Publications by authors named "Chuan-Sheng Rong"

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[Effects of different nitrogen application rates on dry matter accumulation, distribution and yield of grape under alternate partial root-zone drip irrigation.]

Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao 2021 May;32(5):1807-1815

School of Life Science, Taizhou University, Taizhou 318000, Zhejiang, China.

To get an optimal mode of irrigation and nitrogen supply for table grape production in North China, a pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of different irrigation modes and N application rates on dry matter accumulation and distribution, yield, water use efficiency, and nitrogen use efficiency of table grape. The irrigation modes included conventional drip irrigation (CDI, with sufficient irrigation), alternate partial root-zone drip irrigation (ADI, with 50% amount of the irrigation water of CDI) and fixed partial root-zone drip irrigation (FDI, with 50% amount of the irrigation water of CDI). The nitrogen application rates were set at 0.4 (N), 0.8 (N) and 1.2 (N) g·kg dry soil. The results showed that compared with CDI, ADI and FDI reduced new shoot pruning amount by 34.8% and 11.2%, respectively. New shoot pruning amount increased with increasing N application rates, being highest under CDIN. Dry matter accumulation of ADI was the highest, being 5.1% and 12.8% higher than CDI and FDI. Dry matter accumulation was higher under N and N than N. Compared with CDI and FDI, leaf to fruit ratio reduced but harvest index significantly increased in ADI, while those variables showed no significant difference among diffe-rent N application rates. The ratio of pruning amount to the biomass accumulated in the current year in ADIN was the lowest among the treatments. Compared with CDI and FDI, ADI increased grape fruit yield by 6.0% and 10.4%, respectively. Fruit yield was enhanced with increasing nitrogen application rates under the same irrigation condition, with the highest yield under the ADIN and ADIN. Water use efficiency (WUE) increased significantly in ADI compared with CDI and FDI, with the highest value being observed in ADI coupled with N or N. Nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) showed a trend of ADI>CDI>FDI. In addition, NUE decreased with increasing nitrogen supply level across the irrigation modes. In conclusion, ADIN could reduce the redundant growth of grape tree, promote the transfer of dry matter to fruit, which increased yield and use efficiency of both water and nitrogen, which is a suitable coupling water and nitrogen supply mode for grape production in northern China.
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May 2021