Publications by authors named "Cincin Altug"

47 Publications

Bleeding risk with concomitant use of tirofiban and third-generation P2Y12 receptor antagonists in patients with acute myocardial infarction: A real-life data.

Anatol J Cardiol 2021 10;25(10):699-705

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University; İstanbul-Turkey.

Objective: Combination of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) with glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors can increase bleeding risk. In this study, we aimed to investigate bleeding complications of different DAPTs with concomitant tirofiban use in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods: This retrospective study included 224 consecutive ACS patients (mean age 56.6±11.1 years, 193 men) who were given conventional dose of tirofiban (25 µg/kg per 3 minutes followed by an infusion of 0.15 µg/kg/min for 24 hours) in addition to DAPT (300 mg aspirin followed by 100 mg/day + 600 mg clopidogrel followed by 75 mg/day or 180 mg ticagrelor followed by 90 mg twice daily or 60 mg prasugrel followed by 10 mg/day). Any intra-hospital bleeding complications were noted.

Results: Of the 224 patients, 115 were given ticagrelor and 32 were given prasugrel. Mean hemoglobin fall was similar between the patients taking ticagrelor/prasugrel and those taking clopidogrel. Ten patients taking ticagrelor and one patient taking prasugrel had hemoglobin fall ≥3 g/dL versus two patients in clopidogrel group (p=0.228). Gastrointestinal bleeding (two patients taking ticagrelor), hematoma at access site (three patients taking ticagrelor), and cardiac tamponade (two patients taking ticagrelor) rates were also similar. Creatinine levels were associated with hemoglobin fall ≥3 g/dL (p=0.032, Odds ratio 2.189, 95% confidence interval 1.070-4.479). There was no relation between hemoglobin fall ≥3 g/dL and antiplatelet agent, age, sex, hypertension, or diabetes.

Conclusion: Tirofiban may be given to patients receiving ticagrelor or prasugrel with a bleeding rate similar to clopidogrel. Close monitoring for bleeding risk is recommended, especially in patients with higher creatinine levels.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/AnatolJCardiol.2021.27974DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8504671PMC
October 2021

The evaluation of right ventricle dyssynchrony by speckle tracking echocardiography in systemic sclerosis patients.

J Clin Ultrasound 2021 Nov 14;49(9):895-902. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is associated with right ventricle (RV) remodeling and dysfunction. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate RV dyssynchrony (RV-Dys) in SSc patients using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE).

Methods: Fifty-five SSc patients with functional class I-II and 45 healthy controls were consecutively included and underwent 2D-STE. RV-Dys was defined as the standard deviation of time to peak strain of mid and basal segments of RV free wall and interventricular septum. SSc group was further classified according to the presence of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Patients with tricuspid regurgitant velocity >2.8 m/s with additional echocardiographic PAH signs were defined as SSc PAH (+).

Results: SSc patients had lower RV longitudinal strain (RV-LS) (-17.6 ± 4.6% vs. -20.8 ± 2.8%, p < 0.001) and greater RV-Dys (49.9 ± 25.4 ms vs 24.3 ± 11.8 ms, p = 0.006) than controls despite no significant difference in conventional echocardiographic variables regarding RV function. Although SSc PAH(+) patients had lower RV-LS and higher RV-Dys than SSc PAH(-) patients, the differences were not statistically significant. The only independent predictor of RV-Dys was RV-LS (β:-0.324 [-3.89- -0.45]; p = 0.014).

Conclusion: SSc patients had not only reduced RV-LS but also impaired RV synchronicity even as conventional echocardiographic variables were preserved.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcu.23041DOI Listing
November 2021

The effect of cardiac rehabilitation on blood pressure, and on left atrial and ventricular functions in hypertensive patients.

J Clin Ultrasound 2020 Dec 1:e22956. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Hypertension is associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy, impaired LV relaxation, and left atrial (LA) enlargement. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves clinical outcomes in a broad spectrum of cardiac disease. The aim of our study was to determine the effect of CR on blood pressure (BP), and on LA and LV functions in hypertensive patients.

Methods: Thirty consecutive hypertensive patients who would undergo CR program, and 38 hypertensive patients who refused to undergo CR program were included. All patients underwent ambulatory BP monitoring and transthoracic echocardiography, which were repeated after completion of the CR program, or 12 weeks later in the control group. LA and LV functions were assessed by both speckle tracking and 3-dimensional echocardiography. N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels were assessed before and after CR.

Results: Although initial ambulatory BP values and NT-proBNP levels were similar between the groups, daily, day-time, and night-time BP and NT-proBNP were significantly lower in the CR group after rehabilitation. LA reservoir strain and LV global longitudinal strain of the CR group significantly increased after CR while no significant increase was observed in controls.

Conclusion: CR improves LA and LV strain while lowering BP and should be encouraged in routine management of hypertensive patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcu.22956DOI Listing
December 2020

A case of heart failure mimicking COVID-19 pneumonia: The role of clinical and chest computed tomography findings in the differential diagnosis.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2020 10;48(7):698-702

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Acute heart failure (HF) is one of the most common cardiac emergencies. Pulmonary edema caused by HF may mimic an exudative disease on chest computed tomography scans. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in China in December 2019 and quickly spread around the world. During this pandemic period, the need to exclude the possibility of COVID-19 pneumonia in patients with acute dyspnea may cause a delay in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with acutely decompensated HF who have similar symptoms. This case report describes a diabetic patient admitted with dyspnea one week after she suffered an acute myocardial infarction. The objective of this report is to draw attention to the differential diagnosis of HF and COVID-19 pneumonia.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5543/tkda.2020.51792DOI Listing
October 2020

Ventricular and atrial functions assessed by speckle-tracking echocardiography in patients with human immunodeficiency virus.

J Clin Ultrasound 2021 May 21;49(4):341-350. Epub 2020 Sep 21.

Marmara University School of Medicine Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Purpose: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has dramatically changed the clinical manifestation of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) associated cardiomyopathy from severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction to a pattern of subclinical cardiac dysfunction. The aim of this study was to evaluate by speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) LV, right ventricular (RV), and biatrial functions in HIV-infected patients under different ART combinations.

Methods: We consecutively included 128 HIV-infected patients (mean age 44.2 ± 10.1 years, 110 males) and 100 controls (mean age 42.1 ± 9.4 years, 83 males). Ventricular and atrial functions were assessed by both conventional and STE.

Results: Although there was not any significant difference in conventional echocardiographic variables, HIV-infected patients had significantly lower LV global longitudinal strain (GLS), RV GLS, left atrial (LA) reservoir and conduit strain, and right atrial conduit strain. HIV patients receiving integrase strand transfer inhibitors and protease inhibitors (PI) had significantly lower LV GLS and LA conduit strain, while patients receiving non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and PI had significantly lower RV GLS than controls. CD4 count at the time of echocardiography was strongly correlated with LV GLS (r = .619, P < .001) and RV GLS (r = .606, P < .001).

Conclusion: Biventricular and atrial functions are subclinically impaired in HIV-infected patients. ART regimen may also affect myocardial functions.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcu.22921DOI Listing
May 2021

The evaluation of ventricular functions by speckle tracking echocardiography in preeclamptic patients.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2020 Sep 9;36(9):1689-1694. Epub 2020 May 9.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Preeclampsia is a maternal disorder of pregnancy characterized by concomitant increase in preload and afterload with end organ dysfunction. The aim of our study is to evaluate left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) functions with speckle tracking echocardiography in preeclamptic patients. Fifty-five preeclamptic (mean age: 30.7 ± 5.9 years) and 35 healthy pregnant women (mean age: 28.8 ± 5.7 years) of the same race, similar age and gestational week were consecutively included. The diagnosis of preeclampsia was based on the criteria proposed by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. LV and RV functions were assessed by both conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography after the 30th gestational week and at the postpartum 6th months. The preeclamptic patients had significantly larger left atrium, thicker interventricular septum, higher systolic pulmonary artery pressure and mitral E/e' ratio compared to controls during pregnancy while LV ejection fraction was similar. Preeclamptic patients had significantly lower LV and RV global longitudinal strain (GLS) during pregnancy compared to controls (- 18.0 ± 2.6% vs. - 19.8 ± 2.1% p = 0.001 and - 26.7 ± 3.3% vs. 28.9 ± 3.3% p = 0.002, respectively). In the postpartum period, while LVGLS values of preeclamptic patients increased significantly (- 18.0 ± 2.6% vs. - 20.4 ± 2.4% p < 0.001) and became similar to those of controls at the sixth month, the RVGLS decreased significantly (- 26.7 ± 3.3% vs. - 25.8 ± 2.7% p = 0.003) making the difference in RVGLS between the preeclamptic patients and controls more prominent. Preeclampsia may impair LV and RV function. Long-term follow up with larger sample is needed to determine the clinical relevance of the observed changes in strain.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10554-020-01872-yDOI Listing
September 2020

Subacute aortic prosthetic mechanical valve thrombosis complicated with acute coronary syndrome.

Am J Emerg Med 2018 10 19;36(10):1924.e1-1924.e3. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

A prosthetic valve thrombosis (PVT), which is a potentially fatal complication, refers to the presence of non-infective thrombotic material on a prosthetic valve apparatus, interfering with its function. Possible complications of a PVT include transient neurologic embolic events, cardiac arrest due to a stuck valve prosthesis, and cardio-embolic myocardial infarction (MI). The choice of treatments, including a redo surgery, a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and a fibrinolysis with PVT or MI dosages, depends on the patient's clinical and hemodynamic status and thrombotic burden involving the prosthetic valve and surrounding tissues. An early postoperative mechanical valve thrombosis is associated with increased risks due to the need for unforeseen early redo surgery complications and excessive bleeding risk in case of thrombolytic therapy usage. Here, we present a fifty-seven-year old female patient who was admitted to the emergency department with the complaint of acute chest pain seven days after an aortic prosthetic mechanical valve implantation. The clinical presentation was consistent with ST segment elevated MI and echocardiography revealed a large mass on the recently implanted prosthetic aortic valve. Valvular thrombotic complications after heart valve replacement operations are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Efficient and urgent treatment is necessary. Considering the clinical status of the patient, we preferred fibrinolytic therapy rather than PCI or surgery. The aim of this case report was to show the efficiency and safety of low-dose slow-infusion fibrinolytic therapy in PVT complicated with acute coronary syndrome.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2018.06.044DOI Listing
October 2018

Heart rate variability analysis in patients with multiple sclerosis.

Mult Scler Relat Disord 2018 Aug 19;24:64-68. Epub 2018 Jun 19.

Marmara University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Multiple sclerosis can cause cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction. It is assumed that is caused by multiple demyelinating plaques localized in the brain stem and spinal cord. Previous studies have determined this using tilt table test, heart rate responses to Valsalva maneuver and deep breathing and heart rate variability analysis with 24 h Holter monitoring. However there is not a consensus regarding the presence of the relationship between autonomic dysfunction and severity of multiple sclerosis, type of multiple sclerosis and expanded disability status scale. The aim of the study is comparison of heart rate variability between recently diagnosed patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and healthy controls by using 24 h Holter monitoring. Also we intended to investigate relationship between Expanded Disability Status Scale score, Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite scores and cranial and spinal magnetic resonance imaging findings and hearth rate variability.

Method: Fifty-one patients with newly diagnosed relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis and 44 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were compared in this study. Patients with multiple sclerosis, who were already under immunomodulatory or immunosuppressive treatment, were excluded from the study. Echocardiography and hearth rate variability analysis using 24 h period Holter monitoring were performed in all of the subjects. Echocardiography was used to detect the presence of cardiac pathology. One multiple sclerosis patient with right ventricular dilatation and mobile intratrial septum was excluded from the study. All the patients underwent cranial and cervical spinal magnetic resonance imaging to determine the relationship between autonomic abnormalities and magnetic resonance imaging.

Results: Our results showed that hearth rate variability values were significantly lower in patients with multiple sclerosis when compared with healthy controls: SDNN index (the mean of all the 5 min standard deviations of normal RR intervals during the 24 h period) (59.80 ± 17.33 vs. 67.20 ± 21.28, p = 0,044), the root-mean-square successive difference (rMSSD) (34.40 ± 17.50 vs. 38.25 ± 12.95, p = 0,042), spectral hearth rat variability total power (3738.84 ± 2085.51 vs. 4427.44 ± 1965.71, p = 0,037), spectral hearth rate variability low frequency (852.03 ± 450.54 vs. 1011.75 ± 370.06, p = 0,018). Ten patients (20%) had brainstem lesion, 25 patients (50%) had cervical lesions and 10 patients (20%) had thoracic spinal lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. There was no significant relationship between location of the lesions and heart rate variability analyses. Also there was no significant relationship between hearth rate variability values and Expanded Disability Status Scale score, Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite scores or number of multiple sclerosis attack (p > 0,05).

Conclusion: These findings reveals that our study population with multiple sclerosis had decreased heart rate variability compared to healthy controls. This was reflected by dysfunction of both parasympathetic and sympathetic parameters of hearth rate variability analysis. However, there is no significant relationship between hearth rate variability analysis and the findings on cranial, cervical, thoracic spinal magnetic resonance imaging findings, number of attack, Expanded Disability Status Scale score or Multiple Sclerosis Functional Composite scores in patients with multiple sclerosis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msard.2018.06.012DOI Listing
August 2018

The impact of right ventricular function assessed by 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography on early mortality in patients with inferior myocardial infarction.

Clin Cardiol 2018 Mar 25;41(3):413-418. Epub 2018 Mar 25.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Right ventricular (RV) involvement in inferior myocardial infarction (MI) increases in-hospital morbidity and mortality.

Hypothesis: RV systolic dysfunction assessed by 2-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) might be a predictor of early mortality in patients with acute inferior MI.

Methods: Eighty-one consecutive patients with acute inferior MI (mean age, 60.8 ± 12.7 years; 18 females) were included. RV myocardial involvement was defined as an elevation >1 mm in V or V R within 12 hours of symptom onset. RV function was assessed by STE. Patients were followed for 30 days for all-cause mortality.

Results: Thirty-eight patients had RV myocardial involvement, and they had significantly lower tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), tricuspid annular systolic velocity (RVS), and left ventricular (LV) and RV global longitudinal strain (GLS). Nine patients (11%) died within 30 days. The mean age of mortality group was higher with more female frequency. They had significantly higher pro-BNP, hs-troponin T, and creatinine levels, but lower hemoglobin levels. TIMI 3 flow was significantly less achieved in mortality group. RV myocardial involvement was more frequent in the mortality group, and they had significantly lower TAPSE, RVS, and LV and RV GLS. Multivariate analysis revealed that age and RV GLS were independent predictors of early mortality. RV GLS ≤ -14% predicted early mortality in patients with acute inferior MI with a sensitivity of 88.9% and a specificity of 62.5% (AUC: 0.817, P = 0.002).

Conclusions: RV GLS may be useful in predicting early mortality in patients with acute inferior MI.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/clc.22890DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6489913PMC
March 2018

Assessment of Time and Frequency Domain Parameters of Heart Rate Variability and Interictal Cardiac Rhythm Abnormalities in Drug-naïve Patients with Idiopathic Generalized Epilepsy.

J Epilepsy Res 2016 Jun 30;6(1):22-7. Epub 2016 Jun 30.

Department of Neurology, Marmara University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background And Purpose: Epilepsy is a disease known to occur with autonomous phenomenons. Earlier studies indicate decreased heart rate variability (HRV) during ictal and interictal periods among epilepsy patients. In this study, we aim to investigate cardiac rhythm abnormalities and HRV during interictal period between drug-naïve patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) and healthy control group.

Methods: Twenty-six patients with IGE and 26 healthy individuals included in the study. In order to eliminate any structural cardiac pathology, transthoracic echocardiography was performed in all subjects and time and frequency domain parameters of HRV were evaluated after 24-hour rhythm holter monitoring.

Results: Between two groups, no significant difference was detected in terms of mean heart rate and maximum duration between the start of the Q waves and the end of the T waves (QT intervals). In the time domain analysis of HRV, no statically significant difference was detected for standard deviation of all R - R intervals and root-mean-square of successive differences between patient and control group (p = 0,070 and p = 0,104 respectively). In the frequency domain analysis of HRV, patients tended to display lower total power and very low frequency power than did healthy subjects, but the differences were not statistically significant.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is no major effect of the epilepsy on HRV in patients with IGE. It should be emphasized that, in this study, HRV was evaluated only in patients with IGE and that the results are not proper to be generalized for patients with partial seizures.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.14581/jer.16004DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4933677PMC
June 2016

Arterial stiffness parameters associated with vitamin D deficiency and supplementation in patients with normal cardiac functions.

Turk Kardiyol Dern Ars 2016 Jun;44(4):281-8

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Arterial stiffness parameters including pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index (AIx) are associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. A close relationship has been demonstrated between vitamin D deficiency and cardiovascular disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of vitamin D deficiency and supplementation on arterial stiffness parameters in patients with normal cardiac functions.

Methods: Study population consisted of 45 patients with vitamin D deficiency and normal cardiac functions. Median age (interquartile range) was 45.0 (12.00) years, and 33 patients were female. Patients were treated with oral administration of vitamin D3. Arterial stiffness parameters were evaluated using Mobil-O-Graph arteriograph system, which detected signals from the brachial artery before and after treatment.

Results: Vitamin D levels significantly increased after treatment (9.0 [6.00] nmol/L vs 29.0 [11.50] nmol/L, p<0.001). No significant difference was observed among conventional echocardiographic parameters before or after treatment. Post-treatment PVW and AIx were significantly lower than baseline measurements (6.8 [1.55] m/s vs 6.4 [1.30] m/s, p<0.001 and 23.0 [22.00]% vs 31.0 [14.50]%, p<0.001, respectively). Baseline vitamin D levels significantly correlated with PWV (r=-0.352, p=0.018). Post-treatment vitamin D levels also significantly correlated with post-treatment PWV (r=-0.442, p=0.002) and AIx (r=-0.419, p=0.004). Multivariate linear regression analysis revealed no independent predictor of baseline log-transformed PWV.

Conclusion: Vitamin D supplementation has beneficial effects on arterial stiffness. Arterial stiffness parameters may aid in the assessment of cardiovascular risk in patients with vitamin D deficiency.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5543/tkda.2015.93237DOI Listing
June 2016

Heart Failure and Mortality in Patients With Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Started on Novel Oral Anticoagulant Therapy: A Single-Center Experience.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost 2017 Jul 12;23(5):454-459. Epub 2015 Nov 12.

1 Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Heart failure (HF) is the leading cause of in-hospital morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Coexistence of HF and atrial fibrillation (AF) increases the risk of thromboembolic events. Oral anticoagulant therapy reduces the risk of thromboembolic events in patients with AF. Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been introduced as an alternative drug for prevention from thromboembolic events in patients with nonvalvular AF. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the clinical effects of warfarin, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban in patients with nonvalvular AF. The secondary aim of this study is to reveal the predictors of all-cause mortality in patients with nonvalvular AF undergoing NOACs therapy. The study population consisted of 171 patients with nonvalvular AF. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the usage of oral anticoagulant therapy including coumadin (51 patients), dabigatran (52 patients), and rivaroxaban (68 patients). Although CHA2DS2-VASc score was similar between groups, HAS-BLED score was significantly higher in patients using rivaroxaban. Dyspepsia and itching were more common in patients using dabigatran. Heart failure and vascular disease were more common in the nonsurviving group (10 patients) than in the surviving group (110 patients) in patients using NOACs. Among age, sex, HF, hypertension, vascular disease, and CHA2DS2-VASc, which were included in the regression model, only the presence of HF was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients using NOACs. In conclusion, the mortality rate is significantly higher in patients with HF using NOACs. Moreover, HF is an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in patients using NOACs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1076029615614397DOI Listing
July 2017

Evaluation of left atrial volume and function in systemic sclerosis patients using speckle tracking and real-time three-dimensional echocardiography.

Anatol J Cardiol 2016 05 3;16(5):316-22. Epub 2015 Jul 3.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Training and Research Hospital; İstanbul-Turkey.

Objective: The aim of the present study was to evaluate left atrial (LA) volume and functions using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) and speckle tracking in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients.

Methods: The study was designed as a cross-sectional observational study. We studied 41 consecutive SSc patients (38 females, mean age: 49.5±11.6 years) and 38 healthy controls (35 females, mean age: 48.5±10.8 years). Patients with evidence or history of cardiovascular disease and patients with risk factors as hypertension, diabetes and chronic renal failure were excluded from the study. All study subjects underwent standard echocardiography; LA speckle tracking and RT3DE was performed to assess LA volume and phasic functions. Differences between numeric variables were tested using the independent sample Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U test, where appropriate.

Results: There were no significant differences between SSC patients and controls regarding left ventricular (LV) systolic functions and two-dimensional (2-D) atrial diameters. Presence of LV diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) was evaluated and graded according to recommendations of the American Society of Echocardiography. Accordingly, LVDD was observed to be significantly more frequent in SSc patients; 16 SSc patients (39%) and 5 controls (12.8%) were observed to have LVDD (p=0.007). With regard to results obtained from RT3DE, LA maximum, minimum, and before atrial contraction volumes were significantly higher (40.5±14.6 vs. 32.6±8.9, 15.5±8.4 vs. 9.9±3.5 and 28.7±11.7 vs. 21.4±7.0 mL respectively, p<0.05 for all), whereas LA active emptying fraction, LA total emptying fraction, LA expansion index, and passive emptying fraction values were significantly (47.1±12.0 vs. 52.9±10.1%, 62.8±10.5 vs. 69.5±6.7%, 187.5±76.0 vs. 246.6±96.0, 29.6±9.3 vs. 34.4±11.0% respectively, p<0.05 for all) in SSc patients than in controls. In addition, regarding results obtained from speckle tracking echocardiography, atrial peak-systolic longitudinal strain (ε), early negative strain rate (SR), late negative SR, and peak positive SR values were observed to be significantly lower in SSc patients.

Conclusion: LA volumes were significantly increased, and LA reservoir, conduit, and contractile functions were significantly impaired in SSc patients compared with controls. LA volume and functional analyses with RT3DE and speckle tracking may facilitate the recognition of subtle LA dysfunction in SSc patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/AnatolJCardiol.2015.6268DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5336778PMC
May 2016

Successful Treatment of Massive Pulmonary Embolism With Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis in a Patient With Lymphocele: A Rare Cause of Thromboembolism.

Am J Ther 2016 Sep-Oct;23(5):e1257-62

1Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey; and 2Department of Urology, Marmara University Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Pulmonary embolism is a frequent and mortal situation especially in high-risk patients. Although thrombolytics and anticoagulants are the main options in treatment, substantial portion of patients also have high bleeding risk. Therefore, new catheter-directed treatment strategies, such as ultrasound-assisted transcatheter thrombolysis, gain importance in treatment options for intermediate and high-risk patients. Here, we report a case of massive pulmonary embolism due to the iatrogenic lymphocele after a radical retropubic prostatectomy procedure. The usage of ultrasound-assisted transcatheter thrombolysis was successful in such a high-risk patient.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0000000000000334DOI Listing
February 2017

Right ventricular and atrial functions in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2015 Nov 16;127(21-22):877-883. Epub 2015 Sep 16.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Fevzi Cakmak Mahallesi, Muhsin Yazicioglu Caddesi, No: 10, Istanbul, Pendik, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the right ventricular and right atrial functions in patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy by novel echocardiographic measures.

Methods: In all, 40 patients with nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy and 26 healthy subjects were consecutively included. Left ventricular, right ventricular, and right atrial functions were assessed by tissue Doppler imaging and two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography. Right ventricular systolic dysfunction was accepted moderated to severe when tissue Doppler peak systolic velocity of tricuspid lateral annulus was < 9 cm/s.

Results: In all, 18 of the 40 nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy patients had peak systolic velocity of tricuspid lateral annulus < 9 cm/s and had significantly lower right ventricular free wall basal segment longitudinal strain, displacement, and right atrial functions assessed by speckle tracking echocardiography. Left ventricular tissue Doppler systolic velocity, global longitudinal and circumferential strain values were also lower in patients with moderated to severe right ventricular systolic dysfunction. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was preformed to assess the utility of right ventricular free wall basal segment longitudinal strain to predict right ventricular systolic dysfunction (peak systolic velocity < 9 cm/s). The cut off value for predicting right ventricular systolic dysfunction was - 20% with a sensitivity of 72%  and specificity of 73%  (AUC: 0.793; p = 0.002; 95% confidence interval: 0.645-0.941).

Conclusions: Right ventricular systolic function is impaired in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy patients. Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography represents a promising noninvasive method to evaluate right ventricular and atrial function in this patient group.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-015-0852-1DOI Listing
November 2015

Assessment of left atrial volume and function in patients with psoriasis by using real time three-dimensional echocardiography.

Wien Klin Wochenschr 2015 Nov 31;127(21-22):858-863. Epub 2015 Jul 31.

Department of Dermatology, Marmara University Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Left atrial (LA) volume has been identified as a predictor of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, both in the general population and in selected clinical conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of psoriasis on LA volume and mechanical function.

Methods: A total of 40 consecutive normotensive psoriasis patients free of any cardiovascular disease and 39 healthy volunteers were included. All participants underwent comprehensive transthoracic echocardiographic examination. LA volume and mechanical function were evaluated using real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE).

Results: There were no significant differences between psoriasis and control groups with regard to conventional echocardiographic parameters. Individuals with psoriasis had a higher incidence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) than the controls; nine people with psoriasis (23%) and three control individuals (8%) had LVDD (p = 0.06). With regard to the parameters obtained from RT3DE, LA maximum, LA minimum, passive stroke volume, and passive emptying fraction were significantly higher; whereas LA active emptying fraction, LA total emptying fraction, LA expansion index, and active stroke volume values were significantly lower in individuals with psoriasis compared with controls. Disease duration and Psoriasis Area of Severity Index (PASI) score correlated with the majority of volume parameters.

Conclusion: Individuals with psoriasis had higher LA phasic volumes and impaired LA mechanical function compared with healthy controls. LA volume and functional analysis with RT3DE may facilitate recognition of subtle LA dysfunction in patients with psoriasis.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00508-015-0817-4DOI Listing
November 2015

A Case of Iatrogenic Chordal Rupture after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation Procedure Requiring a Second Valve.

J Heart Valve Dis 2015 Jan;24(1):133-8

Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as a therapeutic option for high-risk aortic stenosis. Malposition of the prosthesis and severe residual aortic regurgitation are known complications of the procedure, which might require a second valve implantation. Although the implantation of a second valve seems to be an effective method, very few data are available describing this technique. Herein is reported a case of iatrogenic chordal rupture in a TAVI procedure which required a second valve implantation due to dislodgment of the first prosthesis.
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January 2015

Effect of acute sleep deprivation on left atrial mechanics assessed by three-dimensional echocardiography.

Sleep Breath 2016 Mar 16;20(1):227-35; discussion 235. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Although sleep deprivation (SD) affects cardiovascular system in many ways, physio-pathological changes in cardiac chamber volume and function have not been described well. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of SD on left atrial (LA) and ventricular function with three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography.

Methods: Thirty-two healthy individuals (12 females, mean age 33.25 ± 8.18) were evaluated. Echocardiographic examination was performed once after a night of regular sleep and a night of sleep debt. Beside conventional parameters, 3D phasic volumes and function were measured using a commercially available 3D echocardiography system and offline analysis software.

Results: Mean sleep duration of the study group was 8.15 ± 2.19 h in the day of regular sleep and 2.56 ± 2.25 h in the day of sleep deprivation. There was a significant prolongation in deceleration time (180.83 ± 15.34 vs. 166.44 ± 26.12; p = 0.044) and increase in E/e' (6.95 ± 1.26 vs. 6.38 ± 0.85; p = 0.005). Among 3D measurements, the difference in left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), LA EF, LA reservoir function and LA active EF were not significant. Mean LA passive EF of the individuals was significantly lower after night shift (24.10 ± 7.66 vs. 31.49 ± 7.75; p = 0.006).

Conclusion: Acute SD is associated with a reduction in LA passive emptying function in healthy adults. 3D-derived indices were sufficient to show subclinical diastolic dysfunction according to impairment in passive phase of LA ejection. Prospective large-scale studies are needed to enlighten this issue.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-015-1211-1DOI Listing
March 2016

Effect of vitamin D deficiency and supplementation on myocardial deformation parameters and epicardial fat thickness in patients free of cardiovascular risk.

Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 2015 Apr 20;31(4):765-72. Epub 2015 Feb 20.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey,

Vitamin D deficiency is associated with impaired myocardial deformation parameters and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Increased epicardial fat thickness (EFT) is also associated with increased risk of CVD. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of vitamin D deficiency and supplementation on myocardial deformation parameters and EFT. The study population consisted of 50 patients with vitamin D deficiency who were free of cardiovascular risk (mean age: 42.6 ± 8.9 years, 37 female). Patients were treated with oral administration of vitamin D3. Myocardial deformation parameters and EFT were evaluated before and after treatment of those patients. Vitamin D levels significantly increased after treatment (30.5 ± 10.5 vs. 9.9 ± 5.3 nmol/l, p < 0.001). There was no significant difference between conventional echocardiographic parameters before and after treatment. Baseline EFT was significantly higher than post-treatment measurements (35.2 ± 8.0 vs. 27.5 ± 5.6 mm, p < 0.001). Post-treatment myocardial deformation parameters were also significantly higher than baseline measurements. Baseline vitamin D levels correlated with baseline EFT and left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LV-GLS). Post-treatment vitamin D levels also correlated with post-treatment EFT, body mass index, and LV-GLS. Baseline vitamin D level was an independent predictor of baseline LV-GLS (p = 0.002). Patients with impaired LV-GLS had significantly lower vitamin D levels than patients with normal LV-GLS (6.6 ± 3.8 vs. 11.0 ± 5.3 nmol/l, p = 0.005). Baseline vitamin D level was also an independent predictor of baseline impaired LV-GLS (p = 0.010). Vitamin D supplementation has beneficial effects on myocardial deformation parameters and EFT. Moreover, baseline vitamin D levels are a predictor of impaired LV-GLS.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10554-015-0622-1DOI Listing
April 2015

Right ventricular function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: A speckle tracking echocardiography study.

Anatol J Cardiol 2015 Jul 23;15(7):536-41. Epub 2014 Jun 23.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University; İstanbul-Turkey.

Objective: The aim of this study was to explore right ventricular (RV) mechanical function in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) by 2-D speckle tracking echocardiography (2-D-STE).

Methods: Forty-three patients with HCM (mean age 48, 17 females) and 40 healthy subjects were consecutively included in this cross-sectional study. The diagnosis of HCM was based on the presence of typical clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG), and echocardiographic features. Patients with LV systolic impairment, significant valvular disease, history of coronary artery disease, hypertension, malignancy, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were excluded. Right and left ventricular (LV) function was assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and 2-D-STE. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients were divided into two groups according to ACC/ESC guidelines (LVOT gradient below and above 30 mm Hg). Student t-test was used to compare differences between groups. Non-parametric tests (Mann-Whitney U) were used in cases of abnormal distribution.

Results: Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients had a significantly larger right atrium and RV diameters compared to controls. Mean pulmonary artery pressures (mPAB) were significantly higher in HCM patients (19.01±13.09 mm Hg vs. 8.40±4.50 mm Hg; p<0.001). Although RV Sm measurements were similar, RV strain measurements (-28.51±5.36% vs. -32.06±7.65%; p=0.016) were significantly lower in HCM patients. Left ventricular global longitudinal, radial, and circumferential strain values were also significantly different between the two groups (-20.50±3.58% vs. -24.12±3.40%; p<0.001, 38.18±12.67% vs. 44.80±10.15%; p=0.012, -21.94±4.28% vs. -23.91±3.95%; p=0.036 consecutively). Rotational movement of LV in each apical, mid-, and basal left ventricular segment was determined, and only mid-ventricular rotation of the HCM patients was more clockwise (-1.71±2.16 ° vs. 0.04±1.72 °; p<0.001). Although mPAP measurements were higher in HCM patients with significant LVOT obstruction (21.52±13.26 mm Hg vs. 12.31±10.53 mm Hg; p=0.049), none of the other TDI or 2-D-STE parameters was significantly different between groups.

Conclusion: Speckle tracking echocardiography-derived right ventricular systolic function is impaired in HCM patients when compared with healthy subjects. However, RV systolic function is not affected form LVOT obstruction and left ventricular rotation dynamics in HCM patients.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/akd.2014.5538DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5337031PMC
July 2015

Is Dabigatran As Effective As Warfarin on Cardiac Thrombus in a Patient With Atrial Fibrillation? A Challenging Question.

Am J Ther 2016 May-Jun;23(3):e974-6

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an important risk factor for cardioembolic stroke. Warfarin is an effective treatment in reducing the risk of cardioembolic stroke in patients with AF. New anticoagulants have been widely using for stroke prophylaxis in patients with nonvalvular AF. Previous studies have suggested that thrombolytic therapy is effective treatment choice in patients with pulmonary embolisms. Warfarin therapy is also effective on prevention or treatment of cardiac thrombus in patients with AF. However, there are no evidence-based data on treatment of cardiac thrombus with new oral anticoagulants in patients with AF. In our case report, we reported an AF patient with cardiac thrombus and pulmonary embolism under dabigatran therapy.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0000000000000129DOI Listing
February 2017

Acute effect of zoledronic acid infusion on atrial fibrillation development in patients with osteoporosis.

Anatol J Cardiol 2015 Apr 28;15(4):320-4. Epub 2014 Apr 28.

Clinic of Cardiology, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital; İstanbul-Turkey.

Objective: There is ongoing controversy related to the relationship between bisphosphonates and atrial fibrillation (AF). Our aim in this study was to evaluate the potential acute effect of zoledronic acid (ZA) infusion on AF development by using 24-hour Holter recordings.

Methods: The study was designed to be a self-controlled case series study, and 33 consecutive patients with osteoporosis (29 females, age: 62.3±9.0 years) who were scheduled to receive ZA infusion constituted the study population. Patients underwent 24-hour Holter rhythm recordings at two different times; the first one was 48 hours before the planned ZA infusion, and the second one was on the morning of the infusion day. Heart rate, frequency and type of arrhythmias, as well as heart rate variability (HRV) from the two recordings were compared.

Results: There were no episodes of AF greater than 30 sec in any of the 24-hour Holter recordings obtained before and on the day of drug infusion. Holter recordings before drug infusion showed that only 1 patient had an atrial run of 3 beats long. Holter recordings obtained on the day of drug infusion revealed that 5 patients (15.2%) had atrial runs with lengths ranging between 3 and 12 beats (p=0.046). Regarding HRV variables, SDANN values were found to be significantly depressed on the day of ZA infusion (113.6±26.9 vs. 98.2±29.9, p=0.007).

Conclusion: None of the patients developed AF during or early after ZA infusion. However, there was an increase in atrial ectopy in some patients, which might be due to alterations in cardiac autonomic activity.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5152/akd.2014.5333DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5336843PMC
April 2015

Effect of acute sleep deprivation on heart rate recovery in healthy young adults.

Sleep Breath 2015 May 16;19(2):631-6. Epub 2014 Oct 16.

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Pendik, Istanbul, Turkey,

Background: Sleep deprivation (SD) is known to be associated with increased incidence of adverse cardiovascular events, but underlying pathophysiological mechanism has not been clearly demonstrated. Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of cardiovascular function, and impairment in this system is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of acute SD on autonomic regulation of cardiac function by determining heart rate recovery (HRR).

Methods: Twenty-one healthy security officers and nine nurses (mean age 33.25 ± 8.18) were evaluated. Treadmill exercise test was applied once after a night with regular sleep and once after a night shift in hospital. The HRR was calculated as the reduction in heart rate from peak exercise to the 30th second (HRR30), 1st minute (HRR1), 2nd minute (HRR2), 3rd minute (HRR3), and 5th minute (HRR5). The change in blood pressure (BP) measurements was also determined.

Results: Exercise capacity of individuals with SD was significantly lower (10.96 ± 1.01 vs. 11.71 ± 1.30 metabolic equivalent task (MET)s; p = 0.002), and peak systolic BP was significantly higher (173.8 ± 16.3 vs. 166.2 ± 9.9; p = 0.019). There was a signicant difference in HRR30 (12.74 ± 6.19 vs. 17.66 ± 5.46; p = 0.003) and HRR1 (31 ± 6.49 vs. 36.10 ± 7.78; p = 0.004). The ratio of these indices to peak HR was also significantly lower with SD (HRR%30 8.04 ± 4.26 vs. 10.19 ± 3.21; p = 0.025 and HRR%1: 18.66 ± 4.43 vs. 20.98 ± 4.72; p = 0.013). The difference in other indices of HRR was not significant.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that SD blunts cardiovascular autonomic response, and consequences of this relation might be more pronounced in subjects who are exposed to sleeplessness regularly or in subjects with baseline cardiovascular disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11325-014-1066-xDOI Listing
May 2015

Regional myocardial dysfunction assessed by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography in systemic sclerosis patients with fragmented QRS complexes.

J Electrocardiol 2014 Sep-Oct;47(5):677-83. Epub 2014 Jul 8.

Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Cardiology, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: The aim of the study was to explore the relation between regional myocardial dysfunction and fragmented QRS (fQRS) complexes in systemic sclerosis (SSc).

Methods: Fifty-three SSc patients and 26 controls were included. All subjects underwent speckle tracking echocardiography for evaluation of left ventricular (LV) function and ECG to check for fQRS complexes.

Results: SSc patients had significantly lower LV global longitudinal, radial and circumferential strain and twist compared to controls. Thirteen SSc patients had fQRS (DII, DIII, aVF leads in eleven patients and V1 to V5 leads in two patients) and they had significantly lower global longitudinal and circumferencial strain compared to SSc patients with normal QRS. The SSc patients with fQRS in DII, DIII, and aVF leads had impaired longitudinal strain and delay in time to peak longitudinal strain in inferior LV segments compared to those with normal QRS.

Conclusion: fQRS is associated with lower strain measures in SSc patients indicating impairment in LV function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jelectrocard.2014.07.008DOI Listing
May 2015

Evaluation of cardiac function by two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography in ulcerative colitis patients.

Dig Dis Sci 2014 Dec 15;59(12):3004-11. Epub 2014 Jul 15.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey,

Purpose: Although ulcerative colitis (UC) shows obvious similarities with other autoimmune diseases, cardiac consequences have not adequately introduced. The aim of our study was to evaluate left ventricular (LV) function in UC patients by using novel echocardiographic parameters.

Results: Forty-five UC patients (mean age 37, 18 female) and 90 age- and sex-matched healthy volunteers (mean age 40, 38 female) included in the study. The mean disease activity score according to partial Mayo score was 2.16 ± 2.13. Mean global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global longitudinal strain rate (GLSR) measurements were significantly lower (-21.16 ± 2.71 vs. -23.36 ± 3.34; p < 0.001 and -1.33 ± 0.24 vs. -1.43 ± 0.24; p = 0.037, respectively), whereas global circumferential (-22.67 ± 3.66 vs. -23.37 ± 3.99; p = 0.140) and global radial strain (43.07 ± 8.58 vs. 44.12 ± 9.32; p = 0.545) measurements of the LV were similar in patients with UC compared with controls. The correlation coefficient (r) between GLS and partial Mayo score was -0.578 (p < 0.001).

Conclusion: Our study suggests that systolic cardiac deformation values are impaired in UC patients. Reduced GLS and GLSR might be an early indicator of cardiac involvement in this population.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10620-014-3274-4DOI Listing
December 2014

Two cases of acute myocarditis with multiple intracardiac thrombi: the role of hypercoagulable States.

Heart Views 2014 Jan;15(1):22-5

Department of Cardiology, Marmara University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

In acute myocarditis, thrombus formation is an important prognostic factor. Early diagnosis and treatment of intracardiac thrombus is critical, especially when there are multiple thrombi. When a patient presents with multiple cardiac thrombi not only cardiac disorders, but other diseases such as malignancies, rheumatologic disorders and thrombophilia must be considered in the differential diagnosis. Although the presence of hypercoagulable states does not generally affect the treatment choice, it may have an impact on continuation and duration of the anticoagulant therapy. In this paper, we present two cases of acute myocarditis with multiple intracardiac thrombi. Additionally, these cases had hypercoagulable states which might have contributed to the thrombus formation.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/1995-705X.132143DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4062986PMC
January 2014

Relationship between obstructive sleep apnea-specific symptoms and cardiac function before and after adenotonsillectomy in children with adenotonsillar hypertrophy.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2014 Aug 21;78(8):1281-7. Epub 2014 May 21.

Yunus Emre State Hospital, Department of Cardiology, Eskisehir, Turkey.

Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate subclinical cardiac disturbances in patients with symptoms due to adenotonsillar hypertrophy (ATH) and the impact of adenotonsillectomy (AT) using conventional and novel echocardiographic measures.

Material And Methods: Thirty patients with grade 3 or 4 ATH (mean age: 7.86 ± 3.83 years; 10 females) and 30 healthy, age- and sex-matched volunteers (mean age, 8 ± 2.77; 14 females) were enrolled in the study. In addition to conventional two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographic parameters, tissue Doppler parameters, including myocardial performance indices (MPIs) of both the right (RV) and left ventricle (LV), were studied. The severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was determined using the OSA-18 health quality questionnaire. The OSA-18 questionnaire and echocardiographic examination were repeated after AT in patients with ATH.

Results: The total OSA-18 scores for the control, preoperative, and postoperative groups were 39.56 ± 19.98, 80.63 ± 22.32, and 44.10 ± 20.31, respectively. Conventional parameters were not different among the groups. The mean pulmonary artery pressure estimated using the Mahan formula was increased in the ATH group compared with that in the control group (21.72 ± 4.25 vs. 12.43 ± 3.83, respectively; p<0.001) and significantly improved after AT (21.72 ± 4.25 vs. 16.09 ± 4.53; p<0.001). The RV MPI was significantly different between the control and ATH groups (0.322 ± 0.052 vs. 0.383 ± 0.079, respectively; p=0.001). Both the LV and RV MPI significantly improved (0.515 ± 0.066 vs. 0.434 ± 0.052, p<0.001; and 0.383 ± 0.079 vs. 0.316 ± 0.058, p=0.018, respectively) after surgery for ATH.

Conclusions: Our study revealed that the patients with OSA-specific symptoms due to ATH had higher pulmonary artery pressure and impaired RV function according to novel echocardiographic parameters. Surgery for ATH seems to have an important effect on both LV and RV function.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijporl.2014.05.011DOI Listing
August 2014

Thrombus Entrapment in the Hemostasis Valve during Thrombus Aspiration: An Octogenarian with Inferior Myocardial Infarction and Complete Flow Restoration without Any Additional Angioplasty.

Int J Angiol 2013 Sep;22(3):181-4

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Marmara University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Published reports demonstrate improved myocardial reperfusion with adjunctive thrombus aspiration in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, implementation of this procedure without angioplasty or stent implantation is not clear. In this report, we present an octogenarian with inferior STEMI who was treated with thrombus aspiration alone. Another important feature of our case is trapped thrombus material in the guiding catheter during thrombus aspiration. Operators should avoid thrombus re-injection by controlling the system carefully during aspiration procedure.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0033-1351688DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3769405PMC
September 2013

Direct transapical implantation of an endocardial pacing lead to the left ventricle: an alternate pacing site after tricuspid valve replacement.

J Card Surg 2014 Mar 15;29(2):290-2. Epub 2014 Jan 15.

Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Marmara University School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

In this paper, we report an alternative approach for implantation of ventricular pacing lead for complete atrioventricular block after tricuspid valve replacement.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jocs.12288DOI Listing
March 2014
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