Publications by authors named "Christine Thevanesan"

3 Publications

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Tumor to normal single-cell mRNA comparisons reveal a pan-neuroblastoma cancer cell.

Sci Adv 2021 Feb 5;7(6). Epub 2021 Feb 5.

Wellcome Sanger Institute, CB10 1SA Hinxton, UK.

Neuroblastoma is a childhood cancer that resembles developmental stages of the neural crest. It is not established what developmental processes neuroblastoma cancer cells represent. Here, we sought to reveal the phenotype of neuroblastoma cancer cells by comparing cancer ( = 19,723) with normal fetal adrenal single-cell transcriptomes ( = 57,972). Our principal finding was that the neuroblastoma cancer cell resembled fetal sympathoblasts, but no other fetal adrenal cell type. The sympathoblastic state was a universal feature of neuroblastoma cells, transcending cell cluster diversity, individual patients, and clinical phenotypes. We substantiated our findings in 650 neuroblastoma bulk transcriptomes and by integrating canonical features of the neuroblastoma genome with transcriptional signals. Overall, our observations indicate that a pan-neuroblastoma cancer cell state exists, which may be attractive for novel immunotherapeutic and targeted avenues.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.abd3311DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7864567PMC
February 2021

Embryonal precursors of Wilms tumor.

Science 2019 12;366(6470):1247-1251

Wellcome Sanger Institute, Hinxton CB10 1SA, UK.

Adult cancers often arise from premalignant clonal expansions. Whether the same is true of childhood tumors has been unclear. To investigate whether Wilms tumor (nephroblastoma; a childhood kidney cancer) develops from a premalignant background, we examined the phylogenetic relationship between tumors and corresponding normal tissues. In 14 of 23 cases studied (61%), we found premalignant clonal expansions in morphologically normal kidney tissues that preceded tumor development. These clonal expansions were defined by somatic mutations shared between tumor and normal tissues but absent from blood cells. We also found hypermethylation of the locus, a known driver of Wilms tumor development, in 58% of the expansions. Phylogenetic analyses of bilateral tumors indicated that clonal expansions can evolve before the divergence of left and right kidney primordia. These findings reveal embryonal precursors from which unilateral and multifocal cancers develop.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.aax1323DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6914378PMC
December 2019

Establishment and phenotyping of neurosphere cultures from primary neuroblastoma samples.

F1000Res 2019 10;8:823. Epub 2019 Jun 10.

Cancer Section, DBC Programme, UCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, London, UK.

: Primary cell culture using serum free media supplemented with growth factors has been used in a number of cancers to propagate primary cells with stem like properties, which form as spherical cellular aggregates. : We systematically evaluated the capacity of freshly disaggregated neuroblastoma tumors to become established as neurospheres in stem cell media using a uniform protocol. 67 primary neuroblastoma samples from patients treated at a single institution were prospectively evaluated for their ability to become established in culture. Samples, either solid tissue or cells from surgical transit fluid both post chemotherapy and chemotherapy naïve, were evaluated from diagnostic needle biopsies or surgical resections. : Overall 37 neurosphere cultures were successfully established from 67 samples. In 11 out of 14 cases investigated by flow cytometry, uniform staining for neuroblastoma markers CD56 and GD2 was demonstrated in CD45 negative non-hemopoietic cells, confirming neuroblastoma origin. : We present a simple and reproducible approach for producing primary neurospheres from neuroblastoma samples, which provides a reliable resource for future work including genetic analysis, stem cell research and models for therapeutics.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.18209.1DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6611133PMC
June 2020