Publications by authors named "Cody R van Rassel"

2 Publications

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Concurrent Validity of a Stationary Cycling Test and Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test in Adults with Concussion.

J Athl Train 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

1Sport Injury Prevention Research Centre, Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Context: Following concussion, a multi-faceted assessment is recommended, including tests of physical exertion. The current gold standard for exercise testing following concussion is the Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT); however, there is a lack of validated tests that utilize alternative exercise modalities.

Objective: To assess the feasibility and concurrent validity of a novel cycling test of exertion compared to the BCTT.

Design: Crossover Study Setting: University Sport-Medicine Clinic Patients: Twenty adults (aged 18-60 years) diagnosed with a Sport-Related Concussion Intervention: Participants completed the BCTT and a cycling test of exertion in a random order, approximately 48 hours apart.

Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome of interest was maximum heart rate [HRmax; beats per minute (bpm)]. Secondary outcomes of interest included whether the participant reached volitional fatigue (yes/no), symptom responsible for test cessation (Post Concussion Symptom Scale), and Symptom Severity on a Visual Scale (/10).

Results: Of the 20 participants, 19 (10 male, 9 female) completed both tests. One participant did not return for the second test and was excluded from the analysis. No adverse events were reported. The median HRmax for the BCTT [171 bpm; (IQR: 139-184bpm)] was not significantly different than the median HRmax for the Cycle [173 bpm; (IQR: 160-182)] (z=-0.63, p=0.53). For both tests, the three most frequently reported symptoms responsible for test cessation were Headache, Dizziness, and Pressure in the head. Of interest, the majority of participants (64%) reported a different symptom responsible for test cessation on each test.

Conclusion: The novel cycling test of exertion achieved similar HRmax and test duration and may be a suitable alternative to the BCTT. Future research to understand the physiological reason for the heterogeneity in symptoms responsible for test cessation is warranted.
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April 2021

Validity of electrical impedance myography to estimate percent body fat: comparison to bio-electrical impedance and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

J Sports Med Phys Fitness 2019 Apr 18;59(4):632-639. Epub 2018 Jul 18.

PERFORM Center, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada -

Background: Assessment of percent body fat (%BF) is typically measured with bioelectrical impedance (BIA) as a proxy for dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Notably, poorer agreement between BIA and DXA among persons who are overweight or obese has been reported. The use of electrical impedance myography (EIM) as a proxy for DXA has not been validated. The objective was to evaluate an EIM device and two multi-frequency BIA devices with the reference standard (DXA) stratified by weight status and gender.

Methods: In a convenience sample of 82 adults, %BF assessed by EIM and two BIA devices was compared to DXA. Agreement between devices was tested with intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC) and Bland-Altman plots.

Results: Agreement between DXA and EIM (ICC=0.77) was poorer than the agreement between either BIA device with DXA (ICC>0.87). Stratified by sex, agreement between EIM and DXA was greater for men than women (ICC=0.81 and ICC=0.61, respectively). Stratified by BMI, agreement between EIM and DXA was best for normal-weight individuals (ICC=0.89) and progressively poorer for overweight (ICC=0.80) and obese (ICC=0.67) individuals. Bland-Altman plots revealed wide limits of agreement and an increase in EIM mean difference as average %BF increased. Similar trends were seen in BIA assessments.

Conclusions: EIM and BIA substantially underestimate %BF in overweight and obese individuals. Wide limits of agreement coupled with variable ICC limit device interchangeability with one another and limit clinical utility.
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April 2019