Publications by authors named "Christopher Kellett"

2 Publications

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Symptomatic Idiopathic Spinal Epidural Lipomatosis in 9 Patients: Clinical, Radiologic, and Pathogenetic Features.

World Neurosurg 2019 Jun 29;126:e33-e40. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

The Atkinson Morley Neurosurgical Department, St. George's Hospital, Tooting, England.

Background: Symptomatic spinal epidural lipomatosis (SSEL) is characterized by hypertrophy of adipose tissue within the spinal canal and consequent neural compromise. The exact pathogenesis remains enigmatic. The authors describe a retrospective case series, define the full clinical spectrum, and discuss possible pathogenetic mechanisms.

Methods: The medical notes and imaging of 9 patients with SSEL undergoing surgery from 2008-2018 were analyzed. Seven patients presented secondary to lumbosacral spinal epidural lipomatosis (SEL); 3 patients with chronic incomplete cauda equina syndrome (CES), 3 patients with acute CES (including a 25-week gravid patient and a 40-year-old patient with intravenous leiomyomatosis, both of whom had mild SEL) and 1 patient with chronic lumbar radiculopathy. In addition, 2 patients presented with progressive myelopathy secondary to thoracic SEL.

Results: Patients presenting with acute CES had a mean age of 37 years (range 23-49 years) and mean extradural fat (EF)-to-spinal canal (SC) ratio of 47% (range 41%-58%), in comparison with patients with chronic CES; mean age 61 years (range 58-65 years) and EF:SC ratio 72% (range 65%-80%). Patients underwent laminectomy and resection of EF at compressive levels. All patients with CES experienced complete resolution of symptoms at follow-up (range 1-48 months).

Conclusions: The clinician should be astute to the radiologic features of SEL, particularly in patients presenting with CES in the absence of acute disk herniation. The outcome of patients with CES and SEL after surgery is excellent regardless of symptom duration. Venous impedance related to increased body mass index and EF deposition may play the predominant role in addition to mechanical compression in the pathogenesis of SSEL.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.098DOI Listing
June 2019

Conus Medullaris Arteriovenous Malformation Presenting with Acute Dysphagia and Intractable Hiccups.

World Neurosurg 2018 Mar 2;111:261-263. Epub 2018 Jan 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, King's College Hospital, London, UK; Department of Neurosurgery, Clinical Hospital Dubrava, Zagreb, Croatia.

Background: Conus medullaris arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are rare spinal vascular malformations presenting most frequently with features of myelopathy (Foix-Alajounine syndrome), radiculopathy, bowel/bladder dysfunction, or acute spinal hemorrhage (Coup de poignard of Michon) causing profound neurological deficit. Here we present the case of a young patient with progressive dysphagia and intractable hiccups as a rare first presentation symptom of later verified conus medullaris AVM.

Case Description: A 21-year-old male patient presented with acute onset of dysphagia and persistent hiccups. His magnetic resonance imaging of the spine demonstrated a lesion at the T11 and T12 levels with an associated holocord syrinx and syringobulbia to the level of the medulla. The patient underwent a decompressive suboccipital craniectomy and C1 (atlas) laminectomy with wide myelotomy of the medulla followed by T11 and T12 laminectomy and AVM reduction. Two days after partial AVM occlusion the patient developed transient worsening of his symptoms. Repeat magnetic resonance imaging showed recurrence of dilatation of the central canal. A syringo-subarachnoid shunt was sited at the level of the previous myelotomy of the medulla, after which his neurological symptoms resolved completely.

Conclusions: This is the first case report in the English literature to date of a conus AVM presenting with intractable hiccups. These are extremely rare sporadic vascular malformations, and although their natural history is poorly understood, symptomatic patients generally deteriorate, culminating in severe disability. Management requires a multimodality approach including combined endovascular and microsurgical treatment. The patient in our case made a full recovery confirmed at 2-year follow-up.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.12.144DOI Listing
March 2018