Publications by authors named "Corbin D Sullivan"

4 Publications

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Empiric treatment for peritonsillar abscess: A single-center experience with medical therapy alone.

Am J Otolaryngol 2021 Jul-Aug;42(4):102954. Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Western Michigan University, Homer Stryker M.D. School of Medicine, 300 Portage Street, Kalamazoo, MI 49007, United States of America. Electronic address:

Purpose: Compare the use of medical therapy alone (MTA) with surgical therapy (ST) for the empiric treatment of peritonsillar abscess (PTA).

Materials And Methods: A consecutive cohort of patients treated for PTA at our institution from May 2013 to February 2019 was analyzed. Demographics, disease characteristics, management strategies, and treatment outcomes were compared between treatment groups. Primary outcomes included treatment failure, defined as the need for follow-up surgical intervention, and complications within 2-weeks of empiric treatment.

Results: 306 patients (72.7%) received MTA while 115 (27.3%) underwent ST. There was no significant difference in the rate of treatment failure between the MTA (7.2%) and ST (6.1%) groups (p = 0.879). Complications were rare in both groups (1.6% with MTA versus 0.9% with ST; p = 0.898). Dysphagia (p = 0.011), trismus (p = 0.045), larger abscesses (p < 0.001), and hospital admission (p < 0.001) were more common in the ST group. Corticosteroid prescriptions were a common component of MTA (53.3%) and less often used with ST (33.9%; p = 0.001). After adjusting for abscess size, there remained no significant difference in the rate of treatment failure between groups. Univariate analyses demonstrated no significant independent predictors of treatment failure including age, sex, race, tonsillitis history, smoking history, presenting signs and symptoms, abscess size, hospital admission, and corticosteroid prescriptions.

Conclusions: MTA may be a safe and effective alternative to surgical drainage for the empiric treatment of PTA, warranting larger-scale prospective analyses. Abscess size did not appear to influence treatment failure; however, careful patient selection is likely to optimize treatment outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2021.102954DOI Listing
February 2021

A systematic review of patient-reported nasal obstruction scores: defining normative and symptomatic ranges in surgical patients.

JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2014 May-Jun;16(3):219-25; quiz 232

IMPORTANCE A gold standard objective measure of nasal airway obstruction (NAO) does not currently exist, so patient-reported measures are commonly used, particularly the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale and the visual analog scale (VAS). However, questions remain regarding how best to use these instruments. OBJECTIVES To systematically review studies on NOSE and VAS scores in patients with NAO and to compile and standardize the data to (1) define symptomatic and normative values for presurgical and postsurgical patients with NAO, asymptomatic individuals, and the general population; (2) determine if postsurgical scores are comparable with asymptomatic scores; and (3) determine if there is a clinically useful preoperative and postoperative score change. EVIDENCE REVIEW A systematic review of the literature was performed through PubMed for studies assessing NOSE and VAS scores in patients with chronic NAO. Strict inclusion criteria were applied to focus on anatomic obstruction only. For statistical analysis, the patients were classified as asymptomatic, presurgical and postsurgical with NAO, and the general population. FINDINGS The mean (SD) NOSE and VAS scores for a patient with NAO were 65 (22) and 6.9 (2.3), respectively. The mean postsurgical NOSE and VAS scores were 23 (20) and 2.1 (2.2), respectively. The mean asymptomatic individual NOSE and VAS scores were 15 (17) and 2.1 (1.6). The mean NOSE and VAS scores for the general population were 42 (27) and 4.6 (2.6), respectively. The mean presurgical to postsurgical change was more than 40 for NOSE scores and more than 4.0 for VAS scores. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE We have shown that normative and abnormal value ranges for NOSE and VAS can be established for clinical use. Given the consistency of both scales, we conclude that these measures can be used as a clinically meaningful measure of successful surgical outcomes.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/jamafacial.2013.2473DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4072745PMC
January 2015

Perception of better nasal patency correlates with increased mucosal cooling after surgery for nasal obstruction.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2014 Jan 23;150(1):139-47. Epub 2013 Oct 23.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

Objectives: To (1) quantify mucosal cooling (ie, heat loss) spatially in the nasal passages of nasal airway obstruction (NAO) patients before and after surgery using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and (2) correlate mucosal cooling with patient-reported symptoms, as measured by the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and a visual analog scale (VAS) for sensation of nasal airflow.

Study Design: Prospective.

Setting: Academic tertiary medical center.

Subjects And Methods: Computed tomography (CT) scans and NOSE and VAS surveys were obtained from 10 patients before and after surgery to relieve NAO. Three-dimensional models of each patient's nasal anatomy were used to run steady-state CFD simulations of airflow and heat transfer during inspiration. Heat loss across the nasal vestibule and the entire nasal cavity, as well as the surface area of mucosa exposed to heat fluxes >50 W/m(2), were compared pre- and postoperatively.

Results: After surgery, heat loss increased significantly on the preoperative most obstructed side (P < .0002). A larger surface area of nasal mucosa was exposed to heat fluxes >50 W/m(2) after surgery. The best correlation between patient-reported and CFD measures of nasal patency was obtained for NOSE against surface area in which heat fluxes were >50 W/m(2) (Pearson r = -0.76).

Conclusion: A significant postoperative increase in mucosal cooling correlates well with patients' perception of better nasal patency after NAO surgery. Computational fluid dynamics-derived heat fluxes may prove to be a valuable predictor of success in NAO surgery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0194599813509776DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3917722PMC
January 2014

Anterior table remodeling after treatment for Pott's puffy tumor.

Am J Otolaryngol 2013 May-Jun;34(3):265-7. Epub 2013 Jan 24.

Department of Otolaryngology and Communication Sciences, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

We report a case of near-complete remodeling of the anterior table of the frontal sinus after treatment for an erosive Pott's Puffy Tumor. A 61-year-old male presented with progressive swelling of his left forehead. Examination showed a doughy left forehead mass, and a sinus CT showed a lateral left frontal sinus mucocele with complete anterior table erosion. Frontal trephination with marsupialization of the mucocele was performed, and at 8 month follow-up, the patient had no visible defect and only minimally palpable bony defect. The anterior table had remodeled with no additional intervention resulting in a cosmetic outcome imperceptible from the patient's baseline.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.amjoto.2012.12.018DOI Listing
October 2013
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