Publications by authors named "Christie Schaeffer"

2 Publications

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Prepectoral Wise-Pattern Staged Implant-Based Breast Reconstruction for Obese or Ptotic Patients.

Ann Plast Surg 2019 06;82(6S Suppl 5):S404-S409

From the Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA.

Introduction: The obese or ptotic breast demonstrates significant difficulty in breast reconstruction after mastectomy with increased rates of perioperative complications compared with the general population, regardless of reconstruction type. Implant-based reconstruction in this patient population with the traditional horizontal elliptical skin-sparing mastectomy tends to have aesthetically displeasing qualities secondary to skin flap redundancy and blunting of the breast contour. Wise-pattern closures have been described with submuscular direct-to-implant and 2-stage reconstructions, with more favorable complication profile when staged. Our study aims to report outcomes and safety of a prepectoral 2-stage wise-pattern closure technique in the obese and/or ptotic population.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify all overweight, obese, and/or grade III ptotic patients who have undergone a 2-stage, wise-pattern skin closure with prepectoral placement of tissue expander by a single surgeon. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and perioperative descriptors were reported. Delayed wound healing, infection, seroma formation, and explantation or reoperation were recorded for each patient involved in the study.

Results: Thirty-seven obese and/or ptotic breasts among 21 patients underwent immediate prepectoral tissue expander placement with wise-pattern skin reduction closure with mean body mass index of 35.3 kg/m, and 25% of patients were diabetic The most common complication rates by breast were seroma formation (50%) and wound/dehiscence at T-point (28.6%), which all ultimately healed with intervention as described. One major (2.7%) and 1 minor (2.7%) infection were successfully treated with antibiotics. There were no cases of implant exposure. Two operative complex repairs and 1 elective explantation were performed. Diabetes and increasing body mass index were statistically associated with an increased overall perioperative complication rate.

Conclusions: Prepectoral, 2-stage breast reconstruction with wise-pattern skin reduction performs well in obese and/or ptotic patients with favorable rates of perioperative complications. Wound dehiscence was prevalent but managed with wound care when complex repair was not required to expedite adjuvant chemotherapy. Infection rates and reoperation rates were low, and all patients reported positive aesthetic results at the completion of reconstruction.
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June 2019

Self-association of the Gal4 inhibitor protein Gal80 is impaired by Gal3: evidence for a new mechanism in the GAL gene switch.

Mol Cell Biol 2013 Sep 15;33(18):3667-74. Epub 2013 Jul 15.

Comprehensive Cancer Center, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

The DNA-binding transcriptional activator Gal4 and its regulators Gal80 and Gal3 constitute a galactose-responsive switch for the GAL genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Gal4 binds to GAL gene UASGAL (upstream activation sequence in GAL gene promoter) sites as a dimer via its N-terminal domain and activates transcription via a C-terminal transcription activation domain (AD). In the absence of galactose, a Gal80 dimer binds to a dimer of Gal4, masking the Gal4AD. Galactose triggers Gal3-Gal80 interaction to rapidly initiate Gal4-mediated transcription activation. Just how Gal3 alters Gal80 to relieve Gal80 inhibition of Gal4 has been unknown, but previous analyses of Gal80 mutants suggested a possible competition between Gal3-Gal80 and Gal80 self-association interactions. Here we assayed Gal80-Gal80 interactions and tested for effects of Gal3. Immunoprecipitation, cross-linking, and denaturing and native PAGE analyses of Gal80 in vitro and fluorescence imaging of Gal80 in live cells show that Gal3-Gal80 interaction occurs concomitantly with a decrease in Gal80 multimers. Consistent with this, we find that newly discovered nuclear clusters of Gal80 dissipate in response to galactose-triggered Gal3-Gal80 interaction. We discuss the effect of Gal3 on the quaternary structure of Gal80 in light of the evidence pointing to multimeric Gal80 as the form required to inhibit Gal4.
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September 2013