Publications by authors named "Chloe Vernet"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Intensification of induction chemotherapy before consolidation chemoradiotherapy improves progression-free survival and time without treatment in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancers.

Oncotarget 2018 Aug 10;9(62):31999-32009. Epub 2018 Aug 10.

Hepatogastroenterology Department, University Hospital of Saint-Etienne, Saint-Etienne, France.

Aims: To assess the interest of induction chemotherapy (ICT) intensification before chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer.

Methods: Charts of patients treated between February 2010 and November 2016 with consolidation capecitabin based-CRT were retrospectively reviewed in this bicentric study. Patients who underwent Gemcitabine as ICT (Group G) were compared to patients treated with intensive ICT (group I). Primary objectives were progression-free survival (PFS), defined as the time from the first day of ICT to progression or last follow-up, and Time without treatment (TWT), as the time from the last day of CRT to progression.

Results: Patients' characteristics were balanced between group I (Folforinox: = 24; GemOx: = 6) and group G ( = 16) including mean age (63.7 vs 68.1 years), and performance status (PS 0-1 :90% vs 93.7%). Median PFS (17.8 months vs 12 months; = 0.02) and TWT (7.4 months vs 2.5 months = 0.01) were statistically better in group I vs group G. These results remained statistically and clinically significant by comparing Folfirinox subgroup to Gemcitabine. A trend to a better median overall survival was observed in group I (20.4 months) vs group G (18.3 months; = 0.07). After adjusting for ICT duration, PS, and CA19.9 level, ICT intensification remains independently prognostic. Toxicity profile was in accordance with Literature.

Conclusion: This study shows ICT intensification before CRT is an interesting approach in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer. Further studies are needed to confirm these results, and to assess the specific role of CRT in this setting.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.25877DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6112837PMC
August 2018

Effect of Endocuff-assisted colonoscopy on adenoma detection rate: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Endoscopy 2018 09 26;50(9):846-860. Epub 2018 Apr 26.

Gastroenterology and Endoscopy Unit, Edouard Herriot Hospital, Lyon, France.

Background: Yield of Endocuff-assisted colonoscopy (EAC) compared with standard colonoscopy is conflicting in terms of adenoma detection rate (ADR). A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) appears necessary.

Methods: PubMed and Google Scholar were searched in December 2017. Abstracts from Digestive Disease Week and United European Gastroenterology Week meetings were also searched to 2017. All RCTs comparing EAC with standard colonoscopy were included. Analysis was conducted by using the Mantel-Haenszel models. Heterogeneity was quantified using the test.

Results: Of the 265 articles reviewed, 12 RCTs were included, with a total of 8376 patients (EAC group 4225; standard colonoscopy group 4151). In the meta-analysis, ADR was significantly increased in the EAC group vs. the standard colonoscopy group (41.3 % vs. 34.2 %; risk ratio [RR] = 1.20, 95 % confidence interval [CI] 1.06 to 1.36;  = 0.003;  = 79 %), especially for operators with low-to-moderate ADRs (< 35 %): RR = 1.51, 95 %CI 1.35 to 1.69;  < 0.001;  = 43 %). In contrast, this benefit was not reached for operators with high ADRs (> 45 %): RR = 1.01, 95 %CI 0.93 to 1.09;  = 0.87;  = 0.0 %). The mean number of adenomas per patient tended to be higher with EAC (mean difference = 0.11 adenomas/patient, 95 %CI - 0.17 to 0.38). Similar results were shown for polyp detection rates (61.6 % vs. 51.4 %; RR = 1.20, 95 %CI 1.06 to 1.36;  = 0.004). Use of the Endocuff did not impact the cecal intubation rate (95.1 % vs. 95.7 %;  = 0.08), or the procedure time compared with standard colonoscopy. Adverse events related to Endocuff were rare and exclusively mild mucosal erosion (4.0 %; 95 %CI 2.0 % to 8.0 %).

Conclusion: With moderate-quality evidence, this study showed an improvement in ADR with EAC without major adverse events, especially for operators with low-to-moderate ADRs.
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http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/a-0577-3500DOI Listing
September 2018