Publications by authors named "Ciprian Tanasescu"

6 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Acute surgical abdomen during the COVID-19 pandemic: Clinical and therapeutic challenges.

Exp Ther Med 2021 May 22;21(5):519. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Third Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, 'Lucian Blaga' University Sibiu, 550169 Sibiu, Romania.

The present study investigated the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the clinical presentation and therapeutic management of acute surgical abdomen. A retrospective study of emergency hospitalizations with a diagnosis of acute surgical abdomen between April and July 2020 vs. a similar period in 2019 was performed. The observation sheets and the operating protocols were analyzed. Between April and July 2020, 50 cases of acute surgical abdomen were hospitalized and treated, compared to 43 cases in the same period last year. The main types of pathology in both groups included: Occlusions (60%, respectively 44.2% in 2019) and peritonitis (32%, respectively 41.8% in 2019). There was an increased rate of patients with colorectal cancers neglected therapeutically or uninvestigated, who presented during the pandemic period with emergencies for complications such as occlusion or tumor perforation (32 vs. 6.97%, P=0.0039). One case, with gastric perforation, was COVID-positive, with no pulmonary symptoms at admission. The number of postoperative infectious complications was lower during the pandemic (2 vs. 13.95%, P=0.0461). As the COVID-19 pandemic appears to be still far from ending, we should learn to adapt our surgical protocols to the new evidence. Oncological patients are a vulnerable group, who were neglected in the first months of the pandemic. SARS-Cov-2 infection may be a cause of abdominal pain and should be taken into account in different diagnoses of acute abdomen in surgical wards. Correct wearing of adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) and respecting strict rules of asepsis and antisepsis are required for preventing in-hospital transmission of infection.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3892/etm.2021.9950DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8014977PMC
May 2021

Safety of Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy for Acute Cholecystitis in the Elderly: A Multivariate Analysis of Risk Factors for Intra and Postoperative Complications.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Mar 2;57(3). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

3rd Department Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, "Lucian Blaga" University Sibiu, 550169 Sibiu, Romania.

This study investigates the impact of age upon the safety and outcomes of laparoscopic cholecystectomy performed for acute cholecystitis, by a multivariate approach. A 2-year retrospective study was performed on 333 patients admitted for acute cholecystitis who underwent emergency cholecystectomy. The patients included in the study group were divided into four age subgroups: A ≤49 years; B: 50-64 years; C: 65-79 years; D ≥80 years. Surgery after 72 h from onset ( = 0.007), severe forms, and higher American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification and Charlson comorbidity index scores ( < 0.001) are well correlated with older age. Both cardiovascular and surgical related complications were significantly higher in patients over 50 years ( = 0.045), which also proved to be a turning point for increasing the rate of conversion and open surgery. However, the comparative incidence did not differ significantly between patients aged from 50-64 years, 65-79 years and over 80 years (6.03%, 9.09% and 5.8%, respectively). Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) was the most frequently used surgical approach in the treatment of acute cholecystitis in all age groups, with better outcomes than open cholecystectomy in terms of decreased overall and postoperative hospital stay, reduced surgery related complications, and the incidence of acute cardiovascular events in the early postoperative period ( < 0.001). The degree of systemic inflammation was the main factor that influenced the adverse outcome of LC in the elderly. Among comorbidities, diabetes was associated with increased surgical and systemic postoperative morbidity, while stroke and chronic renal insufficiency were correlated with a high risk of cardiovascular complications. With adequate perioperative care, the elderly has much to gain from the benefits of a minimally invasive approach, which allows a decreased rate of postoperative complications and a reduced hospital stay.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/medicina57030230DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8002041PMC
March 2021

Indocyanine Green-Enhanced Colorectal Surgery-between Being Superfluous and Being a Game-Changer.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2020 Sep 24;10(10). Epub 2020 Sep 24.

IVth Surgery Department, Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, 050098 Bucharest, Romania.

Nowadays, surgical innovations incorporate new technological conquests and must be validated by evidence-based medicine. The use of augmented reality-assisted indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence has generated a myriad of intraoperative applications such as demonstration of key anatomical landmarks, sentinel lymph nodes, and real-time assessment of local blood flow. This paper presents a systematic review of the clinical evidence regarding the applications of ICG near-infrared (NIR) fluorescence in colorectal surgery. After we removed duplicate publications and screened for eligibility, a total of 36 articles were evaluated: 23 on perfusion assessment, 10 on lymph node mapping, and 3 on intraoperative identification of ureters. Lack of homogenous studies, low statistical power, and confounding evidence were found to be common amongst publications supporting the use of ICG in colorectal surgery, raising concerns over this seductive technique's cost efficiency and redundancy. The compiled data showed that ICG NIR fluorescence may be a game-changer in particular situations, as proven for low colorectal anastomosis or lateral pelvic lymph node dissection, but it remains controversial for routine use and sentinel lymph node assessment. Further randomized studies are needed to confirm these conclusions. Future research directions include tumor-targeted fluorescence imaging and digital software for quantitative evaluation of fluorescence.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/diagnostics10100742DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7600504PMC
September 2020

Characteristics of Thoraco-Abdominal Injuries - A Series of Three Cases.

Chirurgia (Bucur) 2020 Jul-Aug;115(4):530-536

The enlarged number of powerful vehicles in our country led to an increased speed of travel and hence the high number of traffic accidents with severe consequences, even death. Along with polytrauma caused by occupational accidents, these types of traumas require complex and often multidisciplinary surgical therapy against the clock, which places the surgeon in front of situations that are not found in the everyday practice. Injuries involving damage to the thoracic-phreno-abdominal region fall into this specific category that we have chosen to discuss in the present work. We will further present three clinical cases of patients with thoraco-phreno-abdominal injuries produced by different mechanisms. A work-accident wound produced by an angle grinder, causing left thoracoabdominal injuries; a polytrauma caused by a road accident, with a thoraco-phreno abdominal wound produced by a piece of wood that penetrated obliquely through the right thorax, in the 5th and 6th intercostal spaces, crossed the right lower lung lobe, the diaphragm, the 7th liver segment, and stopped in the right posterior costal grid, and a polytrauma following a fall from a height, with a torn diaphragm and mesentery.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21614/chirurgia.115.4.530DOI Listing
October 2020

Day-case Surgery in the Context of Inguinal Hernia Repair by the Modified Lichtenstein Technique - A Single Centre Experience.

Chirurgia (Bucur) 2019 Jan-Feb;114(1):115-120

The plethora of surgical techniques described for inguinal hernia cure, might create confusion to the young surgeon, who is often forced to perform the technique acquired in the Department where he/she was trained. Also, the anatomy of the inguinal region has given rise to numerous interpretations due to the spatial layout of the elements, as well as to the necessity of obtaining high-functional resistance anatomical structures. The retrospective study was conducted at the Proctoven Clinic in Sibiu for a period of 5 years. 219 patients diagnosed of inguinal hernia, were operated by the Lichtenstein technique between March 2011 and March 2016. We consider the practice of the Lichtenstein procedure for our patients to be extremely feasible, very well tolerated, with less than 3 hours hospitalization, with good short and long term results.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.21614/chirurgia.114.1.115DOI Listing
June 2019

A rare case of ileus caused by ileum endometriosis.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2016 18;26:24-6. Epub 2016 Jul 18.

Lucian Blaga University-Faculty of Medicine Sibiu, First Medical Clinic Academic Emergency Hospital Sibiu Romania, Romania.

Introduction: We report our experience involving a rare case of ileum endometriosis complicated with small bowel obstruction.

Presentation Of Case: 33 years old female patient, admitted to emergency service with abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and vomiting. Abdominal X-ray showed dilated small bowel loops. Computerized tomography scan showed dilated small intestine segments excepting last ileum loop, gastric distension, enlarged ovaries. Emergency laparotomy was performed, showing acute bowel obstruction due to a stenotic tumor placed on the terminal ileum, cecum tumors, multiple tumors in Douglas pouch, multiple mesenteric enlarged lymph nodes. Right colectomy is performed with an ileo-transverso stomy placed in right hypochondrium. Postoperative evolution without complication, patient discharged after 13-days hospitalization. After hormonal treatment, she returned for a second look and ileotransverso anastomosis.

Discussion: Gastrointestinal involvement of endometriosis has been found in 3%-37% of menstruating women. Ileum localization is very rare (1%-7%), causing intestinal obstruction 7%-23% of cases. Intraoperative differential diagnosis is difficult, predisposing at confusion with other types of tumors. In the absence of fast microscopic exam, the tumor was considered malignant and imposed a right hemicolectomy.

Conclusion: Intestinal obstruction due to ileum endometriosis is a rare condition, however, it should always be considered in the differential diagnosis in women of reproductive age.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijscr.2016.06.023DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4954939PMC
September 2016