Publications by authors named "Chloe Bodden"

2 Publications

  • Page 1 of 1

Chemotherapy-induced acute vascular injury involves intracellular generation of ROS via activation of the acid sphingomyelinase pathway.

Cell Signal 2021 Jun 26;82:109969. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Several categories of chemotherapy confer substantial risk for late-term vascular morbidity and mortality. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the mechanism of acute chemotherapy-induced vascular injury in normal tissues. Specifically, we looked at activation of the acid sphingomyelinase (ASMase)/ceramide pathway, which leads to generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induction of oxidative stress that may result in vascular injury. In particular, we focused on two distinct drugs, doxorubicin (DOX) and cisplatin (CIS) and their effects on normal endothelial cells. In vitro, DOX resulted in increased ASMase activity, intra-cellular ROS production and induction of apoptosis. CIS treatment generated significantly reduced effects in endothelial cells. In-vivo, murine femoral arterial blood flow was measured in real-time, during and after DOX or CIS administration, using fluorescence optical imaging system. While DOX caused constriction of small vessels and disintegration of large vessels' wall, CIS induced minor vascular changes in arterial blood flow, correlating with the in vitro findings. These results demonstrate that DOX induces acute vascular injury by increased ROS production, via activation of ASMase/ceramide pathway, while CIS increases ROS production and its immediate extracellular translocation, without causing detectable acute vascular injury. Our findings may potentially lead to the development of new strategies to prevent long-term cardiovascular morbidity in cancer survivors.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cellsig.2021.109969DOI Listing
June 2021

An Antitumor Immune Response Is Evoked by Partial-Volume Single-Dose Radiation in 2 Murine Models.

Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 2019 03 18;103(3):697-708. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York. Electronic address:

Purpose: This study examined tumor growth delay resulting from partial irradiation in preclinical mouse models.

Methods And Materials: We investigated 67NR murine orthotopic breast tumors in both immunocompetent and nude mice. Treatment was delivered to 50% or 100% of the tumor using a 2 × 2 cm collimator on a microirradiator. Radiation response was modulated by treatment with anti-CD8 and anti-intercellular adhesion molecule (anti-ICAM) antibodies. Similar experiments were performed using the less immunogenic Lewis lung carcinoma mouse model. Tumor growth delay and γ-H2AX phosphorylation were measured, and immune response was assessed by immunofluorescence and flow cytometry at 1 and 7 days after radiation therapy. Tumor expression of cellular adhesion molecules was also measured at different times after radiation therapy.

Results: Partial irradiation led to tumor responses similar to those of fully exposed tumors in immunocompetent mice, but not in nude mice. After a single dose of 10 Gy, infiltration of CD8 T cells was observed along with increased expression of ICAM. The response to 10 Gy in hemi-irradiated tumors was abrogated by treatment with either anti-CD8 or anti-ICAM antibodies. Similar responses were obtained in the less immunogenic Lewis lung carcinoma mouse model delivering 15 Gy to half the tumor volume. Treatment with FTY720, a compound that inhibits T-cell egress from lymph nodes, did not affect tumor response at the time of CD8 T cells infiltration in the nonirradiated area of the tumor. This result indicated that the most likely source of these cells is the irradiated portion of the hemi-irradiated tumors. In addition, a significant abscopal effect was observed after partial irradiation with a single dose of 10 Gy in the 67NR model.

Conclusions: In these models, radiation controls tumor growth both directly through cell killing and indirectly through immune activation. This outcome raises the possibility that this effect could be induced in the clinic.
View Article and Find Full Text PDF

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.10.009DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6764416PMC
March 2019