Publications by authors named "Corinne Haioun"

188 Publications

Outcomes after first-line immunochemotherapy for primary mediastinal B cell lymphoma patients: a LYSA study.

Blood Adv 2021 Aug 30. Epub 2021 Aug 30.

QUANTIF-LITIS, France.

Primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL) is a rare type of aggressive lymphoma typically affecting young female patients. The first-line standard of care remains debated. We performed a large multicenter retrospective study in 25 centers in France and Belgium to describe PMBL patient outcomes after first-line treatment in real-life settings. Three hundred thirteen patients were enrolled and received rituximab (R) plus ACVBP (n=180) or CHOP delivered every 14 (R-CHOP14, n=76) or 21 days (R-CHOP21, n=57) and consolidation strategies in modalities that varied according to time and institution, mainly guided by positron emission tomography. Consolidation autologous stem cell transplantation was performed for 46 (25.6%), 24 (31.6%) and one (1.8%) patients in the R-ACVBP, R-CHOP14 and R-CHOP21 groups, respectively (p<0.001); only 17 (5.4%) patients received mediastinal radiotherapy. The end-of-treatment complete metabolic response rates were 86.3%, 86.8% and 76.6% (p=0.23) in the R-ACVBP, R-CHOP14 and R-CHOP21 groups, respectively. The median follow-up was 44 months, and the R-ACVBP, R-CHOP14 and R-CHOP21 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) probabilities were 89.4% [95% confidence interval: 84.8-94.2%], 89.4% [82.7-96.6%] and 74.7% [64-87.1%] (p=0.018), respectively. A baseline total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) ≥360 cm3 was associated with a lower PFS (hazard ratio=2.18 [1.05-4.53]). Excess febrile neutropenia (24.4% vs 5.3% vs 5.3%, p<0.001) and mucositis (22.8% vs 3.9% vs 1.8%, p<0.001) were observed with R-ACVBP compared to R-CHOP regimens. PMBL patients treated with dose-dense immunochemotherapy without radiotherapy have excellent outcomes. R-ACVBP acute toxicity was higher than that of R-CHOP14. Our data confirmed the prognostic importance of baseline TMTV.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2021004778DOI Listing
August 2021

The alternative RelB NF-κB subunit is a novel critical player in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Blood 2021 07 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Université de Paris, NF-kappaB, Différenciation et Cancer, Paris, France

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent lymphoid malignancy affecting adults. NF-kB transcription factor family is activated by two main pathways, the canonical and the alternative NF-kB activation pathways with different functions. The alternative NF-kB pathway leads to the activation of the transcriptionally active RelB NF-kB subunit. Alternative NF-kB activation status and its role in DLBCL pathogenesis remain undefined. Here, we reveal a frequent activation of RelB in a large cohort of DLBCL patients and cell lines, independently of their ABC or GCB subtypes. RelB activity defines a new subset of DLBCL patients with a peculiar gene expression profile and mutational pattern. Importantly, RelB activation does not correlate with the MCD genetic subtype, enriched for ABC tumors carrying MYD88L265P and CD79B mutations that cooperatively activate canonical NF-kB, thus indicating that current genetic tools to evaluate NF-kB activity in DLBCL do not provide information on the alternative NF-kB activation. Further, the newly defined RelB-positive subgroup of DLBCL patients exhibits a dismal outcome following immunochemotherapy. Functional studies revealed that RelB confers DLBCL cell resistance to DNA-damage induced apoptosis in response to doxorubicin, a genotoxic agent used in front-line treatment for DLBCL. We also show that RelB positivity is associated with high expression of cIAP2. Altogether, RelB activation can be used to refine the prognostic stratification of DLBCL and may contribute to subvert the therapeutic DNA damage response in a segment of DLBCL patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2020010039DOI Listing
July 2021

Development of a Questionnaire for the Search for Occupational Causes in Patients with Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma: The RHELYPRO Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 04 11;18(8). Epub 2021 Apr 11.

Service des Pathologies Professionnelles et de l'Environnement, CHI Créteil, F-94010 Créteil, France.

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), multiple myeloma and chronic lymphocytic leukemia are possibly related to environmental and/or occupational exposure. The primary objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire for screening patients with these blood disorders who might benefit from a specialized consultation for possible recognition of the disease as an occupational disease. The study included 205 subjects (male gender, 67.3%; mean age, 60 years; NHL, 78.5%). The questionnaire performed very satisfactorily in identifying the exposures most frequently retained by experts for their potential involvement in the occurrence of NHL. Its sensitivity and specificity in relation to the final expertise were 96% and 96% for trichloroethylene, 85% and 82% for benzene, 78% and 87% for solvents other than trichloroethylene and dichloromethane, 87% and 95% for pesticides, respectively. Overall, 15% of the subjects were invited to ask National Social Insurance for compensation as occupational disease. These declarations concerned exposure to pesticides (64%), solvents (trichloroethylene: 29%; benzene: 18%; other than chlorinated solvents: 18%) and sometimes multiple exposures. In conclusion, this questionnaire appears as a useful tool to identify NHL patients for a specialized consultation, in order to ask for compensation for occupational disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18084008DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8068898PMC
April 2021

Rituximab plus gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (R-GemOx) in refractory/relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a real-life study in patients ineligible for autologous stem-cell transplantation.

Leuk Lymphoma 2021 Mar 25:1-8. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Lymphoid Malignancies Unit, Hôpital Henri Mondor, AP-HP, Créteil, France.

There is no established standard treatment for relapsed/refractory (R/R) diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) in patients who are not eligible to receive an intensive treatment. The combination of rituximab gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (R-GemOx) is widely used in this population but data are scarce. We retrospectively collected the data of 196 patients with R/R DLBCL treated with R-GemOx in two French centers over a period of 15 years. The median age of the population was 72 years (range, 24-89), 63% of the patients had an international prognostic index of 3 or higher and 57% were refractory to the last treatment. At the end of R-GemOx treatment, 33% of the patients obtained a complete response. The median progression-free survival (PFS) of the population was 5 months and the median overall survival (OS) was 10 months. Several factors were predictors of unfavorable survival: age over 75 years, international prognostic index of 2 or higher, refractory disease and de novo DLBCL. The median PFS and OS of the patients who obtained a complete response were 22 months and 40 months, respectively. The most significant toxicities were grade 3-4 hematological toxicities (31% of patients). Given its efficacy and tolerability, R-GemOx can be used in patients ineligible for intensive treatment and serve as a basis for new regimen combinations.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2021.1901090DOI Listing
March 2021

Relapsed/Refractory International Prognostic Index (R/R-IPI): An international prognostic calculator for relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Am J Hematol 2021 05 18;96(5):599-605. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Division of Hematology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnosata.

Disease progression after frontline therapy for Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is a clinically significant event. Patients who experience early progression or have refractory disease have especially poor outcomes. Simple, clinically applicable prognostic tools are needed for selecting patients for consideration for novel therapies and prognostication in the relapsed/refractory (R/R) setting. Model building was performed in patients from the Surrogate endpoints in aggressive lymphoma (SEAL) consortium with disease progression after frontline immunochemotherapy. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) measured from date of progression. Validation was performed in the University of Iowa/Mayo Clinic SPORE Molecular Epidemiology Resource (MER) and Danish National Lymphoma Register (LYFO) cohorts. Model performance was assessed using time-dependent concordance indices (c-statistic) and calibration with metrics evaluated at 2 years from progression. Note, 1234 of 5112 patients treated with frontline immunochemotherapy in the SEAL consortium developed progressive disease. Time to progression on immunochemotherapy and age at progression were strongly associated with post-progression OS (both p < 0.001). A prognostic model was developed incorporating spline fit for both variables. The model had good concordance in the discovery (0.67) and validation sets (LYFO c = 0.64, MER c = 0.68) with generally good calibration. Time to progression on frontline therapy is strongly associated with post-progression OS in DLBCL. We developed and validated a simple to apply clinical prognostic tool in the R/R setting. The useful prediction of expected outcomes in R/R DLBCL and can inform treatment decisions such as considerations for CAR-T therapy as well as trial designs. The model is available in smartphone-based point of care applications.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajh.26149DOI Listing
May 2021

Fatal splenic rupture after discontinuing treatment by ibrutinib and venetoclax in relapse/refractory mantle cell lymphoma.

Ann Hematol 2021 May 2;100(5):1345-1347. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Univ Paris Est Creteil, INSERM, F-94010, Creteil, France.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-021-04469-0DOI Listing
May 2021

A French multicentric prospective prognostic cohort with epidemiological, clinical, biological and treatment information to improve knowledge on lymphoma patients: study protocol of the "REal world dAta in LYmphoma and survival in adults" (REALYSA) cohort.

BMC Public Health 2021 03 2;21(1):432. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Inserm U1219 - EPICENE team, Université de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France.

Background: Age-adjusted lymphoma incidence rates continue to rise in France since the early 80's, although rates have slowed since 2010 and vary across subtypes. Recent improvements in patient survival in major lymphoma subtypes at population level raise new questions about patient outcomes (i.e. quality of life, long-term sequelae). Epidemiological studies have investigated factors related to lymphoma risk, but few have addressed the extent to which socioeconomic status, social institutional context (i.e. healthcare system), social relationships, environmental context (exposures), individual behaviours (lifestyle) or genetic determinants influence lymphoma outcomes, especially in the general population. Moreover, the knowledge of the disease behaviour mainly obtained from clinical trials data is partly biased because of patient selection.

Methods: The REALYSA ("REal world dAta in LYmphoma and Survival in Adults") study is a real-life multicentric cohort set up in French areas covered by population-based cancer registries to study the prognostic value of epidemiological, clinical and biological factors with a prospective 9-year follow-up. We aim to include 6000 patients over 4 to 5 years. Adult patients without lymphoma history and newly diagnosed with one of the following 7 lymphoma subtypes (diffuse large B-cell, follicular, marginal zone, mantle cell, Burkitt, Hodgkin, mature T-cell) are invited to participate during a medical consultation with their hematologist. Exclusion criteria are: having already received anti-lymphoma treatment (except pre-phase) and having a documented HIV infection. Patients are treated according to the standard practice in their center. Clinical data, including treatment received, are extracted from patients' medical records. Patients' risk factors exposures and other epidemiological data are obtained at baseline by filling out a questionnaire during an interview led by a clinical research assistant. Biological samples are collected at baseline and during treatment. A virtual tumor biobank is constituted for baseline tumor samples. Follow-up data, both clinical and epidemiological, are collected every 6 months in the first 3 years and every year thereafter.

Discussion: This cohort constitutes an innovative platform for clinical, biological, epidemiological and socio-economic research projects and provides an opportunity to improve knowledge on factors associated to outcome of lymphoma patients in real life.

Trial Registration: 2018-A01332-53, ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT03869619 .
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10433-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7927409PMC
March 2021

Integrative analysis of a phase 2 trial combining lenalidomide with CHOP in angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.

Blood Adv 2021 01;5(2):539-548

Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Hôpitaux Universitaires Henri Mondor, Unité Hémopathies Lymphoïdes, Créteil, France.

Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is a frequent T-cell lymphoma in the elderly population that has a poor prognosis when treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone  (CHOP) therapy. Lenalidomide, which has been safely combined with CHOP to treat B-cell lymphoma, has shown efficacy as a single agent in AITL treatment. We performed a multicentric phase 2 trial combining 25 mg lenalidomide daily for 14 days per cycle with 8 cycles of CHOP21 in previously untreated AITL patients aged 60 to 80 years. The primary objective was the complete metabolic response (CMR) rate at the end of treatment. Seventy-eight of the 80 patients enrolled were included in the efficacy and safety analysis. CMR was achieved in 32 (41%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 30%-52.7%) patients, which was below the prespecified CMR rate of 55% defined as success in the study. The 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) was 42.1% (95% CI, 30.9%-52.8%), and the 2-year overall survival was 59.2% (95% CI, 47.3%-69.3%). The most common toxicities were hematologic and led to treatment discontinuation in 15% of patients. This large prospective and uniform series of AITL treatment data was used to perform an integrative analysis of clinical, pathologic, biologic, and molecular data. TET2, RHOA, DNMT3A, and IDH2 mutations were present in 78%, 54%, 32%, and 22% of patients, respectively. IDH2 mutations were associated with distinct pathologic and clinical features and DNMT3A was associated with shorter PFS. In conclusion, the combination of lenalidomide and CHOP did not improve the CMR in AITL patients. This trial clarified the clinical impact of recurrent mutations in AITL. This trial was registered at www.clincialtrials.gov as #NCT01553786.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/bloodadvances.2020003081DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7839364PMC
January 2021

Subcutaneous Rituximab-MiniCHOP Compared With Subcutaneous Rituximab-MiniCHOP Plus Lenalidomide in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma for Patients Age 80 Years or Older.

J Clin Oncol 2021 Apr 14;39(11):1203-1213. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Hematology, Centre Henri Becquerel, UNIROUEN, University of Normandy, INSERM U1245, Rouen, France.

Purpose: The prognosis of elderly patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is worse than that of young patients. An attenuated dose of chemotherapy-cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone plus rituximab (R-miniCHOP)-is a good compromise between efficacy and safety in very elderly patients. In combination with R-CHOP (R2-CHOP), lenalidomide has an acceptable level of toxicity and may mitigate the negative prognosis of the non-germinal center B-cell-like phenotype. The Lymphoma Study association conducted a multicentric, phase III, open-label, randomized trial to compare R-miniCHOP and R2-miniCHOP.

Patients And Methods: Patients of age 80 years or older with untreated DLBCL were randomly assigned into the R-miniCHOP21 group or the R2-miniCHOP21 group for six cycles and stratified according to CD10 expression and age. The first cycle of rituximab was delivered by IV on D1 after a prephase and then delivered subcutaneously on D1 of cycles 2-6. Lenalidomide was delivered at a dose of 10 mg once daily on D1-D14 of each cycle. The primary end point was overall survival (OS).

Results: A total of 249 patients with new DLBCL were randomly assigned (127 R-miniCHOP and 122 R2-miniCHOP). The median age was 83 years (range, 80-96), and 55% of the patients were classified as non-GCB. The delivered dose for each R-miniCHOP compound was similar in both arms. Over a median follow-up of 25.1 months, the intention-to-treat analysis revealed that R2-miniCHOP did not improve OS (2-year OS 66% in R-miniCHOP and 65.7% in R2-miniCHOP arm, = .98) in the overall population or in the non-GCB population. Grade 3-4 adverse events occurred in 53% of patients with R-miniCHOP and in 81% of patients with R2-miniCHOP.

Conclusion: The addition of lenalidomide to R-miniCHOP does not improve OS. Rituximab delivered subcutaneously was safe in this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1200/JCO.20.02666DOI Listing
April 2021

Obinutuzumab vs rituximab for advanced DLBCL: a PET-guided and randomized phase 3 study by LYSA.

Blood 2021 Apr;137(17):2307-2320

Department of Hematology, University Hospital F. Mitterrand, Dijon, France; and.

Rituximab plus polychemotherapy is the standard of care in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). GAINED, a randomized phase 3 trial, compared obinutuzumab to rituximab. Transplant-eligible patients (18-60 years) with an untreated age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aaIPI) score ≥1 DLBCL were randomized (1:1) between obinutuzumab or rituximab and stratified by aaIPI (1; 2-3) and chemotherapy regimen (doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, prednisone plus vindesine, bleomycin [ACVBP] or vincristine [CHOP]). Consolidation treatment was determined according to response to interim positron emission tomography (PET). Responders after cycle 2 and 4 (PET2-/PET4-) received immunochemotherapy. Responders after only cycle 4 (PET2+/4-) received transplantation. The primary objective was an 8% improvement (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.73; 80% power; α risk, 2.5%; 1-sided) in 2-year event-free survival (EFS) in the obinutuzumab arm. From September 2012, 670 patients were enrolled (obinutuzumab, n = 336; rituximab, n = 334). A total of 383 (57.2%) were aaIPI 2-3, 339 (50.6%) received CHOP. Median follow-up was 38.7 months. The 2-year EFS was similar in both groups (59.8% vs 56.6%; P = .123; HR = 0.88). The 2-year PFS in the whole cohort was 83.1% (95% confidence interval, 80% to 85.8%). PET2-/4- and PET2+/4- had similar 2-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS): 89.9% vs 83.9% and 94.8% vs 92.8%. The 2-year PFS and OS for PET4+ patients were 62% and 83.1%. Grade 3-5 infections were more frequent in the obinutuzumab arm (21% vs 12%). Obinutuzumab is not superior to rituximab in aaIPI ≥1 DLBCL transplant-eligible patients. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT01659099.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2020008750DOI Listing
April 2021

Effectiveness and Safety of Subcutaneous Rituximab for Patients With Gastric MALT Lymphoma: A Case-Control Comparison With Intravenous Rituximab.

Clin Lymphoma Myeloma Leuk 2021 01 24;21(1):e32-e38. Epub 2020 Aug 24.

Department of Gastroenterology, Groupe Hospitalier Henri Mondor-Albert Chennevier, APHP, EC2M3-EA7375, Université Paris Est Créteil, Creteil, France. Electronic address:

Introduction: Rituximab is a standard treatment for gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (GML). We sought to compare the effectiveness and safety of subcutaneous and intravenous rituximab in a retrospective case-control study.

Patients And Methods: All consecutive patients with GML treated with subcutaneous rituximab between January 2017 and December 2018 were included and compared to 3 matched control patients (based on Ann Arbor classification, presence of t(11;18) translocation, history of treatment, and type of current treatment) treated with intravenous rituximab between January 2000 and December 2018. Patients with t(11;18) translocation were treated with rituximab in combination with chlorambucil; the other patients were treated with rituximab alone. Effectiveness was assessed at week 52, and safety was assessed through weeks 0 to 52 and compared by the chi-square test.

Results: Twenty-five patients were included in the subcutaneous rituximab group and 75 in the intravenous group. There was no difference between the groups in complete remission (78% vs. 76%, P = .99) or overall response rates (91% vs. 89%, P = .99) at week 52. Safety profiles were similar in both groups, with a significant decrease in postinduction grade 2 injection-related reactions and outpatient hospital length of stay in the subcutaneous rituximab group.

Conclusion: In a small case-control study, we did not find any difference in the effectiveness or safety profiles between subcutaneously and intravenously delivered rituximab for the treatment of patients with GML. We found a decrease in postinduction grade 2 injection-related reactions and outpatient hospital length of stay in the subcutaneous rituximab group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clml.2020.08.014DOI Listing
January 2021

Safety and efficacy of temsirolimus in combination with three different immuno-chemotherapy regimens in relapse and refractory mantle cell lymphoma, final results of the T phase IB trial of the LYSA.

Ann Hematol 2020 Aug 29;99(8):1771-1778. Epub 2020 Jun 29.

Department of Hematology, CHU de Nantes, University Hospital of Nantes, Nantes, France.

Mantle cell lymphoma has a dismal prognosis at relapse or in the refractory setting. Among therapies, mTor pathway targeting by temsirolimus has been the first strategy approved for relapse in Europe. While its efficacy in monotherapy has long been demonstrated, its use remains limited. In the T phase Ib clinical trial, we investigated the recommended dose of temsirolimus in association with R-CHOP (R-CHOP-T), or high-dose cytarabine plus rituximab (R-DHA-T), or fludarabine, cyclophosphamide plus rituximab (R-FC-T). From November 11, 2011 to February 26, 2015, forty-one patients were enrolled. Patients presented with high MIPI (47.5%) at relapse and a median number of treatments of 1 (1-3). Patients were treated by R-CHOP-T (n = 10), R-FC-T (n = 14), or R-DHA-T (n = 17) according to the choice of local investigators. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was 15 mg in the R-CHOP-T arm and has not been determined in other treatment arms because of toxicities. All patients experienced ≥ Grade 3 adverse events, mainly thrombocytopenia (76%). Twenty-six patients discontinued prematurely the treatment, mostly for toxicity (n = 12) and progression of the disease (n = 8). Of note, 6 patients of the R-DHA-T arm reached complete remission (35%). Temsirolimus with immuno-chemotherapy is associated with a high rate of toxicities. Determination of MTD could only be achieved for R-CHOP-T arm. Associations between temsirolimus and other targeted therapies may be warranted for R/R MCL patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00277-020-04159-3DOI Listing
August 2020

Combining gene expression profiling and machine learning to diagnose B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

Blood Cancer J 2020 05 22;10(5):59. Epub 2020 May 22.

INSERM U1245, Centre Henri Becquerel, UNIROUEN, University of Normandie, Rouen, France.

Non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas (B-NHLs) are a highly heterogeneous group of mature B-cell malignancies. Their classification thus requires skillful evaluation by expert hematopathologists, but the risk of error remains higher in these tumors than in many other areas of pathology. To facilitate diagnosis, we have thus developed a gene expression assay able to discriminate the seven most frequent B-cell NHL categories. This assay relies on the combination of ligation-dependent RT-PCR and next-generation sequencing, and addresses the expression of more than 130 genetic markers. It was designed to retrieve the main gene expression signatures of B-NHL cells and their microenvironment. The classification is handled by a random forest algorithm which we trained and validated on a large cohort of more than 400 annotated cases of different histology. Its clinical relevance was verified through its capacity to prevent important misclassification in low grade lymphomas and to retrieve clinically important characteristics in high grade lymphomas including the cell-of-origin signatures and the MYC and BCL2 expression levels. This accurate pan-B-NHL predictor, which allows a systematic evaluation of numerous diagnostic and prognostic markers, could thus be proposed as a complement to conventional histology to guide the management of patients and facilitate their stratification into clinical trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41408-020-0322-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7244768PMC
May 2020

International prognostic indices in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: a comparison of IPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI.

Blood 2020 06;135(23):2041-2048

Department of Hematology and Oncology, University Hospital Muenster, Muenster, Germany.

Great heterogeneity in survival exists for patients newly diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Three scoring systems incorporating simple clinical parameters (age, lactate dehydrogenase, number/sites of involvement, stage, performance status) are widely used: the International Prognostic Index (IPI), revised IPI (R-IPI), and National Comprehensive Cancer Network IPI (NCCN-IPI). We evaluated 2124 DLBCL patients treated from 1998 to 2009 with frontline rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP; or variant) across 7 multicenter randomized clinical trials to determine which scoring system best discriminates overall survival (OS). Median age was 63 years, and 56% of patients were male. Five-year OS estimates ranged from 54% to 88%, from 61% to 93%, and from 49% to 92% using the IPI, R-IPI, and NCCN-IPI, respectively. The NCCN-IPI had the greatest absolute difference in OS estimates between the highest- and lowest-risk groups and best discriminated OS (concordance index = 0.632 vs 0.626 [IPI] vs 0.590 [R-IPI]). For each given IPI risk category, NCCN-IPI risk categories were significantly associated with OS (P ≤ .01); the reverse was not true, and the IPI did not provide additional significant prognostic information within all NCCN-IPI risk categories. Collectively, the NCCN-IPI outperformed the IPI and R-IPI. Patients with low-risk NCCN-IPI had favorable survival outcomes with little room for further improvement. In the rituximab era, none of the clinical risk scores identified a patient subgroup with long-term survival clearly <50%. Integrating molecular features of the tumor and microenvironment into the NCCN-IPI or IPI might better characterize a high-risk group for which novel treatment approaches are most needed.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019002729DOI Listing
June 2020

Single-agent activity of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibition with copanlisib in patients with molecularly defined relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Leukemia 2020 08 14;34(8):2184-2197. Epub 2020 Feb 14.

Hospices Civils de Lyon, Université de Lyon, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Service d'hématologie, Lyon, France.

Patients with relapsed/refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) have adverse outcomes. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor copanlisib in patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL and assessed the relationship between efficacy and DLBCL cell of origin (COO; activated B-cell like [ABC] and germinal center B-cell like [GCB]) and other biomarkers. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR) in DLBCL COO subgroups (ABC, GCB, and unclassifiable) and by CD79B mutational status (NCT02391116). Sixty-seven patients received copanlisib (ABC DLBCL, n = 19; GCB DLBCL, n = 30; unclassifiable, n = 3; missing, n = 15). The ORR was 19.4%; 31.6% and 13.3% in ABC and GCB DLBCL patients, respectively. ORR was 22.2%/20.0% for patients with/without CD79B mutations (wild type, n = 45; mutant, n = 9; missing, n = 13). Overall median progression-free survival and duration of response were 1.8 and 4.3 months, respectively. Adverse events included hypertension (40.3%), diarrhea (37.3%), and hyperglycemia (32.8%). Aberrations were detected in 338 genes, including BCL2 (53.7%) and MLL2 (53.7%). A 16-gene signature separating responders from nonresponders was identified. Copanlisib treatment demonstrated a manageable safety profile in patients with relapsed/refractory DLBCL and a numerically higher response rate in ABC vs. GCB DLBCL patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41375-020-0743-yDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7387311PMC
August 2020

Management and outcome of primary CNS lymphoma in the modern era: An LOC network study.

Neurology 2020 03 6;94(10):e1027-e1039. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

From Service de Neurologie 2-Mazarin, Sorbonne Université, IHU, ICM (C. Houillier, A.A., D.D., H.D., D.G., B.A., K.H.-X.), Service d'Hématologie (S. Choquet), Service de Neuro-Radiologie (N.M.-D.), Service d'Ophtalmologie (V.T.), Service de Médecine Nucléaire (A.K.), Service de Neuro-Pathologie (K.M.), Service d'Anatomie et Cytologies Pathologiques (F.C.), Service de Radiothérapie (L.F.), Service d'Hémato-Biologie (M.L.G.-T., M.C.), and Service de Neurochirurgie (B.M., M.P.), APHP, Groupe Hospitalier Pitié-Salpêtrière, Paris; Service d'Hématologie (C. Soussain), Institut Curie, Site Saint-Cloud; Service d'Hématologie (H.G.), CHU Lyon Sud; Service d'Hématologie (P.S., A.S.), Institut Bergonié, Bordeaux; Service de Neuro-Oncologie (O. Chinot), Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS, INP, AP-HM, CHU de la Timone, Marseille; Service de Neurologie (L.T., M.B.), CHU de Nancy; Service d'Hématologie (R.H.), Inserm U1236 Université de Rennes 1 (T.L.), CHU de Rennes; Service de Neurologie (G.A.), Hôpitaux Civils, Colmar; Service d'Hématologie (G.D.), CHU de Caen; Service d'Oncologie Médical (P.A.), Institut de Cancérologie de l'Ouest, Saint Herblain; Service d'Hématologie (C.M.-C.), CHU de Clermont-Ferrand; Service de Neurologie (A.A.), CHU de Toulouse; Service d'Oncologie Hématologique et de Thérapie Cellulaire (V.D.), CHU de Poitiers, INSERM, CIC 1402, Centre d'Investigation Clinique, Université de Poitiers; Service d'Oncologie Médicale (M.F.), Institut du Cancer de Montpellier Val d'Aurelle; Service d'Hématologie (F.J.), Centre Henri Becquerel, Rouen; Service d'Hématologie (A.C.), CHU de Besançon; Service d'Hématologie (M.P.M.-M.), CHU d'Angers; Service d'Hématologie (F.M., E.B.), CHRU de Lille; Service d'Hématologie (O. Casasnovas), CHU de Dijon; Service d'Onco-Hématologie (R.G.), CHU de Grenoble; Service d'Hématologie (L.M.F.), CHU de Strasbourg; Service d'Hématologie (J.A.), CHU de Limoges; Service d'Hématologie (J.-P.M.), CHU d'Amiens; Service d'Hématologie (A.T.), CHU de Brest; Service de Neurologie (C.C.) and Service d'Hématologie (A.W.), CHU de Nîmes; Clinique Courlancy (P.C.), Reims; Service d'Hématologie (J.T.), Hôpital Cochin, APHP, Paris; Service d'Hématologie Clinique (K.L.), Centre Hospitalier, Le Mans; Service d'Hématologie (C. Serrier), Centre Hospitalier de Perpignan; Service d'Hématologie (C. Haioun), Hôpital Henri Mondor, Créteil, APHP; Service d'Hématologie Clinique (S. Chebrek), Centre Hospitalier d'Avignon; Service d'Hématologie (J.O.B.), CHU de Clermont-Ferrand; Service d'Hématologie (L.O.), Institut Universitaire du Cancer de Toulouse; Service de Neuro-Oncologie (E.T.), Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, INP, AP-HM, CHU de la Timone; Service d'Ophtalmologie (N.C.), Institut Curie, Université Paris V Descartes et PSL (Paris Science et Lettre), Paris; and Service d'Hématologie et Thérapie Cellulaire (E.G.), Centre d'Investigations Cliniques INSERM U1517, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire, Université de Tours, France.

Objective: Real-life studies on patients with primary CNS lymphoma (PCNSL) are scarce. Our objective was to analyze, in a nationwide population-based study, the current medical practice in the management of PCNSL.

Methods: The French oculo-cerebral lymphoma network (LOC) database prospectively records all newly diagnosed PCNSL cases from 32 French centers. Data of patients diagnosed between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: We identified 1,002 immunocompetent patients (43% aged >70 years, median Karnofsky Performance Status [KPS] 60). First-line treatment was high-dose methotrexate-based chemotherapy in 92% of cases, with an increasing use of rituximab over time (66%). Patients <60 years of age received consolidation treatment in 77% of cases, consisting of whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) (54%) or high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell transplantation (HCT-ASCT) (23%). Among patients >60 years of age, WBRT and HCT-ASCT consolidation were administered in only 9% and 2%, respectively. The complete response rate to initial chemotherapy was 50%. Median progression-free survival was 10.5 months. For relapse, second-line chemotherapy, HCT-ASCT, WBRT, and palliative care were offered to 55%, 17%, 10%, and 18% of patients, respectively. The median, 2-year, and 5-year overall survival was 25.3 months, 51%, and 38%, respectively (<60 years: not reached [NR], 70%, and 61%; >60 years: 15.4 months, 44%, and 28%). Age, KPS, sex, and response to induction CT were independent prognostic factors in multivariate analysis.

Conclusions: Our study confirms the increasing proportion of elderly within the PCNSL population and shows comparable outcome in this population-based study with those reported by clinical trials, reflecting a notable application of recent PCNSL advances in treatment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000008900DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7238921PMC
March 2020

Gene alterations in epigenetic modifiers and JAK-STAT signaling are frequent in breast implant-associated ALCL.

Blood 2020 01;135(5):360-370

Institut Mondor de Recherche Biomédicale, INSERM U955, Université Paris-Est, Créteil, France.

The oncogenic events involved in breast implant-associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BI-ALCL) remain elusive. To clarify this point, we have characterized the genomic landscape of 34 BI-ALCLs (15 tumor and 19 in situ subtypes) collected from 54 BI-ALCL patients diagnosed through the French Lymphopath network. Whole-exome sequencing (n = 22, with paired tumor/germline DNA) and/or targeted deep sequencing (n = 24) showed recurrent mutations of epigenetic modifiers in 74% of cases, involving notably KMT2C (26%), KMT2D (9%), CHD2 (15%), and CREBBP (15%). KMT2D and KMT2C mutations correlated with a loss of H3K4 mono- and trimethylation by immunohistochemistry. Twenty cases (59%) showed mutations in ≥1 member of the JAK/STAT pathway, including STAT3 (38%), JAK1 (18%), and STAT5B (3%), and in negative regulators, including SOCS3 (6%), SOCS1 (3%), and PTPN1 (3%). These mutations were more frequent in tumor-type samples than in situ samples (P = .038). All BI-ALCLs expressed pSTAT3, regardless of the mutational status of genes in the JAK/STAT pathway. Mutations in the EOMES gene (12%) involved in lymphocyte development, PI3K-AKT/mTOR (6%), and loss-of-function mutations in TP53 (12%) were also identified. Copy-number aberration (CNA) analysis identified recurrent alterations, including gains on chromosomes 2, 9p, 12p, and 21 and losses on 4q, 8p, 15, 16, and 20. Regions of CNA encompassed genes involved in the JAK/STAT pathway and epigenetic regulators. Our results show that the BI-ALCL genomic landscape is characterized by not only JAK/STAT activating mutations but also loss-of-function alterations of epigenetic modifiers.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019001904DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7059458PMC
January 2020

Colonic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma: a case series.

Leuk Lymphoma 2020 03 6;61(3):582-587. Epub 2019 Nov 6.

Department of Gastroenterology, Groupe Hospitalier Henri Mondor-Albert Chenevier, APHP, Créteil, France.

Primary colonic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma accounts for less than 0.5% of all colon cancers. We report 9 cases of colonic MALT lymphomas (median follow up: 9 [IQR 1-26] years). The disease was multi-focal in 4 patients: the most frequent sites were the cecum in 4 and the rectum in 3 patients. The main endoscopic finding was a polypoid lesion. The treatment modalities were rituximab +/- an alkylating agent ( = 5), an alkylating agent alone ( = 2), surgical resection ( = 1), and endoscopic resection ( = 1). Remission was achieved in 8 cases. Three patients relapsed, and 2 were re-treated. At the end of the study period, 67% of the patients were in remission. All patients were symptom-free. This current series of colonic MALT lymphomas shows the indolent nature of the disease, which may be treated with various modalities.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2019.1686501DOI Listing
March 2020

Refining diffuse large B-cell lymphoma subgroups using integrated analysis of molecular profiles.

EBioMedicine 2019 Oct 21;48:58-69. Epub 2019 Oct 21.

Inserm U1245, Centre Henri Becquerel, Université de Rouen, IRIB, Rouen, France. Electronic address:

Background: Gene expression profiling (GEP), next-generation sequencing (NGS) and copy number variation (CNV) analysis have led to an increasingly detailed characterization of the genomic profiles of DLBCL. The aim of this study was to perform a fully integrated analysis of mutational, genomic, and expression profiles to refine DLBCL subtypes. A comparison of our model with two recently published integrative DLBCL classifiers was carried out, in order to best reflect the current state of genomic subtypes.

Methods: 223 patients with de novo DLBCL from the prospective, multicenter and randomized LNH-03B LYSA clinical trials were included. GEP data was obtained using Affymetrix GeneChip arrays, mutational profiles were established by Lymphopanel NGS targeting 34 key genes, CNV analysis was obtained by array CGH, and FISH and IHC were performed. Unsupervised independent component analysis (ICA) was applied to GEP data and integrated analysis of multi-level molecular data associated with each component (gene signature) was performed.

Findings: ICA identified 38 components reflecting transcriptomic variability across our DLBCL cohort. Many of the components were closely related to well-known DLBCL features such as cell-of-origin, stromal and MYC signatures. A component linked to gain of 19q13 locus, among other genomic alterations, was significantly correlated with poor OS and PFS. Through this integrated analysis, a high degree of heterogeneity was highlighted among previously described DLBCL subtypes.

Interpretation: The results of this integrated analysis enable a global and multi-level view of DLBCL, as well as improve our understanding of DLBCL subgroups.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.09.034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6838437PMC
October 2019

Genetic overlap between autoimmune diseases and non-Hodgkin lymphoma subtypes.

Genet Epidemiol 2019 10 13;43(7):844-863. Epub 2019 Aug 13.

Medicina Traslazionale, Università del Piemonte Orientale, Vercelli, Italy.

Epidemiologic studies show an increased risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in patients with autoimmune disease (AD), due to a combination of shared environmental factors and/or genetic factors, or a causative cascade: chronic inflammation/antigen-stimulation in one disease leads to another. Here we assess shared genetic risk in genome-wide-association-studies (GWAS). Secondary analysis of GWAS of NHL subtypes (chronic lymphocytic leukemia, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and marginal zone lymphoma) and ADs (rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and multiple sclerosis). Shared genetic risk was assessed by (a) description of regional genetic of overlap, (b) polygenic risk score (PRS), (c)"diseasome", (d)meta-analysis. Descriptive analysis revealed few shared genetic factors between each AD and each NHL subtype. The PRS of ADs were not increased in NHL patients (nor vice versa). In the diseasome, NHLs shared more genetic etiology with ADs than solid cancers (p = .0041). A meta-analysis (combing AD with NHL) implicated genes of apoptosis and telomere length. This GWAS-based analysis four NHL subtypes and three ADs revealed few weakly-associated shared loci, explaining little total risk. This suggests common genetic variation, as assessed by GWAS in these sample sizes, may not be the primary explanation for the link between these ADs and NHLs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/gepi.22242DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6763347PMC
October 2019

Obinutuzumab combined with lenalidomide for relapsed or refractory follicular B-cell lymphoma (GALEN): a multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 study.

Lancet Haematol 2019 Aug 8;6(8):e429-e437. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

Haematology Department, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rennes, Rennes, France.

Background: Lenalidomide plus rituximab is approved to treat patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma. Obinutuzumab has been shown to enhance antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, phagocytosis, and direct B-cell killing better than rituximab. Our aim was to determine the activity and safety of lenalidomide plus obinutuzumab in previously treated patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma.

Methods: In this multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 study, patients were enrolled from 24 Lymphoma Academic Research Organisation centres in France. Eligible patients (age ≥18 years) had histologically confirmed CD20-positive relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma of WHO grade 1, 2, or 3a; an ECOG performance status of 0-2; and received at least one previous rituximab-containing therapy. Patients received oral lenalidomide (20 mg) plus intravenously infused obinutuzumab as induction therapy (1000 mg; six 28-day cycles), 1-year maintenance with lenalidomide (10 mg; 12 28-day cycles; days 2-22) plus obinutuzumab (1000 mg; alternate cycles), and 1-year maintenance with obinutuzumab (1000 mg; six 56-day cycles; day 1). The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients who achieved an overall response at induction end as per investigator assessment using the 1999 international working group criteria. The secondary endpoints were event-free survival, progression-free survival, overall survival, and safety. Analyses were per-protocol; the efficacy population included all patients who received at least one dose of both obinutuzumab and lenalidomide, and the safety population included all patients who received one dose of either investigational drug. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01582776, and is ongoing but closed to accrual.

Findings: Between June 11, 2014, and Dec 18, 2015, 89 patients were recruited and 86 patients were evaluable for efficacy and 88 for safety. Median follow-up was 2·6 years (IQR 2·2-2·8). 68 (79%) of 86 evaluable patients (95% CI 69-87) achieved an overall response at induction end, meeting the prespecified primary endpoint. At 2 years, event-free survival was 62% (95% CI 51-72), progression-free survival 65% (95% CI 54-74), duration of response 70% (95% CI 57-79), and overall survival 87% (95% CI 78-93). Complete response was achieved by 33 (38%, 95% CI 28-50) of 86 patients at induction end, and the proportion of patients achieving a best overall response was 70 (81%, 95% CI 72-89) and 72 (84%, 74-91) of 86 patients during induction and treatment, respectively. The most common adverse events were asthenia (n=54, 61%), neutropenia (n=38, 43%), bronchitis (n=36, 41%), diarrhoea (n=35, 40%), and muscle spasms (n=34, 39%). Neutropenia was the most common toxicity of grade 3 or more; four (5%) patients had febrile neutropenia. 57 serious adverse events were reported in 30 (34%) of 88 patients. The most common serious adverse events were basal cell carcinoma (n=5, 6%), febrile neutropenia (n=4, 5%), and infusion-related reaction (n=3, 3%). One patient died due to treatment-related febrile neutropenia.

Interpretation: Our data shows that lenalidomide plus obinutuzumab is active in previously treated patients with relapsed or refractory follicular lymphoma, including those with early relapse, and has a manageable safety profile. Randomised trials of new immunomodulatory regimens, such as GALEN or using GALEN as a backbone, versus lenalidomide plus rituximab, are warranted.

Funding: Lymphoma Academic Research Organisation, and Celgene and Roche.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S2352-3026(19)30089-4DOI Listing
August 2019

Fatigue level changes with time in long-term Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma survivors: a joint EORTC-LYSA cross-sectional study.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2019 Jul 2;17(1):115. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

Centre de Traitement des Données du Cancéropôle Nord-Ouest, Plateforme de Recherche Clinique Ligue Contre le Cancer, Centre François Baclesse, 3 Avenue Général Harris, 14076, Caen, Cedex 5, France.

Background: Long-term lymphoma survivors often complain of persistent fatigue that remains unexplained. While largely reported in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), long-term fatigue is poorly documented in non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL). Data collected in two cohort studies were used to illustrate the fatigue level changes with time in the two populations.

Methods: Two cross-sectional studies were conducted in 2009-2010 (HL) and in 2015 (NHL) in survivors enrolled in European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Lymphoma Group and Lymphoma Study Association (LYSA) trials. The same protocol and questionnaires were used in both studies including the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI) tool to assess fatigue and a checklist of health disorders. Multivariate linear regression models were used in the two populations separately to assess the influence of time since diagnosis and primary treatment, age, gender, education level, cohabitation status, obesity and health disorders on fatigue level changes. Fatigue level changes were compared to general population data.

Results: Overall, data of 2023 HL and 1619 NHL survivors with fatigue assessment available (99 and 97% of cases, respectively) were analyzed. Crude levels of fatigue were similar in the two populations. Individuals who reported health disorders (61% of HL and 64% of NHL) displayed higher levels of fatigue than those who did not (P <  0.001). HL survivors showed increasing fatigue level with age while in NHL survivors mean fatigue level remained constant until age 70 and increased beyond. HL survivors showed fatigue changes with age higher than those of the general population with health disorders while NHL survivors were in between those of the general population with and without health disorders.

Conclusions: Among lymphoma survivors progressive increase of fatigue level with time since treatment completion is a distinctive feature of HL. Our data suggest that changes in fatigue level are unlikely to only depend on treatment complications and health disorders. Investigations should be undertaken to identify which factors including biologic mechanisms could explain why a substantial proportion of survivors develop high level of fatigue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12955-019-1186-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6604328PMC
July 2019

Polatuzumab vedotin in combination with immunochemotherapy in patients with previously untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: an open-label, non-randomised, phase 1b-2 study.

Lancet Oncol 2019 07 14;20(7):998-1010. Epub 2019 May 14.

US Oncology Research, The Woodlands, TX, USA; Willamette Valley Cancer Institute, Eugene, OR, USA.

Background: Polatuzumab vedotin, an antibody-drug conjugate targeting the CD79b component of the B-cell receptor, has demonstrated activity as a single agent and in combination with rituximab in relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. In this study, we evaluated the safety and preliminary activity of polatuzumab vedotin in combination with rituximab or obinutuzumab and cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (CHP) in patients with previously untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Methods: This was an open-label, non-randomised study composed of a phase 1b dose escalation and a phase 2 dose expansion at 11 hospitals and health centres in the USA and France. Patients aged 18 years or older with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma were eligible. Exclusion criteria included peripheral neuropathy with grade greater than 1, major surgery within 4 weeks before enrolment, known CNS involvement of lymphoma, and uncontrolled heart disease. Phase 1b dose escalation had a three-plus-three design and established the recommended phase 2 dose. Phase 2 expansion evaluated the recommended phase 2 dose of polatuzumab vedotin in patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma with an International Prognostic Index (IPI) of 2-5. Patients received cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m on day 1 intravenously, doxorubicin 50 mg/m on day 1 intravenously, and prednisone 100 mg once daily on days 1-5 of each 21-day cycle orally (CHP), plus either rituximab 375 mg/m intravenously on day 1 of each cycle (R-CHP) or obinutuzumab 1000 mg intravenously on days 1, 8, and 15 of cycle 1 and on day 1 of the following cycles (G-CHP). Polatuzumab vedotin was administered on day 2 of cycles 1 and 2, and on day 1 of the following cycles at 1·0-2·4 mg/kg during the escalation phase and at the recommended phase 2 dose during the expansion phase. Treatment could last six or eight cycles, depending on investigator preference. The primary endpoints of the study were safety and tolerability, and determination of the maximum tolerated dose (or recommended phase 2 dose) of polatuzumab vedotin. All endpoints were analysed per protocol in the safety evaluable population, defined as all patients who received at least one dose of study treatment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT01992653.

Findings: Between Dec 4, 2013, and July 26, 2016, 85 patients were enrolled. 82 patients were included in the safety and activity evaluable populations, 25 in phase 1b and 57 in phase 2. In light of information from other studies using polatuzumab vedotin reported during this study, in which the safety profile associated with exposure to polatuzumab vedotin at doses higher than 1·8 mg/kg every 3 weeks was not outweighed by any clinical benefit, the recommended phase 2 dose was set to 1·8 mg/kg in the R-CHP cohort and no higher doses were explored in this study. 66 patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma received the polatuzumab vedotin recommended phase 2 dose (45 R-CHP; 21 G-CHP). In 66 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received the recommended phase 2 dose, the most common adverse events of grade 3 or worse were neutropenia (20 [30%]), febrile neutropenia (12 [18%]), and thrombocytopenia (six [9%]). Among the 70 patients (any histology) who received the recommended phase 2 dose, 19 (27%) had grade 1 peripheral neuropathy, eight (11%) grade 2, and two (3%) grade 3. Four deaths were reported during follow-up: two treatment-related (one complication of atrial fibrillation and one septic shock) and two due to disease progression. As of the cutoff date of Dec 29, 2017, median follow-up time was 21·5 months (IQR 16·7-24·3) for the untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cohort treated at the polatuzumab vedotin recommended phase 2 dose. 59 (89%) patients achieved an overall response at end of treatment (51 [77%] patients had a complete response, and eight [12%] patients had a partial response).

Interpretation: The safety of incorporating polatuzumab vedotin to R-CHP or G-CHP was as expected and managable. Preliminary clinical activity in newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma seems promising and encouraged a phase 3 trial comparing polatuzumab vedotin with R-CHP to R-CHOP.

Funding: F Hoffmann-La Roche/Genentech.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(19)30091-9DOI Listing
July 2019

Clinical spectrum, evolution, and management of autoimmune cytopenias associated with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.

Eur J Haematol 2019 Jul 30;103(1):35-42. Epub 2019 May 30.

Service de médecine interne, Hôpital Henri-Mondor, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Université Paris-Est, Créteil, France.

Objective: Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) is frequently associated with autoimmune cytopenia (AIC). Whether such patients have a particular phenotype and require particular management is unclear.

Method: Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma patients from the multicentric database of the Lymphoma Study Association presenting with AIC during disease course were included and matched to AITL patients without AIC (1/5 ratio).

Results: At diagnosis, AIC patients (n = 28) had more spleen and bone marrow involvement (54% vs 19% and 71% vs 34%, P < 0.001), Epstein-Barr virus replication (89% vs 39%, P < 0.001), gamma globulin titers (median 23 vs 15 g/L, P = 0.002), and proliferating B cells and plasmablasts in biopsies, as compared to control patients (n = 136). The 28 AIC patients had 41 episodes of AIC, diagnosed concomitantly with AITL in 23 (82%) cases. After a median follow-up of 24 months (range 3-155), 10 patients relapsed, all associated with AITL relapse.

Conclusion: Our results provide new insight into AIC associated with AITL by highlighting the significant interplay between AITL and B-cell activation leading to subsequent autoimmunity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ejh.13239DOI Listing
July 2019

Long-term fatigue in survivors of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: The Lymphoma Study Association SIMONAL cross-sectional study.

Cancer 2019 07 22;125(13):2291-2299. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

French Center on eHealth, North-West Region Data Processing Center and French National League Against Cancer Clinical Research Platform, Caen, France.

Background: Long-term survivors of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) must cope with treatment complications and late toxicities that affect their health-related quality of life. Little is known about the risk-to-benefit ratio of new agents like rituximab. The impact of treatment regimens and health disorders on long-term fatigue levels was investigated in a cross-sectional study.

Methods: Two self-administered questionnaires, the 20-item Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20) and a Life Situation Questionnaire, were mailed in 2015 to NHL survivors enrolled onto 12 successive clinical studies (1993-2010) conducted by the Lymphoma Study Association. Private addresses were obtained for 3317 survivors, of whom 1671 (50%) returned the questionnaires. Severe fatigue was defined as MFI-20 scores ≥60 on dimension scales scored from 0 to 100. Linear regression models were used to assess factors that were linked to increased fatigue levels.

Results: The study population included 906 men and 765 women, and the median age was 64 years (age range, 24-95 years). Overall, 811 survivors had received cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone (CHOP)-like chemotherapy, 518 had received high-dose CHOP, and 342 had undergone upfront autologous stem cell transplantation; 829 survivors also had received rituximab. In total, 1100 survivors (66%) reported 1 or more late health disorders. Severe fatigue was reported by 602 survivors (37%). Increased fatigue levels were associated (P < .001) with increased age, obesity, and the presence of health disorders, but not with initial treatment or rituximab.

Conclusions: The survey confirms that high proportions long-term NHL survivors have severe fatigue. The results suggest that initial treatment and the receipt of rituximab have no influence on the development of long-term fatigue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32040DOI Listing
July 2019

Genetic drivers of oncogenic pathways in molecular subgroups of peripheral T-cell lymphoma.

Blood 2019 04 19;133(15):1664-1676. Epub 2019 Feb 19.

Department of Pathology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Fukuoka, Japan.

Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a group of complex clinicopathological entities, often associated with an aggressive clinical course. Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and PTCL-not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) are the 2 most frequent categories, accounting for >50% of PTCLs. Gene expression profiling (GEP) defined molecular signatures for AITL and delineated biological and prognostic subgroups within PTCL-NOS (PTCL-GATA3 and PTCL-TBX21). Genomic copy number (CN) analysis and targeted sequencing of these molecular subgroups revealed unique CN abnormalities (CNAs) and oncogenic pathways, indicating distinct oncogenic evolution. PTCL-GATA3 exhibited greater genomic complexity that was characterized by frequent loss or mutation of tumor suppressor genes targeting the - axis and -PI3K pathways. Co-occurring gains/amplifications of and occurred in PTCL-GATA3. Several CNAs, in particular loss of exhibited prognostic significance in PTCL-NOS as a single entity and in the PTCL-GATA3 subgroup. The PTCL-TBX21 subgroup had fewer CNAs, primarily targeting cytotoxic effector genes, and was enriched in mutations of genes regulating DNA methylation. CNAs affecting metabolic processes regulating RNA/protein degradation and T-cell receptor signaling were common in both subgroups. AITL showed lower genomic complexity compared with other PTCL entities, with frequent co-occurring gains of chromosome 5 (chr5) and chr21 that were significantly associated with mutation. CN losses were enriched in genes regulating PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling in cases without mutation. Overall, we demonstrated that novel GEP-defined PTCL subgroups likely evolve by distinct genetic pathways and provided biological rationale for therapies that may be investigated in future clinical trials.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1182/blood-2018-09-872549DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6460420PMC
April 2019
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