Publications by authors named "Claudio R Majul"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

PULSE-HF: A simple clinical and geriatric score to predict systolic dysfunction in the elderly without heart failure.

Curr Probl Cardiol 2021 Nov 21:101066. Epub 2021 Nov 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Alemán, Buenos Aires, Argentina; Geriatric Unit, Hospital Alemán, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Objective: To develop a clinical score to determine preclinical predictors of systolic dysfunction in an outpatient elderly population without a diagnosis of heart failure (HF).

Patients And Methods: PULSE-HF is a cross-sectional study in elderly at-risk (coronary artery disease, diabetes or hypertension) outpatients without a diagnosis of HF. Clinical and geriatric variables were analyzed; independent predictive factors in the logistic regression analysis were included for the score calculation.

Results: Of the 722 subjects enrolled, 47 (6.5%) had a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% and 15 (2.1%) a LVEF < 40%. Mean age was 76.5 years (5.18) and 445 (61.6%) were female. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified abnormal Q waves (odds ratio [OR]: 4.36; p=0.003), cardiomegaly (OR: 3.32; p < 0.001), right bundle branch block (OR: 2.84; p=0.011), cognitive dysfunction (OR: 2.14; p=0.027) and NT-proBNP (OR 5.43; p < 0.001) as independent predictors of LVEF < 50%. Two prediction scores were built, without and with NT-proBNP inclusion; the area under ROC curves were 0.70 and 0.76, respectively. As the score increased, the sensitivity decreases but increases specificity and accuracy (97.17% and 91.64% respectively in ≥ 6 points). NT-proBNP was associated with an increment in the performance (accuracy of 93.18% for score ≥ 10).

Conclusion: A simple score using clinical information might be useful to predicting asymptomatic systolic dysfunction in the elderly.
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November 2021

The effects of telmisartan and amlodipine in treatment-naïve and previously treated hypertensive patients: a subanalysis from a 4 × 4 factorial design study.

Clin Exp Hypertens 2013 24;35(5):330-40. Epub 2012 Oct 24.

Punzi Medical Center and Trinity Hypertension Research Institute, 1932 Walnut Plaza, Carrollton, TX 75006, USA.

The subanalysis of a 4 × 4 factorial, 8-week study to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of telmisartan (T) 40-80 mg/amlodipine (A) 5-10 mg used in treatment-naïve patients (n = 231) and patients previously treated with antihypertensive agents (n = 880). Similar blood pressure (BP) reductions were achieved with T + A, regardless of their pretreatment status. Highest reductions were achieved with T80 + A10 (treatment-naïve -26.5/-18.2 mm Hg and previously treated -25.6/-19.9 mm Hg). Most patients (treatment-naïve 72.4% and previously treated 77.6%), including those with added risk, achieved BP goal (<140/90 mm Hg) with T80 + A10. Tolerability was comparable in both groups.
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February 2014

Effects of telmisartan and amlodipine in combination on ambulatory blood pressure in stages 1-2 hypertension.

Blood Press Monit 2010 Aug;15(4):205-12

Pat and Jim Calhoun Cardiology Center, University of Connecticut School of Medicine, Farmington, 06030, USA.

Background: Evaluation of combination therapy with antihypertensive agents by clinic blood pressure (BP) measurements may yield results that differ from out-of-office BP readings. This is of clinical relevance because out-of-office BP values are of prognostic importance. We studied the effects of combining telmisartan and amlodipine on ambulatory BP in patients with stages 1-2 hypertension.

Methods: We conducted an 8-week, placebo-controlled, double-blind, 4x4 factorial design trial in which 562 patients with clinic diastolic BP at least 95 and 119 mmHg or less were randomized to receive telmisartan (0, 20, 40, or 80 mg) and/or amlodipine (0, 2.5, 5, or 10 mg). Ambulatory BP monitoring was performed at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment; the end points of interest were the changes from baseline in 24-h systolic and diastolic BP. Secondary end points included the proportion of responders (> or =10 mmHg BP reduction from baseline and/or <130/80 mean 24-h BP) and controlled patients (<130/80 mmHg mean 24-h BP).

Results: Combination therapies of telmisartan and amlodipine lowered 24-h BP to a larger extent than the corresponding monotherapies at all doses. Mean reductions from baseline in 24-h BP for the combination of the highest doses of telmisartan (80 mg) and amlodipine (10 mg) were -22.4/-14.6 versus -11.9/-6.9 mmHg for amlodipine (10 mg) and -11.0/-6.9 mmHg for telmisartan (80 mg) (P<0.0001 for each comparison). In addition, BP response and control rates (24-h BP <130/80 mmHg) were significantly higher with the combination therapy versus the monotherapy groups.

Conclusion: These findings show that telmisartan and amlodipine in combination provide substantial 24-h BP efficacy that is superior to either monotherapy in patients with stages 1 and 2 hypertension.
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August 2010

Results of treatment with telmisartan-amlodipine in hypertensive patients.

J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich) 2009 Apr;11(4):207-13

Piedmont Medical Research Associates, Winston-Salem, NC, USA.

This randomized 4 x 4 factorial study determined the efficacy and safety of telmisartan (T) plus amlodipine (A) in hypertensive patients. Adults (N=1461) with stage 1 or 2 hypertension (baseline blood pressure [BP]: 153.2[12.1]/101.7[4.3] mm Hg) were randomized to 1 of 16 treatment groups with T 0, 20, 40, 80 mg and A 0, 2.5, 5, 10 mg for 8 weeks. In-clinic BP reductions were greater with combination therapy than respective monotherapies. The greatest least-square mean systolic/diastolic BP reductions were observed with T80 mg plus A10 mg (-26.4/-20.1 mm Hg; P<.05 compared with both monotherapies). BP control was also greatest in the T80-mg plus A10-mg group (76.5% [overall control] and 85.3% [diastolic BP control]), and BP response rates >90% with this combination. Peripheral edema was most common in the A10-mg group (17.8%); however, this rate was notably lower when A was used in combination with T: 11.4% (T20/A10), 6.2% (T40/A10), and 11.3% (T80/A10).
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April 2009

Telmisartan plus amlodipine in patients with moderate or severe hypertension: results from a subgroup analysis of a randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, 4 x 4 factorial study.

Postgrad Med 2009 Mar;121(2):5-14

Piedmont Medical Research Associates, Winston-Salem, NC 27103, USA.

Background: Patients with moderate-to-severe hypertension frequently require > or = 2 antihypertensives to achieve blood pressure (BP) control. An angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB) plus a calcium channel blocker (CCB) seems particularly attractive for these difficult-to-control patients.

Methods: Patients with Stage 1 or 2 hypertension were randomized to telmisartan 0, 20, 40, or 80 mg plus amlodipine 0, 2.5, 5, or 10 mg for 8 weeks. Only those with a diastolic BP (DBP) > or = 100 mm Hg at baseline were included in this subgroup analysis. The primary endpoint was the change in the in-clinic seated trough cuff DBP from baseline to study end for combination versus respective monotherapies. Secondary endpoints included the change in the in-clinic seated trough systolic BP (SBP), BP response, and control rates.

Results: A total of 1078 patients (mean [standard deviation] baseline in-clinic BP: 154.7 +/- 11.7/103.5 +/- 3.5 mm Hg) were analyzed. In-clinic DBP and SBP reductions were significantly greater with combination therapies than respective monotherapies. The greatest least-square mean (standard error) SBP/DBP reductions (-26.5 +/- 1.2/-21 +/- 0.8 mm Hg) were observed with telmisartan 80 mg plus amlodipine 10 mg; 77% and 85% of patients in this treatment group achieved BP control (< 140/90 mm Hg) and DBP control (< 90 mm Hg), respectively. Peripheral edema was reported in 17.2% of patients in the amlodipine 10 mg group; however, this was substantially lower when telmisartan was used in combination: 7% (telmisartan 40 mg/amlodipine 10 mg) and 9.5% (telmisartan 80 mg/ amlodipine 10 mg).

Conclusions: Telmisartan plus amlodipine provides effective BP lowering at all clinically relevant doses (up to -26.5 mm Hg SBP), and almost 9 out of 10 patients may achieve DBP control. Peripheral edema is up to 59% less when telmisartan 40 mg is used in combination with amlodipine 10 mg compared with amlodipine 10 mg monotherapy alone.
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March 2009