Publications by authors named "Cilla J Haywood"

3 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Obesity in older adults: Effect of degree of weight loss on cardiovascular markers and medications.

Clin Obes 2019 Aug 17;9(4):e12316. Epub 2019 Jun 17.

Department of Medicine (Austin Health), University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Obesity worsens the age-related tendency towards cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Older adults are vulnerable to medication adverse effects. Intentional weight loss in older adults with obesity has been shown to improve cardiovascular and glycaemic markers. The effect of rapid weight loss induced by very-low-calorie diets (VLCDs) on these markers has not been evaluated in this group. In this 12-week study, participants were randomized to one of healthy eating, hypocaloric diet or VLCD, all combined with three times weekly exercise (Ex/HE, Ex/Diet, Ex/VLCD, respectively). The effects of these interventions on weight, blood pressure, lipids, glucose and HbA , inflammatory markers and cardiovascular and diabetes medication changes were measured. Weight loss was 3.7%, 5.1% and 11.1% in Ex/HE, Ex/Diet and Ex/VLCD, respectively. There were significant improvements in HbA in all groups, but by the greatest degree in Ex/VLCD (0.18 ± 0.07%, 0.18 ± 0.06% and 0.59 ± 0.13%, respectively). Similar patterns were seen in total cholesterol (0.13 ± 0.15, 0.21 ± 0.11 and 0.53 ± 0.13 mmol/L, respectively, P = .047), triglycerides (0.35 ± 0.13, 0.20 ± 0.10 and 0.51 ± 0.09 mmol/L, respectively, P = .011) and systolic blood pressure (9 ± 2, 2 ± 3 and 14 ± 3 mmHg respectively, P = .025). There were no between-group differences in fasting glucose, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, LDL-C and inflammatory markers. Reductions in anti-hypertensive or diabetes medication were made in 4/29, 7/36 and 16/37 participants in Ex/HE, Ex/Diet and Ex/VLCD, respectively (P = .017). Significant weight loss achieved with a VLCD gave rise to improvements in multiple cardiovascular risk markers, despite reduction in medication. Weight loss is an under-utilized method of cardiovascular risk management in this group.
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August 2019

Very Low Calorie Diets for Weight Loss in Obese Older Adults-A Randomized Trial.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2017 Dec;73(1):59-65

Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne (Austin Health/Northern Health), Heidelberg Heights, Australia.

Background: Obesity contributes to disability in older adults, and this is offset by weight loss and exercise. Very Low Calorie Diets (VLCDs) achieve rapid weight loss; however, these have not been rigorously evaluated in older people.

Methods: A randomized trial was conducted from August 2012 through December 2015. The intervention was 12 weeks of thrice weekly exercise combined with either healthy eating advice (Ex/HE), hypocaloric diet (Ex/Diet), or VLCD (Ex/VLCD). Outcomes were physical function, measured by 6-minute walk test (6MWT) and De Morton Mobility Index (DEMMI). Other measures were body composition measured by Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry, and nutritional parameters (albumin, vitamins B12 and D, ferritin and folate).

Results: 36, 40, and 41 participants were randomized to Ex/HE, Ex/Diet, and Ex/VLCD, respectively. At 12 weeks, weight was reduced by 3.7, 5.1, and 11.1% (p < .01), respectively. Ex/VLCD had significant reduction in fat (16.8%), lean mass (4.8%), and bone mineral density (1.2%), but increased relative lean mass (3.8%). DEMMI improved by 14.25, 14.25, and 13.75 points in Ex/HE, Ex/Diet, and Ex/VLCD, respectively; however, there was no between-group difference (p = .30). 6MWT improved by 53.1, 64.7, and 84.4 meters in Ex/HE, Ex/Diet, and Ex/VLCD (p = .18). Post hoc stratification for gender and adjustment for initial physical function and type 2 diabetes only revealed significant between-group differences for men in the 6MWT, with improvement by 57.8, 77.8, and 140.3 meters in Ex/HE, Ex/Diet, and Ex/VLCD, respectively (p = .01). Improvements in nutritional parameters were seen in Ex/VLCD, but not in Ex/HE and Ex/Diet. The VLCD was well tolerated.

Conclusions: VLCDs have potential in the treatment of obesity in older persons; of particular benefit is improvement in nutritional status. The gait speed improvement observed in men warrants further investigation.
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December 2017

Combination phentermine and topiramate for weight maintenance: the first Australian experience.

Med J Aust 2014 Aug;201(4):224-6

Department of Endocrinology, Austin Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Objective: To investigate the safety, tolerability and efficacy of combination phentermine and topiramate therapy for maintenance of weight loss.

Design, Setting And Patients: Retrospective audit of patients attending the Austin Health Weight Control Clinic who were dispensed phentermine-topiramate between 22 January 2010 and 16 July 2012 and after reaching a target weight by following a very low energy diet (VLED). Data collection continued until July 2013.

Main Outcome Measures: Number of patients who ceased pharmacotherapy; duration of use of pharmacotherapy; types and numbers of adverse effects; and mean weight and blood pressure measurements at the initial visit, the end of the VLED and the last observation during pharmacotherapy.

Results: Data were available for 103 patients who were dispensed phentermine-topiramate; 61 patients ceased combination pharmacotherapy before the end of the data collection period, 41 due to adverse effects (eg, paraesthesia, cognitive changes, dry mouth and depression). The mean duration of use of pharmacotherapy was 10 months. Mean weight decreased by 10% due to the VLED (from 135.5 kg to 122.5 kg) and this loss was maintained. For 30 patients who continued on phentermine-topiramate, the mean duration of pharmacotherapy was 22 months and the mean weight decreased by 6.7 kg between the end of the VLED and the last observation during pharmacotherapy.

Conclusion: Phentermine-topiramate therapy was not well tolerated; more than half of the patients in our study stopped taking it because of adverse effects, and more than half of the adverse events reported were ascribed to topiramate. However, in those able to continue with pharmacotherapy, the combination was efficacious for both maintenance of weight loss and ongoing weight loss.
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August 2014