Publications by authors named "Claudio Parlapiano"

5 Publications

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Lessons learned from COVID-19 pandemic in Italy - A commentary.

Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2021 Feb 1;21(1):117-119. Epub 2021 Feb 1.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Since the COVID-19 outbreak, Italy has been one of the most affected countries in Europe and the second for number of deaths. In this commentary, we discuss some lessons that we learned as health-care providers working in a large public hospital during the pandemic, with a special focus on the importance of infection containment and early diagnosis, the role of swab, serological tests, home isolation and individual protection  devices, and the available therapies and management indications to better face a possible new outbreak in the near future. These comments should stimulate a more diffused, efficient, and efficacious management of COVID-19 patients, also reducing the number of admissions to hospital emergency departments and the related spread of the infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.17305/bjbms.2020.4847DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7861622PMC
February 2021

Dopamine receptor subtypes in the human coronary vessels of healthy subjects.

J Recept Signal Transduct Res 2011 Feb 12;31(1):33-8. Epub 2010 Aug 12.

Clinical Science (Policlinico Umberto I), "Sapienza" University, Rome, Italy.

Objective: Dopamine D(1)-D(5) receptors subtypes were studied in human coronary vessels of healthy subjects to assess their localization and their expression.

Methods: Samples of intraparenchymal and extraparenchymal branches of human coronary arteries and veins were harvested from four normal native hearts explanted from four young brain dead heart donors in case of orthoptic transplant, not carried out for technical reasons. In all the samples morphological, biochemical, immunochemical, and morphometrical studies were performed including quantitative analysis of images and evaluation of data.

Results: Microanatomical section showed healthy coronary vessels, which expressed all dopamine receptors (from D(1) to D(5)) with a different pattern of distribution between the different layers, in the intra and in the extraparenchymal branches.D(1) and D(5) (with a prevalence D(1) over D(5)) were distributed in the adventitia and to a lesser extent in the outer media but they were absent in arterioles, capillaries and venules. Endothelial and the middle layer showed D(2), D(3) and D(4) receptors, with a greater expression of D(2). Immunoblot analysis of dopamine monoclonal antibodies and dopamine receptors showed a different migration band for each receptor: D(1) (45 KDa); D(2) (43 KDa); D(3) (42‚ÄČkDa); D(4) (40-42 KDa); D(5) (38-40 KDa)

Conclusion: These findings demonstrate the presence of all dopamine receptor subtypes in the wall of human coronary vessels of healthy subjects. Dopamine D(1) and D(2) receptor subtypes are the most expressed, suggesting their prominent role in the coronary vasoactivity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/10799893.2010.506878DOI Listing
February 2011

A study on QT interval in patients affected with inflammatory bowel disease without cardiac involvement.

Intern Emerg Med 2010 Aug 22;5(4):307-10. Epub 2010 Apr 22.

Department of Clinical Sciences, Policlinico Umberto I, University La Sapienza of Rome, Viale del Policlinico 155, Rome, Italy.

Cardiac involvement has been studied quite extensively in patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease but, as of now, there is no data regarding QT alterations which are well known to be linked to the risk of dangerous arrhythmias. In this study, QT parameters were digitally measured on standard 12-lead ECG in a population of 20 patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), with no prior (recent or old) history of cardiac disease and no evidence of electrolyte imbalance. Eighteen healthy subjects formed the control group. The results obtained using non-parametric statistics (Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test) showed that heart rate corrected QT interval (QTc) and QTc dispersion (QTc d) values were both significantly higher in IBD patients than in the control group. QTc rank sum values in patients affected by inflammatory bowel disease were 469 versus 311 in healthy subjects (Z = 1.939, p = 0.0263). QTc d rank sum values were 460 in IBD patients versus 320 in controls (Z = 1.686 with p = 0.0459). Regardless of the cause of these QT alterations, it appears evident that accurate monitoring of QT parameters is required in these patients who often experience electrolyte disturbances and who may, in some cases, be undergoing treatment with potentially cardiotoxic drugs such as infliximab.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-010-0382-9DOI Listing
August 2010

Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis in an Italian man: clinical manifestation and genetic analysis.

Ann Clin Biochem 2008 Mar;45(Pt 2):218-20

Diabetes Research Institute, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, FL 33136, USA.

In Western countries, thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a rare condition with only sporadic cases described so far. Here, we describe a 29-year-old Italian man who presented with leg weakness and hypokalaemia. Treatment with intravenous potassium resulted in a rapid resolution of symptoms. TPP as the underlying cause was suggested by suppressed thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), elevated free T3 and free T4, and the presence of TSH-receptor antibodies (TRAB). Genetic analysis showed no mutations in the candidate exons of calcium (CACN1AS), potassium (KCNE3) and sodium (SCN4A) channel genes. However, we identified the presence of two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 1491C > T and 1551 T > C, in exon 11 of the CACN1AS gene. Although the 1491C > T SNP is not apparently involved in the pathogenesis of the disease, the 1551 T > C SNP has been associated with TPP in Asians and reported in only one case in European Caucasians. Further investigations are needed to clarify whether such polymorphisms have a role in the disease pathogenesis in Caucasians.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1258/acb.2007.007117DOI Listing
March 2008
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