogram to predict the probability of menstrual resumption at 3, 6, and 18 months after chemotherapy.

Conclusion: An accurate and individualized prediction of menses recovery is feasible for premenopausal patients eligible for adjuvant chemotherapy for early-stage breast cancer. Our nomogram will be externally validated in a large prospective cohort.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clbc.2018.08.005DOI Listing
February 2019

Cognitive Changes After Adjuvant Treatment in Older Adults with Early-Stage Breast Cancer.

Oncologist 2019 01 22;24(1):62-68. Epub 2018 Jun 22.

INSERM, U1086, ANTICIPE, Caen, France

Background: Group-based trajectory modeling is particularly important to identify subgroups of patients with pathological cognitive changes after cancer treatment. To date, only one study has explored cognitive trajectories in older patients with cancer. The present article describes objective cognitive changes before to after adjuvant treatment in older adults with early-stage breast cancer (EBC) after adjuvant treatment compared with healthy controls.

Patients And Methods: Participants were patients ≥65 years of age with newly diagnosed EBC and healthy controls (age-, sex-, and education-matched). The pretreatment assessment was conducted before adjuvant therapy, and the post-treatment assessment after the end of the first adjuvant treatment. Objective cognitive changes before to after treatment were evaluated based on the Reliable Change Index for cognitive decline accounting for cognitive impairment status.

Results: The sample consisted of women newly diagnosed with EBC ( = 118) and healthy controls ( = 62). Five patterns of changes before to after treatment were identified based on the presence of cognitive decline and cognitive impairment. The distribution of these five change patterns was statistically significant ( = .0001). Thirty-six percent of patients had phase shift changes, 31% without initial objective cognitive impairment developed impairment, 15% had a normal aging, 12% had a nonpathological decline, and 6% experienced accelerated cognitive decline.

Conclusion: This study described for the first time objective cognitive changes before to after treatment of older adults with EBC immediately after the end of adjuvant treatment. A longer-term remote follow-up of adjuvant treatment is needed to better understand the cognitive trajectories of older patients with EBC.

Implications For Practice: After the end of adjuvant treatment, 31% of older adults with early-stage breast cancer without initial objective cognitive impairment developed impairment, and 6% experienced accelerated cognitive decline. Initial cognitive functioning should be included in the balance of benefits and harms of systemic therapy for patients who are likely to be at highest risk for cognitive decline after cancer treatments. Regular cognitive follow-up of patients who had cognitive impairment before cancer treatment should monitor symptoms suggestive of neurodegenerative disease and avert the effect of cognitive disorders on patients' autonomy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2017-0570DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6324624PMC
January 2019

Kinetics, prognostic and predictive values of ESR1 circulating mutations in metastatic breast cancer patients progressing on aromatase inhibitor.

Oncotarget 2016 11;7(46):74448-74459

Department of Medical Oncology, Henri Becquerel Centre, Rouen, France.

Purpose: To assess the prognostic and predictive value of circulating ESR1 mutation and its kinetics before and after progression on aromatase inhibitor (AI) treatment.

Patients And Methods: ESR1 circulating D538G and Y537S/N/C mutations were retrospectively analyzed by digital droplet PCR after first-line AI failure in patients treated consecutively from 2010 to 2012 for hormone receptor-positive metastatic breast cancer. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed according to circulating mutational status and subsequent lines of treatment. The kinetics of ESR1 mutation before (3 and 6 months) and after (3 months) AI progression were determined in the available archive plasmas.

Results: Circulating ESR1 mutations were found at AI progression in 44/144 patients included (30.6%). Median follow-up from AI initiation was 40 months (range 4-94). The median OS was decreased in patients with circulating ESR1 mutation than in patients without mutation (15.5 versus 23.8 months, P=0.0006). The median PFS was also significantly decreased in patients with ESR1 mutation than in patients without mutation (5.9 vs 7 months, P=0.002). After AI failure, there was no difference in outcome for patients receiving chemotherapy (n = 58) versus non-AI endocrine therapy (n=51) in patients with and without ESR1 mutation. ESR1 circulating mutations were detectable in 75% of all cases before AI progression, whereas the kinetics 3 months after progression did not correlate with outcome.

Conclusion: ESR1 circulating mutations are independent risk factors for poor outcome after AI failure, and are frequently detectable before clinical progression. Interventional studies based on ESR1 circulating status are warranted.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.12950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5342678PMC
November 2016

Decline in Cognitive Function in Older Adults With Early-Stage Breast Cancer After Adjuvant Treatment.

Oncologist 2016 Nov 29;21(11):1337-1348. Epub 2016 Jul 29.

Normandie University, UNICAEN, INSERM, U1086, Caen, France

Background: The impact of chemotherapy on cognition among elderly patients has received little attention, although such patients are more prone to presenting with age-related cognitive deficits and/or cognitive decline during chemotherapy. The present study assessed the cognitive function in older adults treated for early-stage breast cancer (EBC).

Patients And Methods: The participants were newly diagnosed EBC patients aged ≥65 years without previous systemic treatment or neurological or psychiatric disease and matched healthy controls. They underwent two assessments: before starting adjuvant therapy and after the end of chemotherapy (including doxorubicin ± docetaxel [CT+ group], = 58) or radiotherapy for patients who did not receive chemotherapy (CT- group, = 61), and at the same interval for the healthy controls ( = 62). Neuropsychological and geriatric assessments were performed. Neuropsychological data were analyzed using the Reliable Change Index.

Results: Forty-nine percent of the patients (mean age, 70 ± 4 years) had objective cognitive decline after adjuvant treatment that mainly concerned working memory. Among these patients, 64% developed a cognitive impairment after adjuvant treatment. Comorbidity was not associated with cognitive decline. No significant difference in objective cognitive decline was found between the two groups of patients; however, the CT+ group had more subjective cognitive complaints after treatment ( = .008). The oldest patients (aged 70-81 years) tended to have more objective decline with docetaxel ( = .05).

Conclusion: This is the largest published study assessing cognitive function in older adults with EBC that included a group of patients treated with modern chemotherapy regimens. Approximately half the patients had objective cognitive decline after adjuvant treatment. The oldest patients were more likely to have cognitive decline with chemotherapy, particularly with docetaxel.

Implications For Practice: This is the largest published study assessing cognitive function in older adults with early-stage breast cancer that included a group of patients treated with modern chemotherapy regimens. Approximately half the patients had objective cognitive decline after adjuvant treatment. The oldest patients were more likely to have cognitive decline with chemotherapy, particularly with docetaxel. Cognitive deficits could affect patients' quality of life and their compliance to treatment. Assessing cognitive dysfunctions in the elderly cancer population is a challenge in clinical practice, but it could influence the choice of the most appropriate therapy, including the use of oral drugs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2016-0014DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5189619PMC
November 2016

Reliability of Prognostic and Predictive Factors Evaluated by Needle Core Biopsies of Large Breast Invasive Tumors.

Am J Clin Pathol 2015 Oct;144(4):555-62

INSERM U918, Department of Pathology.

Objectives: Preoperative biopsy of breast cancer allows for prognostic/predictive marker assessment. However, large tumors, which are the main candidates for preoperative chemotherapy, are potentially more heterogeneous than smaller ones, which questions the reliability of histologic analyses of needle core biopsy (NCB) specimens compared with whole surgical specimens (WSS). We studied the histologic concordance between NCB specimens and WSS in tumors larger than 2 cm.

Methods: Early pT2 or higher breast cancers diagnosed between 2008 and 2011 in our center, with no preoperative treatments, were retrospectively screened. We assessed the main prognostic and predictive validated parameters. Comparisons were performed using the κ test.

Results: In total, 163 matched NCB specimens and WSS were analyzed. The correlation was excellent for ER and HER2 (κ = 0.94 and 0.91, respectively), moderate for PR (κ = 0.79) and histologic type (κ = 0.74), weak for Ki-67 (κ = 0.55), and minimal for SBR grade (κ = 0.29). Three of the 21 HER2-positive cases (14% of HER2-positive patients or 1.8% of all patients), by WSS analysis, were initially negative on NCB specimens even after chromogenic in situ hybridization.

Conclusions: NCB for large breast tumors allowed reliable determination of ER/PR expression. However, the SBR grade may be deeply underestimated, and false-negative evaluation of the HER2 status would have led to a detrimental lack of trastuzumab administration.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1309/AJCP9KFVM2GZMNDVDOI Listing
October 2015

High-throughput pharmacogenetics identifies SLCO1A2 polymorphisms as candidates to elucidate the risk of febrile neutropenia in the breast cancer RAPP-01 trial.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2015 Sep 29;153(2):383-9. Epub 2015 Aug 29.

Institut Curie, Service de Génétique, Unité de Pharmacogénomique, 26 rue d'Ulm, 75005, Paris, France,

The RAPP-01 clinical trial compared two adjuvant chemotherapies, doxorubicin plus docetaxel (arm A) versus doxorubicin plus cyclophosphamide (arm B), in 627 women with breast cancer. It stopped prematurely when three severe adverse events occurred among patients with febrile neutropenia (FN), all in the arm A. FN occurred in 40.8% (126/311) in arm A versus 7.1% (22/316) in arm B. We investigated Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) in drug transporter and metabolism genes potentially incriminated in this excess of FN. Using a dedicated DNA chip, we tested association of SNPs belonging to 97 transporter and 68 metabolizing genes with FN occurrence in 155 patients enrolled in the RAPP-01 trial, 85 in arm A and 70 in arm B. Association study in the 85 patients receiving docetaxel identified two SNPs, rs4762699 and rs2857468, both located in the SLCO1A2 gene. Haplotype T-T was associated with a high risk of FN: 83.3% of patients with at least one copy of T-T versus 32.8% in patients with other haplotypes (odds ratio = 10.25, P = 1.4e-4). In a multivariate logistic model adjusted for treatment arm, effect of haplotype T-T remained significant (odds ratio = 6.84, P = 1.15e-4). FN in patients receiving docetaxel in the RAPP-01 trial is significantly associated with the haplotype T-T in rs4762699 and rs2857468 in the SLCO1A2 transporter gene. This result should be validated in an independent cohort.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10549-015-3552-7DOI Listing
September 2015

Short report: Monitoring ESR1 mutations by circulating tumor DNA in aromatase inhibitor resistant metastatic breast cancer.

Int J Cancer 2015 Nov 11;137(10):2513-9. Epub 2015 Jun 11.

Equipe De Recherche En Oncologie (IRON), Rouen University Hospital and Centre Henri Becquerel, Rouen, France.

Acquired estrogen receptor gene (ESR1) mutations have been recently reported as a marker of resistance to aromatase inhibitors in hormone receptor positive metastatic breast cancer. We retrospectively considered seven patients treated for metastatic breast cancer with available samples from the primary tumor before any treatment, cryopreserved metastasis removed during progression and concomitant plasmas. All these seven patients were in disease progression after previous exposure to aromatase inhibitors for at least 6 months, and were assessed for ESR1 mutations detection in tumor and circulating DNA. For these patients, Sanger sequencing identified four metastases with clear ESR1 mutation and one possible, whereas digital PCR identified six mutated metastases. Then, under blind conditions and using digital PCR, corresponding circulating ESR1 mutations were successfully detected in four of these six metastatic breast cancer patients. Moreover, in two patients with serial blood samples following treatments exposure, the monitoring of circulating ESR1 mutations clearly predicted disease evolution. In the context of high interest for ESR1 mutations, our results highlight that these acquired recurrent mutations may be tracked in circulating tumor DNA and may be of clinical relevance for metastatic breast cancer patient monitoring.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ijc.29612DOI Listing
November 2015

[Bevacizumab and taxanes in the first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer : overall survival and subgroup analyses of the ATHENA study in France].

Bull Cancer 2014 Sep;101(9):780-8

Clinique armoricaine de radiologie, 21, rue du Vieux-Séminaire, 22000 Saint-Brieuc, France.

The international phase IIIb study, ATHENA assessed the combination of bevacizumab/taxane-based chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of HER2 negative metastatic breast cancer (mBC) in real-life setting. Among the 365 patients included in France, median overall survival (OS) is 28.4 months (CI95% 24.8-33.0), with a median time from treatment start to end of study of 36,5 months (25,1-45,4). Exploratory analyses in three sub-groups show that the median OS in long responder patients (not progressing for at least one year; n = 116) is not reached. In responder patients (n = 308), median OS is 33.0 months (CI95% 28.6-37.4) and 12.4 months (CI95% 11.2-17.4) in non-responders (n = 41). In patients with mBC expressing hormone receptors (HR+), treated with first-line hormone therapy before inclusion (n = 87) median OS in is 23.2 months (CI95% 19.6-28.6), and 35.3 months (CI95% 32.2-not reached); P = 0.004 in patients treated first with chemotherapy + bevacizumab (n = 179). The safety analysis in the various sub-groups of grade 3-5 adverse events of particular interest to bevacizumab of this study was comparable to the safety data of randomized phase III studies.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/bdc.2014.2019DOI Listing
September 2014

Bevacizumab plus chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone as second-line treatment for patients with HER2-negative locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer after first-line treatment with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy (TANIA): an open-label, randomised phase 3 trial.

Lancet Oncol 2014 Oct 28;15(11):1269-78. Epub 2014 Sep 28.

Assistance-Publique Hôpitaux de Paris-Tenon, Institut Universitaire de Cancerologie Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France.

Background: Combining bevacizumab with first-line or second-line chemotherapy improves progression-free survival in HER2-negative locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer. We assessed the efficacy and safety of further bevacizumab therapy in patients with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer whose disease had progressed after treatment with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy.

Methods: In this open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial, we recruited patients who had HER2-negative locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer that had progressed after receiving 12 weeks or more of first-line bevacizumab plus chemotherapy from 118 centres in 12 countries. Patients were randomly assigned (1:1) by use of a central interactive voice response system using a block randomisation schedule (block size four) stratified by hormone receptor status, first-line progression-free survival, selected chemotherapy, and lactate dehydrogenase concentration, to receive second-line single-agent chemotherapy either alone or with bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks or 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks). Second-line therapy was continued until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or consent withdrawal. At progression, patients randomly assigned to chemotherapy alone received third-line chemotherapy without bevacizumab; those randomly assigned to bevacizumab continued bevacizumab with third-line chemotherapy. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival from randomisation to second-line progression or death in the intention-to-treat population. This trial is ongoing, and registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01250379.

Findings: Between Feb 17, 2011, and April 3, 2013, 494 patients were randomly assigned to treatment (247 in each group). The median duration of follow-up at the time of this prespecified primary progression-free survival analysis was 15·9 months (IQR 9·1-21·7) in the chemotherapy-alone group and 16·1 months (10·6-22·7) in the combination group. Progression-free survival was significantly longer for those patients treated with bevacizumab plus chemotherapy than for those with chemotherapy alone (median: 6·3 months [95% CI 5·4-7·2] vs 4·2 months [3·9-4·7], respectively, stratified hazard ratio [HR] 0·75 [95% CI 0·61-0·93], two-sided stratified log-rank p=0·0068). The most common grade 3 or more adverse events were hypertension (33 [13%] of 245 patients receiving bevacizumab plus chemotherapy vs 17 [7%] of 238 patients receiving chemotherapy alone), neutropenia (29 [12%] vs 20 [8%]), and hand-foot syndrome (27 [11%] vs 25 [11%]). Grade 3 proteinuria occurred in 17 (7%) of 245 patients receiving combination therapy and one (<1%) of 238 patients receiving chemotherapy alone. Serious adverse events were reported in 61 (25%) of 245 patients receiving bevacizumab plus chemotherapy versus 44 (18%) of 238 patients receiving chemotherapy alone.

Interpretation: These results suggest that continued VEGF inhibition with further bevacizumab is a valid treatment option for patients with locally recurrent or metastatic HER2-negative breast cancer whose disease was stabilised or responded to first-line bevacizumab with chemotherapy.

Funding: F Hoffmann-La Roche.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70439-5DOI Listing
October 2014

Baseline cognitive functions among elderly patients with localised breast cancer.

Eur J Cancer 2014 Sep 20;50(13):2181-9. Epub 2014 Jun 20.

Normandie Université, UMR-S1077, Caen, France; INSERM, U1086, Caen, France; Unité de Recherche Clinique, Centre François Baclesse, Caen, France; CHU de Caen, Service d'Oncologie, Caen, France. Electronic address:

Purpose: Cognitive deficits (CD) are reported among cancer patients receiving chemotherapy, but may also be observed before treatment. Though elderly patients are expected to be more prone to present age-related CD, poor information is available regarding the impact of cancer and chemotherapy on this population. This study assessed baseline cognitive functions (before adjuvant treatment) in elderly early stage breast cancer (EBC) patients.

Methods: Women >65years-old with newly diagnosed EBC were included in this prospective study. Episodic memory, working memory, executive functions and information processing speed were assessed by neuropsychological tests. Questionnaires were used to assess subjective CD, anxiety, depression, fatigue, quality of life and geriatric profile. Objective CD were defined using International Cognition and Cancer Task Force criteria. A group of elderly women without cancer coupled with published data related to healthy women were used for comparison (respectively to subjective and objective CD).

Results: Among the 123 elderly EBC patients (70±4years) included, 41% presented objective CD, which is greater than expected in healthy population norms (binomial test P<.0001). Verbal episodic memory was mainly impaired (21% of patients). No correlation was observed between objective CD and cancer stage or geriatric assessment. Subjective CD only correlated with verbal episodic memory (P=.01).

Conclusions: This is the first large series assessing baseline cognitive functions in elderly EBC patients. More than 40% presented objective CD before any adjuvant therapy, which is higher than what is reported among younger patients. Our results reinforce the hypothesis that age is a risk factor for CD in EBC patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2014.05.026DOI Listing
September 2014

A higher body mass index and fat mass are factors predictive of docetaxel dose intensity.

Anticancer Res 2013 Dec;33(12):5655-62

Avenue General Harris 14000 Caen, France.

Background: Few data are published on docetaxel toxicity in obese patients.

Patients And Methods: All obese patients (n=100) treated for early breast cancer during three consecutive years at our Institution, were retrospectively investigated. The same number of non-obese patients was randomly selected and used as controls. We assessed the factors predictive of the relative dose intesity (RDI) reduction, including body composition.

Results: A total of 18% (n=18) of obese patients and 5% (n=5) of non-obese patients required reduction of docetaxel RDI due to toxicity (p=0.008). In a multivariate analysis, body mass index (BMI) and age were predictive of a reduction in RDI. Among the 89 patients with a determination of body composition, patients with a higher fat mass more frequently had a reduction in docetaxel RDI (p=0.002). In multivariate analysis, fat mass was the only independent factor predictive of a reduction in docetaxel RDI.

Conclusion: Obese patients treated for early breast cancer more frequently required a reduction in docetaxel RDI. Fat mass seems to be the best factor predictive of a reduction in docetaxel RDI.
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December 2013

[Safety and efficacy of bevacizumab combined with taxanes in the first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer: ATHENA study-France].

Bull Cancer 2012 Jun;99(6):609-18

Clinique armoricaine de radiologie, 21, rue Vieux-Séminaire, 22000 Saint-Brieuc, France.

The efficacy of the combination bevacizumab-chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of metastatic breast cancer (mBC) was demonstrated in several randomized clinical trials. However, limited safety data is available in daily medical practice. ATHENA is an international phase-IIIb study conducted in 2,251 patients with locally advanced or mBC, treated in first-line with bevacizumab combined with taxanes-based chemotherapy. The primary objective is safety assessment. In France, 365 patients were included. Their median age was 56 years (24-93 years) and ECOG performance status was 0 or 1 in 93.9% of patients. Bevacizumab was essentially combined with a taxanes monotherapy: docetaxel (37.3%) or paclitaxel (28.8%) or taxanes-based combination therapy (9.4%). The most frequent grade superior or equal to 3 adverse event (AE) was neutropenia (34.5%). Grade superior or equal to 3 AEs of special interest related to bevacizumab were arterial and venous thromboembolism (5.1%), high blood pressure (4.2%), proteinuria (2.3%) and hemorrhage (2%). Median time to progression was 9.5 months (95% CI: 8.8-10.4). The safety profile and the efficacy of the combination bevacizumab-taxanes in a population more representative of daily oncology practice in France are comparable to those reported in clinical trials in mBC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1684/bdc.2012.1586DOI Listing
June 2012

Extended benefit from sequential administration of docetaxel after standard fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide regimen for node-positive breast cancer: the 8-year follow-up results of the UNICANCER-PACS01 trial.

Oncologist 2012 18;17(7):900-9. Epub 2012 May 18.

Centre Georges-François Leclerc, Dijon, France.

Purpose: The initial report from the Programme Action Concertée Sein (PACS) PACS01 trial demonstrated a benefit at 5 years for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates with the sequential administration of docetaxel after FEC100 (fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2), epirubicin 100 mg/m(2), and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2)) for patients with node-positive, operable breast cancer. We evaluate here the impact of this regimen at 8 years.

Patients And Methods: Between June 1997 and March 2000, a total of 1,999 patients (age <65) with localized, resectable, non-pretreated, unilateral breast cancer were randomly assigned to receive either standard FEC100 for 6 cycles or 3 cycles of FEC100 followed by 3 cycles of 100 mg/m(2) docetaxel (FEC-D), both given every 21 days. Radiotherapy was mandatory after conservative surgery and tamoxifen was given for 5 years to hormone receptor (HR)-positive patients. Five-year DFS was the trial's main endpoint. Updated 8-year survival data are presented.

Results: With a median follow-up of 92.8 months, 639 patients experienced at least one event. A total number of 383 deaths were registered. Eight-year DFS rates were 65.8% with FEC alone and 70.2% with FEC-D. OS rates at 8 years were 78% with FEC alone and 83.2% with FEC-D. Cox regression analysis adjusted for age and number of positive nodes showed a 15% reduction in the relative risk of relapse and a 25% reduction in the relative risk of death in favor of FEC-D. Significant relative risk reductions were observed in the HR-positive, HER2-positive, and Ki67 ≥20% subpopulations.

Conclusion: Benefits for DFS and OS rates with the sequential FEC-D regimen are fully confirmed at 8 years.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1634/theoncologist.2011-0442DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3399644PMC
February 2013

Prospective evaluation of prognostic factors uPA/PAI-1 in node-negative breast cancer: phase III NNBC3-Europe trial (AGO, GBG, EORTC-PBG) comparing 6×FEC versus 3×FEC/3×Docetaxel.

BMC Cancer 2011 Apr 16;11:140. Epub 2011 Apr 16.

Klinik und Poliklinik für Gynäkologie, Martin-Luther Universität, Halle Saale, Germany.

Background: Today, more than 70% of patients with primary node-negative breast cancer are cured by local therapy alone. Many patients receive overtreatment by adjuvant chemotherapy due to inadequate risk assessment. So far, few clinical trials have prospectively evaluated tumor biology based prognostic factors. Risk assessment by a biological algorithm including invasion factors urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and its inhibitor plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) will assess up to 35-55% of node-negative patients as low-risk and thus avoid chemotherapy. In contrast, a clinical-pathological algorithm will only classify 20-40% of patients as low-risk. High-risk node-negative patients should receive chemotherapy. Anthracycline-based regimens are accepted as a standard, the additional benefit of taxanes remains an open question.

Methods/design: The international NNBC3 ("Node Negative Breast Cancer 3-Europe") trial compares biological risk assessment (UP) using invasion factors uPA/PAI-1 with a clinical-pathological algorithm (CP). In this trial, the type of risk assessment (CP or UP) was chosen upfront by each center for its patients. Fresh frozen tissue was obtained to determine uPA/PAI-1 using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Patients assessed as high-risk were stratified by human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) status and then randomised to receive anthracycline-containing chemotherapy 5-Fluorouracil (F)/Epirubicin (E)/Cyclophosphymide (C) or an anthracycline-taxane sequence (FE(100)C*6 versus FE(100)C*3 followed by Docetaxel(100)*3).

Discussion: In this trial, 4,149 node-negative patients with operable breast cancer from 153 centers in Germany and France were included since 2002. Measurement of uPA/PAI-1 by ELISA was performed with standardised central quality assurance for 2,497 patients (60%) from 56 "UP"-centers. The NNBC 3-Europe trial showed that inclusion of patients into a clinical phase III trial is feasible based on biological testing of fresh frozen tumor material. In addition, 2,661 patients were classified as high-risk and thus received chemotherapy. As adjuvant chemotherapy, 1,334 high-risk patients received FE(100)C-Docetaxel(100), and 1,327 received French FE(100)C. No unexpected toxicities were observed. Chemotherapy efficacy and comparison of UP with CP will be evaluated after longer follow-up.

Trial Registration: clinical Trials.gov NCT01222052.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2407-11-140DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3089797PMC
April 2011

Prospective analysis of the impact of VEGF-A gene polymorphisms on the pharmacodynamics of bevacizumab-based therapy in metastatic breast cancer patients.

Br J Clin Pharmacol 2011 Jun;71(6):921-8

Centre Antoine Lacassagne, Nice, France.

What Is Already Known About This Subject: • Functional polymorphisms on the VEGF-A gene, known to be linked to cancer risk or to VEGF-A plasma concentrations, have been identified. So far, limited knowledge has been published on the relationships between toxicity/efficacy of bevacizumab-based therapy and VEGF-A polymorphisms (tumoral DNA). We therefore prospectively tested the impact of these five gene polymorphisms (blood DNA) on the pharmacodynamics of bevacizumab-based treatment administered in metastatic breast cancer patients.

What This Study Adds: • Present data obtained from a prospective study suggest a role for VEGF-A 936C > T polymorphism as a potential predictor of time to progression in breast cancer patients receiving bevacizumab-containing therapy. Also, the VEGF-A-634G > C polymorphism was linked to bevacizumab-related toxicity. AIMS To test prospectively the impact of VEGF-A gene polymorphisms on the pharmacodynamics of bevacizumab-chemotherapy in breast cancer patients.

Methods: As part of the single-arm MO19391 trial, 137 women with locally recurrent or metastatic breast cancer receiving first-line bevacizumab-containing therapy were analysed. Patients received bevacizumab associated (76%) or not (24%) with taxane-based chemotherapy. Clinical evaluation included clinical response, time to progression (TTP) and a toxicity score corresponding to the sum of each maximum observed toxicity grade (hypertension, haemorrhage, arterial and venous thrombo-embolism). Functional VEGF-A polymorphisms at position -2578 C > A, -1498 T > C, -1154 G > A, -634 G > C and 936 C > T were analysed by PCR-RFLP (blood DNA).

Results: Overall response rate (complete response (CR) + partial response (PR)) was 61%. Median TTP was 11 months. None of the VEGF-A polymorphisms was significantly linked to clinical response. Analysis of the 936C > T polymorphism revealed that the 96 patients homozygous for the 936C allele exhibited a marked tendency for a shorter TTP (median 9.7 months) than the 32 patients bearing the 936T allele (median 11.5 months, P= 0.022) of which 30 were CT and two were homozygous TT. Other polymorphisms did not influence TTP. VEGF-A-634 G > C was significantly related to the toxicity score with 39%, 49% and 81% of patients with score >1 in GG, GC and CC patients, respectively (P= 0.01).

Conclusions: The role for VEGF-A 936C > T polymorphism as a potential marker of TTP in breast cancer patients receiving bevacizumab-containing therapy concords with the known impact of VEGF-A 936C > T polymorphism on VEGF-A expression.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2125.2010.03896.xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3099379PMC
June 2011

Clinical improvement and survival in breast cancer leptomeningeal metastasis correlate with the cytologic response to intrathecal chemotherapy.

J Neurooncol 2009 Dec 26;95(3):421-426. Epub 2009 Jun 26.

Département d'Oncologie Médicale, Centre Henri-Becquerel, Rue d'Amiens, 76038, Rouen Cedex, France.

Leptomeningeal meningitis occurs in approximately 5% of metastatic breast cancers, and there is no standard treatment for this complication. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and cerebrospinal fluid of 24 patients treated with high-dose intrathecal methotrexate for breast cancer leptomeningeal meningitis (BLM). Cytologic response (CSF cytology without neoplastic cells after treatment) was observed in 11 patients (46%) and related to survival (P = 0.005). In addition, clinical symptoms improved in all 11 patients who had a cytologic response and in 7 patients (54%) without cytologic response (P = 0.02). The predictive value of cytologic response needs further confirmation. Cytologic response could be helpful in the management of intrathecal chemotherapy in patients with BLM.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11060-009-9940-2DOI Listing
December 2009

CXCR4 membrane expression in node-negative breast cancer.

Breast J 2008 May-Jun;14(3):268-74. Epub 2008 Mar 26.

Département d'Oncologie Médicale, Centre Henri Becquerel, Rue d'Amiens, Rouen, France.

CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) has been reported to be involved in organ-specific homing of breast cancer-derived metastasis. We investigated CXCR4 expression by immunohistochemistry as a possible new prognostic factor for primary breast cancer. Two groups of women treated for breast cancer in 1991 at the Centre for the fight against cancer of Upper Normandy-France (Centre de Lutte contre le Cancer de Haute Normandie) were assessed retrospectively. CXCR4 expression was evaluated using standard immunohistochemistry. Usual prognostic factors were recorded in the computer database. Final date of follow-up was December 31, 2001. Tissues were available for 110 node-positive and 84 node-negative breast cancer patients treated in 1991. CXCR4 membrane staining was considered a strong prognostic factor for both 10-year metastasis-free- (p < 0.0001) and overall survival (p < 0.0001) in node-negative but not in node-positive breast cancer patients. CXCR4 cytoplasmic staining was not considered a significant prognostic factor. Our results suggest that CXCR4 membrane staining could be considered a new prognostic factor. Moreover, targeting CXCR4 in primary breast cancer patients may be a new therapeutic concept. However, these results warrant further investigation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1524-4741.2008.00573.xDOI Listing
June 2008

Inflammatory breast cancer outcome with epirubicin-based induction and maintenance chemotherapy: ten-year results from the French Adjuvant Study Group GETIS 02 Trial.

Cancer 2006 Dec;107(11):2535-44

Department of Medical Oncology, Henri Becquerel Center, Rouen, France.

Background: The authors evaluated the long-term efficacy and side effects in patients with nonmetastatic, unilateral, inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) who received homogeneous treatment with intensive induction chemotherapy followed by a maintenance regimen.

Methods: One hundred twenty patients were randomized to receive high-dose fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide (FEC-HD) (fluorouracil 750 mg/m(2) on Days 1 to 4, epirubicin 35 mg/m(2) on Days 2 to 4, and cyclophosphamide 400 mg/m(2) on Days 2 to 4 for 4 cycles every 21 days) with or without lenograstim. Locoregional treatment consisted of surgery and/or radiotherapy. Maintenance chemotherapy was FEC 75 (fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2), epirubicin 75 mg/m(2), and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2) on Day 1 every 21 days for 4 cycles). No hormone treatment was allowed.

Results: The safety of the FEC-HD regimen was described previously. Among 102 patients who underwent surgery, a pathologic complete response (pCR) was achieved by 23.5% of patients with breast tumors and by 31.4% of patients with involved axillary lymph nodes. The overall pCR rate was 14.7%. One hundred nine patients received FEC 75. After a median 10 years of follow-up, the disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 35.7% and 41.2%, respectively. The median DFS was 39 months (95% confidence interval [95% CI], 25-53 months), and the median survival was 61 months (95% CI, 43-79 months). Five patients developed a temporary decrease in left ventricular ejection fraction without congestive heart failure. In the lenograstim group, 1 patient developed acute myeloblastic leukemia M2, and 1 patient developed myelodysplastic syndrome.

Conclusions: FEC-HD induction chemotherapy followed by FEC 75 maintenance regimen had moderate and acute long-term toxicities and lead to high DFS and OS rates in patients with IBC.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.22227DOI Listing
December 2006

[Influence of the delay between conservative surgery and radiation therapy on local relapse in node-positive breast tumor].

Bull Cancer 2006 Mar;93(3):303-13

Département de radiothérapie, Centre Eugène Marquis, rue de la Bataille Flandres-Dunkerque, 35042 Rennes.

It has been shown that a delay in radiotherapy (RT) initiation resulted in a higher local relapse (LR) rate. The present analysis investigated retrospectively if the RT-adjuvant therapy sequence modified local-disease-free survival (L-DFS) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) in node-positive (N +) breast cancer patients. Among seven French Adjuvant Study Group trials, 1,831 patients were assessable: 475 received RT directly after BCS, 567 after the 3rd chemotherapy (CT) cycle, and 789 after the 6th CT cycle. In the 1,356 patients receiving CT, it consisted of FEC regimens (fluorouracil, epirubicin, cyclophosphamide) in 83.5% of patients. After a 102-month median follow-up, 214 patients (11.7%) developed LR. The 9-year L-DFS rates were 92.0%, 81.5%, and 87.4%, respectively (p < 0.0001). In the multivariate analysis, the timing of RT was not associated with a higher rate of LR, whereas tumor size and hormonotherapy were prognostic factors. In our population, there was no increase in the risk of LR when RT was delayed to deliver adjuvant CT. Prognostic factors were tumor size, and hormonotherapy. The number of CT courses could modify this risk.
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March 2006

Influence of the time between surgery and radiotherapy on local recurrence in patients with lymph node-positive, early-stage, invasive breast carcinoma undergoing breast-conserving surgery: results of the French Adjuvant Study Group.

Cancer 2005 Jul;104(2):240-50

Department of Radiotherapy, Centre Eugène Marquis, Rennes, France.

Background: Radiotherapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) has produced significant reductions in ipsilateral breast carcinoma (BC) recurrence. It was shown previously that a delay in the initiation of RT resulted in a higher local recurrence (LR) rate. In the current retrospective analysis, the authors investigated whether the RT-adjuvant therapy sequence modified local-disease-free survival (L-DFS) after BCS in patients with early-stage, lymph node-positive BC.

Methods: Among 7 French Adjuvant Study Group trials, 1831 patients were assessable, including 475 patients who received RT directly after BCS (95 patients received no adjuvant therapy, and 380 patients received hormone therapy), 567 patients who received RT after the third chemotherapy (CT) cycle (250 patients received 1-3 courses, and 317 patients received 4-6 courses), and 789 patients received RT after the sixth CT cycle. In the 1356 patients who received CT, the regimens consisted of fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2); epirubicin 50 mg/m(2), 75 mg/m(2), or 100 mg/m(2); and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2) in 83.5% of patients.

Results: After a median follow-up of 102 months, 214 patients (11.7%) developed LR. The 9-year L-DFS rates were 92.0%, 81.5%, and 87.4%, respectively (P < 0.0001). It was worse in patients who received 1-3 CT cycles (P = 0.02). Patients who received hormone therapy were less likely to develop LR (P = 0.02). In the multivariate analysis, the timing of RT was not associated with a higher rate of LR, whereas tumor size > 2 cm and no hormone therapy were prognostic factors.

Conclusions: In the study population, there was no increase in the risk of LR when RT was delayed to deliver adjuvant CT. Prognostic factors were tumor size, and hormone therapy. The number of CT courses could modified this risk.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.21161DOI Listing
July 2005

Long-term cardiac follow-up in relapse-free patients after six courses of fluorouracil, epirubicin, and cyclophosphamide, with either 50 or 100 mg of epirubicin, as adjuvant therapy for node-positive breast cancer: French adjuvant study group.

J Clin Oncol 2004 Aug;22(15):3070-9

Département de Sénologie, Centre Oscar Lambret, 3 Rue Frédéric Combemale, 59020 Lille Cedex, France.

PURPOSE To evaluate long-term cardiac function in patients without disease who had received six cycles of fluorouracil 500 mg/m(2), epirubicin 50 mg/m(2), and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2) (FEC 50) or the same regimen with epirubicin 100 mg/m(2) (FEC 100) as adjuvant chemotherapy for node-positive breast cancer in the French Adjuvant Study Group-05 trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS One hundred fifty patients (FEC 50, n = 65; FEC 100, n = 85) who were without disease and who gave their informed consent were enrolled for long-term cardiac assessment. The assessment included cardiac events occurring after the end of chemotherapy, vital signs, concomitant disease, ECG, isotopic left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and echographic parameters. Abnormal files were blindly reviewed by cardiologists and oncologists. Results The median follow-up time was 102 months. After FEC 100, LVEF was less than 50% in five patients (radioisotopic method), and two patients experienced congestive heart failure (CHF) that was possibly related to treatment. Asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) was experienced in 18 patients after FEC 100 and in one patient after FEC 50. In these patients, treatment causality was probable in eight patients. Two additional years after this assessment, all 18 patients were still asymptomatic. CONCLUSION After more than 8 years of follow-up, the cardiac toxicity observed after adjuvant treatment with FEC 100 comprised two cases of well-controlled CHF and 18 cases of asymptomatic LVD. In the majority of women with primary breast cancer, the benefits of treatment with FEC 100 in terms of disease-free and overall survival outweigh the risks, and cardiac risk factors should be carefully evaluated in patient selection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.2004.03.098DOI Listing
August 2004