Publications by authors named "Christina Banister"

8 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Political Skill and Work Attitudes: A Comparison of Multiple Social Effectiveness Constructs.

J Psychol 2015 25;149(8):775-95. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

a IBM.

In the realm of social effectiveness constructs, political skill has seen increased attention as a predictor of work performance and attitudes. However, the extent that political skill is distinct from related variables in this area remains an important question. The current study examined the proportion of variance explained by political skill in job satisfaction and turnover intentions above and beyond other social effectiveness variables (i.e., social intelligence, emotional intelligence, agreeableness, and conscientiousness). Results indicated that political skill was the strongest predictor of these outcomes, and explained a significant proportion of variance in them, beyond the other four social effectiveness constructs.
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August 2016

A telephone coaching intervention to improve asthma self-management behaviors.

Pediatr Nurs 2013 May-Jun;39(3):125-30, 145

St. Louis Children's Hospital Answer Line, St. Louis Children's Hospital, St. Louis, MO, USA.

Long recognizing that asthma, one of the most common chronic childhood diseases, is difficult to manage, the National Asthma Education Prevention Program developed clinical practice guidelines to assist health care providers, particularly those in the primary care setting. Yet, maintenance asthma care still fails to meet national standards. Therefore, in an attempt to improve and support asthma self-management behaviors for parents of children 5 to 12 years of age with persistent asthma, a novel nurse telephone coaching intervention was tested in a randomized, controlled trial. A detailed description of the intervention is provided along with parent satisfaction results, an overview of the training used to prepare the nurses, and a discussion of the challenges experienced and lessons learned.
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August 2013

Amoxicillin for acute rhinosinusitis: a randomized controlled trial.

JAMA 2012 Feb;307(7):685-92

Division of General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8005, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Context: Evidence to support antibiotic treatment for acute rhinosinusitis is limited, yet antibiotics are commonly used.

Objective: To determine the incremental effect of amoxicillin treatment over symptomatic treatments for adults with clinically diagnosed acute rhinosinusitis.

Design, Setting, And Participants: A randomized, placebo-controlled trial of adults with uncomplicated, acute rhinosinusitis were recruited from 10 community practices in Missouri between November 1, 2006, and May 1, 2009.

Interventions: Ten-day course of either amoxicillin (1500 mg/d) or placebo administered in 3 doses per day. All patients received a 5- to 7-day supply of symptomatic treatments for pain, fever, cough, and nasal congestion to use as needed.

Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome was improvement in disease-specific quality of life after 3 to 4 days of treatment assessed with the Sinonasal Outcome Test-16 (minimally important difference of 0.5 units on a 0-3 scale). Secondary outcomes included the patient's retrospective assessment of change in sinus symptoms and functional status, recurrence or relapse, and satisfaction with and adverse effects of treatment. Outcomes were assessed by telephone interview at days 3, 7, 10, and 28.

Results: A total of 166 adults (36% male; 78% with white race) were randomized to amoxicillin (n = 85) or placebo (n = 81); 92% concurrently used 1 or more symptomatic treatments (94% for amoxicillin group vs 90% for control group; P = .34). The mean change in Sinonasal Outcome Test-16 scores was not significantly different between groups on day 3 (decrease of 0.59 in the amoxicillin group and 0.54 in the control group; mean difference between groups of 0.03 [95% CI, -0.12 to 0.19]) and on day 10 (mean difference between groups of 0.01 [95% CI, -0.13 to 0.15]), but differed at day 7 favoring amoxicillin (mean difference between groups of 0.19 [95% CI, 0.024 to 0.35]). There was no statistically significant difference in reported symptom improvement at day 3 (37% for amoxicillin group vs 34% for control group; P = .67) or at day 10 (78% vs 80%, respectively; P = .71), whereas at day 7 more participants treated with amoxicillin reported symptom improvement (74% vs 56%, respectively; P = .02). No between-group differences were found for any other secondary outcomes. No serious adverse events occurred.

Conclusion: Among patients with acute rhinosinusitis, a 10-day course of amoxicillin compared with placebo did not reduce symptoms at day 3 of treatment.

Trial Registration: Identifier: NCT00377403.
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February 2012

Telephone coaching for parents of children with asthma: impact and lessons learned.

Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2010 Jul;164(7):625-30

Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Objective: To determine whether an asthma coaching program can improve parent and child asthma-related quality of life (QOL) and reduce urgent care events.

Design: Randomized controlled trial of usual care vs usual care with coaching. Comparisons were made between groups using mixed models.

Setting: A Midwest city.

Participants: A community-based sample of 362 families with a child aged 5 to 12 years with persistent asthma.

Intervention: A 12-month structured telephone coaching program in which trained coaches provided education and support to parents for 4 key asthma management behaviors.

Main Outcome Measures: Parental and child QOL measured with a validated, interview-administered, 7-point instrument and urgent care events in a year (unscheduled office visits, after-hours calls, emergency department visits, or hospitalizations) determined by record audit.

Results: Parental asthma-related QOL scores improved by an average of 0.67 units (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.49 to 0.84) in the intervention group and 0.28 units (95% CI, 0.10 to 0.46) in the control group. The difference between study groups was statistically significant (difference, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.14 to 0.63). No between-group difference was found in the change in the child's QOL (difference, -0.17; 95% CI, -0.47 to 0.12) or in the mean number of urgent care events per year (difference, 1.15; 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.61). The proportion of children with very poorly controlled asthma in the intervention group decreased compared with the control group (difference, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.48).

Conclusions: A telephone coaching program can improve parental QOL and can be implemented without additional physician training or practice redesign.
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July 2010

Physician and parent response to the FDA advisory about use of over-the-counter cough and cold medications.

Acad Pediatr 2010 Jan-Feb;10(1):64-9. Epub 2009 Oct 12.

Department of Pediatrics, Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the likely impact of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) advisory not to use over-the-counter (OTC) cough and cold products for children aged <2 years on care provided by pediatricians and parents.

Methods: A mailed survey was completed by 105 community pediatricians (53% response rate), and 1265 parents with children aged <12 years completed a self-administered survey while waiting for an office visit.

Results: All physicians were aware of the advisory; 75% agreed with it. Fifty-nine percent did not recommend OTC cough and cold products for children aged <2 years before the advisory, and 35% were less likely to do so afterward. Seventy-three percent of parents were aware of the advisory, 70% believed these products relieved symptoms, 68% did not believe they were dangerous, and 74% had them at home. After the advisory, 21% of parents were more likely to request an antibiotic from the doctor. Among the parents, 225 only had children aged <2 years and 695 only had children aged 2 to 11 years; of these parental groups, 53% and 10% of parents, respectively, did not use these products before the advisory, an additional 33% and 28%, respectively, were less likely to do so afterward, and 15% and 61%, respectively, would continue use them.

Conclusions: Pediatricians must be prepared for requests from parents for antibiotics and other remedies for symptom relief for their children with colds. As no effective alternatives are available, maybe nontreatment should be promoted.
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April 2010

Socioeconomic, family, and pediatric practice factors that affect level of asthma control.

Pediatrics 2009 Mar;123(3):829-35

St Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Allergy and Pulmonary Medicine, One Children's Place, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Background: Multiple issues play a role in the effective control of childhood asthma.

Objective: To identify factors related to the level of asthma control in children receiving asthma care from community pediatricians.

Patients And Methods: Data for 362 children participating in an intervention study to reduce asthma morbidity were collected by a telephone-administered questionnaire. Level of asthma control (well controlled, partially controlled, or poorly controlled) was derived from measures of recent impairment (symptoms, activity limitations, albuterol use) and the number of exacerbations in a 12-month period. Data also included demographic characteristics, asthma-related quality of life, pediatric management practices, and medication usage. Univariable and multivariable analyses were used to identify factors associated with poor asthma control and to explore the relationship between control and use of daily controller medications.

Results: Asthma was well controlled for 24% of children, partially controlled for 20%, and poorly controlled for 56%. Medicaid insurance, the presence of another family member with asthma, and maternal employment outside the home were significant univariable factors associated with poor asthma control. Medicaid insurance had an independent association with poor control. Seventy-six percent of children were reported by parents as receiving a daily controller medication. Comparison of guideline recommended controller medication with current level of asthma control indicated that a higher step level of medication would have been appropriate for 74% of these children. Significantly lower overall quality-of-life scores were observed in both parents and children with poor control.

Conclusions: Despite substantial use of daily controller medication, children with asthma continue to experience poorly controlled asthma and reduced quality of life. Although Medicaid insurance and aspects of family structure are significant factors associated with poorly controlled asthma, attention to medication use and quality-of-life indicators may further reduce morbidity.
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March 2009

What constitutes maintenance asthma care? The pediatrician's perspective.

Ambul Pediatr 2007 Jul-Aug;7(4):308-12

Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Objective: To describe how pediatricians report they provide maintenance care for children with persistent asthma, and to identify opportunities for improvement.

Methods: An anonymous 34-item survey was completed by community pediatricians in St Louis, Missouri, between June 2005 and October 2005. Physicians reported the percentage of patients for whom they would prescribe inhaled corticosteroids, and selected from checklists the activities and questions they would use during a maintenance care visit.

Results: A total of 135 (60%) of 225 eligible pediatricians responded. Respondents reported they prescribed inhaled corticosteroids for most patients (median 80% patients, range, 10%-100%). Although most respondents used specific questions to assess recent asthma burden including inquiring about the frequency of daytime (86%) and nighttime (83%) symptoms, fewer asked about activity limitations such as school absences (58%). Some reported using specific questions to assess medication adherence such as how often doses were missed (49%), or included collaborative activities to support daily self-management such as setting asthma care goals (60%), but fewer asked how symptoms were monitored (44%) or assessed the effect of the child's asthma on the parent and family (24%).

Conclusions: Findings from this self-reported physician survey suggest that asthma management practices fall short of optimal standards. Opportunities for improvement include more comprehensive and detailed assessment of asthma control and medication adherence, collaborative goal setting, and better collaboration with the parent to support effective self-management. Further interventions to reduce asthma morbidity need to support physicians with these activities.
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February 2008