Publications by authors named "Cicely Washington"

5 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Evaluation of PCR electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry for rapid molecular diagnosis of bovine mastitis.

J Dairy Sci 2013 Jun 12;96(6):3611-20. Epub 2013 Apr 12.

Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Bovine mastitis, an inflammatory disease of the mammary gland, is one of the most costly diseases affecting the dairy industry. The treatment and prevention of this disease is linked heavily to the use of antibiotics in agriculture and early detection of the primary pathogen is essential to control the disease. Milk samples (n=67) from cows suffering from mastitis were analyzed for the presence of pathogens using PCR electrospray-ionization mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) and were compared with standard culture diagnostic methods. Concurrent identification of the primary mastitis pathogens was obtained for 64% of the tested milk samples, whereas divergent results were obtained for 27% of the samples. The PCR/ESI-MS failed to identify some of the primary pathogens in 18% of the samples, but identified other pathogens as well as microorganisms in samples that were negative by culture. The PCR/ESI-MS identified bacteria to the species level as well as yeasts and molds in samples that contained a mixed bacterial culture (9%). The sensitivity of the PCR/ESI-MS for the most common pathogens ranged from 57.1 to 100% and the specificity ranged from 69.8 to 100% using culture as gold standard. The PCR/ESI-MS also revealed the presence of the methicillin-resistant gene mecA in 16.2% of the milk samples, which correlated with the simultaneous detection of staphylococci including Staphylococcus aureus. We demonstrated that PCR/ESI-MS, a more rapid diagnostic platform compared with bacterial culture, has the significant potential to serve as an important screening method in the diagnosis of bovine clinical mastitis and has the capacity to be used in infection control programs for both subclinical and clinical disease.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.3168/jds.2012-6124DOI Listing
June 2013

Clinical accuracy of a PLEX-ID flu device for simultaneous detection and identification of influenza viruses A and B.

J Clin Microbiol 2013 Jan 17;51(1):40-5. Epub 2012 Oct 17.

Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA.

Respiratory tract infections caused by influenza A and B viruses often present nonspecifically, and a rapid, high-throughput laboratory technique that can identify influenza viruses is clinically and epidemiologically desirable. The PLEX-ID Flu assay (Abbott Molecular Inc., Des Plaines, IL) incorporates multilocus PCR and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry to detect and differentiate influenza A 2009 H1N1 (H1N1-p), seasonal H1N1 (H1N1-s), influenza A H3N2, and influenza B viruses in nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) specimens. The clinical performance characteristics of the PLEX-ID Flu assay in symptomatic patients were determined in this multicenter trial. A total of 2,617 prospectively and retrospectively collected NPS specimens from patients with influenza-like illness between February 2008 and 28 May 2010 were eligible for inclusion in the study. Each specimen was tested in parallel by the PLEX-ID Flu assay and by the Prodesse ProFLU+ assay (Prodesse Inc., Madison, WI), to detect influenza A and B viruses. Specimens testing positive for influenza A virus by ProFLU+ were subtyped as H1N1-p, H1N1-s, or H3N2 by using the ProFAST+ assay (Gen-Probe Prodesse Inc.). The reproducibility of the PLEX-ID Flu assay ranged from 98.3 to 100.0%, as determined by testing a nine-specimen panel at three clinical sites on each of 5 days. Positive percent agreements (PPAs) and negative percent agreements (NPAs) of the PLEX-ID Flu assay were 94.5% and 99.0% for influenza A virus and 96.0% and 99.9% for influenza B virus, respectively. For the influenza A virus subtyping characterization, the PLEX-ID Flu assay had PPAs and NPAs of 98.3% and 97.5% for H1N1-p, 88.6% and 100.0% for H1N1-s, and 98.0% and 99.9% for H3N2, respectively. The overall agreements between the PLEX-ID and Prodesse ProFLU+/ProFAST+ assays were 97.1 to 100.0%. Bidirectional Sanger sequencing analysis revealed that 87.5% of 96 discrepant results between the PLEX-ID Flu and ProFLU+/ProFAST+ assays were found upon influenza A virus detection and H1N1-p subtyping. The PLEX-ID Flu assay demonstrated a high level of accuracy for the simultaneous detection and identification of influenza A and B viruses in patient specimens, providing a new laboratory tool for the rapid diagnosis and management of influenza A and B virus infections.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01978-12DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3536229PMC
January 2013

Rapid and high-throughput detection of highly pathogenic bacteria by Ibis PLEX-ID technology.

PLoS One 2012 29;7(6):e39928. Epub 2012 Jun 29.

Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin, Germany.

In this manuscript, we describe the identification of highly pathogenic bacteria using an assay coupling biothreat group-specific PCR with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) run on an Ibis PLEX-ID high-throughput platform. The biothreat cluster assay identifies most of the potential bioterrorism-relevant microorganisms including Bacillus anthracis, Francisella tularensis, Yersinia pestis, Burkholderia mallei and pseudomallei, Brucella species, and Coxiella burnetii. DNA from 45 different reference materials with different formulations and different concentrations were chosen and sent to a service screening laboratory that uses the PCR/ESI-MS platform to provide a microbial identification service. The standard reference materials were produced out of a repository built up in the framework of the EU funded project "Establishment of Quality Assurances for Detection of Highly Pathogenic Bacteria of Potential Bioterrorism Risk" (EQADeBa). All samples were correctly identified at least to the genus level.
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http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0039928PLOS
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3386907PMC
November 2012

Multiplexed Luminex xMAP assay for detection and identification of five adenovirus serotypes associated with epidemics of respiratory disease in adults.

J Clin Microbiol 2010 Jun 21;48(6):2217-22. Epub 2010 Apr 21.

Division of Viral Diseases, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA.

Several serotypes of human adenovirus (HAdV) cause acute respiratory disease (ARD) among healthy adults, sometimes generating broad outbreaks with high attack rates and occasional fatalities. Timely serotype identification provides valuable epidemiological information and significantly contributes to prevention (vaccination) strategies. The prevalence of specific serotypes causing ARD varies geographically. HAdV-3, HAdV-4, HAdV-7, HAdV-14, and HAdV-21 are the serotypes most commonly found in adult populations in the Western Hemisphere. Unfortunately, conventional serotype identification is a tedious process which can take a week or longer. For this reason, new molecular methods for serotype identification are needed. Commercially available rapid antigen and PCR assays for the detection of HAdV are universal but do not distinguish between the different serotypes. We describe the development of a sensitive and specific multiplex assay capable of identifying serotypes 3, 4, 7, 14, and 21. Two sets of primers were used for nonspecific (universal) PCR amplification, and serotype-specific probes coupled to Luminex tags were used for target-specific extension (TSE). PCR and TSE primers were designed using known hexon gene sequences of HAdV. The TSE products of HAdV-3, HAdV-4, HAdV-7, HAdV-14, and HAdV-21 were correctly identified using the Luminex xMAP fluid microsphere-based array system. No cross-reactivity with other respiratory pathogens or other HAdV serotypes was observed. This multiplexed assay can be expanded to include more serotypes and will allow broad and rapid detection and identification of adenoviral serotypes in a high-throughput environment.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.00029-10DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2884482PMC
June 2010

Construction and characterization of a thrombin-resistant designer FGF-based collagen binding domain angiogen.

Biomaterials 2008 Jan 22;29(3):327-36. Epub 2007 Oct 22.

Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, 2160 South First Avenue, Maywood, IL 60153, USA.

Humans demonstrate limited spontaneous endothelialization of prosthetic bypass grafts. However the local application of growth factors to prosthetic grafts or to injured blood vessels can provide an immediate effect on endothelialization. Novel chimeric proteins combining potent angiogens with extracellular matrix binding domains may localize to exposed matrices and provide sustained activity to promote endothelial regeneration after vascular interventions. We have ligated a thrombin-resistant mutant of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-1 (R136K) with a collagen binding domain (CBD) in order to direct this growth factor to sites of exposed vascular collagen or selected bioengineered scaffolds. While FGF-1 and R136K are readily attracted to a variety of matrix proteins, R136K-CBD demonstrated selective and avid binding to collagen approximately 4x that of FGF-1 or R136K alone (P<0.05). The molecular stability of R136K-CBD was superior to FGF-1 and R136K. Its chemotactic activity was superior to R136K and FGF-1 (11+/-1% vs. 6+/-2% and 4+/-1%; P<0.01). Its angiogenic activity was similar to R136K and significantly greater than control by day 2 (P<0.01). After day 3, FGF-1-treated endothelial cell's (EC) sprouts had regressed back to levels insignificant compared to the control group (P=0.17), while both R136K and R136K-CBD continued to demonstrate greater sprout lengthening as compared to control (P<0.0002). The mitogenic activity of all growth factors was greater than control groups (20% PBS); in all comparisons (P<0.0001). This dual functioning angiogen provides proof of concept for the application of designer angiogens to matrix binding proteins to intelligently promote endothelial regeneration of selected matrices.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biomaterials.2007.09.034DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2169381PMC
January 2008