Publications by authors named "Cinnamon Sullivan"

5 Publications

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Adult liver transplant anesthesiology practice patterns and resource utilization in the United States: Survey results from the society for the advancement of transplant anesthesia.

Clin Transplant 2021 Oct 12:e14504. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO.

Introduction: Liver transplant anesthesiology is an evolving and expanding subspecialty, and programs have, in the past, exhibited significant variations of practice at transplant centers across the United States. In order to explore current practice patterns, the Quality & Standards Committee from the Society for the Advancement of Transplant Anesthesia (SATA) undertook a survey of liver transplant anesthesiology program directors.

Methods: Program directors were invited to participate in an online questionnaire. A total of 110 program directors were identified from the 2018 Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients (SRTR) database. Replies were received from 65 programs (response rate of 59%).

Results: Our results indicate an increase in transplant anesthesia fellowship training and advanced training in transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). We also find that the use of intraoperative TEE and viscoelastic testing is more common. However, there has been a reduction in the use of veno-venous bypass, routine placement of pulmonary artery catheters and the intraoperative use of anti-fibrinolytics when compared to prior surveys.

Conclusion: The results show considerable heterogeneity in practice patterns across the country that continues to evolve. However, there appears to be a movement towards the adoption of specific structural and clinical practices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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October 2021

Intraoperative Use of Angiotensin II for Severe Vasodilatory Shock During Liver Transplantation: A Case Report.

A A Pract 2021 Feb 11;15(2):e01402. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

From the Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.

Refractory hypotension is a known entity in liver transplantation. Catecholamine and vasopressin infusions are first-line therapies. There has been recent interest in angiotensin II (Ang-2) as an alternative vasopressor; however, liver failure patients were excluded from the original trials. Ang-2 has potential in this patient population. This case discusses a patient who received an infusion of Ang-2 during a liver transplant for combined liver failure-induced distributive shock and septic shock. It is the first known successful use of intraoperative Ang-2 in this situation, and it shows that Ang-2 may be safe in liver transplantation when traditional therapies fail.
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February 2021

Management of Coronavirus Disease 2019 Intubation Teams.

A A Pract 2020 Jun;14(8):e01263

From the Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.

Some patients infected with the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) require endotracheal intubation, an aerosol-generating procedure that is believed to result in viral transmission to personnel performing the procedure. Additionally, donning and doffing personal protective equipment can be time consuming. In particular, doffing requires strict protocol adherence to avoid exposure. We describe the Emory Healthcare intubation team approach during the COVID-19 pandemic. This structure resulted in only 1 team member testing positive for COVID-19 despite 253 patient intubations over a 6-week period with 153 anesthesia providers on service.
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June 2020

Lack of association between intraoperative handoff of care and postoperative complications: a retrospective observational study.

BMC Anesthesiol 2019 10 15;19(1):182. Epub 2019 Oct 15.

Department of Anesthesiology, Emory University School of Medicine, 1364 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA, 30322, USA.

Background: The significance of intraoperative anesthesia handoffs on patient outcomes are unclear. One aspect differentiating the disparate results is the treatment of confounding factors, such as patient comorbidities and surgery time of day. We performed this study to quantify the significance of confounding variables on composite adverse events during intraoperative anesthesia handoffs.

Methods: In this retrospective study, we analyzed data from the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Project (ACS NSQIP). We examined the effects of intraoperative handoffs between anesthesia personnel. A total of 12,111 cases performed examined at two hospitals operated by a single healthcare system that were that included in the ACS NSQIP database performed. The presence of attending and anesthetist or resident handoffs, patient age, sex, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA-PS) classification, case length, surgical case complexity, and evening/weekend start time were measured.

Results: A total of 2586 of all cases in the NSQIP dataset experienced a handoff during the case. When analyzed as a single variable, attending handoffs were associated with higher rates of adverse outcomes. However, once confounding variables were added into the analysis, attending handoffs and complete care transitions were no longer statistically significant.

Conclusions: Inclusion of significant covariates is essential to fully understanding the impact provider handoffs have on patient outcomes. Case timing and lengthy case duration are more likely to result in both a handoff and an adverse event. The impact of handoffs on patient outcomes seen in the literature are likely due, in part, to how covariates were addressed.
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October 2019

Designing an ethics curriculum to support global health experiences in surgery.

J Surg Res 2014 Apr 29;187(2):367-70. Epub 2013 Jun 29.

Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia; Surgical and Research Services, Atlanta VA Medical Center, Atlanta, Georgia; Parker H. Petit Institute for Bioengineering and Biosciences, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia. Electronic address:

Background: The field of global health is rapidly expanding in many medical centers across the US. As a result, medical students have increasing opportunities to incorporate global health experiences (GHEs) into their medical education. Ethics is a critical component of global health curricula, yet little literature exists to direct the further development of didactic training. Therefore, we sought to define ethical encounters experienced by medical students participating in short-term surgical GHEs and create a framework for the design of ethics curriculum specific to global surgery.

Materials And Methods: Emory University Departments of Surgery, Urology, and Anesthesia, in partnership with the non-profit organization Project Medishare, have taken annual humanitarian surgical trips to Hinche, Haiti. All medical students returning from the trips in 2011 and 2012 received a 35-question survey to assess demographic data, extent of prior ethics education, frequency of exposure and situational confidence to ethical subject matter, as well as ethical conflicts involved in surgical GHEs. The same comparative data were also collected for domestic clinical clerkships.

Results: Seventeen out of 21 medical students completed the survey. Nearly all (88.3%) students had previous formal ethics training as an undergraduate or in medical school. Ethical issues were commonly encountered during domestic clinical encounters and volunteerism. However, students reported enhanced exposure to the professional obligation of surgeons (P = 0.025) and truth-telling/surgeon-patient relationships (P = 0.044) during surgical volunteerism. Despite increased exposure, situational confidence did not change.

Conclusions: Ethical issues are commonly confronted during GHEs in surgery and differ from domestic clinical encounters. Healthcare ethics curriculum should be designed to meet the needs of medical students involved in global health.
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April 2014