Publications by authors named "Christian Rizza"

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The RSC complex remodels nucleosomes in transcribed coding sequences and promotes transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Genetics 2021 Apr;217(4)

Department of Biological Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48309, USA.

RSC (Remodels the Structure of Chromatin) is a conserved ATP-dependent chromatin remodeling complex that regulates many biological processes, including transcription by RNA polymerase II (Pol II). We report that RSC contributes in generating accessible nucleosomes in transcribed coding sequences (CDSs). RSC MNase ChIP-seq data revealed that RSC-bound nucleosome fragments were very heterogenous (∼80 bp to 180 bp) compared to a sharper profile displayed by the MNase inputs (140 bp to 160 bp), supporting the idea that RSC promotes accessibility of nucleosomal DNA. Notably, RSC binding to +1 nucleosomes and CDSs, but not with -1 nucleosomes, strongly correlated with Pol II occupancies, suggesting that RSC enrichment in CDSs is linked to transcription. We also observed that Pol II associates with nucleosomes throughout transcribed CDSs, and similar to RSC, Pol II-protected fragments were highly heterogenous, consistent with the idea that Pol II interacts with remodeled nucleosomes in CDSs. This idea is supported by the observation that the genes harboring high-levels of Pol II in their CDSs were the most strongly affected by ablating RSC function. Additionally, rapid nuclear depletion of Sth1 decreases nucleosome accessibility and results in accumulation of Pol II in highly transcribed CDSs. This is consistent with a slower clearance of elongating Pol II in cells with reduced RSC function, and is distinct from the effect of RSC depletion on PIC assembly. Altogether, our data provide evidence in support of the role of RSC in promoting Pol II elongation, in addition to its role in regulating transcription initiation.
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April 2021